Rehabilitation Careers Mid-term Examination

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Rehabilitation Careers Mid-term Examination - Quiz

This test is a comprehensive exam over the materials you have learned in Rehabilitation Careers to date. Please take your time and read each question completely, and answer thoroughly.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Please explain or illustrate how blood circulates through the heart.  Use the space to answer the question using ALL of the following terms. Right Atria            Left Atria               Pulmonary Valve     Aorta                       Superior/Inferior Vena CavaLeft Ventricle        Right Ventricle      Hemoglobin             De-oxygenated        Chordae TendinaeTricuspid Valve    Mitral  Valve          Pulmonary Artery    Oxygenated Blood   Lungs             Contraction 

  • 2. 

    After sustaining a shoulder sprain, the patient went to the physician and the physician referred them to therapy.  The professional most likely to be trained to handle this would be:

    • A.

      Occupational Therapist

    • B.

      Strength and Conditioning Coach

    • C.

      Physical Therapist

    • D.

      Personal Trainer

    Correct Answer
    C. Physical Therapist
    Explanation
    A physical therapist is the most likely professional to be trained to handle a shoulder sprain. Physical therapists are healthcare professionals who specialize in treating musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. They have extensive knowledge and training in assessing, diagnosing, and treating injuries, including shoulder sprains. They use a variety of techniques and exercises to help patients regain mobility, reduce pain, and improve strength and function in the affected area. Occupational therapists, strength and conditioning coaches, and personal trainers may also have some knowledge in this area, but physical therapists are specifically trained in the rehabilitation of injuries and are the most appropriate choice for this type of injury.

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  • 3. 

    After going to the emergency room, x-rays revealed that the young boy had a fracture of the tibia and was referred to a specialist to determine whether surgery would be needed, the specialist most likely is a:

    • A.

      Kinesiologist

    • B.

      Orthopedist

    • C.

      Podiatrist

    • D.

      Neurologist

    Correct Answer
    B. Orthopedist
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Orthopedist. An orthopedist is a medical specialist who focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, including fractures. In this case, the young boy has a fracture of the tibia, which is a bone in the leg. Therefore, it is most likely that he would be referred to an orthopedist to determine whether surgery would be needed for his fracture.

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  • 4. 

    After being in a motor vehicle accident, the young female was diagnosed with a concussion. She was referred to a specialist to determine the treatment, the specialist is likely a:

    • A.

      Geneticist

    • B.

      Neurologist

    • C.

      Radiologist

    • D.

      Speech Therapist

    Correct Answer
    B. Neurologist
    Explanation
    After a motor vehicle accident, the young female was diagnosed with a concussion, which is a type of traumatic brain injury. A concussion affects the brain and its functioning. Therefore, the specialist who would be best suited to determine the treatment for the young female would be a neurologist. Neurologists specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system. They have the expertise to assess the extent of the brain injury and develop an appropriate treatment plan for the patient's recovery.

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  • 5. 

    An athlete has been battling an eating disorder for the majority of her collegiate career, she is currently seeking assistance from which medical professional(s): 

    • A.

      Sports psychologist

    • B.

      Sports Nutritionist

    • C.

      Athletic trainer

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The athlete in question is battling an eating disorder, which can have both physical and psychological implications. A sports psychologist can provide the necessary support and therapy to address the psychological aspects of the disorder. A sports nutritionist can help the athlete develop a healthy and balanced diet plan that supports their athletic performance while also addressing the eating disorder. An athletic trainer can provide guidance and support in terms of physical training and recovery. Therefore, seeking assistance from all of the mentioned medical professionals would be beneficial for the athlete's overall well-being and recovery.

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  • 6. 

    An athlete has sprained his ankle while running in the track event, the professional most likely trained to assess, treat, and rehabilitate the injury would be:

    • A.

      Athletic Trainer

    • B.

      Sports nutritionist

    • C.

      Sports psychologist

    • D.

      Strength and conditioning coach

    Correct Answer
    A. Athletic Trainer
    Explanation
    An athletic trainer is the most likely professional to assess, treat, and rehabilitate an athlete's sprained ankle. Athletic trainers specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating injuries related to sports and physical activity. They are trained in evaluating the extent of the injury, providing immediate care, and developing a rehabilitation plan to help the athlete recover and return to their sport as quickly and safely as possible. They have the knowledge and skills to provide appropriate treatments, such as taping, bracing, and therapeutic exercises, to promote healing and prevent further damage.

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  • 7. 

    A patient has been complaining of lower right abdominal pain and running a low grade fever for a day and a half, you feel that this individual may be suffering from appendicitis and refer them to: 

    • A.

      Radiologist

    • B.

      Neurologist

    • C.

      Podiatrist

    • D.

      General Medical Practitioner

    Correct Answer
    D. General Medical Practitioner
    Explanation
    The correct answer is General Medical Practitioner. A general medical practitioner is a primary care physician who is trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions. In this case, the patient's symptoms of lower right abdominal pain and fever are consistent with appendicitis, which is an inflammation of the appendix. A general medical practitioner would be the appropriate healthcare professional to refer the patient to for further evaluation and treatment. A radiologist specializes in interpreting medical imaging, a neurologist focuses on conditions of the nervous system, and a podiatrist specializes in foot and ankle disorders, none of which are directly related to the symptoms described.

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  • 8. 

    The tissues which connect bones to bones are known as: 

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Tendons

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Cartilage

    Correct Answer
    A. Ligaments
    Explanation
    Ligaments are the correct answer because they are the tissues that connect bones to bones. They are tough and flexible, providing stability and support to the joints. Ligaments help to prevent excessive movement and maintain proper alignment of the bones, ensuring that the joints function properly.

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  • 9. 

    The tissues which connect muscle to bone are called:

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Tendons

    • C.

      Muscles

    • D.

      Cartilage

    Correct Answer
    B. Tendons
    Explanation
    Tendons are the correct answer because they are the tissues that connect muscle to bone. Ligaments, on the other hand, connect bone to bone, muscles are the contractile tissues responsible for movement, and cartilage is a connective tissue that provides support and cushioning between bones.

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  • 10. 

    Blood which enters the right atria is considered to be:

    • A.

      Oxygenated

    • B.

      De-Oxygenated

    Correct Answer
    B. De-Oxygenated
    Explanation
    The blood which enters the right atria is considered to be de-oxygenated because it has already delivered oxygen to the body's tissues and organs and is now returning to the heart to be pumped to the lungs for oxygenation. In the lungs, carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen, and the blood becomes oxygenated again before being pumped out to the rest of the body by the left side of the heart.

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  • 11. 

    Oxygenated blood is transported through the body via:

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Nerves

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteries
    Explanation
    Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart and distribute it to the various tissues and organs of the body. They have thick and elastic walls that help maintain high pressure, allowing the blood to flow efficiently to reach all parts of the body. Veins, on the other hand, carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Platelets are cell fragments that help in blood clotting, while nerves are responsible for transmitting signals throughout the body. Therefore, arteries are the correct answer as they are specifically designed to transport oxygenated blood.

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  • 12. 

    Small blood vessels which ooze blood when cut are known as: 

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Capillaries

    • D.

      Platelets

    Correct Answer
    C. Capillaries
    Explanation
    Capillaries are small blood vessels that connect arteries and veins. They have thin walls, which allow for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. When cut, capillaries can ooze blood due to their close proximity to the surface of the skin. Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart, while veins carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Platelets are not blood vessels, but rather small cell fragments that help in blood clotting.

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  • 13. 

    Blood components which assist with sealing off wounds to decrease bleeding is known as: 

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Capillaries

    • D.

      Platelets

    Correct Answer
    D. Platelets
    Explanation
    Platelets are blood components that play a crucial role in sealing off wounds and decreasing bleeding. When a blood vessel is damaged, platelets are activated and form a plug at the site of injury, preventing further blood loss. They also release chemicals that help in blood clotting and promote the healing process. Therefore, platelets are responsible for the clotting mechanism in our body, making them the correct answer in this context.

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  • 14. 

    Venous bleeding is heavy and appears __________ in color.

    • A.

      Blue

    • B.

      Grey

    • C.

      Purple

    • D.

      Maroon

    Correct Answer
    D. Maroon
    Explanation
    Venous bleeding is heavy and appears maroon in color because it contains a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. This occurs when blood is flowing slowly from veins, allowing more time for oxygen to be extracted, resulting in a darker color. Maroon color indicates that the blood has been deoxygenated for a longer period of time compared to other colors like red or bright red, which are associated with arterial bleeding.

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  • 15. 

    Another word for a closed wound is:

    • A.

      Contusion

    • B.

      Scrape

    • C.

      Abrasion

    • D.

      Laceration

    Correct Answer
    A. Contusion
    Explanation
    A closed wound refers to an injury where the skin is not broken, and it is typically caused by blunt force trauma. A contusion is a type of closed wound that occurs when blood vessels beneath the skin are damaged, resulting in discoloration and swelling. Unlike abrasions or scrapes, which involve the removal of the top layer of skin, a contusion does not break the skin's surface. Therefore, "contusion" is the correct answer as it accurately describes a closed wound.

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  • 16. 

    An occlusive dressing is used to: 

    • A.

      Absorb moisture

    • B.

      Increase infection

    • C.

      Adhere to the wound bed

    • D.

      Allow the wound to breathe

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorb moisture
    Explanation
    An occlusive dressing is used to absorb moisture. This type of dressing is designed to create an airtight seal over a wound, preventing the evaporation of moisture from the wound surface. By absorbing moisture, the occlusive dressing helps to maintain a moist environment, which is beneficial for wound healing. The moisture also helps to prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound bed, making it easier to remove without causing further damage or pain to the wound.

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  • 17. 

    An interwoven material used to absorb moisture from wounds is known as: 

    • A.

      Band-aid

    • B.

      Occlusive dressings

    • C.

      Gauze

    • D.

      Steri-strips

    Correct Answer
    C. Gauze
    Explanation
    Gauze is a type of interwoven material that is commonly used in medical settings to absorb moisture from wounds. It is made from cotton or other fibers and is designed to be soft and gentle on the skin. Gauze is often used in combination with other wound care products, such as antiseptic ointments or dressings, to promote healing and prevent infection.

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  • 18. 

    The "C" in R.I.C.E. stands for:

    • A.

      Compression

    • B.

      Consistent

    • C.

      Complimentary

    • D.

      Constant

    Correct Answer
    A. Compression
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Compression. In the context of R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), the "C" stands for Compression. Compression refers to applying pressure to the affected area using a bandage or wrap to reduce swelling and provide support to the injured area. This helps to limit the buildup of fluid and promotes faster healing.

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  • 19. 

    The "E" in R.I.C.E. stands for: 

    • A.

      Eliminate

    • B.

      Emergent

    • C.

      Elevation

    • D.

      Existing

    Correct Answer
    C. Elevation
    Explanation
    The "E" in R.I.C.E. stands for elevation. Elevation refers to the practice of raising the injured or affected body part above the level of the heart. This helps to reduce swelling and promote proper blood circulation to the injured area. Elevation is commonly recommended for injuries such as sprains, strains, and swelling.

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  • 20. 

    Documentation of an injury is an important part of the injury evaluation and a popular method for documenting is called: 

    • A.

      H.O.P.E.

    • B.

      I.C.E.

    • C.

      S.O.A.P.

    • D.

      S.A.P.O.

    Correct Answer
    C. S.O.A.P.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is S.O.A.P. S.O.A.P. is an acronym that stands for Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan. It is a popular method used in medical documentation to organize and record information about a patient's injury or condition. The subjective section includes the patient's description of symptoms, the objective section includes measurable data such as vital signs or test results, the assessment section includes the healthcare provider's diagnosis or impression, and the plan section includes the recommended treatment or management plan.

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  • 21. 

    To determine the forces that cause an injury, the clinician is looking for the: 

    • A.

      Mechanism of Injury

    • B.

      Action points

    • C.

      Point of Injury

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Mechanism of Injury
    Explanation
    The clinician is looking for the mechanism of injury in order to determine the forces that caused the injury. This refers to the specific actions, events, or circumstances that led to the injury, such as a fall, impact, or repetitive motion. Understanding the mechanism of injury is crucial for diagnosing and treating the injury effectively, as it helps the clinician identify the underlying causes and potential risk factors. Action points and point of injury are not relevant in this context.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 15, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Danna
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