Respiratory System Diseases: Trivia Quiz

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 109

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Respiratory System Diseases: Trivia Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dyspnea is associated with diseases or situations that decrease gas exchange through the lungs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Which statements regarding a cough are FALSE? A. A reflex sudden expulsion of air initiated by afferent nerves in the respiratory mucosa. B. It is a loss of lung volume due to inadequate expansion of airspaces. C. It can be a response to irritants.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      A and C only

  • 3. 
    Atelectasis is significant because it leads to shunting of blood that is not oxygenated into the pulmonary veins which result in hypoxia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Which of the following terms is defined INCORRECTLY? A. Hemothorax = purulent fluid in the pleural space B. Empyema = Blood in the pleural space C. Pleural effusion = fluid in the pleural space D. Pneumothorax = air or other gases in the pleural space due to a lung rupture.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      A and B only

    • F. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Which of the following terms is defined CORRECTLY? A. Tidal volume = Volume of air moved in and out during normal easy breathing B. Vital capacity = Volume of air moved during a maximal inhalation followed by maximal exhalation C. Total lung capacity = The amount of air exhaled in the first second of the FVC procedure
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      A and B only

    • E. 

      B and C only

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE? A. FEV1/FVC is normal in obstructive lung diseases B. A current theory regarding asthma is that bronchial inflammation is what leads to hyperresponsiveness. C. Intrinsic Asthma is more common in children and they often outgrow it. D. Treatment of asthma includes albuterol, epinephrine, MC stabilizers and leukotriene inhibitors.
    • A. 

      A and B only

    • B. 

      A and C only

    • C. 

      A and D only

    • D. 

      B and C only

    • E. 

      B and D only

  • 7. 
    The treatment of COPD is similar to and uses most of the same medications as in asthma, with the notable exception of allergy shots, and often the addition of oxygen on a chronic basis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Like asthma, COPD is almost totally reversible.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Which of the following characteristics apply to patients with Emphysema? A. They can be referred to as blue bloaters B. They appear barrel-chested C. They are thin and not significantly hypoxic
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      A and B only

    • E. 

      B and C only

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements does NOT apply to Chronic Bronchitis? A. Defined as a persistent, productive cough for three consecutive months of at least two consecutive years. B. The leading cause is cigarette smoke C. Like emphysema, there is no retention of CO2 and hypoxia. D. These patients are often obese and edematous
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      All of the above apply to Chronic Bronchitis

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding restrictive lung disease? A. There is usually a decrease in total lung capacity (TLC) B. A decrease in diffusion of oxygen across the lung tissue occurs, C. ARDS - is an extremely severe situation with mortality rates still about 50%  
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

    • E. 

      None of the above are true

  • 12. 
    Pulmonary fibrosis is a poorly understood problem. The cause is often idiopathic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Which organism is the cause of the most common type of community-acquired pneumonia? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenza C. Staph aureus D. Klebsiella pneumonia
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 14. 
    Which organism is common in children and also adults who have COPD? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenza C. Staph aureus D. Klebsiella pneumonia
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 15. 
    Which organism is an important cause of secondary pneumonia following viral respiratory infections? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenza C. Staph aureus D. Klebsiella pneumonia
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 16. 
    Which organism is the most frequent cause of gram-negative pneumonia? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenza C. Staph aureus D. Klebsiella pneumonia
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 17. 
    Which organism is the most common cause of pneumonia in debilitated, malnourished people, in particular in alcoholics? A. Streptococcus pneumonia B. Haemophilus influenza C. Staph aureus D. Klebsiella pneumonia
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements regarding atypical pneumonia is FALSE? A. With these infections, there is less sputum production, less elevation in the WBC count, and higher fever B. Penicillins and cephalosporins are the first line of defense in treating atypical pneumonia C. This type of pneumonia is particularly common in older children and young adults.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      A and B only

    • E. 

      A and C only

  • 19. 
    Pneumonia is defined as infection below the carina and limited to the mucosa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements regarding pneumonia is FALSE? A. Bacterial invasion of the lungs leads to a hemorrhagic, purulent exudative response B. Bronchopneumonia involves part or all of one lobe. C. Treatment of pneumonia includes antibiotics, oxygen, and respiratory support.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      A and C only

  • 21. 
    Which of the following lung statements regarding Tuberculosis is TRUE? A. It is a chronic granulomatous disease typically caused by an acid-fast bacillus B. Only a small fraction of people infected with TB actually develop any active disease. C. The infection may be reactivated by systemic steroids and then referred to as Reactivation TB D. The infection can spread by way of the bloodstream  and create a miliary form
    • A. 

      All of the above are true

    • B. 

      None of the above are true

    • C. 

      Half the above are true

    • D. 

      Only one of the above is true

  • 22. 
    Coccidioidomycosis is commonly referred to as Valley Fever and is endemic in the San Joaquin Valley. In most cases, it results in a minor respiratory infection.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Pneumocystis carinii is an organism that commonly affects older children and adults. It causes fever, dry cough, dyspnea and hypoxia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements regarding lung tumors is FALSE? A. Bronchogenic carcinoma accounts for 15% of primary lung tumors B. It is uncommon in industrialized countries. C. There are four types of bronchogenic carcinomas: Squamous cell CA, Adenocarcinoma, Large cell CA and Small Cell CA D. With small cell CA there is a very poor prognosis
    • A. 

      A and B only

    • B. 

      B and C only

    • C. 

      C and D only

    • D. 

      None of the above are false.