Test: Respiratory SySTEM Diseases! Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 9,602
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 226

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Test: Respiratory System Diseases! Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cystic Fibrosis

    • A.

      A genetic disease that affects about 300,000 pediatric and adult patients. CF causes the body to produce thick sticky mucus that builds up in the lungs and blocks airways, making it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections, damaging the lungs.

    • B.

      A noninfectious, chronic respiratory condition, where the walls of the alveoli deteriorates and lose their elasticity

    • C.

      Nose bleed

    Correct Answer
    A. A genetic disease that affects about 300,000 pediatric and adult patients. CF causes the body to produce thick sticky mucus that builds up in the lungs and blocks airways, making it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections, damaging the lungs.
    Explanation
    Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects both pediatric and adult patients. It is characterized by the production of thick and sticky mucus in the lungs, which leads to the blockage of airways. This blockage makes it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections and ultimately damaging the lungs.

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  • 2. 

    Emphysema

    • A.

      Nose bleed

    • B.

      A genetic disease that affects about 300,000 pediatric and adult patients. CF causies the body to produce a thick sticky mucus that builds up in the lungs and blocks airways, making it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections, damaging the lungs.

    • C.

      A non-infectious, chronic respiratory condition, where the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity.

    Correct Answer
    C. A non-infectious, chronic respiratory condition, where the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity.
    Explanation
    Emphysema is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by the deterioration and loss of elasticity in the walls of the alveoli. This condition is non-infectious and leads to difficulty in breathing. The damage to the alveoli reduces the surface area available for oxygen exchange, making it harder for the lungs to function properly. Over time, this can result in shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. Emphysema is often caused by long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution.

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  • 3. 

    Tuberculosis

    • A.

      Infectious lung disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.

    • B.

      A non-infectious, chronic respiratory condition, where the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity.

    • C.

      A genetic disease that affects about 300,000 pediatric and adult patients. CF causies the body to produce a thick sticky mucus that builds up in the lungs and blocks airways, making it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections, damaging the lungs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Infectious lung disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies tuberculosis as an infectious lung disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease that primarily affects the lungs but can also spread to other parts of the body. It is transmitted through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, allowing the bacteria to be inhaled by others. The bacteria then multiply in the lungs, leading to symptoms such as cough, fever, weight loss, and fatigue. Without proper treatment, tuberculosis can be life-threatening.

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  • 4. 

    Epistaxis

    • A.

      Nose bleed

    • B.

      A genetic disease that affects about 300,000 pediatric and adult patients. CF causies the body to produce a thick sticky mucus that builds up in the lungs and blocks airways, making it easier for bacteria to grow, causing chronic infections, damaging the lungs.

    • C.

      A noninfectious, chronic respiratory condition, where the walls of the alveoli deteriorates and lose their elasticity

    Correct Answer
    A. Nose bleed
    Explanation
    Epistaxis refers to a nose bleed, which is the correct answer given in the question. The question provides information about two different medical conditions, but the answer is specifically related to nose bleeds. The other information provided about CF (Cystic Fibrosis) and chronic respiratory conditions is not relevant to the answer.

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  • 5. 

    URI

    • A.

      Upper right inguinal

    • B.

      Upper respiratory infection

    • C.

      Upper right injury

    Correct Answer
    B. Upper respiratory infection
    Explanation
    The given answer "upper respiratory infection" is the correct explanation for the acronym URI. URI typically refers to an upper respiratory infection, which is a common infection affecting the nose, throat, and sinuses. It is caused by viruses and can result in symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, congestion, and sore throat. The other options, "upper right inguinal" and "upper right injury," do not align with the commonly understood meaning of URI.

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  • 6. 

    COPD

    • A.

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    • B.

      Chronically out per day

    • C.

      Chronic obstruction permission disease

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." COPD is a lung disease that causes difficulty in breathing due to chronic obstruction of airflow. It is a progressive condition that worsens over time and is often caused by smoking or long-term exposure to lung irritants. The other options provided in the question do not accurately represent the acronym COPD or its meaning.

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  • 7. 

    Pleurisy

    • A.

      Inflammation of the pleura

    • B.

      Inflammationof the sinuses

    • C.

      Inflammation of the nose

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the pleura
    Explanation
    Pleurisy is defined as inflammation of the pleura, which is the double-layered membrane that surrounds the lungs. This inflammation can cause sharp chest pain, difficulty breathing, and a dry cough. It is typically caused by an infection, such as pneumonia, or by other conditions like autoimmune disorders or lung cancer. The inflammation of the pleura can lead to the pleural membranes rubbing against each other, causing pain and discomfort. Therefore, the correct answer is inflammation of the pleura.

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  • 8. 

    Sleep Apnea

    • A.

      A condition in which an individual stops breathing while asleep

    • B.

      Upper respiratory infection

    • C.

      Chronic obstruction permission disease

    Correct Answer
    A. A condition in which an individual stops breathing while asleep
    Explanation
    Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or shallow breathing during sleep. These pauses can last for a few seconds to minutes and can occur multiple times throughout the night. This condition occurs when the muscles in the throat fail to keep the airway open, leading to interrupted breathing. It can result in fragmented sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, and other health complications.

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  • 9. 

    Influenza

    • A.

      Inflammation of the sinus

    • B.

      Inflammation of the nasal mucous

    • C.

      A highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory

    Correct Answer
    C. A highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory
    Explanation
    Influenza is a highly contagious viral infection that primarily affects the upper respiratory system. It spreads easily from person to person through respiratory droplets when an infected individual coughs or sneezes. Symptoms of influenza include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue. It can lead to complications such as pneumonia, especially in vulnerable populations such as the elderly and those with weakened immune systems. Therefore, the given answer accurately describes influenza as a highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory system.

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  • 10. 

    Laryngitis

    • A.

      Inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords (include hoarseness or loss of voice, sore throat, and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)

    • B.

      A highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory

    • C.

      Inflammation of the nasal mucous

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords (include hoarseness or loss of voice, sore throat, and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords (include hoarseness or loss of voice, sore throat, and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)". This answer accurately describes the symptoms and characteristics of laryngitis, which is an inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords. Hoarseness or loss of voice, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing are common symptoms of laryngitis.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 03, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Vbennett
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