Review Question - Clinical Pathology

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 856

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Review Question - Clinical Pathology

Review questions pertaining to pathology for the nationals test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which hypertonic muscle might result in rotation of the ilium causing a functional short leg
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris

    • B. 

      Iliopsoas

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      Gluteus medius

  • 2. 
    Chronic inflammation and fibrosis of the rotator cuff musculature could result in
    • A. 

      Hyper-mobility of the shoulder

    • B. 

      Antalgic gait

    • C. 

      Frozen shoulder

    • D. 

      Winged scapula

  • 3. 
    Because of their lack of vascularity, the following tissue is known to heal quite slowly
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Fibrous connective

    • C. 

      Muscle

    • D. 

      Bone

  • 4. 
    Inflammation of the bladder, most commonly caused by the presence of a pathogenic bacteria and leading to frequent urination is called
    • A. 

      Nephritis

    • B. 

      Hepatitis

    • C. 

      Diverticulitis

    • D. 

      Cystitis

  • 5. 
    Warts are benign neoplasms that are due to infection by this contagious organism
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Fungus

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Virus

  • 6. 
    Inflammation of the appendix might present paint in the
    • A. 

      Upper right quadrant

    • B. 

      Lower left quadrant

    • C. 

      Lower right quadrant

    • D. 

      Upper left quadrant

  • 7. 
    Wasting of an organ or tissue from non use is known as
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Hematoma

    • C. 

      Crepitus

    • D. 

      Atrophy

  • 8. 
    The state of condition in which the body or part of it are invaded by a pathogenic agent then multiplies and causes cellular injury is known as
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Induration

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Infarction

  • 9. 
    Inflammation is characterized by
    • A. 

      Pain, tenderness, heat and swelling

    • B. 

      Pain, heat, tenderness to touch and swelling

    • C. 

      Heat, redness, swelling and dryness

    • D. 

      Pain, heat, redness and swelling

  • 10. 
    A joint injury in which some of the fibers of the supporting ligament or joint capsule are damaged is known as
    • A. 

      Subluxation

    • B. 

      Strain

    • C. 

      Sprain

    • D. 

      Dislocation

  • 11. 
    Abnormal extreme posterior curvature of the thoracic spine is commonly known as
    • A. 

      Kyphosis

    • B. 

      Scoliosis

    • C. 

      Lordosis

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Soreness, numbess, and weakness of the hand due to compression of the median nerve at the flexor retinaculum and transverse carpal ligament is referred to as
    • A. 

      Thoracic outlet syndrome

    • B. 

      Scalene syndrome

    • C. 

      Carpal tunnel syndrome

    • D. 

      Brachial plexus syndrome

  • 13. 
    The chronic disease of the liver, characterized by formation of dense connective tissue, resulting in loss of function and increased resistance to blood flow is
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Cystitis

    • C. 

      Cholecystitis

    • D. 

      Cirrhosis

  • 14. 
    A condition caused by a break or leak in a blood vessel resulting in a swelling and accumulation of blood within an organ, tissue or space is known as a
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Abrasion

    • C. 

      Hematoma

    • D. 

      Adhesion

  • 15. 
    A partial or incomplete dislocation of a bone at an articulation is a
    • A. 

      Subluxation

    • B. 

      Involution

    • C. 

      Amphiarthrosis

    • D. 

      Subinvolution

  • 16. 
    A decrease in blood flow to a tissue or organ resulting in impairment of cell function or in cell death is known as
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      Aneurysm

    • C. 

      Ischemia

    • D. 

      Necrosis

  • 17. 
    An inflammatory disease of the skin involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles and characterized by comedones, papules, and pustules known as
    • A. 

      Psoriasis

    • B. 

      Acne

    • C. 

      Scabies

    • D. 

      Decubitus ulcers

  • 18. 
    Protrusion of the stomach into the mediastinal cavity above the diaphragm is
    • A. 

      Hiatal hernia

    • B. 

      Osgood-schlatter disease

    • C. 

      Diverticulosis

    • D. 

      Marfans syndrome

  • 19. 
    A chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by deterioration of articular cartilage, overgrowth of bone and impaired function is known as
    • A. 

      Gout

    • B. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C. 

      Osteoarthritis

    • D. 

      Osteoporosis

  • 20. 
    This disease which is common among the elderly and is marked by a loss of bone mass and subsequent loss of bone strength is
    • A. 

      Chondromalacia patellae

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Osteoarthritis

    • D. 

      Lyme disease

  • 21. 
    The fungal infection of the skin which is characterized by whitish or fawn colored irregular shaped patches known as
    • A. 

      Tinea pedis

    • B. 

      Tinea versicolor

    • C. 

      Tinea cruris

    • D. 

      Leprosy

  • 22. 
    Peripheral neuropathy and decreased arterial circulation in the extremities is associated with the degenerative disease
    • A. 

      Sciatica

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • D. 

      Gout

  • 23. 
    A blood clot, which has recently formed in a varicose vein and is still stationary is known as
    • A. 

      Embolus

    • B. 

      Thrombus

    • C. 

      Embolism

    • D. 

      Infarction

  • 24. 
    The weakening of the muscular portion of an artery that causes the vessel to dilate abnormally and potentially to rupture is
    • A. 

      Aneurysm

    • B. 

      Varicosity

    • C. 

      Bypass

    • D. 

      Claudication

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