Quiz - Essentials Of Exercise Science Chapters 1-2

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 37

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Exercise Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The flow of blood passes through the heart via the _____________________________________________
    • A. 

      Left atrium, left ventricle, right atrium, right ventricle, aorta

    • B. 

      Right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, left atrium, left ventricle, aorta

    • C. 

      Right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery, left atrium, left ventricle, aorta

    • D. 

      Right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle, left ventricle, pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery

  • 2. 
    Which blood vessel carries blood that is depleted of oxygen from heart to the lungs?
    • A. 

      Coronary artery

    • B. 

      Coronary vein

    • C. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • D. 

      Pulmonary vein

  • 3. 
    Moving arms in a side-to-side motion, as that of a chimp, occurs in what plane of movement?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Sagittal

    • C. 

      Longitudinal

    • D. 

      Transverse

  • 4. 
    The type of joint that moves freely is called:
    • A. 

      Synchondrosis

    • B. 

      Syndesmosis

    • C. 

      Symphysis

    • D. 

      Synovial

    • E. 

      All of these

  • 5. 
    A transverse plane divides the body into _____________________________ segments.
    • A. 

      Equal right and left

    • B. 

      Right and left

    • C. 

      Anterior and posterior

    • D. 

      Superior and inferior

    • E. 

      Both right and left and anterior and posterior

  • 6. 
    Anatomical position is:
    • A. 

      A term used by artists referring to facing front and posing

    • B. 

      Unimportant as a term of reference

    • C. 

      The position in which the body is erect, facing front with feet parallel and arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward

    • D. 

      The position in which the body is lying prone with feet parallel and arms by the sides

    • E. 

      The position in which the body is erect, facing forward with feet parallel and arms hanging at the sides with palms facing backward.

  • 7. 
    Metabolism is:
    • A. 

      A broad term that refers to all the chemical reactions that occur in the body.

    • B. 

      A term that refers to the chemical reactions where larger structures are made from smaller ones (synthesis).

    • C. 

      The term that refers only to the process of breaking down ingested food into simple molecules that can then absorbed into the blood for delivery to all body cells.

    • D. 

      A term that refers to the chemical reactions where large molecules are broken down into smaller ones.

    • E. 

      The ability to sense changes (stimuli) in the environment and then to react to them.

  • 8. 
    The _____ is the body’s slow-acting control system and acts by means of _____?
    • A. 

      Endocrine system; hormones

    • B. 

      Muscular system; contraction

    • C. 

      Nervous system; hormones

    • D. 

      Lymphatic system; lymphocytes and macrophages

    • E. 

      Nervous system; electrical and chemical signals

  • 9. 
    If you wish to make a drawing of a section through the human body that showed the heart and both of the lungs, your section could be in which of the following planes?   1. Frontal 2. Transverse 3. Sagittal
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 only

    • C. 

      3 only

    • D. 

      1 and 2

    • E. 

      2 and 3

  • 10. 
    Which term is defined as being close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk?
    • A. 

      Superior

    • B. 

      Intermediate

    • C. 

      Distal

    • D. 

      Proximal

    • E. 

      Superficial

  • 11. 
    Air enters your lungs through the _____.
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Esophagus

    • C. 

      Alveoli

    • D. 

      Pharynx

  • 12. 
    Palms in anatomical position.
    • A. 

      Plantar flexion

    • B. 

      Pronation

    • C. 

      Elevation

    • D. 

      Dorsilflexion

    • E. 

      Supination

  • 13. 
    Motion toward the midline of the body or part.
    • A. 

      Opposition

    • B. 

      Adduction

    • C. 

      Extension

    • D. 

      Inversion

    • E. 

      Abduction

  • 14. 
    Medial (inward) or lateral (outward) turning about a vertical axis through a joint.  
    • A. 

      Circumduction

    • B. 

      Plantar flexion

    • C. 

      Rotation

    • D. 

      Eversion

    • E. 

      Dorsiflexion

  • 15. 
    What is the difference between glucose and glycogen?
    • A. 

      Glycogen is a stored form of glucose

    • B. 

      Glucose is a stored form of glycogen

    • C. 

      Glucose is sugar; glycogen salt

    • D. 

      Glucose is a stored form of fat

  • 16. 
    Lactate is the byproduct of which metabolic energy system?
    • A. 

      Aerobic glycolytic

    • B. 

      Anaerobic glycolytic

    • C. 

      Phosphagen

    • D. 

      Oxidative

  • 17. 
    Along with the nervous system, which other system controls the internal environment. (homeostasis)
    • A. 

      Muscular

    • B. 

      Lymphatic

    • C. 

      Endocrine

    • D. 

      Digestive

  • 18. 
    Metabolism of triglycerides utilizes _____.
    • A. 

      Glycolysis

    • B. 

      Beta-oxidation

    • C. 

      The Krebs cycle

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Compared with resting levels of blood flow (ml/min), during strenuous exercise _____.
    • A. 

      Blood flow to the heart, brain, and skeletal muscles would increase.

    • B. 

      Blood flow to the kidneys and abdominal organs would decrease.

    • C. 

      Blood flow to the skin and brain would decrease.

    • D. 

      A and b

    • E. 

      B and c