Human Body Test: 20-questions On The Respiratory System

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Human Body Test: 20-questions On The Respiratory System - Quiz

Here are 20-questions based on the Respiratory System. All the questions are hovering around the essential functions of this system. So, if you are a student of biology and want to test your knowledge on various topics, start with this one, and go check out our other biology quizzes as well.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is the last stop of the urinary tract?

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Ureter

    • C.

      Urethra

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    C. Urethra
    Explanation
    The urethra is the last stop of the urinary tract. It is a tube that connects the bladder to the external opening of the body. Its main function is to carry urine from the bladder out of the body during urination. The bladder stores urine until it is ready to be eliminated, and the urethra serves as the pathway for this process. The kidneys filter waste products from the blood to produce urine, which then travels through the ureters into the bladder. From the bladder, urine passes through the urethra and is expelled from the body.

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  • 2. 

    Which part of the brain detects the amount of CO2 in the blood?

    • A.

      Medulla oblongata

    • B.

      Tectum

    • C.

      Cerebellum

    • D.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    A. Medulla oblongata
    Explanation
    The medulla oblongata is responsible for regulating many vital functions, including breathing. It contains specialized cells called chemoreceptors that detect changes in the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the blood. When CO2 levels rise, these chemoreceptors send signals to increase the rate and depth of breathing in order to remove excess CO2 and restore the balance. Therefore, the medulla oblongata is the part of the brain that detects the amount of CO2 in the blood.

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  • 3. 

    The act of knowing you have lots of CO2 and wanting to breathe because of it is called...

    • A.

      Respiration

    • B.

      Osmosis

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      A feedback mechanism

    Correct Answer
    D. A feedback mechanism
    Explanation
    A feedback mechanism refers to a process where the output or result of a system influences the input or initial conditions of the same system. In this context, the act of knowing that there is a high level of CO2 in the body triggers a desire to breathe in order to obtain oxygen and remove the excess CO2. This desire to breathe acts as a feedback mechanism, as the information about the CO2 level influences the action of respiration.

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  • 4. 

    Why is it impossible to hold your breath and die?

    • A.

      Because you'll pass out and begin breathing again.

    • B.

      Because you can't hold your breath in your hands.

    • C.

      Because there's so much oxygen in your blood, you'll live forever.

    • D.

      You don't need to breathe.

    Correct Answer
    A. Because you'll pass out and begin breathing again.
    Explanation
    When you hold your breath, the oxygen levels in your body start to decrease, and the carbon dioxide levels start to increase. This triggers your body's natural reflex to breathe, and eventually, you will pass out. Once you pass out, your body's autonomic nervous system takes over and resumes breathing automatically. Therefore, it is impossible to hold your breath and die because your body will force you to start breathing again once you lose consciousness.

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  • 5. 

    Which malfunction of the respiratory system is the destruction of alveolar walls?

    • A.

      Bronchitis

    • B.

      Pneumonia

    • C.

      Emphysema

    • D.

      Asthma

    Correct Answer
    C. Emphysema
    Explanation
    Emphysema is the correct answer because it is a respiratory disorder characterized by the destruction of the alveolar walls in the lungs. This leads to a decrease in the surface area available for gas exchange, making it difficult for the individual to breathe properly. It is often caused by long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke and can result in symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing.

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  • 6. 

    If someone smokes cigarettes constantly for a long time, their alveoli will eventually be coated with tar. This is bad because...

    • A.

      It does not as good as when they are not coated.

    • B.

      Its more difficult to diffuse things in and out of the lungs.

    • C.

      The alveoli cannot move as well when they are coated.

    • D.

      The alveoli do not have room to grow.

    Correct Answer
    B. Its more difficult to diffuse things in and out of the lungs.
    Explanation
    When someone smokes cigarettes constantly for a long time, their alveoli will eventually be coated with tar. This is bad because it makes it more difficult for gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, to diffuse in and out of the lungs. The tar creates a barrier that hinders the exchange of gases between the alveoli and the bloodstream, leading to decreased oxygen uptake and increased carbon dioxide retention. This can result in respiratory problems and decreased lung function.

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  • 7. 

    Pneumonia is the...

    • A.

      Swelling of the throat.

    • B.

      Loss of red blood cells.

    • C.

      Building up of fluids in the lungs.

    • D.

      Inflammation of the bronchi.

    Correct Answer
    C. Building up of fluids in the lungs.
    Explanation
    Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the lungs. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty breathing. The infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, and it can affect people of all ages. Treatment usually involves antibiotics, rest, and plenty of fluids to help clear the infection and reduce the buildup of fluids in the lungs.

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  • 8. 

    Which is not correct about what lungs excrete?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • C.

      Heat

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    D. Energy
    Explanation
    Lungs do not excrete energy. While they do excrete water, carbon dioxide, and heat, energy is not excreted by the lungs. Energy is produced by the body's cells through various metabolic processes and is not a waste product that is excreted by any specific organ or system.

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  • 9. 

    Which organ breaks down old red blood cells and stores iron for hemoglobin?

    • A.

      Brain

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Kidney

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    D. Liver
    Explanation
    The liver is responsible for breaking down old red blood cells and storing iron for hemoglobin. The liver contains specialized cells called Kupffer cells that engulf and break down the old red blood cells. During this process, iron is released and stored in the liver for later use in the production of new red blood cells. Additionally, the liver plays a crucial role in many other metabolic processes, making it a vital organ for overall health and functioning.

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  • 10. 

    The liver also makes ____ from old amino acids.

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      CO2

    • C.

      Heat

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    A. Urea
    Explanation
    The liver plays a crucial role in protein metabolism. It breaks down amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins, and converts them into various substances. One of these substances is urea. Urea is formed in the liver as a waste product when excess amino acids are broken down. It is then transported to the kidneys for excretion in the urine. Urea helps to remove toxic ammonia from the body and maintain the balance of nitrogen in the blood. Therefore, the liver produces urea from old amino acids as a way to eliminate waste and maintain proper bodily functions.

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  • 11. 

    Skin and sweat glands excrete 3 main things. Which of these do they not excrete?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Salts

    • D.

      Some urea

    Correct Answer
    B. Carbon dioxide
    Explanation
    Skin and sweat glands excrete three main things: water, salts, and some urea. However, carbon dioxide is not excreted by the skin and sweat glands. Carbon dioxide is primarily excreted through the lungs during respiration.

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  • 12. 

    The skin and sweat glands also reduce body temperature to maintain...

    • A.

      Energetic

    • B.

      Alive

    • C.

      Homeostasis

    • D.

      The correct ratio of carbon dioxide to oxygen.

    Correct Answer
    C. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    The skin and sweat glands play a role in reducing body temperature, which is necessary to maintain homeostasis. Homeostasis refers to the body's ability to regulate and maintain a stable internal environment despite external changes. In this case, the body needs to regulate its temperature to ensure it stays within a certain range. The skin and sweat glands help in this process by producing sweat, which evaporates and cools the body down, thus maintaining a stable body temperature.

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  • 13. 

    Which organ(s) collects and excretes urea, excess salts, and water?

    • A.

      Lungs

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Small intestine

    • D.

      Kidneys

    Correct Answer
    D. Kidneys
    Explanation
    The kidneys are responsible for collecting and excreting urea, excess salts, and water. They are vital organs in the urinary system that filter waste products from the blood and produce urine. The kidneys regulate the balance of fluids and electrolytes in the body, ensuring that waste products are removed and the body's internal environment remains stable. The liver also plays a role in the excretion of waste products, but it primarily metabolizes toxins and produces bile. The lungs are responsible for gas exchange and the small intestine is involved in the digestion and absorption of nutrients.

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  • 14. 

    The functional unit of the kidney is the...

    • A.

      Nephron

    • B.

      Alveoli

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    A. Nephron
    Explanation
    The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron. The nephron is responsible for filtering the blood and producing urine. It consists of a glomerulus, which filters waste products and excess water from the blood, and a tubule, which reabsorbs necessary substances back into the bloodstream and excretes waste products as urine. The nephron plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's fluid balance, regulating electrolyte levels, and removing waste products from the body.

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  • 15. 

    The loop of Henle is so long to increase...

    • A.

      Time

    • B.

      Surface area

    • C.

      Reproduction of cells

    • D.

      Oxygen productions

    Correct Answer
    B. Surface area
    Explanation
    The loop of Henle is so long to increase surface area. The loop of Henle is a part of the kidney nephron responsible for reabsorbing water and electrolytes from the urine. By having a long loop, there is more surface area available for reabsorption to occur. This allows for a more efficient reabsorption process, ensuring that the body retains the necessary water and electrolyte balance.

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  • 16. 

    True or false. There is a reabsorbing capillary in the nephron to reabsorb nutrients that were just put into the loop of Henle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the nephron, there is a reabsorbing capillary called the vasa recta that runs parallel to the loop of Henle. This capillary is responsible for reabsorbing nutrients, such as glucose and amino acids, that were just put into the loop of Henle. It helps to maintain the balance of these essential substances in the body by reabsorbing them back into the bloodstream. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 17. 

    The loop of Henle absorbs metabolic wastes from the...

    • A.

      Arterioles

    • B.

      Venuoles

    • C.

      Glomerulus

    • D.

      Capillaries

    Correct Answer
    D. Capillaries
    Explanation
    The loop of Henle is a part of the kidney's nephron, which is responsible for filtering waste products from the blood. The loop of Henle is specifically involved in reabsorbing water and electrolytes from the filtrate. This reabsorption occurs in the capillaries surrounding the loop of Henle. Therefore, the correct answer is capillaries.

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  • 18. 

    The kidney leads to the ureter, which leads to the...

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Adrena gland

    • C.

      Urinary bladder

    • D.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    C. Urinary bladder
    Explanation
    The kidney is responsible for filtering waste products from the blood and producing urine. The ureter is a tube that connects the kidney to the urinary bladder. It transports urine from the kidney to the bladder. Therefore, the correct answer is the urinary bladder, as it is the next organ in the urinary system that receives urine from the ureter.

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  • 19. 

    When urine is yellow, that means you are...

    • A.

      Dehydrated

    • B.

      Hydrated

    • C.

      Sick

    • D.

      Healthy

    Correct Answer
    A. Dehydrated
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dehydrated". When urine is yellow, it indicates that the body is lacking sufficient water and is dehydrated. In a hydrated state, urine is typically pale yellow or clear. However, when the body is dehydrated, the urine becomes more concentrated, resulting in a darker yellow color. This can be a sign that one should increase their fluid intake to maintain proper hydration levels.

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  • 20. 

    The nasal chamber does what to incoming air?

    • A.

      Absorbs it

    • B.

      Speeds it up

    • C.

      Warms it

    • D.

      Stops it

    Correct Answer
    C. Warms it
    Explanation
    The nasal chamber warms incoming air.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Pleasenobugging
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