Understanding Scientific Journals And Articles Quiz - Orc Course 2 - Lecture 1

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Understanding Scientific Journals And Articles Quiz - Orc Course 2 - Lecture 1 - Quiz

Hi everyone ! This is a small quiz after reading the lecture 1 to examine your understanding about Scientific Journals - an important step to begin doing research. Hope everyone will get the best score. Let's start !


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following pieces of writing would be considered primary literature?

    • A.

      A textbook written by physicist

    • B.

      a newspaper article written by a biologist

    • C.

      Laboratory notes written by a chemist

    • D.

      A scientific journal article written by a biologist

    Correct Answer
    D. A scientific journal article written by a biologist
    Explanation
    A scientific journal article written by a biologist would be considered primary literature because it presents original research findings and is written by the researcher themselves. It undergoes a rigorous peer-review process and is published in a reputable scientific journal. This type of literature is considered the most reliable and authoritative source of information in the scientific community. Conversely, a textbook written by a physicist, a newspaper article written by a biologist, and laboratory notes written by a chemist would be considered secondary or tertiary literature, as they are based on or summarize information from primary sources.

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  • 2. 

    How do scientists indicate that they are building on past work in their scientific journal articles?

    • A.

      By citing as many references as possible

    • B.

      By describing past work and how their results fit in

    • C.

      By using established methods to conduct their research

    • D.

      By separating the raw data from their interpretation

    Correct Answer
    B. By describing past work and how their results fit in
    Explanation
    Scientists indicate that they are building on past work in their scientific journal articles by describing past work and how their results fit in. This means that they provide a background and context for their research by discussing previous studies and findings in the field. By doing so, they demonstrate their knowledge of existing research and show how their own work contributes to the current understanding of the topic.

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  • 3. 

    Why do scientific journal articles include abstracts at the beginning?

    • A.

      To provide a concise summary of the work

    • B.

      So the abstract can be included in search databases

    • C.

      So the importance of the work can be quickly assessed

    • D.

      All of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these answers are correct.
    Explanation
    Scientific journal articles include abstracts at the beginning to serve multiple purposes. Firstly, abstracts provide a concise summary of the work, allowing readers to quickly understand the main findings and conclusions without reading the entire article. Secondly, abstracts are often included in search databases, making it easier for researchers to find relevant articles when conducting literature reviews. Lastly, abstracts help in quickly assessing the importance of the work, allowing readers to determine if the article is relevant and worth further investigation. Therefore, all of the given answers are correct in explaining the inclusion of abstracts in scientific journal articles.

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  • 4. 

    In which section of a scientific article are you MOST LIKELY to find a graph?

    • A.

      Abstract

    • B.

      Introduction

    • C.

      Materials and Methods

    • D.

      Result

    Correct Answer
    D. Result
    Explanation
    In the Results section of a scientific article, it is most likely to find a graph. This section presents the findings of the study and provides a visual representation of the data collected. Graphs are commonly used to illustrate trends, patterns, and relationships between variables, making it easier for readers to understand and interpret the results of the research.

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  • 5. 

    What is the purpose of publishing research in a scientific journal and not a popular magazine?

    • A.

      Scientific journals have many more readers than magazines.

    • B.

      Only other scientists are interested in reading about research.

    • C.

      Journals review articles more rigorously and tend to be focused on one specialty.

    • D.

      Research must be shown to be correct before the wider population can read it.

    Correct Answer
    C. Journals review articles more rigorously and tend to be focused on one specialty.
    Explanation
    Scientific journals review articles more rigorously and tend to be focused on one specialty. This is because scientific research requires a high level of accuracy, validity, and reliability. Journals have a peer-review process in which experts in the field evaluate the research before publication, ensuring that the methodology, results, and conclusions are sound. This rigorous review process helps to maintain the quality and integrity of scientific research. In contrast, popular magazines may not have the same level of scrutiny or specialization, and their primary goal is often to entertain or inform a broader audience rather than to advance scientific knowledge.

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  • 6. 

    Scientific articles follow a specific structure because

    • A.

      It creates an archive that we reference.

    • B.

      It makes finding information easier

    • C.

      It helps other scientists reproduce the research.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." Scientific articles follow a specific structure because it creates an archive that we reference, making finding information easier, and also helps other scientists reproduce the research. By following a specific structure, scientific articles ensure that information is organized and accessible, allowing researchers to refer back to previous studies and build upon existing knowledge. Additionally, the structure aids in replicating experiments and verifying results, promoting scientific rigor and credibility. Therefore, all the given options are valid reasons for why scientific articles follow a specific structure.

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  • 7. 

    Scientists often begin their research by reading articles published by others on the same or a similar topic. This is because the articles

    • A.

      Give us a research project to retry.

    • B.

      Provide information that we can use in our own project.

    • C.

      Tell us the proven facts about our subject.

    • D.

      Show us what has been done and what to avoid researching.

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide information that we can use in our own project.
    Explanation
    Reading articles published by others on the same or a similar topic provides scientists with valuable information that they can use in their own research projects. These articles contain findings, methodologies, and insights from previous studies, which can guide scientists in formulating their own research questions, designing experiments, and interpreting their results. By building upon the knowledge and expertise shared in these articles, scientists can save time and resources, avoid repeating previous mistakes, and make informed decisions in their own research endeavors.

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  • 8. 

    Please read this link:http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/07/could-some-vaccines-make-diseases-more-deadly?rss=1Is it a-a scientific journal article?-a newspaper article?

    Correct Answer
    a newspaper article
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "a newspaper article." This can be inferred from the provided link, which directs to a news website (sciencemag.org) rather than a scientific journal. The website is a reputable source for news articles related to science and biology, indicating that the content is likely to be presented in a journalistic style rather than a scientific publication. Therefore, the correct answer is a newspaper article.

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