Past motives and future aspirations.
Active strivings and past fears
Conception of self and the real self
Approach and avoidance tendencies
Needs and goals.
Client and counselor.
Awareness and experience.
Feelings and perceptions.
"What do you think is your real motivation for coming here today?"
"You shouldn't feel that way about all counselors, some are better than others."
You're uncertain why you came here today because you don't feel you've been helped in the past."
"You say you've never been helped by a counselor, and yet you are here."
Intimacy for self disclosure
Reward socially appropriate behaviors.
Give unconditional positive regard.
Extinguish undesirable behaviors.
Frequent change of topics
Verbal messages incongruent with nonverbal signals
Decreased eye contact
Role-playing and group discussions.
All of the above.
Try to shape the members' values.
Avoid imposing personal values.
Be value free.
Never expose personal values.
There are clearly defined roles for group members.
The group exerts pressure on a member to become someting other than what he/she starts as.
The major confrontation a group member experiences is with himself/herself.
An individual must sit on the "hot seat" when asked to do so.
Practicing job interviews
Writing a detailed report of requirements for an occupation
Developing an awareness of work as a life activity
Taking an interest inventory for career planning
Visiting a local newspaper
A school "placement office" for "employment in school activities."
Parent visits to classes to describe their occupations.
All of the above.
Research provides clear evidence of the inhibiting effects of cultural deprivation on career development.
Research involving cultural deprivation and career development indicates that individual demographic characteristics are not important.
Research on cultural deprivation as it relates to career development is best conducted in "developing" nations where the phenomenon is pervasive as opposed to sporadic.
Research is lacking in regard to understanding of the relationship between cultural deprivation and career development.
Predicting job satisfaction
Clarifying interest patterns
Standard error of measurement
All of the above