Respiratory System | Asthma & COPD NCLEX Quiz 30

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 3320

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Respiratory System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following treatment goals is best for the client with status asthmaticus?
    • A. 

      Avoiding intubation

    • B. 

      Determining the cause of the attack

    • C. 

      Improving exercise tolerance

    • D. 

      Reducing secretions

  • 2. 
    Dani was given dilaudid for pain. She’s sleeping and her respiratory rate is 4 breaths/minute. If action isn’t taken quickly. she might have which of the following reactions?
    • A. 

      Asthma attack

    • B. 

      Respiratory arrest

    • C. 

      Be pissed about receiving Narcan

    • D. 

      Wake up on her own

  • 3. 
    Which of the following additional assessment data should immediately be gathered to determine the status of a client with a respiratory rate of 4 breaths/minute?
    • A. 

      Arterial blood gas (ABG) and breath sounds

    • B. 

      Level of consciousness and a pulse oximetry value.

    • C. 

      Breath sounds and reflexes

    • D. 

      Pulse oximetry value and heart sounds

  • 4. 
    A client is in danger of respiratory arrest following the administration of a narcotic analgesic. An arterial blood gas value is obtained. The nurse would expect to PaCO2 to be which of the following values?
    • A. 

      15 mm Hg

    • B. 

      30 mm Hg

    • C. 

      40 mm Hg

    • D. 

      80 mm Hg

  • 5. 
    A client has started a new drug for hypertension. Thirty minutes after he takes the drug. he develops chest tightness and becomes short of breath and tachypneic. He has a decreased level of consciousness. These signs indicate which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Asthma attack

    • B. 

      Pulmonary embolism

    • C. 

      Respiratory failure

    • D. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

  • 6. 
    Emergency treatment for a client with impending anaphylaxis secondary to hypersensitivity to a drug should include which of the following actions first?
    • A. 

      Administering oxygen

    • B. 

      Inserting an I.V. catheter

    • C. 

      Obtaining a complete blood count (CBC)

    • D. 

      Taking vital signs

  • 7. 
    Following the initial care of a client with asthma and impending anaphylaxis from hypersensitivity to a drug. the nurse should take which of the following steps next?
    • A. 

      Administer beta-adrenergic blockers

    • B. 

      Administer bronchodilators

    • C. 

      Obtain serum electrolyte levels

    • D. 

      Have the client lie flat in the bed.

  • 8. 
     A client’s ABG results are as follows: pH: 7.16; PaCO2 80 mm Hg; PaO2 46 mm Hg; HCO3- 24 mEq/L; SaO2 81%. This ABG result represents which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • B. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

    • C. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

  • 9. 
    A nurse plans care for a client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. knowing that the client is most likely to experience what type of acid-base imbalance?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 10. 
    A nurse is caring for a client who is on a mechanical ventilator. Blood gas results indicate a pH of 7.50 and a PCO2 of 30 mm Hg. The nurse has determined that the client is experiencing respiratory alkalosis. Which laboratory value would most likely be noted in this condition?
    • A. 

      Sodium level of 145 mEq/L

    • B. 

      Potassium level of 3.0 mEq/L

    • C. 

      Magnesium level of 2.0 mg/L

    • D. 

      Phosphorus level of 4.0 mg/dl

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