RCAC Practice Exam (Meterology) V1

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RCAC Practice Exam (Meterology) V1 - Quiz

Air Cadets
Practice Exam
Meterology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Relative humidity is the

    • A.

      Amount of moisture present in the air.

    • B.

      Weight of water present in the air.

    • C.

      Amount of moisture present in the air compared to the amount the air could hold at that temperature and pressure.

    • D.

      Temperature to which the air must be lowered to bring about saturation.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amount of moisture present in the air compared to the amount the air could hold at that temperature and pressure.
    Explanation
    Relative humidity is a measure of the amount of moisture present in the air compared to the maximum amount of moisture the air could hold at a specific temperature and pressure. It indicates how close the air is to being saturated with water vapor. A higher relative humidity means that the air is holding more moisture, while a lower relative humidity indicates that the air is relatively dry.

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  • 2. 

    The cloud type usually associated with steady rain is

    • A.

      Altostratus.

    • B.

      Altocumulus.

    • C.

      Stratocumulus.

    • D.

      Nimbostratus.

    Correct Answer
    D. Nimbostratus.
    Explanation
    Nimbostratus clouds are typically associated with steady rain. These clouds are characterized by their dark, thick, and uniform appearance, covering the sky and often blocking out the sun. They form at low to middle altitudes and are capable of producing long periods of continuous precipitation. Altostratus and altocumulus clouds may also bring rain, but they are not typically associated with steady rain. Stratocumulus clouds are low-level clouds that may produce light rain or drizzle, but they are not known for steady rain. Therefore, nimbostratus is the most likely cloud type associated with steady rain.

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  • 3. 

    Clouds form when moist warm air overruns cold air because the warm air

    • A.

      Is cooled by the cold air underneath.

    • B.

      Is cooled by the surrounding cold air aloft.

    • C.

      Becomes unstable as a result of cooling from below.

    • D.

      Cools as a result of expansion as it rises.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cools as a result of expansion as it rises.
    Explanation
    When moist warm air rises, it expands due to the decrease in atmospheric pressure. As the air expands, it cools down because the expansion requires energy, which is taken from the air molecules, causing them to slow down and cool. This cooling process leads to the condensation of water vapor, forming clouds. Therefore, the correct answer is that the air cools as a result of expansion as it rises.

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  • 4. 

    Advection fog forms when

    • A.

      Moist air moves from a warm surface to a colder surface.

    • B.

      The cold ground cools the air in contact with it at night

    • C.

      Moist air is influenced by orographic effect.

    • D.

      Moist cool air moves from a cold surface to a warm surface.

    Correct Answer
    A. Moist air moves from a warm surface to a colder surface.
    Explanation
    Advection fog forms when moist air moves from a warm surface to a colder surface. This occurs because as the warm air comes into contact with the colder surface, it cools down and reaches its dew point, causing the moisture in the air to condense and form fog. The movement of the moist air from a warm surface to a colder surface is the key factor in the formation of advection fog.

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  • 5. 

    In the northern hemisphere, the winds blow

    • A.

      Clockwise around high and low pressure areas.

    • B.

      Counter-clockwise around high and low pressure areas.

    • C.

      Clockwise around a high pressure area and counter-clockwise around a low pressure area.

    • D.

      Counter-clockwise around a high pressure area and clockwise around a low pressure area.

    Correct Answer
    C. Clockwise around a high pressure area and counter-clockwise around a low pressure area.
    Explanation
    In the northern hemisphere, the winds blow clockwise around a high pressure area and counter-clockwise around a low pressure area. This is due to the Coriolis effect, which is caused by the rotation of the Earth. In high pressure areas, air sinks and moves outward, creating a clockwise flow. In low pressure areas, air rises and moves inward, creating a counter-clockwise flow. This pattern is consistent in the northern hemisphere.

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  • 6. 

    During a descent from 2,000 feet AGL to the surface, you will usually find that the wind

    • A.

      Veers and increases.

    • B.

      Backs and increases.

    • C.

      Backs and decreases.

    • D.

      Veers and decreases.

    Correct Answer
    C. Backs and decreases.
    Explanation
    During a descent from 2,000 feet AGL to the surface, the wind typically backs and decreases. "Backing" refers to the change in wind direction in a counterclockwise manner, such as from south to east. As the aircraft descends closer to the surface, it moves into lower levels of the atmosphere where the friction with the ground slows down the wind speed, causing it to decrease.

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  • 7. 

    The diurnal change of surface wind velocity is such that during the day the surface wind will usually

    • A.

      Veer and increase in speed.

    • B.

      Veer and decrease in speed.

    • C.

      Back and increase in speed.

    • D.

      Back and decrease in speed.

    Correct Answer
    A. Veer and increase in speed.
    Explanation
    During the day, the diurnal change of surface wind velocity causes it to veer and increase in speed. This is because of the differential heating of the Earth's surface. As the sun rises and the day progresses, the surface temperature increases, leading to the creation of thermal gradients. These thermal gradients cause the wind to veer, or change direction, as air flows from areas of higher pressure to areas of lower pressure. Additionally, the increased temperature difference between the surface and the atmosphere enhances the convective processes, resulting in faster wind speeds.

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  • 8. 

    The conditions required for the formation of thunderstorms are

    • A.

      Moist air, high temperature, and an inversion.

    • B.

      Stratus cloud, high humidity and a lifting force.

    • C.

      Unstable air, high humidity and a lifting force.

    • D.

      A mixing of two different air masses.

    Correct Answer
    C. Unstable air, high humidity and a lifting force.
    Explanation
    Thunderstorms are formed when there is a combination of unstable air, high humidity, and a lifting force. Unstable air refers to air that is rapidly rising due to temperature differences in the atmosphere. High humidity means that there is a significant amount of moisture in the air. A lifting force, such as a front or a mountain, is needed to lift the warm, moist air upwards. These conditions create an environment where the warm air rises and cools, leading to the formation of cumulonimbus clouds and the potential for thunderstorms.

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  • 9. 

    A condition when the air temperature aloft is higher than that of the lower atmosphere is generally referred to as

    • A.

      A low pressure area.

    • B.

      An inversion.

    • C.

      A reverse temperature condition.

    • D.

      An inverse convection condition.

    Correct Answer
    B. An inversion.
    Explanation
    An inversion is a condition when the air temperature aloft is higher than that of the lower atmosphere. This is a phenomenon where warm air is trapped above cooler air, preventing vertical mixing and causing a stable atmospheric condition. Inversions can lead to the formation of fog, smog, and poor air quality as pollutants become trapped near the surface.

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  • 10. 

    Air masses that are being cooled from below are characterized by

    • A.

      Strong winds, cumulus cloud, good visibility.

    • B.

      Uniform temperature, good visibility.

    • C.

      Continuous rain, freezing temperature.

    • D.

      Fog, poor visibility and layer cloud.

    Correct Answer
    D. Fog, poor visibility and layer cloud.
    Explanation
    When air masses are being cooled from below, it can lead to the formation of fog, poor visibility, and layer clouds. As the air cools, the moisture in the air condenses, forming fog and layer clouds. This can reduce visibility, making it difficult to see clearly. The presence of fog and layer clouds is a result of the cooling process and indicates that the air mass is being cooled from below.

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  • 11. 

    A front is a

    • A.

      Narrow zone of fog between a cyclone and an anticyclone.

    • B.

      Line of thunderstorms.

    • C.

      Narrow transition zone between two air masses.

    • D.

      Mass of layer cloud which is very thick and which covers a wide area.

    Correct Answer
    C. Narrow transition zone between two air masses.
    Explanation
    A front is a narrow transition zone between two air masses. Air masses are large bodies of air with similar temperature and humidity characteristics. When two air masses with different characteristics meet, they don't mix easily due to differences in density and temperature. This creates a boundary known as a front, where the two air masses interact. Fronts can bring changes in weather conditions, such as temperature shifts, precipitation, and changes in wind direction. Therefore, the given answer correctly describes a front as a narrow transition zone between two air masses.

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  • 12. 

    During the passage of a cold front

    • A.

      Warm air is compressed as cold air rides over it.

    • B.

      Temperature rises owing to increased pressure.

    • C.

      Fog will always form from the interaction of warm and cold air.

    • D.

      Warm air is lifted as colder air pushes under it.

    Correct Answer
    D. Warm air is lifted as colder air pushes under it.
    Explanation
    During the passage of a cold front, warm air is lifted as colder air pushes under it. This occurs because cold air is denser than warm air, causing it to sink and push the warm air upwards. As the cold air replaces the warm air, it creates a lifting mechanism that can lead to the formation of clouds and precipitation. This process is responsible for the development of thunderstorms and other weather phenomena associated with cold fronts.

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  • 13. 

    The following sequence of clouds is observed at an airport: cirrus, altostratus, nimbostratus. The observer should expect

    • A.

      The passage of a cold front.

    • B.

      Anticyclonic weather.

    • C.

      The passage of a warm front.

    • D.

      Clearing skies and a decrease in temperature.

    Correct Answer
    C. The passage of a warm front.
    Explanation
    The sequence of clouds observed at the airport, starting with cirrus and followed by altostratus and nimbostratus, suggests the passage of a warm front. Warm fronts typically bring in warm air mass, which rises over the cooler air mass ahead of it. This rising warm air creates the cirrus clouds, followed by the altostratus and nimbostratus clouds, which are associated with precipitation. Therefore, the observer should expect the passage of a warm front.

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  • 14. 

    Cloud heights in Canadian Aerodrome Forecasts (TAF) are given in

    • A.

      Feet AGL.

    • B.

      Feet ASL.

    • C.

      Metres AGL.

    • D.

      Metres ASL.

    Correct Answer
    A. Feet AGL.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is feet AGL. In Canadian Aerodrome Forecasts (TAF), cloud heights are given in feet above ground level (AGL). This means that the height of the clouds is measured from the ground surface.

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  • 15. 

    Failure to adjust the altimeter when flying from an area of low pressure to an area of higher pressure will result in the altimeter indicating

    • A.

      Too high.

    • B.

      Too low.

    • C.

      The pressure altitude.

    • D.

      The true altitude.

    Correct Answer
    B. Too low.
    Explanation
    When flying from an area of low pressure to an area of higher pressure, failure to adjust the altimeter will result in the altimeter indicating too low. This is because the altimeter measures altitude based on atmospheric pressure, and as the aircraft moves into an area of higher pressure, the altimeter will not accurately reflect the change in altitude. As a result, the altimeter will indicate a lower altitude than the actual true altitude of the aircraft.

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  • 16. 

    A METAR describes the weather

    • A.

      Expected at a station at a given time.

    • B.

      Expected at a station over a 12 hour period.

    • C.

      Observed at a station at the time of the report.

    • D.

      Observed at a station during the previous day.

    Correct Answer
    C. Observed at a station at the time of the report.
    Explanation
    A METAR provides a concise and standardized description of the weather conditions observed at a specific station at the time the report is made. It includes information such as temperature, wind speed and direction, visibility, and precipitation. The purpose of a METAR is to provide accurate and up-to-date weather information for aviation purposes, allowing pilots and air traffic controllers to make informed decisions regarding flight operations. Therefore, the correct answer is "observed at a station at the time of the report."

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  • 17. 

    METAR CYEG 070700Z 18005KT 4SM BR FEW 013 M05/M06 A3008 RMK SCI SLP224In this report, the visibility is;

    • A.

      4 miles.

    • B.

      13 miles.

    • C.

      5 miles.

    • D.

      6 miles.

    Correct Answer
    A. 4 miles.
    Explanation
    The given METAR report states that the visibility is "4SM," which stands for 4 statute miles. This information is indicated after the wind speed and direction (18005KT) and before the weather phenomenon (BR). Therefore, the correct answer is 4 miles.

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  • 18. 

    METAR CYEG 070700Z 18005KT 4SM BR FEW 013 M05/M06 A3008 RMK SCI SLP224In this weather report, the wind speed reported at YEG is;

    • A.

      300 degrees at 8 kts.

    • B.

      070 degrees at 70 kts.

    • C.

      180 degrees at 5 kts.

    • D.

      050 degrees at 6 kts.

    Correct Answer
    C. 180 degrees at 5 kts.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 180 degrees at 5 kts. This can be determined by looking at the METAR report, where it states "18005KT". The first three digits (180) represent the wind direction in degrees, while the last two digits (05) represent the wind speed in knots. Therefore, the wind is coming from 180 degrees and has a speed of 5 knots.

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  • 19. 

    METAR CYEG 070700Z 18005KT 4SM BR FEW 013 M05/M06 A3008 RMK SCI SLP224 In this weather report, FEW 013 means;

    • A.

      3/8 to 5/8 of the sky covered in clouds height of the layer 13'.

    • B.

      5/8 to less than 8/8 of the sky covered in cloud, height of the layer is 13,000'

    • C.

      Sky Clear

    • D.

      Trace to 2/8 of the sky covered in cloud, height of the layer 1,300'

    Correct Answer
    D. Trace to 2/8 of the sky covered in cloud, height of the layer 1,300'
    Explanation
    FEW 013 in this weather report means that there are trace to 2/8 of the sky covered in cloud, with the height of the cloud layer at 1,300 feet. This indicates that there are only a few clouds present in the sky, covering a small portion of the sky at a relatively low altitude.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 28, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Sgt504

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