The Ultimate NAAC Practice Test For PSW

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The Ultimate NAAC Practice Test For PSW

The health care sector is one of the most sensitive areas in any government as a healthy nation leads to the growth of the economy. A personal support worker (PSW) is charged with helping their clients deal with problems in their everyday lives by identifying those problems and then referring their clients to groups or agencies that can assist. Take this NAAC practice test for PSW and see how knowledgeable you are.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most pressing cause of health care reform has been
    • A. 

      Rising costs of providing technology, drugs and services

    • B. 

      The depression

    • C. 

      Lack of available technology

    • D. 

      Lack of accessibility

  • 2. 
    Which Law ensures that every citizen has access to health care?
    • A. 

      The long term care facilities act

    • B. 

      The Canada health act

    • C. 

      The Medical care act

    • D. 

      The hospital insurance and diagnostic services act

  • 3. 
    Support services provided through home care do not include
    • A. 

      Personal care

    • B. 

      Assistance with activities of daily living

    • C. 

      Respiratory therapy

    • D. 

      Assistance with home managament

  • 4. 
    A holistic approach to health is one that
    • A. 

      Takes a realistic view of a person's health problems

    • B. 

      Takes into account the whole person

    • C. 

      Focuses on the person's illness or disability

    • D. 

      Focuses on the person's physical health

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is false? People with strong emotional health
    • A. 

      Show their emotions easily

    • B. 

      Have strong self steem

    • C. 

      Exhibit self control

    • D. 

      Are aware of their own strengths and weaknesses

  • 6. 
    An acute illness 
    • A. 

      Appears suddenly and lasts a short time

    • B. 

      Is a slow, progressive illness

    • C. 

      Results in disability

    • D. 

      People usually recover

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not true of chronic illness?
    • A. 

      It is a slow progressive illness

    • B. 

      The symptoms often appear gradually

    • C. 

      It may result in physical or mental disability

    • D. 

      People usually recover

  • 8. 
    Maslow's hierarchy of needs can best be described as
    • A. 

      Another term for psychosocial health

    • B. 

      A system that arranges human needs into categories

    • C. 

      Physiological and safety needs

    • D. 

      Love and belonging needs

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      It is part of the canadian constitution

    • B. 

      It does not apply at a provincial level

    • C. 

      It protects canadian's right to equality before and under the law

    • D. 

      It protects Canadian's right to freedom and exppresion

  • 10. 
    The provincial human rights codes do not promote
    • A. 

      Freedom from discrimination and harassment

    • B. 

      Equal treatment with respect to services and facilities

    • C. 

      The right to vote

    • D. 

      Equal treatment with respect to age, sex and ethnicity

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Information about the nature of the treatment

    • B. 

      A discussion of the potential risks and side effects of the treatment

    • C. 

      Reassurance that the proposed treatment is the best and only option

    • D. 

      Information about the likely consequences of not having the treatment

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      It is an unintentional tort

    • B. 

      The negligent person did not act in a reasonable manner

    • C. 

      Harm was caused to a person or a person's property

    • D. 

      A prison term is likely

  • 13. 
    The intentional attempt or threat to touch a person's body without the person's consent
    • A. 

      Assault

    • B. 

      Battery

    • C. 

      Defamation

    • D. 

      False imprisonment

  • 14. 
    The illegal restraint of another's person movement is 
    • A. 

      Assault

    • B. 

      Battery

    • C. 

      Defamation

    • D. 

      False imprisionement

  • 15. 
    Which is false?
    • A. 

      Race refers to a group of people who share similar physical traits

    • B. 

      A country has one ethnic group

    • C. 

      A person's culture influences health and illness practises

    • D. 

      People within an ethnic community often share a common history and identify with one another

  • 16. 
    You and mr Long are talking; mr Long avoids facing you stepping back from you. Which is false?
    • A. 

      Culture influences communication

    • B. 

      Culture may affect roles and responsabilities

    • C. 

      All people respond to cultural differences in the same way

    • D. 

      Culture affects how people view health care and illness

  • 17. 
    Which is false?
    • A. 

      Prejudice is an attitude that judges people based on their group membership

    • B. 

      In some cases prejudice is acceptable

    • C. 

      Prejudice frequently leads to discrimination

    • D. 

      Stereotypes are often associated with prejudice

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Physical exercises that people perform daily to keep themselves fit

    • B. 

      Activities that support workers perform to prevent injuries

    • C. 

      Self-care activities that people perform daily to remain independent and to function in society

    • D. 

      Social and recreational activities

  • 19. 
    Support workers are
    • A. 

      Unregulated health care workers

    • B. 

      Licensed health care workers

    • C. 

      Members of a professional college

    • D. 

      Members of a regulatory body

  • 20. 
    Professionalism is
    • A. 

      An approach to work used only by members of regulated professions

    • B. 

      An approach to work that demonstrates respect for others, commitment, competence, and appropriate behaviour

    • C. 

      A commitment made by regulated professionals

    • D. 

      Another term for confidentiality

  • 21. 
    Which work setting may provide acute care?
    • A. 

      Home care

    • B. 

      Long term care facilities

    • C. 

      Assisted living facilities

    • D. 

      Hospitals

  • 22. 
    What type of service aims to provide a temporary break to family caregivers
    • A. 

      Acute-care services

    • B. 

      Palliative care

    • C. 

      Respite services

    • D. 

      Outpatient services

  • 23. 
    Residents in retirement facilities generally include
    • A. 

      People with mental illness

    • B. 

      Young adults with physical or other disabilities

    • C. 

      Frail, older adults with multiple health problems

    • D. 

      Older adults with limited care needs

  • 24. 
    The membership of a health care team is determined by
    • A. 

      The client's needs

    • B. 

      The RN'S needs

    • C. 

      The physician's needs

    • D. 

      The needs of the client's family

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a benefit to the team approach to health care 
    • A. 

      Opportunities for confidenciality

    • B. 

      Opportunities for delegation

    • C. 

      Opportunities for colaboration

    • D. 

      Opportunities for assignment of tasks

  • 26. 
    In a community setting, who usually assesses, monitors, and evaluates a client's needs and coordinates the services of the health care in a community team?
    • A. 

      The family physician

    • B. 

      The case manager

    • C. 

      The occupational therapist

    • D. 

      The social worker

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      The RNis completely responsible for your actions, you are not responsible

    • B. 

      The RN has overall responsibility for your actions, you are also responsible

    • C. 

      You are completely responsible for your actions, the RN is not responsible

    • D. 

      Neither you or the RN are responsible

  • 28. 
    Stress is
    • A. 

      The way you cope with and adjust to every day living

    • B. 

      The emotional, behavioral, or physical response to an event or situacion

    • C. 

      A mental or emotional disorder

    • D. 

      A thought or idea

  • 29. 
    Which does not influence a person's reaction to a stressor?
    • A. 

      Past experiences with the same stressor

    • B. 

      The person's sex

    • C. 

      The number of stressors present

    • D. 

      The person's temperament or personality

  • 30. 
    You are angry with a co-worker. Instead of responding appropriately, you yell at a friend. Which defense mechanism is this?
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Conversion

    • C. 

      Displacement

    • D. 

      Compensation

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Simple, monthly allowable, reasonable, timely

    • B. 

      Specific, ,measurable, achievable, realistic, timely.

    • C. 

      Simple, measurable, achievable, reasonable, topical

    • D. 

      Specific, monthly, allowable, realistic, topical

  • 32. 
    Providing a safe environment is an example of
    • A. 

      Autonomy

    • B. 

      Justice

    • C. 

      Beneficence

    • D. 

      Nonmaleficence

  • 33. 
    Respecting personal preferences is an example of
    • A. 

      Autonomy

    • B. 

      Justice

    • C. 

      Beneficence

    • D. 

      Nonmaleficence

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      To provide a central reference point on the client's health problems, needs, treatment and care

    • B. 

      To enable the health care team to communicate with each other about the client

    • C. 

      To ensure that everyone provides the same care

    • D. 

      To provide information about the client that never changes

  • 35. 
    Mrs. Muyama says, " I didn't sleep at all last night because of the pain in my back". This is 
    • A. 

      A nursing diagnosis

    • B. 

      Subjective data

    • C. 

      An intervention

    • D. 

      Objective data

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Records a client's activities of daily living (ADL's)

    • B. 

      Is used to record measurements and observations made three to four times per day

    • C. 

      Contains information about the care given, the client responses to care, and observations about the client's condition

    • D. 

      Summarizes a client's care and services over a period of time

  • 37. 
    In 24 hour time, 1330 is
    • A. 

      3:30 pm

    • B. 

      3:30 am

    • C. 

      1:30 pm

    • D. 

      1:30 am

  • 38. 
    During an exchange of information, a message is send
    • A. 

      From a speaker to receiver

    • B. 

      From a receiver to a speaker

    • C. 

      From a speaker to speaker

    • D. 

      Without feedback

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Verbal communication involves the spoken word

    • B. 

      Verbal communication is the truest reflexion of a person's feelings

    • C. 

      Messages can be sent by facial expressions, gestures, posture, body movements, appearance, and eye contact

    • D. 

      Touch means different things to different people

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Do you feel better now?

    • B. 

      Tell me what your plans are for home?

    • C. 

      What would you do when you fully recover?

    • D. 

      You said that you would be off work for a while?

  • 41. 
    Focusing is a useful communication tool when
    • A. 

      A person is rambling

    • B. 

      You want to make sure you understand the message

    • C. 

      You want the person to share thoughts and feelings

    • D. 

      You need information

  • 42. 
    Which statement will promote communication?
    • A. 

      Don't worry

    • B. 

      Everything will be just fine

    • C. 

      This is a good facility

    • D. 

      Why are you crying?

  • 43. 
    Which is not a barrier to communication? 
    • A. 

      Interrupting

    • B. 

      Repeating what the person says

    • C. 

      Answering for the person

    • D. 

      Giving advise

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      Speaking and writing

    • B. 

      Understanding language

    • C. 

      Moving the mouth, tongue and lips

    • D. 

      Speaking and understanding language

  • 45. 
    Apraxia of speech is cause by
    • A. 

      Brain injury

    • B. 

      Weakness in the muscles used to speak

    • C. 

      Paralysis in the muscles used to speak

    • D. 

      Lack of coordination in the muscles used to speak

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Make unpredictable speech errors

    • B. 

      Understand what its said

    • C. 

      Can control the muscles used to speak

    • D. 

      Cannot read or write

  • 47. 
    People with speech and language disorders
    • A. 

      Have the same emotional reactions as those without

    • B. 

      Are not affected emotionally

    • C. 

      Often have problems relating to family and friends

    • D. 

      Cannot improve their communication

  • 48. 
    Mr.Poulin has Meniere's disease. Which is likely true?
    • A. 

      He has a middle ear infection

    • B. 

      Vertigo is a major symptom

    • C. 

      Hearing aids will correct the problem

    • D. 

      He has vision problems because of it

  • 49. 
    Which effect of hearing problems is often not obvious to others?
    • A. 

      Loneliness and social isolation

    • B. 

      Talking to loudly

    • C. 

      Asking to repeat things

    • D. 

      Answering questions inappropriately

  • 50. 
    Mr. Poulin's hearing aid is not working; first, you should
    • A. 

      See if its turned on

    • B. 

      Wash the hearing aid with soap and water

    • C. 

      Have it repaired

    • D. 

      Change the batteries

  • 51. 
    • A. 

      The part nearest to the center or point of origin

    • B. 

      The part farthest from the centre or point of origin

    • C. 

      Located at or toward the back of the body or body part

    • D. 

      Relating to or located at or near the middle or the midline of the body or body part

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      The part nearest to the centre of point of origin

    • B. 

      Relating to or located at the side of the body or body part

    • C. 

      Relating to or located at or near the middle or the midline of the body or body part

    • D. 

      Relating to or located at the side of the body or body part

  • 53. 
    What does the abbreviation BRP stand for?
    • A. 

      Bathroom privileges

    • B. 

      Basic respirations

    • C. 

      Breathing rate and pulse

    • D. 

      Back run plan

  • 54. 
    What is the abbreviation for "at once, immediately"?
    • A. 

      AOI

    • B. 

      STAT

    • C. 

      SAT

    • D. 

      STATS

  • 55. 
    What is the most common accident in all settings?
    • A. 

      Burns

    • B. 

      Suffocations

    • C. 

      Falls

    • D. 

      Poisoning

  • 56. 
    To prevent falls, you should do the following except 
    • A. 

      Wipe up spills right away

    • B. 

      Turn on night lights

    • C. 

      Encourage the use of hand rails and grab bars

    • D. 

      Keep the bed in the highest position

  • 57. 
    Mrs. Carrera always tries to get up without help. You should do the following except
    • A. 

      Remind her to call for assistance

    • B. 

      Check on her often

    • C. 

      Help her to the bathroom at regular intervals

    • D. 

      Decide on your own to keep bedrails up

  • 58. 
    To prevent equipment accidents, you should do the following except
    • A. 

      Use equipment only for its intended purpose

    • B. 

      Fix broken items

    • C. 

      Stop using electrical equipment if it produces a burning odour

    • D. 

      Use three pronged plugs

  • 59. 
    A fire alarm sounds; which of the following is unsafe 
    • A. 

      Turning off oxygen

    • B. 

      Moving clients to a safe place

    • C. 

      Using elevators for a quick exit

    • D. 

      Closing doors and windows

  • 60. 
    Bed rails are raised when
    • A. 

      The person tries to get up without assistance

    • B. 

      Your supervisor and care plan tells you to raise them

    • C. 

      The person has a seizure

    • D. 

      The person is restrain

  • 61. 
    These statements are about restrains.Which is false
    • A. 

      A restrain can be a barrier, device, garment or medication

    • B. 

      A restrain limits or restricts a person's movements

    • C. 

      Some medication's are restrains

    • D. 

      A restrain is used to make the staff's workload easier

  • 62. 
    Mrs. Know has a restrain. You should check her and the position of the restrain at least
    • A. 

      Every 15 min

    • B. 

      Every 30 min

    • C. 

      Every hour

    • D. 

      Every two hours

  • 63. 
    • A. 

      Her heart rate

    • B. 

      Her respiratory rate

    • C. 

      Why the restraints were applied

    • D. 

      If you felt a pulse in the restrained extremeties

  • 64. 
    • A. 

      A fist between the vest and the person

    • B. 

      One finger between the vest and the person

    • C. 

      An open hand between the vest and the person

    • D. 

      Two fingers between the vest and the person

  • 65. 
    Which of the following is not a sign of infection
    • A. 

      Fever, nausea, vomiting, rash and/or sores

    • B. 

      Pain or tenderness, redness, and/or swelling

    • C. 

      Fatigue, loss of appetite, and/or change in behaviour

    • D. 

      Bleeding

  • 66. 
    Aseptic practices
    • A. 

      Are a link in the chain of infection

    • B. 

      Destroy spores

    • C. 

      Reduce the number of microbes

    • D. 

      Destroy all microbes - pathogens and nonpathogens

  • 67. 
    Standard precautions
    • A. 

      Are used for all clients

    • B. 

      Prevent the spread of airborne pathogens

    • C. 

      Involve surgical asepsis

    • D. 

      Are not necessary for children and older clients

  • 68. 
    Gloves are worn when in contact with the following except 
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Body fluids

    • C. 

      Secretions and excretions

    • D. 

      Sweat

  • 69. 
    • A. 

      The area on which an object rests

    • B. 

      Having the head, trunk, arms and legs align with one another

    • C. 

      Using muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and cartilage correctly

    • D. 

      The back-lying or supine position

  • 70. 
    Support workers are at great risk for
    • A. 

      Friction and shearing

    • B. 

      Arm and hand injuries

    • C. 

      Back injuries

    • D. 

      Falls

  • 71. 
    A client's skin rubs against the sheet. This is called
    • A. 

      Shearing

    • B. 

      Friction

    • C. 

      Transferring

    • D. 

      Posture

  • 72. 
    When transferring a client to bed, a chair or toilet
    • A. 

      The client's strong side moves first

    • B. 

      The week side moves first

    • C. 

      Pillows are used for support

    • D. 

      The transfer belt can't be used

  • 73. 
    Which helps to prevent permanent plantar flexion 
    • A. 

      Bed boards

    • B. 

      A foot board

    • C. 

      Trochanter rolls

    • D. 

      Hand rolls

  • 74. 
    A contracture is 
    • A. 

      The loss of muscle strength as a result of inactivity

    • B. 

      The lack of joint mobility cause by shortening of the muscle

    • C. 

      A decrease in the size of a muscle

    • D. 

      A blood clot

  • 75. 
    Flexion involves
    • A. 

      Bending the body part

    • B. 

      Straightening the body part

    • C. 

      Moving the body part toward the body

    • D. 

      Moving the body part away from the body

  • 76. 
    • A. 

      A transfer belt is used if the client is weak or unsteady

    • B. 

      The client can shuffle or slide when beginning to walk after bed rest

    • C. 

      Walking aids may be needed

    • D. 

      Crutches, canes, walkers, and braces are common walking aids

  • 77. 
    A single-tip cane is used
    • A. 

      At waist level

    • B. 

      On the strong side

    • C. 

      On the weak side

    • D. 

      On either side

  • 78. 
    Which is not part of the cycle of abuse?
    • A. 

      Honeymoon phase

    • B. 

      Resolution phase

    • C. 

      Tension-building phase

    • D. 

      Abusive incident

  • 79. 
    These statements are about spousal abuse. Which is true?
    • A. 

      Suspected abuse must be reported to the police

    • B. 

      Abuse only involves violence

    • C. 

      Woman and men can be abused

    • D. 

      Only one type of abuse is usually present

  • 80. 
    • A. 

      Touch the person

    • B. 

      Stand about two metres (6 feet) away from the person

    • C. 

      Talk to the person calmly

    • D. 

      Quickly leave the room or house if you think you are in danger

  • 81. 
    Which is not a sign of physical abuse
    • A. 

      Staff and sore joints

    • B. 

      Old bruises and new bruises

    • C. 

      Unbelievable explanation for injuries

    • D. 

      Frequent or untreated injuries

  • 82. 
    Intense fear of bathing or perineal care may be a sign of
    • A. 

      Physical abuse

    • B. 

      Emotional abuse

    • C. 

      Sexual abuse

    • D. 

      Neglect

  • 83. 
    Mr. Deal states, "My daughter won't give me food until i give her my pension check. This is a sign of
    • A. 

      Financial abuse

    • B. 

      Emotional abuse

    • C. 

      Neglect

    • D. 

      Physical abuse

  • 84. 
    You suspect an adult client is being abused. What should you do
    • A. 

      Tell the family

    • B. 

      Tell your supervisor

    • C. 

      Call the police

    • D. 

      Ask the person if he or she was abused

  • 85. 
    Home management duties include 
    • A. 

      Personal care and hygiene tasks

    • B. 

      Organizing the garage

    • C. 

      Light house keeping tasks

    • D. 

      Cleaning the attic

  • 86. 
    You need to do laundry, dust surfaces, and mop the floor. In which order should you do this tasks?
    • A. 

      Laundry, dust, mop

    • B. 

      Dust, mop, laundry

    • C. 

      Mop, laundry, dust

    • D. 

      Laundry, mop, dust

  • 87. 
    • A. 

      Dry the dishes with a tea towel rather then let them air dry

    • B. 

      Use paper towels to dry your hands

    • C. 

      Use one cloth to wash surfaces, dishes and floors

    • D. 

      Pour the contaminated liquid down the kitchen sink

  • 88. 
    • A. 

      Fats, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water

    • B. 

      The many processes involved in the ingestion, digestion, absorption, and use of foods and fluids by the body

    • C. 

      The food guide rainbow

    • D. 

      The balance between calories taken in and used by the body

  • 89. 
    Protein is needed for
    • A. 

      Tissue growth and repair

    • B. 

      Energy and fiber

    • C. 

      Body heat and the protection of organs from injury

    • D. 

      Improving the taste of food

  • 90. 
    • A. 

      The number of calories an adult of average weight should consume daily

    • B. 

      Intake and output measure in milliliters (ml) or in cubic centimetres (cc)

    • C. 

      The nutrients in each meal served in hospitals and long term care facilities

    • D. 

      Whether there is a little or a lot of a nutrient in a serving of food

  • 91. 
    Which of the following conditions does not usually require a sodium- restricted diet? 
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      Heart disease

    • C. 

      Kidney disease

    • D. 

      Liver disease

  • 92. 
    • A. 

      Restrict their intake of fluids

    • B. 

      Eat a diet high in saturated fat and protein

    • C. 

      Eat a high fiber diet

    • D. 

      Eat the same amount of carbohydrates, protein and fat each day

  • 93. 
    • A. 

      Ask if he or she wants to pray before eating

    • B. 

      Use a fork

    • C. 

      Ask the person the order in which to serve foods

    • D. 

      Engage the person in pleasant conversation

  • 94. 
    A gastrostomy tube is inserted into the 
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Nose

  • 95. 
    Which is not a common reason for tube feedings?
    • A. 

      Cancer of the asophagus

    • B. 

      Surgery to the mouth

    • C. 

      Dysphasia

    • D. 

      Pneumonia

  • 96. 
    Aspiration is a major complication of
    • A. 

      Hyper alimentation

    • B. 

      Iv bags

    • C. 

      Nasogastric or nasointestinal tubes

    • D. 

      Central venous catheters

  • 97. 
    Rehabilitation is often slower for
    • A. 

      Toddlers

    • B. 

      Adolescents

    • C. 

      Middle age adults

    • D. 

      Older adults

  • 98. 
    Which member of the rehabilitation team evaluates a client's strength and balance
    • A. 

      The physiotherapist

    • B. 

      The occupational therapist

    • C. 

      The primary care giver

    • D. 

      The nurse

  • 99. 
    The rehabilitation process addresses
    • A. 

      What the person can not do

    • B. 

      Only physical health

    • C. 

      The whole person

    • D. 

      Only emotional health

  • 100. 
    Rehabilitation takes place
    • A. 

      Only in long term care facilities

    • B. 

      Only in hospitals

    • C. 

      Only in specialized facilities

    • D. 

      In a variety of facilities and community settings

  • 101. 
    • A. 

      Done by him to the extend posible

    • B. 

      Done by you

    • C. 

      Postponed until he can use his right side

    • D. 

      Supervised by his physician

  • 102. 
    Mr. Graziano puts on his shirt using one arm. His progress is slow. You
    • A. 

      Focus his attention on learning a new task

    • B. 

      Praise him for his achievement

    • C. 

      Ask him to sit down and rest

    • D. 

      Tell him he will learn the next task more quickly

  • 103. 
    Assessment involves
    • A. 

      Collecting information about the client

    • B. 

      Carrying out or performing the elements of the care plan

    • C. 

      Implementing nursing measures

    • D. 

      Evaluating and measuring the effectiveness of the care plan

  • 104. 
    The statement "urinary elimination, impaired" is on a care plan. This statement is
    • A. 

      Nursing diagnosis

    • B. 

      Assessment

    • C. 

      Evaluation

    • D. 

      Medical diagnosis

  • 105. 
    • A. 

      A semi-sitting position

    • B. 

      When the head of the bed is lowered, and the foot of the bed is raised

    • C. 

      A flat position for sleeping

    • D. 

      When the head of the bed is raised, and the foot of the bed is lowered

  • 106. 
    A surgical bed is kept
    • A. 

      In fowler's position

    • B. 

      In the lowest position

    • C. 

      In the highest position

    • D. 

      In semi-fowler's position

  • 107. 
    • A. 

      Bleeding, swelling, or redness of the gums

    • B. 

      Irritations,sores, or white patches in the mouth or on the tongue

    • C. 

      Lips that are dry, cracked, swollen or blistered

    • D. 

      Food between teeth

  • 108. 
    • A. 

      Increasing circulation

    • B. 

      Promoting drying of the skin

    • C. 

      Preventing odors and cleansing skin

    • D. 

      Refreshing and relaxing the person

  • 109. 
    • A. 

      37.8 degree C (100 F)

    • B. 

      40.5 degree C (105 F)

    • C. 

      43.4 degree C (110 F)

    • D. 

      48.9 degree C(120 F)

  • 110. 
    Mr. Lee has Alopecia. This is
    • A. 

      Excessive body hair

    • B. 

      Dry, white flakes on the scalp

    • C. 

      An infestation of lice

    • D. 

      Hair loss

  • 111. 
    When brushing hair that is not matted or tangled. Start at
    • A. 

      The forehead and brush backward

    • B. 

      The hair ends

    • C. 

      The scalp

    • D. 

      The back of the neck and brush forward

  • 112. 
    Fingernails are cut with
    • A. 

      Toenail clippers

    • B. 

      Scissors

    • C. 

      A nail file

    • D. 

      Nail clippers

  • 113. 
    Elastic stockings are used for these reasons except
    • A. 

      To reduce swelling in the legs

    • B. 

      To prevent blood clots

    • C. 

      To exert pressure on the veins

    • D. 

      To reduce circulation

  • 114. 
    A person complains of pain in the left side of the chest, up into the left jaw, and down to the left shoulder and left arm. This is
    • A. 

      Acute pain

    • B. 

      Chronic pain

    • C. 

      Radiation pain

    • D. 

      Phantom pain

  • 115. 
    • A. 

      Perform the procedure before the medication is given

    • B. 

      Perform the procedure after the medication is given

    • C. 

      Wait half an hour to let medication take effect

    • D. 

      Omit the procedure for the day

  • 116. 
    • A. 

      Having him void before rest or sleep

    • B. 

      Helping him to assume a comfortable position

    • C. 

      Helping him to ambulate (walk) before rest or sleep

    • D. 

      Letting him choose sleep attire

  • 117. 
    Mr. Smith tires very easily. His morning care includes a bath, hair care and getting dressed. His bed is made after he is dressed. When should he rest.
    • A. 

      After morning care is completed

    • B. 

      After his bath and before hair care

    • C. 

      After you make the bed

    • D. 

      Whenever he needs to

  • 118. 
    Reincarnation is the belief that
    • A. 

      There is not afterlife

    • B. 

      The spirit or soul is reborn into another human body or another form of life

    • C. 

      The body keeps its physical form in the afterlife

    • D. 

      Only the spirit or soul is present in the after life

  • 119. 
    Adults of all ages often fear
    • A. 

      Dying alone

    • B. 

      Reincarnation

    • C. 

      The five stages of grief

    • D. 

      Advance directives

  • 120. 
    • A. 

      Treatment that prolongs life

    • B. 

      Physiotherapy for people with severe back pain

    • C. 

      Massage therapy and relaxation techniques to relieve pain

    • D. 

      Services for people with a progressive and life-threatening illness that relieve or reduce uncomfortable symptoms

  • 121. 
    As death approaches, the last sense to be lost is
    • A. 

      Sight

    • B. 

      Taste

    • C. 

      Smell

    • D. 

      Hearing

  • 122. 
    A "do not resuscitate" order has been written for a client. This means
    • A. 

      CPR will not be done

    • B. 

      The person has a living will

    • C. 

      Life-prolonging measures will be carried out

    • D. 

      The person will be kept alive as long as possible

  • 123. 
    Which are not signs of approaching dead 
    • A. 

      Increased body temperature and rapid pulse

    • B. 

      Loss of movement and muscle tone

    • C. 

      Increased pain and blood pressure

    • D. 

      Cheyne-stokes respiration

  • 124. 
    Post-mortem care is done
    • A. 

      After rigor mortis sets in

    • B. 

      After the person is pronounce dead

    • C. 

      When the funeral director arrives for the body

    • D. 

      After the family has view the body

  • 125. 
    A mother has red vaginal discharge the first few days after childbirth. This is
    • A. 

      Menstrual flow

    • B. 

      A postpartum complication

    • C. 

      Lochia

    • D. 

      From her episiotomy

  • 126. 
    A caesarean delivery involves 
    • A. 

      A vaginal inscision

    • B. 

      A perinea incision

    • C. 

      An abdominal incision

    • D. 

      A normal delivery through the vagina

  • 127. 
    A symptom of mastitis is
    • A. 

      Engorgement

    • B. 

      Thirst while breastfeeding

    • C. 

      Postpartum blues

    • D. 

      Pain in a breast

  • 128. 
    The following statements are about lying infants down to sleep. which is false? 
    • A. 

      Lay them on their backs

    • B. 

      Place pillows under their heads

    • C. 

      Make sure they are not overheated

    • D. 

      Remove soft toys and bedding from the crib

  • 129. 
    Cord and circumcision care are given
    • A. 

      Once a day

    • B. 

      When the baby has a bowel movement

    • C. 

      Three times a day

    • D. 

      At every diaper change

  • 130. 
    All developmental disabilities occur 
    • A. 

      During adulthood

    • B. 

      From trauma

    • C. 

      During pregnancy

    • D. 

      Before birth, at birth, or during childhood or adolescence

  • 131. 
    These statements are about developmental disabilities. which is true?
    • A. 

      Self-care, learning and mobility are always affected

    • B. 

      The disabilities are permanent

    • C. 

      Physical and intellectual impairment always occur together

    • D. 

      The person can not hold a job

  • 132. 
    All people with intellectual disabilities
    • A. 

      Can not learn new skills

    • B. 

      Have IQ scores over 90

    • C. 

      Require care in a special wing

    • D. 

      Have an impaired ability to learn

  • 133. 
    Down syndrome occurs 
    • A. 

      At fertilization

    • B. 

      During the first month of pregnancy

    • C. 

      Any time before, during or after birth

    • D. 

      From trauma

  • 134. 
    Cerebral palsy is usually cause by
    • A. 

      An extra chromosome

    • B. 

      A high fever

    • C. 

      Lack of oxygen to the brain

    • D. 

      Infection during pregnancy

  • 135. 
    A person with the spastic type of cerebral palsy has problems with
    • A. 

      Learning

    • B. 

      Drooling

    • C. 

      Posture, balance, and movement

    • D. 

      Weaving motions of the trunk, arms, and legs

  • 136. 
    Spina bifida involves
    • A. 

      Improper closing of the spine

    • B. 

      Seizures

    • C. 

      Abnormalities in the structure of the heart

    • D. 

      Changes in the x-chromosomes

  • 137. 
    Which is common with spinal bifida
    • A. 

      Short attention span

    • B. 

      Hearing and vision problems

    • C. 

      Seizures

    • D. 

      Bowel and bladder problems

  • 138. 
    The stage of infancy is the first
    • A. 

      4 weeks of life

    • B. 

      3 months of life

    • C. 

      6 months of life

    • D. 

      Year of life

  • 139. 
    The toddler can
    • A. 

      Use a spoon and cup

    • B. 

      Ride a bike

    • C. 

      Help set the table

    • D. 

      Name parts of the body

  • 140. 
    Playing with other children begins during
    • A. 

      Infancy

    • B. 

      The toddler years

    • C. 

      The preschool years

    • D. 

      Middle childhood

  • 141. 
    Peer group activities become more important at the age of 
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      9

  • 142. 
    • A. 

      Adjusting to changes in the body and in physical appearance

    • B. 

      Selecting a partner

    • C. 

      Choosing an ocupation

    • D. 

      Becoming a parent

  • 143. 
    Mr, Mueller sees a psychologist. They explore the unconscious conflicts and underlying reasons for Mr. Mueller's problems. This kind of physiotherapy is 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Occupational therapy

    • C. 

      Behavior therapy

    • D. 

      Group therapy

  • 144. 
    Mrs. Pare is terrified of catching a disease. She washes her hands hundreds of times a day. Mrs pare likely has
    • A. 

      Obsessive compulsive disorder

    • B. 

      Panic disorder

    • C. 

      Phobic disorder

    • D. 

      Anorexia disorder

  • 145. 
    Mr. Lau has bipolar disorder. This means he
    • A. 

      Is very suspicious

    • B. 

      Is hostile

    • C. 

      Has delusions

    • D. 

      Has severe mood swings

  • 146. 
    Shira, 15, has lost 30 pounds. She is terrified of becoming fat, even though she is extremely thin. She avoids food. Shira likely has
    • A. 

      Claustrophobia

    • B. 

      Anorexia nervosa

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      Bulimia nervosa

  • 147. 
    You are supporting a client with bipolar disorder who is in the manic phase of the illness. Do not
    • A. 

      Provide a stimulating enviroment

    • B. 

      Encourage periods of rest

    • C. 

      Offer limited choices

    • D. 

      Encourage self-care

  • 148. 
    Kathy, 19, has schizophrenia. She believes she is a famous actor. This is an example of
    • A. 

      A rich fantasy life

    • B. 

      Delusions of grandeur

    • C. 

      Delusions of persecution

    • D. 

      Hallucinations

  • 149. 
    Which of the following is false? people with substance dependence disorder
    • A. 

      Experience withdrawal when they stop taking the substance

    • B. 

      Are at risk of dying from infections from contaminated needles

    • C. 

      Must take the substance to feel good and avoid discomfort

    • D. 

      Have only themselves to blame

  • 150. 
    • A. 

      Stay until you are schedule to leave

    • B. 

      Leave as requested

    • C. 

      Call your supervisor to report the situation

    • D. 

      Leave as soon as the friends arrive

  • 151. 
    Kathy says giant are climbing the wall. She is terrified. You see nothing on the wall. You should
    • A. 

      Insist that Kathy is seen things

    • B. 

      Pretend you also see the insects

    • C. 

      Offer Katty comfort and report the hallucinations

    • D. 

      Leave Kathy alone and call for help

  • 152. 
    Cognitive refers to the following except 
    • A. 

      Thinking and reasoning

    • B. 

      Memory loss and personality

    • C. 

      Ability to understand

    • D. 

      Judgment and behavior

  • 153. 
    • A. 

      It is a temporary state of confusion

    • B. 

      It is often a reaction to medication or infection

    • C. 

      It should be ignore so as not to embarrassed the client

    • D. 

      It is an emergency

  • 154. 
    The following statements are about dementia. which is false
    • A. 

      It is a normal part of aging

    • B. 

      It can affect people in their 40's

    • C. 

      It is more common in people over 65 years of age

    • D. 

      It causes loss of memory and reasoning

  • 155. 
    People with early stage dementia
    • A. 

      Usually remain in their homes with support

    • B. 

      Are totally dependent on others for care

    • C. 

      Are confine to bed

    • D. 

      Are usually placed in secured units

  • 156. 
    • A. 

      Make sure door alarms are turned on

    • B. 

      Make sure he wears an ill bracelet

    • C. 

      Help him with exercise as ordered

    • D. 

      Tell him what areas are safe for wandering

  • 157. 
    Sundowning means that
    • A. 

      The person becomes sleepy when the sun sets

    • B. 

      Behavior becomes worse in the late afternoon and evening hours

    • C. 

      Behavior improves at night

    • D. 

      The person is in the third stage of dementia

  • 158. 
    Changes of the skin occurs with aging, care should include the following except 
    • A. 

      Providing for warnth

    • B. 

      Applying lotion, according to the care plan

    • C. 

      Using soap daily

    • D. 

      Providing good skin care

  • 159. 
    Changes occur in the musculoskeletal system with aging, which is false
    • A. 

      Bones can become brittle and can break easily

    • B. 

      Older adults should avoid exercise

    • C. 

      Joints become stiff and painful

    • D. 

      Range of motion exercises help to slow the rate of musculoskeletal changes

  • 160. 
    In older adults, arteries loose their elasticity and become narrow. This changes result in
    • A. 

      A slower heart rate

    • B. 

      Lower blood pressure

    • C. 

      Poor circulation to many body parts

    • D. 

      Less blood in the body

  • 161. 
    • A. 

      Heavy bed linens prevent normal chest expansion

    • B. 

      The person is turn and repositioned frequently if on bed rest

    • C. 

      The side lying position is best for breathing

    • D. 

      The person should be as active as possible

  • 162. 
    Older adults should avoid fried and fatty foods because of
    • A. 

      Decrease in saliva

    • B. 

      Ill filling dentures or loss of teeth

    • C. 

      Decrease amount of digestive juices

    • D. 

      Decrease peristalsis

  • 163. 
    Which will not help normal elimination
    • A. 

      Help the client assume a normal position for urination as soon as requested

    • B. 

      Provide for privacy

    • C. 

      Help the client to the bathroom or commode, or provide the bedpan or urinal as soon as requested

    • D. 

      Tell the client to hurry as their roommate is waiting for the bathroom

  • 164. 
    The best position for using a bedpan is
    • A. 

      Fowlers position

    • B. 

      The supine position

    • C. 

      The prone position

    • D. 

      The side lying position

  • 165. 
    • A. 

      Tape any leaks at the connection site

    • B. 

      Keep the drainage bag below the level of the bladder

    • C. 

      Make sure the tubing is free of kinks

    • D. 

      Report complaints of pain,burning, the need to void, or irritation immediately

  • 166. 
    The perineum is cleaned immediately before collecting 
    • A. 

      Random specimens

    • B. 

      Midstream specimens

    • C. 

      24 hour urine specimens

    • D. 

      Random and 24 hour urine specimens

  • 167. 
    The prolonged retention and accumulation of feces in the rectum is called
    • A. 

      Constipation

    • B. 

      Fecal impaction

    • C. 

      Diarrhea

    • D. 

      Anal incontinence

  • 168. 
    Bowel training is aimed at
    • A. 

      Gaining control of bowel movements and developing regular elimination pattern

    • B. 

      Ostomy control

    • C. 

      Preventing fecal impaction, constipation, and anal incontinence

    • D. 

      Preventing bleeding

  • 169. 
    • A. 

      Enema solutions should be 40,5 C (105 F)

    • B. 

      The sim's position is used for an enema

    • C. 

      The enema bag is held 30 cm (12 in) above the anus

    • D. 

      The enema solution is given rapidly

  • 170. 
    A client wears an ostomy pouch. it is usually empty
    • A. 

      Every 4 to 6 hours

    • B. 

      Every morning

    • C. 

      Every 3 to 7 days

    • D. 

      When feces is present

  • 171. 
    You note a black tarry stool, this is called
    • A. 

      Melena

    • B. 

      Feces

    • C. 

      Hemostool

    • D. 

      Occult blood

  • 172. 
    The following statements are about measuring weight, which is false
    • A. 

      Before breakfast is the best time to weight the client

    • B. 

      Chair and lift scales are used to weight clients who cannot stand

    • C. 

      A digital scale should read "10" before the client is weighed

    • D. 

      A full bladder affects weight measurement

  • 173. 
    Which thermometer is rarely used in health care setting
    • A. 

      Digital

    • B. 

      Glass

    • C. 

      Electronic

    • D. 

      Dot matrix

  • 174. 
    Which method is usually used to take pulse
    • A. 

      The radial pulse

    • B. 

      The apical-radial pulse

    • C. 

      The apical pulse

    • D. 

      The brachial pulse

  • 175. 
    • A. 

      An adult has a pulse of 120 beats per minute

    • B. 

      An infant has a pulse of 130 beats per minute

    • C. 

      An adult has a pulse of 80 beats per min

    • D. 

      An adult has a pulse of 64 beats per minute

  • 176. 
    Which is systolic blood pressure
    • A. 

      The point at which the pulse is no longer felt

    • B. 

      The point where the first sound is heard

    • C. 

      The point where the last sound is heard

    • D. 

      The point 30 mm hg above where the pulse was felt

  • 177. 
    A child fell off her bike. She has a laceration on her right leg. Which is false?
    • A. 

      She has an open wound

    • B. 

      She has an infected wound

    • C. 

      She has a contaminated wound

    • D. 

      She has an unintentional wound

  • 178. 
    Which are not used to treat pressure ulcers?
    • A. 

      Special beds

    • B. 

      Waterbeds and flotation pads

    • C. 

      Plastic draw sheets and waterproof pads

    • D. 

      Heel elevators and elbow protectors

  • 179. 
    • A. 

      Using elastic rubber band type garters to hold socks in place

    • B. 

      Keeping the client in bed as much as posibble

    • C. 

      Encouraging the client to sit with legs crossed

    • D. 

      A voiding injury to the legs and feet when giving care

  • 180. 
    You note a clear, watery drainage from a wound; the drainage is called
    • A. 

      Purulent drainage

    • B. 

      Serous drainage

    • C. 

      Sero-purulent drainage

    • D. 

      serosanguineous drainage

  • 181. 
    When checking a client with heat application, which of the following you do not need to report
    • A. 

      Warm skin

    • B. 

      Shivering

    • C. 

      Pale skin

    • D. 

      Cyanosis

  • 182. 
    These statements are about moist heat applications, which is false
    • A. 

      Water is in contact with the skin

    • B. 

      Moist heat has lesser and slower effects then dry heat

    • C. 

      Moist heat penetrates deeper then dry heat

    • D. 

      The temperature of a moist heat application is lower then that of dry heat

  • 183. 
    Hypoxia is
    • A. 

      Not enough oxygen in the blood

    • B. 

      The amount of hemoglobin that contains oxygen

    • C. 

      Not enough oxygen in the cells

    • D. 

      The lack of oxygen

  • 184. 
    A person can breathe deeply and comfortably only while sitting, this is called
    • A. 

      Biot's respirations

    • B. 

      Orthopnea

    • C. 

      Bradypnea

    • D. 

      Kussmaul's respirations

  • 185. 
    A client's So02 is 98%, which is true
    • A. 

      The pulse oximeter is wrong

    • B. 

      The client's pulse is 98 beats per minute

    • C. 

      The measurement is within normal range

    • D. 

      The client needs suctioning

  • 186. 
    You are assisting with oxygen therapy, you can
    • A. 

      Turn the oxygen off an on

    • B. 

      Start the oxygen

    • C. 

      Decide what device to use

    • D. 

      Keep the connecting tube free of kinks

  • 187. 
    • A. 

      Loosening and removing container lids

    • B. 

      Supporting her hand as she pours her medication

    • C. 

      Pouring the medication for her and administering to her

    • D. 

      Closing the container for her and putting it away

  • 188. 
    Which of the following is not one of the five rights of assisting with medication?
    • A. 

      The right medication

    • B. 

      The right color

    • C. 

      The right person

    • D. 

      The right time

  • 189. 
    Which is not an accurate way to check for the right dose?
    • A. 

      Check the MAR

    • B. 

      Check the prescription level

    • C. 

      Ask a client or a family member

    • D. 

      Check the care plan

  • 190. 
    A medication should be store
    • A. 

      Opened, at the bedside

    • B. 

      In a warm, humid area

    • C. 

      With other family members' or residents' medication

    • D. 

      In a dry locked cupboard, and out of reach of children

  • 191. 
    • A. 

      When the client needs to use a metered dose inhaler more frequently then prescribed

    • B. 

      When the client refuses to take the medication

    • C. 

      When the client does not know why the medication is being taken

    • D. 

      When the client takes the medication as prescribed

  • 192. 
    The basic unit of body structure is?
    • A. 

      Cell

    • B. 

      Neuron

    • C. 

      Nephron

    • D. 

      Ovum

  • 193. 
    The outer layer of the skin is called the
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Integument

    • D. 

      Myelin

  • 194. 
    Skeletal muscles
    • A. 

      Are under involuntary control

    • B. 

      Appear smooth

    • C. 

      Are under voluntary control

    • D. 

      Appear striped and smooth

  • 195. 
    The highest functions of the brain take place in the
    • A. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Brain stem

    • D. 

      Spinal nerves

  • 196. 
    Which carry blood away from the heart?
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Venules

    • D. 

      Arteries

  • 197. 
    Most food absorption takes place in the?
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Small intestine

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Large intestine

  • 198. 
    The goals of first aid  are to
    • A. 

      Call for help and keep the person warm

    • B. 

      Prevent dead and prevent injuries from becoming worse

    • C. 

      Stay calm and wait for others to perform emergency measures

    • D. 

      Reassure the person and bystanders

  • 199. 
    • A. 

      1 to 2.5 cm (1/2 to 1 in) with the index and middle fingers

    • B. 

      2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 1 1/2 in) with the heel of one hand

    • C. 

      4 to 5 cm (1 1/2 to 2 in) with two hands

    • D. 

      5 to 6 cm (2 to 2 1/2 in) with one hand in the middle of the breast bone

  • 200. 
    A person is having a stroke. Emergency care includes all of the following except 
    • A. 

      Positioning the person on the unaffected side

    • B. 

      Giving the person sips of water

    • C. 

      Loosening the tight clothing

    • D. 

      Keeping the person quiet and warm