A Quiz Based On NEJM Scientific References Articles

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Quizzes Created: 14 | Total Attempts: 6,316
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 172

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Medicine Quizzes & Trivia

Welcome to October ESAT of Scientific references - C3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Full form of NEJM:

    • A.

      New Exciting Journal of Medicine

    • B.

      Non Entertaining Journal of Medicine

    • C.

      New England Journal of Medicine

    • D.

      New Epic Journal of Medicine

    Correct Answer
    C. New England Journal of Medicine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "New England Journal of Medicine". NEJM is a widely recognized medical journal that publishes important research and clinical studies. It is known for its high impact factor and contributions to the field of medicine. The other options provided are not the correct full form of NEJM.

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  • 2. 

    Study in NEJM was comparison of efficacy and treatment failure of:

    • A.

      Amoxyclav and Dicloxacillin

    • B.

      Amoxyclav and Placebo

    • C.

      Amoxyclav and Ampicillin

    • D.

      Amoxyclav and Cefixime

    Correct Answer
    B. Amoxyclav and Placebo
    Explanation
    The study in NEJM compared the efficacy and treatment failure of Amoxyclav and Placebo. This means that the researchers investigated how effective Amoxyclav is in treating a certain condition compared to a placebo. The study likely involved a group of participants who were randomly assigned to either receive Amoxyclav or a placebo, and their outcomes were measured to determine if there was a significant difference in treatment success between the two groups.

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  • 3. 

    Objective of the study of Amoxyclav and Placebo - NEJM article is to:

    • A.

      To evaluate the efficacy & rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 yrears of age, who were suffering from AOM.

    • B.

      To evaluate the efficacy & rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 yrears of age, who were suffering from SSTI– NEJM article.

    • C.

      To evaluate the efficacy & rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 yrears of age, who were suffering from UTI– NEJM article.

    • D.

      To evaluate the efficacy & rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 yrears of age, who were suffering from RTI.

    Correct Answer
    A. To evaluate the efficacy & rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 yrears of age, who were suffering from AOM.
    Explanation
    The objective of the study of Amoxyclav and Placebo - NEJM article is to evaluate the efficacy and rate of treatment failure in children less than 2 years of age who were suffering from Acute Otitis Media (AOM).

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  • 4. 

    As per NEJM study of Amoxyclav and Placebo, ____________ % of symptoms was reduced with Amoxyclav on Day 8.

    • A.

      70%

    • B.

      100%

    • C.

      90%

    • D.

      80%

    Correct Answer
    D. 80%
    Explanation
    According to the NEJM study of Amoxyclav and Placebo, the symptoms were reduced by 80% with Amoxyclav on Day 8. This indicates that the medication was effective in alleviating the symptoms of the participants in the study, leading to a significant reduction in their overall symptoms.

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  • 5. 

    Full form of MIC:

    • A.

      Minimum Inhibitory complex

    • B.

      Maximum Inhibitory concentration

    • C.

      Minimum Inhibitory concentration

    • D.

      Minimum instant concentration

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimum Inhibitory concentration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Minimum Inhibitory concentration." MIC refers to the lowest concentration of a substance (usually an antibiotic) that can inhibit the growth of a microorganism. It is an important measure in determining the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents and helps in determining the appropriate dosage for treatment.

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  • 6. 

    In MIC study of CEFI O, MIC of cefixime against salmonella Typhi was:

    • A.

      0.9 mcg /ml

    • B.

      .09 mcg /ml

    • C.

      .9 mg/ml

    • D.

      .09 mg/ml

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.9 mcg /ml
    Explanation
    The MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) of cefixime against salmonella Typhi was found to be 0.9 mcg/ml. This means that a concentration of 0.9 mcg/ml of cefixime was sufficient to inhibit the growth of salmonella Typhi bacteria.

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  • 7. 

    MIC of cefixime was reduced to _________ after addition of ofloxacin against Salmonella Typhi:

    • A.

      .01 mcg/ml

    • B.

      .1 mcg/ml

    • C.

      .01mg/ml

    • D.

      .1 mg/ml

    Correct Answer
    A. .01 mcg/ml
    Explanation
    The MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) of cefixime was reduced to .01 mcg/ml after the addition of ofloxacin against Salmonella Typhi. This means that the combination of cefixime and ofloxacin at this concentration was effective in inhibiting the growth of Salmonella Typhi.

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  • 8. 

    Against ____________ bacteria causing UTI the MIC of Ofloxacin was reduced by more than 5 times after addition of Cefixime.

    • A.

      P aeruginosa

    • B.

      E. Coli

    • C.

      K. Pneumoniae

    • D.

      Salmonella Typhi

    Correct Answer
    C. K. Pneumoniae
    Explanation
    The MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) of Ofloxacin, a type of antibiotic, was reduced by more than 5 times after the addition of Cefixime against K. Pneumoniae bacteria causing UTI (Urinary Tract Infection). This suggests that the combination of Ofloxacin and Cefixime has a synergistic effect in inhibiting the growth of K. Pneumoniae, making it a more effective treatment option for UTIs caused by this specific bacteria.

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  • 9. 

    Against E.Coli, the MIC of Ofloxacin was reduced by _______ times after addition of Cefixime & that of Cefixime was reduced by _________times after addition of Ofloxacin.

    • A.

      5 & 2 times

    • B.

      2 & 5 times

    • C.

      2 & 2 times

    • D.

      5 & 5 times

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 & 5 times
    Explanation
    The MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) is the lowest concentration of a drug that inhibits the growth of a particular microorganism. In this case, the question states that the MIC of Ofloxacin was reduced by 2 times after the addition of Cefixime, and the MIC of Cefixime was reduced by 5 times after the addition of Ofloxacin. This means that the combination of Cefixime and Ofloxacin has a synergistic effect against E.Coli, as both drugs individually have a greater impact on the MIC of the other drug when used together.

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  • 10. 

    CEFI -L News letter topic is:

    • A.

      UTI

    • B.

      SSTI

    • C.

      URTI

    • D.

      LRTI

    Correct Answer
    D. LRTI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is LRTI, which stands for Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. This suggests that the CEFI -L News letter topic is focused on discussing infections that affect the lower respiratory tract, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and bronchiolitis. These infections are typically caused by bacteria or viruses and can lead to symptoms like coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fever. The newsletter may provide information on prevention, treatment options, and recent research developments related to LRTIs.

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  • 11. 

    _________ is the LRTI highlighted in News Letter of CEFI O.

    • A.

      Pneumonia

    • B.

      CAP

    • C.

      Bronchitis

    • D.

      HAP

    Correct Answer
    B. CAP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CAP, which stands for Community-Acquired Pneumonia. This term refers to pneumonia that is acquired outside of a healthcare setting, such as in the community or at home. It is highlighted in the News Letter of CEFI O, which suggests that it is an important topic or issue being discussed in that context.

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  • 12. 

    Objective of Finecef CV Study: To evaluate the efficacy & safety of fixed dose combination of Cefpodoxime + Potassium Clavulanate in comparison with Cefuroxime Axetil in patients with:

    • A.

      Resistance

    • B.

      LRTI

    • C.

      URTI

    • D.

      UTI

    Correct Answer
    B. LRTI
    Explanation
    The objective of the Finecef CV study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fixed dose combination of Cefpodoxime + Potassium Clavulanate in comparison with Cefuroxime Axetil in patients with LRTI (Lower Respiratory Tract Infection). This means that the study aims to assess how effective and safe the combination of Cefpodoxime and Potassium Clavulanate is in treating lower respiratory tract infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis, compared to Cefuroxime Axetil.

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  • 13. 

    Conclusion of Finecef CV study - Clinical cure rates of Cefpodoxime with Clavulanic acid was:

    • A.

      57%

    • B.

      67%

    • C.

      77%

    • D.

      87%

    Correct Answer
    A. 57%
    Explanation
    The conclusion of the Finecef CV study states that the clinical cure rates of Cefpodoxime with Clavulanic acid were found to be 57%.

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  • 14. 

    Anafortan KOL Series Issue 4- Camylofin was tried on 4 year old patient suffering from:

    • A.

      Functional Abdominal pain

    • B.

      Functional Abdominal pain and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    • C.

      Irritable Bowel syndrome

    • D.

      Abdominal pain due to Dysmennorhoea

    Correct Answer
    B. Functional Abdominal pain and Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Functional Abdominal pain and Irritable Bowel Syndrome because Camylofin is commonly used to treat abdominal pain and cramps associated with conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome. It helps to relax the smooth muscles in the abdomen, relieving pain and discomfort. Functional Abdominal pain refers to chronic or recurrent abdominal pain without any identifiable cause, and it is often associated with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Therefore, using Camylofin for a 4-year-old patient with both Functional Abdominal pain and Irritable Bowel Syndrome would be an appropriate treatment choice.

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  • 15. 

    The prevalence of weekly______________ in school going children ranges between 11 –38 % with 3.2 % reporting abdominal pain on a daily basis.

    • A.

      Headache

    • B.

      Bodyache

    • C.

      Abdominal pain

    • D.

      Diarhoea

    Correct Answer
    C. Abdominal pain
    Explanation
    The given statement explains that the prevalence of weekly abdominal pain in school-going children is between 11-38%. Additionally, it mentions that 3.2% of these children report experiencing abdominal pain on a daily basis. This information suggests that abdominal pain is a common issue among school-going children, with a significant number experiencing it regularly.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 07, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Kkprabhat
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