Skin And Wound care Trivia Quiz!

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Quizzes Created: 26 | Total Attempts: 54,697
Questions: 26 | Attempts: 388

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Skin And Wound care Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pressure ulcers are areas of localized skin and tissue damage occurring over a bony prominence as a result of unrelieved pressure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pressure ulcers are indeed areas of localized skin and tissue damage that occur over a bony prominence due to unrelieved pressure. This means that when pressure is continuously applied to a specific area of the body, such as a bedridden patient lying in the same position for extended periods, it can lead to the breakdown of skin and underlying tissues. These ulcers are commonly seen in individuals with limited mobility and can be prevented by regularly repositioning the person to relieve pressure on vulnerable areas. Therefore, the statement "Pressure ulcers are areas of localized skin and tissue damage occurring over a bony prominence as a result of unrelieved pressure" is true.

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  • 2. 

    Pressure ulcers come in how many stages?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    Pressure ulcers come in four stages. Each stage represents a different level of tissue damage, ranging from mild to severe. Stage 1 is the mildest, with non-blanchable redness of intact skin. Stage 2 involves partial-thickness skin loss, while stage 3 involves full-thickness skin loss. Stage 4 is the most severe, involving full-thickness tissue loss with exposed bone, tendon, or muscle. Understanding the stages of pressure ulcers is crucial for proper assessment, prevention, and treatment.

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  • 3. 

    All pressure ulcers are found where?

    • A.

      Fatty area

    • B.

      Bony area

    Correct Answer
    B. Bony area
    Explanation
    Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, are commonly found in bony areas of the body. These areas are more susceptible to developing ulcers due to the lack of cushioning and protection provided by fat tissue. Continuous pressure on bony prominences, such as the heels, hips, tailbone, and elbows, can lead to reduced blood flow and tissue damage, ultimately resulting in the formation of pressure ulcers. Therefore, it is crucial to regularly reposition individuals at risk of developing pressure ulcers to relieve pressure on these bony areas and prevent their occurrence.

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  • 4. 

    Select the correct answer from the responses below. General patient assessment for pressure ulcer prediction includes an assessment of the following factors.

    • A.

      Past & current history of co-morbid conditions

    • B.

      Nutrition and mobility

    • C.

      Medications

    • D.

      Pyscho-social issues

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    The general patient assessment for pressure ulcer prediction includes an assessment of various factors, such as past and current history of co-morbid conditions, nutrition and mobility, medications, and psycho-social issues. All of these factors are important in determining the risk of developing pressure ulcers in patients. By considering all of these aspects, healthcare professionals can better understand the patient's overall health status and make appropriate interventions to prevent pressure ulcers.

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  • 5. 

    Select the correct answer from below. Factors aggravated by hospitalization are:

    • A.

      Pressure and friction

    • B.

      Pressure and moisture

    • C.

      Shearing and moisture

    • D.

      Friction, moisture and shearing

    • E.

      Pressure, frictions, shearing and moisture.

    Correct Answer
    E. Pressure, frictions, shearing and moisture.
    Explanation
    Factors that can be aggravated by hospitalization include pressure, friction, shearing, and moisture. These factors can contribute to the development of pressure ulcers or bedsores in patients who are confined to a hospital bed for extended periods. Pressure occurs when the weight of the body is concentrated on a particular area, leading to reduced blood flow and tissue damage. Friction and shearing occur when the skin is dragged across a surface or when there is a sliding motion between the patient and the bed, causing damage to the skin and underlying tissues. Moisture can further exacerbate these factors by softening the skin and making it more susceptible to damage.

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  • 6. 

    What does pressure ulcer staging indicate?

    • A.

      The level of pressure ulcer risks a client has.

    • B.

      The number of times a client has had a pressure ulcer.

    • C.

      The level of tissue injury in a pressure ulcer.

    • D.

      The progression of pressure ulcer healing.

    Correct Answer
    C. The level of tissue injury in a pressure ulcer.
    Explanation
    Pressure ulcer staging indicates the level of tissue injury in a pressure ulcer. Staging is a system used to classify the severity of pressure ulcers based on the depth of tissue damage and the extent of tissue involvement. It helps healthcare professionals assess the severity of the ulcer, determine appropriate treatment interventions, and monitor the progress of healing. Staging provides a standardized way to communicate the extent of tissue damage and guide clinical decision-making.

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  • 7. 

    If a patient has a Braden score of 6 which categories does this patient fall into?

    • A.

      At risk

    • B.

      Moderate risk

    • C.

      High risk

    • D.

      Very high risk

    Correct Answer
    D. Very high risk
    Explanation
    A Braden score is a tool used to assess a patient's risk for developing pressure ulcers. The score ranges from 6 to 23, with a lower score indicating a higher risk. In this case, a Braden score of 6 falls into the "Very high risk" category, suggesting that the patient has a significant risk of developing pressure ulcers.

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  • 8. 

    The development of pressure ulcers in the elderly is a serious and common problem that can lead to increased mortality. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, are a significant issue among the elderly population. These ulcers develop due to prolonged pressure on the skin, often from immobility or being bedridden. If left untreated, pressure ulcers can lead to severe complications, such as infections, sepsis, and even death. Therefore, it is crucial to prevent and manage pressure ulcers in the elderly to reduce mortality rates.

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  • 9. 

    Name the assessment tool used for predicting pressure ulcer score risk.

    • A.

      Glasgow Coma Scale

    • B.

      Skin condition – temperature, turgor and moisture

    • C.

      Braden Scale

    Correct Answer
    C. Braden Scale
    Explanation
    The Braden Scale is an assessment tool used for predicting pressure ulcer score risk. It evaluates various factors such as sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, nutrition, and friction/shear. By assessing these factors, healthcare professionals can determine a patient's risk of developing pressure ulcers and implement appropriate preventive measures. The Glasgow Coma Scale is used to assess a patient's level of consciousness, while evaluating skin condition (temperature, turgor, and moisture) is a separate assessment altogether. Therefore, the correct answer is the Braden Scale.

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  • 10. 

    A 90 years old Veteran admitted with a fractured hip. He is 2 days s/p hip replacement. He is painful and able to communicate his needs. He has a foley catheter and is incontinent of bowel 1 x daily. Although he can make occasional position changes in his extremities, he cannot reposition himself. He has not been out of bed. He has been NPO or on a clear liquid diet for more than 5 days. What is his Braden Score?

    • A.

      15-18 At Risk

    • B.

      13-14 Moderate Risk

    • C.

      10-12 High Risk

    • D.

      9 or less Very High Risk

    Correct Answer
    B. 13-14 Moderate Risk
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the patient is a 90-year-old veteran who has undergone hip replacement surgery and is currently experiencing pain. He is able to communicate his needs but cannot reposition himself. He has been incontinent of bowel once a day and has not been out of bed. Additionally, he has been on a clear liquid diet or NPO for more than 5 days.

    The Braden Score is a tool used to assess a patient's risk for developing pressure ulcers. It takes into account several factors such as sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, nutrition, and friction/shear.

    Based on the information provided, the patient's Braden Score would fall into the range of 13-14, which indicates a moderate risk for developing pressure ulcers.

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  • 11. 

    You are assigned five patients on your nursing unit. Which patient is at most risk for pressure ulcers?

    • A.

      A 72 years old female weighing 82 lbs with stress incontinence and dementia.

    • B.

      A 90 years old male with Congestive Heart Failure who has 3+ pitting edema in lower extremities.

    • C.

      A 6 months old with the flu.

    • D.

      An ambulatory 88 years old with dementia who is admitted with shingles.

    Correct Answer
    A. A 72 years old female weighing 82 lbs with stress incontinence and dementia.
    Explanation
    The 72-year-old female patient who is weighing only 82 lbs and has stress incontinence and dementia is at the most risk for pressure ulcers. This is because she has multiple risk factors for developing pressure ulcers, including immobility due to dementia, low body weight, and incontinence. These factors can lead to prolonged pressure on certain areas of the body, such as the buttocks and heels, increasing the risk of developing pressure ulcers.

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  • 12. 

    As a home care nurse, you are providing care to a 63-year-old male who suffered a massive stroke. He has paralysis on upper and lower extremities. He has a PEG tube with tubing feedings. The patient's daughter provides care to the patient. You notice the patient has a stage I pressure ulcer on the sacral area. What would you NOT include when educating the daughter on preventing further breakdown of the current pressure ulcer and how to prevent other ones from forming?

    • A.

      Keep the skin moist and layer the sacral area with extra sheet layers.

    • B.

      Turn and re-position the patient every 2 hours.

    • C.

      Exercise the extremities actively and passively.

    • D.

      Use pillows to elevated bony prominences.

    Correct Answer
    A. Keep the skin moist and layer the sacral area with extra sheet layers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Keep the skin moist and layer the sacral area with extra sheet layers." This option is incorrect because keeping the skin moist and adding extra sheet layers can increase the risk of developing pressure ulcers. Moisture can lead to skin breakdown, and adding extra layers can create more pressure and friction on the skin. The other options, turning and re-positioning the patient every 2 hours, exercising the extremities actively and passively, and using pillows to elevate bony prominences, are all appropriate measures to prevent further breakdown of the current pressure ulcer and prevent the formation of other ulcers.

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  • 13. 

    A patient’s general health and nutritional status is important to know because it impacts how quickly their pressure ulcer will heal.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The general health and nutritional status of a patient is crucial in determining the healing process of a pressure ulcer. A patient's overall health and nutritional intake directly affect their immune system and ability to heal wounds. Poor general health and inadequate nutrition can delay the healing process and increase the risk of complications. Therefore, it is important to assess and address these factors to promote faster healing of pressure ulcers.

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  • 14. 

    Sores are not open wounds. The skin may be painful, but it has no breaks or tears. The skin appears reddened and does not blanch (lose color briefly when you press your finger on it and then remove your finger). In a dark-skinned person, the area may appear to be a different color than the surrounding skin, but it may not look red. Skin temperature is often warmer. What stage of pressure is this?

    • A.

      Stage I

    • B.

      Stage III

    • C.

      Unstageable

    Correct Answer
    A. Stage I
    Explanation
    This stage is classified as Stage I because it indicates the initial signs of a pressure injury. In this stage, the skin is intact but shows signs of damage such as redness, warmth, and pain. The skin does not blanch when pressure is applied and there are no breaks or tears in the skin. It is important to identify and address Stage I pressure injuries promptly to prevent further progression and development of more severe wounds.

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  • 15. 

    Granulation tissue will jump or twitch if pinched.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Granulation tissue is a type of tissue that forms during the healing process of a wound. It is composed of new blood vessels, collagen, and inflammatory cells. When pinched, granulation tissue does not jump or twitch. This is because it lacks the ability to contract or move voluntarily. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following have been identified as warning signs for pressure ulcer development? 

    • A.

      Localized heat.

    • B.

      Edema.

    • C.

      Induration.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Localized heat, edema, and induration are all warning signs for pressure ulcer development. Localized heat refers to an area of the skin that feels warmer than the surrounding skin, which can indicate increased blood flow and inflammation. Edema refers to swelling caused by fluid accumulation, which can lead to increased pressure on the skin and tissue. Induration refers to an area of hardened or firm skin, which can be a sign of tissue damage or inflammation. Therefore, all of these signs can indicate the presence of pressure ulcers.

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  • 17. 

    There is NO relationship between the wound surface area and time to complete pressure ulcer healing. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. There is indeed a relationship between the wound surface area and the time it takes for a pressure ulcer to heal. Generally, larger wound surface areas take longer to heal compared to smaller ones. This is because larger wounds require more tissue regeneration and have a higher risk of infection. Additionally, larger wounds may require more intensive treatments and care, which can prolong the healing process. Therefore, the size of the wound surface area directly affects the time it takes for a pressure ulcer to heal.

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  • 18. 

    The most reliable indicator of pain is the nurse’s clinical observations of the patient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because while a nurse's clinical observations can provide valuable information about a patient's pain, they are not the most reliable indicator. Pain is a subjective experience that can vary greatly from person to person, and patients may not always exhibit obvious physical signs of pain. Therefore, it is important for nurses to also consider the patient's self-report of pain and use validated pain assessment tools to gather a comprehensive understanding of their pain levels.

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  • 19. 

    Management of pressure ulcer-related pain may include:

    • A.

      Repositioning

    • B.

      Covering the wound

    • C.

      Systemic analgesia prior to treatments

    • D.

      Limiting number of dressing changes

    • E.

      Avoiding tape on fragile skin

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Repositioning
    B. Covering the wound
    C. Systemic analgesia prior to treatments
    D. Limiting number of dressing changes
    E. Avoiding tape on fragile skin
    Explanation
    The management of pressure ulcer-related pain may include several strategies. Repositioning is important to relieve pressure on the affected area and promote healing. Covering the wound helps to protect it from further damage and infection. Systemic analgesia prior to treatments can help to alleviate pain during procedures. Limiting the number of dressing changes reduces discomfort and trauma to the wound. Avoiding tape on fragile skin is necessary to prevent additional injury and pain. These interventions aim to address pain, promote healing, and prevent further complications in individuals with pressure ulcers.

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  • 20. 

    When developing a pressure ulcer treatment plan, you should:

    • A.

      Obtain a complete medical history

    • B.

      Do a full physical examination

    • C.

      Do a nutritional assessment

    • D.

      Assess pain

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Obtain a complete medical history
    B. Do a full physical examination
    C. Do a nutritional assessment
    D. Assess pain
    Explanation
    When developing a pressure ulcer treatment plan, it is important to obtain a complete medical history to understand the patient's overall health status and any underlying conditions that may affect wound healing. Doing a full physical examination allows for a comprehensive assessment of the ulcer, its size, location, and any signs of infection. A nutritional assessment helps identify any nutritional deficiencies that may hinder the healing process. Lastly, assessing pain is crucial to ensure appropriate pain management strategies are implemented. By considering all these factors, healthcare professionals can develop a well-rounded treatment plan tailored to the individual's needs.

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  • 21. 

    Assessment for pressure ulcers should include:

    • A.

      Validated risk-assessment scale

    • B.

      Head-to-toe skin assessment

    • C.

      Nutritional assessment

    • D.

      Psychosocial assessment

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Validated risk-assessment scale
    B. Head-to-toe skin assessment
    Explanation
    Assessment for pressure ulcers should include a validated risk-assessment scale to determine the patient's risk of developing pressure ulcers. This helps healthcare professionals identify high-risk patients and implement preventive measures. Additionally, a head-to-toe skin assessment is necessary to identify any existing pressure ulcers or areas of skin breakdown. This allows for early detection and appropriate treatment. Nutritional assessment is also important as proper nutrition plays a crucial role in preventing and healing pressure ulcers. Lastly, a psychosocial assessment is necessary to evaluate the patient's mental and emotional well-being, as psychosocial factors can affect the development and healing of pressure ulcers.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is probably the most important component in a plan of care to prevent pressure ulcers in high-risk patients and residents? 

    • A.

      Documentation

    • B.

      Daily skin inspection

    • C.

      Nutrition

    • D.

      Managing incontinence

    Correct Answer
    B. Daily skin inspection
    Explanation
    Daily skin inspection is probably the most important component in a plan of care to prevent pressure ulcers in high-risk patients and residents. This is because regular inspection allows for early detection of any changes or abnormalities in the skin, which can indicate the development of pressure ulcers. By identifying these changes early on, appropriate interventions can be implemented promptly to prevent the progression of pressure ulcers. Additionally, daily skin inspection provides an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of other preventive measures and make any necessary adjustments to the plan of care.

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  • 23. 

    Pressure redistribution can be achieved by:

    • A.

      Nutritional supplements

    • B.

      Increased mobility

    • C.

      Repositioning

    • D.

      Support surfaces

    Correct Answer
    C. Repositioning
    Explanation
    Repositioning is a method of pressure redistribution that involves changing a person's position regularly to relieve pressure on specific areas of the body. By shifting the body's weight and changing positions, pressure is redistributed, allowing blood flow to return to compressed areas and reducing the risk of pressure ulcers or bedsores. This method is often used in healthcare settings for individuals who are immobile or have limited mobility. It is a simple and effective way to prevent pressure-related injuries and promote overall comfort and well-being.

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  • 24. 

    Where does moisture comes from in patients and residents?

    • A.

      Perspiration

    • B.

      Wound drainage

    • C.

      Condensation

    • D.

      Incontinence

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Perspiration
    B. Wound drainage
    D. Incontinence
    Explanation
    Moisture can come from perspiration, wound drainage, and incontinence in patients and residents. Perspiration is the natural process of sweating, which can lead to moisture accumulation on the skin. Wound drainage refers to fluid that is released from wounds, which can also contribute to moisture. Incontinence refers to the inability to control bladder or bowel movements, leading to the release of urine or feces, which can cause moisture in patients and residents. Condensation, although mentioned as an option, is not a likely source of moisture in this context.

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  • 25. 

    Regular soaps should be used to clean the patient’s or resident’s skin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False because regular soaps should not be used to clean the patient's or resident's skin. Regular soaps can be harsh and drying on the skin, especially for individuals with sensitive or compromised skin. Instead, mild and gentle cleansers should be used to clean the patient's or resident's skin to prevent irritation and maintain skin health.

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  • 26. 

    Urinary incontinence has a harmful effect on the skin because it:

    • A.

      Causes undesirable alkaline skin conditions

    • B.

      Encourages destructive enzymatic activity

    • C.

      Macerates the skin

    • D.

      Increases friction

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Causes undesirable alkaline skin conditions
    B. Encourages destructive enzymatic activity
    C. Macerates the skin
    D. Increases friction
    Explanation
    Urinary incontinence can cause a harmful effect on the skin due to several reasons. Firstly, it causes undesirable alkaline skin conditions, which can disrupt the natural pH balance of the skin and lead to irritation and inflammation. Secondly, it encourages destructive enzymatic activity, which can break down the skin's protective barrier and make it more susceptible to damage. Additionally, urinary incontinence can macerate the skin, making it soft, pale, and more prone to breakdown. Lastly, it increases friction on the skin, especially when there is constant contact with wetness, which can further damage the skin and lead to the development of pressure ulcers or sores.

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