Primary Health care Nursing Quiz

81 Questions | Total Attempts: 1467

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Primary Health care Nursing Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Australia  is a member/ supporter of which WHO initiatives:
    • A. 

      Alma-Ata, Ottawa & Jakarta

    • B. 

      Alma-Ata, Jakarta & Bangkok

    • C. 

      Jakarta, Bangkok & Alma-Ata

    • D. 

      Bangkok, Chiang Mai & Ottawa

  • 2. 
    ________ health care is essential health care, universally accessible to individuals and families and practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology 
  • 3. 
    ______________ is the capacity of individuals, groups and communities to make independent decisions
    • A. 

      Self-Determinism

    • B. 

      Self-Competency

    • C. 

      Cultural-Compentency

    • D. 

      Cultural-Determinsm

  • 4. 
    Cultural competency implies understanding and sensitivity of different cultural beliefs and practices
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Selective Public Health Care is:
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Client is a passive recipient

    • C. 

      Service provision is not holistic, equitable or sustainable

    • D. 

      Health achieved through medical interventions

  • 6. 
    Comprehensive PHC is?
    • A. 

      Holistic understanding and implementation of healthcare and wellbeing that is equitable,empowering and sustainable.

    • B. 

      Health achieved through medical interventions

    • C. 

      Client is a passive recipient and Service provision is not holistic, equitable or sustainable

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
     Primary care is the same as primary health care 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    _______ nursing is when a client is managed by a single nurse. 
  • 9. 
    _______ capital concerns the extent of trust, reciprocity and mutual cooperation that are available to individuals and communities. 
  • 10. 
    Social _________ assumes each person needs to have access to particular resources and structures
  • 11. 
    Community capacity is:1.Commitment to underpinning values via policies & practices2.Knowledge of terms and concepts of social capacity3.Experience in community development – recognise power positions4.Quality of collaborative relationships – requires good communication & negotiation skills
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    At risk population groups in Australia for concerning health needs & higher risk of disease:
    • A. 

      Indigenous Health

    • B. 

      The Elderly

    • C. 

      Disability

    • D. 

      Young Children

    • E. 

      Rural and remote area population

    • F. 

      Teenages

    • G. 

      Prison population

  • 13. 
    A ________ describes any group which has a common connection or common interest, or at least one common characteristic
  • 14. 
    Community health starts with the global foci and uses this info to inform and address local population health where as Public health starts with the person and then moves to the global foci.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Socioecological approach to community health recognises that a person:
    • A. 

      All of the above

    • B. 

      Social environment, norms and values of community

    • C. 

      Government policies that reflect the community and Needs removal of barriers to promote healthy lifestyle changes

    • D. 

      Interconnected with environment factors

  • 16. 
    Community nursing is Nursing that takes place outside of an institutional setting or hospital
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The current issues influencing community nursing practice:
    • A. 

      Social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • B. 

      Equity central principle & social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • C. 

      Redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus

    • D. 

      Equity central principle & social model of healt

  • 18. 
    Access, Affordability, Availability & Acceptability are part of the _____________ approach
  • 19. 
    Australian community nurses work with two major foci which are:
    • A. 

      PHC & Community Based Clinical Care

    • B. 

      Society & PHC

    • C. 

      PHC & Individual Clinical Care

    • D. 

      Individual Clinical Care & Community Based Clinical Care

  • 20. 
    _______ area nurses travel to  isolated communities throughout the region in four wheel drive vehicles.
  • 21. 
    Child __________ and health assessment is to do with things like child health surveillance, brain development, assessing function at key stages and age & local resources
  • 22. 
    The 6 guidle lines for Health Promoting in ______ are:•1. The physical environment•2. The health policy•3. The social environment•4. Community relationships•5. Personal health skills•6. Relationships with other health services
  • 23. 
    1.Scope of practice 2.New models of care3.Transdisciplinary  as opposed to multidisplinary teams4.Individualised funding5.Technology6.Developing knowledge and skills7.Variable health literacy8.Sub acute/ post acute care9.Community Based Palliative Care10.Developing research11.Workforce12.Cultural diversity13.Value systems  are all challenges of ______________ practice
    • A. 

      Contemporary

    • B. 

      Social

    • C. 

      Nursing

    • D. 

      Individual

  • 24. 
    ______  __________ is the process of enabling people to increase control over, & to improve, their Health
  • 25. 
    __________  __________ Consciously constructed opportunities for learning involving some form of communication designed to improve health literacy, improving knowledge & developing life skills which are conducive to individual & community health. 
  • 26. 
    ____________  ________ Is ‘the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and the services needed to make appropriate health decisions’
  • 27. 
    _____ is a collaborative, person-centred form of guiding to elicit & strengthen a person’s own motivation for change; Engaging, Focusing, Evoking & Planning. 
  • 28. 
    What does OARS stand for?
    • A. 

      Open questions, Affirmations, Reflection & Summarise

    • B. 

      Ownership, Age, Race & Summary

    • C. 

      Openness, Aggravation, Reality & Summary

    • D. 

      Open questions, Age, Reality & Summary

  • 29. 
    _____________ is the process by which formerly separate economies, states & cultures are being tied together, & people are becoming increasingly aware of their growing interdependence
    • A. 

      Globalisation

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Communities

    • D. 

      Nationalization

  • 30. 
    Care transitions are:1.Discharge planning commences at admission2.Discharge planning is interdisciplinary3.Incurable chronic conditions require ongoing self-management4.High client turnover in hospitals5.Role of the nurse in discharge planning is integral6.Effective discharge planning has positive outcomes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Older people are defined as being:
    • A. 

      70 years or older

    • B. 

      80 years or older

    • C. 

      75 years or older

    • D. 

      85 years or older

  • 32. 
    _______ is the systematic stereotyping of, & discrimination against, individuals or groups because of their age.
  • 33. 
    Ageing does involve biological, cognitive, sensory & functional changes that affect an older person’s resilience against infection & other diseases, & their ability to undertake certain tasks & activities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Holistic & person-centred healthcare - common assessment & care plan that is developed with only the client in mind. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    _______ is a group of symptoms associated with a slow  progressive loss of intellectual functions — including attention, memory, judgement, language, orientation,  motor & spatial skills and is a disorder, not an identity.
    • A. 

      Dementia

    • B. 

      Retardation

    • C. 

      Epilepsy

    • D. 

      Depersonalization

  • 36. 
    A families roles always take precedence over the rights of the older person.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
     Australia's Model of ________ care provision is:1.Care of the dying has been hidden2.  PCA3.Principles of palliative care4.Varied mode of delivery of care
  • 38. 
    _________________ models of care are:1.Nursing role differentiation in PC2.Specialist palliative care3.All health professionals require a level of palliative care skill4.Primary health care & palliative care
  • 39. 
    ______________ care in residential aged care1.Aged Care Act 19972.The Guidelines for a _________ Approach in Residential Aged Care (Department of Health & Ageing 2006c)3.The ________ approach is inclusive, holistic & aims at symptom control4.End-of-life care5.Accreditation requirements
  • 40. 
    Which type of care considers emotional, physical, social, economic and spiritual needs of the person?
    • A. 

      Holistic

    • B. 

      Palliative

    • C. 

      Community

    • D. 

      Hospital

  • 41. 
    Risks fall into two main categories:
    • A. 

      Potential & Occupational

    • B. 

      Occupational & Individual

    • C. 

      Individual & Societal

    • D. 

      Potential & Individual

  • 42. 
    Which Code outlines the nursing profession’s commitment to respect, promote, protect and uphold the fundamental rights of people who are both the recipients and providers of nursing and healthcare 
    • A. 

      Ethical Code

    • B. 

      Patient Code

    • C. 

      Nursing Code

    • D. 

      Societal Code

  • 43. 
    When given a gift from a patient how should a nurse respond?
    • A. 

      Accept it graciously

    • B. 

      Decline politely

    • C. 

      Accept but then dispose of it

    • D. 

      Decline rudely

  • 44. 
    _______ capacity - is the ability of a person to act under law
  • 45. 
    The Tort of Negligence often arise when:
    • A. 

      Nurses work outside the boundaries of practice

    • B. 

      Nurses do not get permission to perform a procedure

    • C. 

      Nurses do not properly explain a prodedure

    • D. 

      Nurses a nurse trespasses

  • 46. 
    In regards to the elements of negligence there needs to have been:
    • A. 

      A duty of care

    • B. 

      A failure to act

    • C. 

      The act or failure to act needs to have been the direct cause of damage to the patient

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 47. 
    How many deaths a year in Australia need a coronial inquiries? 
    • A. 

      5000

    • B. 

      2500

    • C. 

      10000

    • D. 

      1000

  • 48. 
    Legislation ensures the investigation of situations in which a death: 
    • A. 

      Appears to have been unexpected, unnatural, violent or to have resulted directly or indirectly from accident or injury

    • B. 

      The death occurs during hospital treatment

    • C. 

      Occurs during an anaesthetic

    • D. 

      Death occurs during a public event

    • E. 

      The identity of the person who died is unknown

    • F. 

      Occurs as a result of an anaesthetic and is not due to natural causes.

    • G. 

      The person who died was a person ‘held in care’ immediately before their death

    • H. 

      The deceased is under the age of 16

    • I. 

      A death certificate has not been signed on behalf of the deceased

  • 49. 
    The Legal and ethical considerations in practice are:•Multidisciplinary team - investigation•Witness to documents- need to only site the document•Clients with a mental illness - involuntary admission•Documentation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    A client invites a nurse into their domain to allow them to carry out whatever nursing functions are considered _________ and which have been negotiated and agreed upon.
  • 51. 
    •Purpose•Pre- visit•Planning•Assessment•Risk management & personal safety•Community resources & referral•Case management & follow up•ConclusionThese are all phases of a ______  ______
  • 52. 
    General __________ is one of the community nurse’s best practice tools. 
  • 53. 
    Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined:
    • A. 

      Populations

    • B. 

      Individuals

    • C. 

      Social groups

    • D. 

      Religions

  • 54. 
    Active involvement of people sharing in the issues that affect their lives by drawing on existing human & material resources to enhance self-help & social support and the key principles are Complementary to primary health care & health promotion is know as:
    • A. 

      Community Development

    • B. 

      Social Development

    • C. 

      Individual Development

    • D. 

      Government Development

  • 55. 
    SWOT stands for:
    • A. 

      Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats

    • B. 

      Society, Women, Old people and Teens

    • C. 

      Social, Work, Outside and Time

    • D. 

      Society, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Time

  • 56. 
    Generally a needs assessment is conducted in four stages:Needs Description - Collation of data Needs Analysis - Process of questioning & organizing data Needs Prioritization - Process of bringing together the data from all the different sourcesNeeds Conclusion - Conclusion of all the data together
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    _________ populations are populations that are more likely to experience poor health.
    • A. 

      Vulnerable

    • B. 

      Indigenous

    • C. 

      Dependable

    • D. 

      Aging

  • 58. 
    Which of the below are classified as "Vulnerable population"
    • A. 

      People living with permanent disability, mental illness & other chronic conditions

    • B. 

      People who are homeless, dealing with addiction, or experiencing family violence & abuse

    • C. 

      People from certain racial & ethnic minority groups, such as indigenous Australians, new immigrants, refugees & asylum seekers

    • D. 

      People with limited self-care capacity, such as the frail-aged, the very young & those with limited educational & social capacity

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 59. 
    __________ occurs over time & entails change & adaptation, such as; developmental, personal, relational, situational, societal & Environmental
  • 60. 
    Which is the correct order for the transition model?
    • A. 

      Familiar Life, An Ending, Limbo & Becoming ordinary

    • B. 

      Familiar Life, Limbo, Becoming ordinary & An Ending

    • C. 

      Becoming ordinary, Familiar Life, Limbo & An Ending

    • D. 

      An Ending, Limo, Familiar Life & Becoming ordinary,

  • 61. 
    Finding the issue, locating what the person wants to do about the situation and developing a collaborative goal that can be action is also known as:
    • A. 

      Find, Locate & Develop

    • B. 

      Look, Think & Act

    • C. 

      Find, Think & Action

    • D. 

      Look, Locate & Action

  • 62. 
    1/5 people and 45% of Australians ages 16-85 years have it and generally a challenge for generalist nurses is:
    • A. 

      Mental Health Issues

    • B. 

      Diabetic Issues

    • C. 

      Social Issues

    • D. 

      Chronic Health Issues

  • 63. 
    _________ safety modely requires nurse to be regardful of each client’s uniqueness & to identify that people have other ways of experiencing life & viewing the world; 1.Indigenous cultural reality2.Transferring power & establishing trust3.From experience of colonisation4.Cultural knowledge belongs to the culture5.Culturally safe care6.Care that regards individual differences7.Identifies client who may share if trust established.8.Interactions are bicultural9.Culture applied in broadest sense
  • 64. 
    _________  __________ is when nurses look for similar cultural practices with their client instead of establishing trust & considering client differences.
  • 65. 
    ____________ is believing that one’s own ethnic group, nation or culture is superior instead of providing ‘safe’ care where client’s values are accepted
  • 66. 
    _____________ is an emotional reaction based on information by experience or hearsay rather than recognising your own prejudice & overcoming them in the workplace
  • 67. 
    What percentage of 19.7 million Australians have a chronic illness?
    • A. 

      77%

    • B. 

      45%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      20%

  • 68. 
    Nearly 100% > 65 years have at least one chronic condition 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    _________ condition is a permanently altered health state that is caused by a non-reversible pathological condition & which leaves a residual disability
  • 70. 
    ___________ is when several chronic conditions exist simultaneously in one person and impact on a person’s quality of life, require self-care & ongoing medical & nursing management for symptom control.
  • 71. 
    Indigenous Burden of disease is less than double the rate of burden for non-indigenous Australians
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    Because of chronic diseases & associated risk factors there is ______ life expectancy gap between Indigenous Australians & non-indigenous Australians, 
    • A. 

      2/3

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      1/3

    • D. 

      2/4

  • 73. 
    The Biggest causes of mortality among Indigenous Australians are  circulatory diseases, diabetes, kidney disease, cancer & respiratory diseases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    Substitution of care’ initiatives, in which non-registered nurses are employed at the lowest cost to care for people with single chronic illnesses, such as asthma, cancer & rheumatoid arthritis, are emerging, esp. in aged care is know as:
    • A. 

      Skill Mix

    • B. 

      Mixed Care

    • C. 

      Skill Change

    • D. 

      Mixed Nursing

  • 75. 
    Any ___________ relating to chronic conditions needs to be comprehensive, consistent & tailored to the needs of the individual & the family
    • A. 

      Communication

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Diagnostic

    • D. 

      Care