Nutrition Pt-quiz 3

20 Questions

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

Nutrition


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are proteins?
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Amino acids linked by peptide bonds

    • C. 

      Micro-nutrients found in the earth

  • 2. 
    Can essential amino acids be manufactured by the body?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    There are eight essential amino acids that must be obtained from the food supply or some other exogenous source. Select four
    • A. 

      Aspartic acid

    • B. 

      Tryptophan

    • C. 

      Leucine

    • D. 

      Methionine

    • E. 

      Alanine

    • F. 

      Valine

    • G. 

      Arginine

    • H. 

      Glutamine

  • 4. 
    The non-essential amino acids can be manufactured by the body using what?
    • A. 

      Dietary nitrogen, carbohydrates and fat

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates, fat, and proteins

    • C. 

      Trace minerals

    • D. 

      Vitamins and minerals

  • 5. 
    Proteins are broken down into amino acids for the body to absorb. List three things the body uses protein or amino acids for.
    • A. 

      Energy

    • B. 

      Tissue replacement

    • C. 

      Rest

    • D. 

      Muscle reduction

    • E. 

      Fat loss

    • F. 

      Tissue addition

  • 6. 
    As proteins enter the stomach for digestion, what acid uncoils or denatures the protein so that digestive enzymes can begin dismantling the peptide bonds?
    • A. 

      Sodium Chloride (NaCl)

    • B. 

      Citric Acid

    • C. 

      Sodium Hydroxide (NaH2)

    • D. 

      Hydrochloric acid (HCl)

  • 7. 
    In order for protein to be absorbed in the intestines, what organ besides the stomach aids in the breakdown of the amino acids into dipeptides, tripeptides, and singlular amino acids?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Lungs

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

  • 8. 
    Once the  HCl - hydrocholoric acid denatures the proteins what enzyme begins to cleave the proteins into smaller polypeptides and singular amino acids?
    • A. 

      Sucrase

    • B. 

      Lactase

    • C. 

      Pepsin

    • D. 

      Lipase

  • 9. 
    What is the name of the single celled epithelial cells found in the intestines?
    • A. 

      Melanocytes

    • B. 

      Enterocytes

    • C. 

      Adiposecytes

  • 10. 
    The free form amino acids once in the bloodstream are released from the intestines to which organ through the blood supply?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Kidney

  • 11. 
    Proteins cannot be used for potential energy by being stored as fat.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The brain and nervous system have a constant need for:
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Protein

  • 13. 
    If carbohydrate or total energy intake is too low, the body has the ability to use amino acids(from dietary or body proteins) to provide energy?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Once the amino acids are deaminated (or stripped of the amine group) the remaining carbon skeleton is used for the production of?
    • A. 

      Sucrose

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Glucose and ketones

    • D. 

      Amino acids

    • E. 

      Carbohydrates and fat

  • 15. 
    Is ammonia, a toxic compound, converted to urea in the liver and excreted by the lungs?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Can protein be stored as fat?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Will consuming specially prepared high-BV proteins allow an individual who is already consuming adequate protein build muscle to a greater degree and more quickly?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What does NPU stand for?
    • A. 

      No protein utilized

    • B. 

      Net protein utilization

    • C. 

      New protein utilization

  • 19. 
    PER stands for protein efficiency ration?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Both anaerobic and aerobic exercise affect protein requirements in different ways.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False