Respiratory Diseases Quiz

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Respiratory Diseases Quiz - Quiz

Respiratory disease is a medical term that describes pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms. Take this quiz to advance your knowledge and find out more about these diseases.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In your lungs, air travels though the:

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bronchial Tubes, Bronchail Tubes, Bronchial tube, Bronchail tube". The question is asking about the pathway that air takes in the lungs. The bronchial tubes are the main airways that branch off from the trachea and lead into the lungs. The correct answer options provide different variations of the term "bronchial tubes" and "bronchial tube".

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  • 2. 

    What is the name of the tiny ballon-like sacs?

    • A.

      Bronchi

    • B.

      Aveoli

    • C.

      Larynx

    • D.

      Treachea

    Correct Answer
    B. Aveoli
    Explanation
    The tiny balloon-like sacs referred to in the question are called alveoli. These are tiny air sacs located at the end of the bronchioles in the lungs. Alveoli are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and the bloodstream.

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  • 3. 

    Which respiratory disease causes the airway to become narrow, inflamed and constricted?

    • A.

      Emphysema

    • B.

      Chronic Bronchitis

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      COPD

    Correct Answer
    C. Asthma
    Explanation
    Asthma is a respiratory disease that causes the airway to become narrow, inflamed, and constricted. This narrowing of the airway makes it difficult for air to pass through, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. It is often triggered by allergens, exercise, or respiratory infections. Unlike emphysema and chronic bronchitis, which are both types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) primarily caused by smoking, asthma can affect people of all ages and can be triggered by various factors.

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  • 4. 

    What does COPD stand for?

    Correct Answer
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    Explanation
    COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, which is a chronic lung disease that causes airflow obstruction and breathing difficulties. It is typically caused by long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution. COPD includes conditions such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms, improving lung function, and preventing further damage.

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  • 5. 

    Which two diseases could result in COPD?

    • A.

      Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis

    • B.

      Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis

    • C.

      CHF and OSA

    • D.

      CHF and Emphysema

    Correct Answer
    B. Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis
    Explanation
    Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are both diseases that can result in COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Emphysema is a condition where the air sacs in the lungs become damaged, leading to difficulty in breathing. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, causing excessive mucus production and coughing. Both conditions can lead to the development of COPD, which is a progressive lung disease that causes airflow obstruction and difficulty in breathing.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a cause of Congestive Heart Failure?

    • A.

      Coronary Artery Disease

    • B.

      Hypertension

    • C.

      Smoking

    • D.

      Emphysema

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronary Artery Disease
    Explanation
    Coronary Artery Disease is a cause of Congestive Heart Failure because it leads to the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. This results in reduced blood flow to the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle and eventually leading to heart failure.

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  • 7. 

    Which respiratory disease is characterized as inflammation of the bronchi and the bronchial tubes due to infections, smoking or pollutants?

    • A.

      Emphysema

    • B.

      Chronic Bronchitis

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      COPD

    Correct Answer
    B. Chronic Bronchitis
    Explanation
    Chronic Bronchitis is a respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial tubes. This inflammation is typically caused by infections, smoking, or exposure to pollutants. Emphysema is a different respiratory disease that involves damage to the air sacs in the lungs, while Asthma is a condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways. COPD, or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is an umbrella term that encompasses both chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

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  • 8. 

    Persistent cough that produces clear, yellow, white or green phlegm is a symptom of what respiratory disease?

    • A.

      Chronic Bronchitis

    • B.

      Emphysema

    • C.

      OSA

    • D.

      Asthma

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic Bronchitis
    Explanation
    Persistent cough that produces clear, yellow, white or green phlegm is a symptom of chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) characterized by inflammation and irritation of the bronchial tubes. This inflammation leads to an increased production of mucus, which causes the persistent cough. The color of the phlegm can vary depending on the severity of the infection and the presence of bacteria. Therefore, the presence of clear, yellow, white or green phlegm indicates chronic bronchitis.

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  • 9. 

    What obstructive lung disease involves damage to the aveoli, caused by exposure to toxic chemicals or cigarette smoke?

    • A.

      Asthma

    • B.

      Sleep Apnea

    • C.

      Congestive Heart Failure

    • D.

      Emphysema

    Correct Answer
    D. Emphysema
    Explanation
    Emphysema is a type of obstructive lung disease that involves damage to the alveoli, which are tiny air sacs in the lungs responsible for gas exchange. This damage is primarily caused by long-term exposure to toxic chemicals or cigarette smoke. Over time, the walls of the alveoli become weakened and lose their elasticity, leading to air trapping and difficulty in exhaling. This results in symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, and a chronic cough.

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  • 10. 

    What happens when you have COPD caused by Emphysema?

    • A.

      The aveoli filters become damaged, elasticity is reduced, and then they become enlarged.

    • B.

      The bronchial tubes become inflamed and enlarged, the passage way becomes blocked, and reduces your ability to expel mucus.

    • C.

      The airways narrow and become inflamed and constricted.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The aveoli filters become damaged, elasticity is reduced, and then they become enlarged.
    Explanation
    When you have COPD caused by Emphysema, the alveoli filters in the lungs become damaged. This damage leads to a reduction in elasticity, causing the alveoli to become enlarged. This results in difficulty in exhaling air properly and can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing.

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  • 11. 

    In which disease does the kidneys sense the reduction in blood flow and attempt to compensate by retaining water and salt?

    • A.

      Sleep Apnea

    • B.

      Congestive Heart Failure

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      COPD

    Correct Answer
    B. Congestive Heart Failure
    Explanation
    Congestive Heart Failure is the correct answer because it is a condition where the heart is unable to pump blood effectively, leading to a reduced blood flow. As a result, the kidneys detect this decrease in blood flow and respond by retaining water and salt in an attempt to increase blood volume and maintain blood pressure. This compensatory mechanism can lead to fluid accumulation in the body, causing symptoms such as swelling, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Sleep Apnea, Asthma, and COPD do not directly involve the kidneys' response to reduced blood flow.

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  • 12. 

    Which type of Apnea is characterized as when a patient stops breathing but the airway is open?

    • A.

      Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    • B.

      Central Sleep Apnea

    • C.

      Mixed Sleep Apnea

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Central Sleep Apnea
    Explanation
    Central Sleep Apnea is the correct answer because it is a type of apnea characterized by the temporary cessation of breathing during sleep, despite the airway being open. In Central Sleep Apnea, the brain fails to send the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing, resulting in the absence of respiratory effort. This is different from Obstructive Sleep Apnea, where the airway is blocked or narrowed, causing breathing to be disrupted. Mixed Sleep Apnea is a combination of both Central and Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following would be a possible treatment for Asthma?

    • A.

      Oxygen Therapy

    • B.

      Nebulizer

    • C.

      PAP Device

    • D.

      Oximetry

    Correct Answer
    B. Nebulizer
    Explanation
    A nebulizer would be a possible treatment for asthma. A nebulizer is a device that converts liquid medication into a mist, allowing the patient to inhale the medication directly into their lungs. This method is effective in delivering medication to the airways, providing relief for asthma symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Nebulizers are commonly used for both acute asthma attacks and long-term management of the condition. They are easy to use and can be used by people of all ages, including children and the elderly.

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  • 14. 

    Wheezing is a possible symptom for which Respiratory Diseases?

    • A.

      Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema

    • B.

      Asthma, Emphysema and OSA

    • C.

      CHF, Asthma and OSA

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema
    Explanation
    Wheezing is a common symptom in respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Asthma is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to wheezing. Chronic bronchitis involves inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes, resulting in wheezing. Emphysema is a condition where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, causing difficulty in breathing and wheezing. Therefore, wheezing can be seen in all three of these respiratory diseases.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following can be used as a method to diagnose Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema and COPD?

    • A.

      Spiromtery

    • B.

      Chest X-Ray

    • C.

      Electrocardiogram

    • D.

      CT Scan

    Correct Answer
    B. Chest X-Ray
    Explanation
    A chest X-ray can be used as a method to diagnose Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, and COPD. This imaging technique allows doctors to visualize the lungs and check for any abnormalities or signs of respiratory conditions. It can help identify lung inflammation, fluid accumulation, and structural changes in the lungs, which are common indicators of these respiratory diseases. Additionally, a chest X-ray can also help rule out other conditions and provide valuable information for further evaluation and treatment planning.

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