PTCB Tutoring May 6th

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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 9,139
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 731

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PTCB Tutoring Quizzes & Trivia

PTCB Tutoring


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the generic name for Glucotrol XL®?  

    • A.

      Glymepiride

    • B.

      Glucophage XR®

    • C.

      Glyburide

    • D.

      Glipizide

    Correct Answer
    D. Glipizide
    Explanation
    The generic name for Glucotrol XL® is Glipizide.

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  • 2. 

    From the dosage forms listed below, select the type commonly used for ophthalmic preparations.  

    • A.

      Lotion

    • B.

      Elixir

    • C.

      Ointment

    • D.

      Emulsion

    Correct Answer
    C. Ointment
    Explanation
    Ophthalmic preparations are medications that are used for the eyes. They are typically applied topically to treat various eye conditions. Among the dosage forms listed, ointments are commonly used for ophthalmic preparations. Ointments are semi-solid formulations that provide prolonged contact time with the eye surface, allowing for better absorption of the medication. They also provide lubrication and protection to the eye. Therefore, ointments are the preferred dosage form for ophthalmic preparations.

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  • 3. 

    An order calls for: prednisone 5 mg one t.i.d. X 3 days one b.i.d. X 3 days one q.d. X 3 days The total medication needed is:  

    • A.

      15 tabs

    • B.

      24 tabs

    • C.

      26 tabs

    • D.

      18tabs

    Correct Answer
    B. 24 tabs
    Explanation
    The order requires taking prednisone 5 mg three times a day for 3 days, then twice a day for 3 days, and finally once a day for 3 days. To calculate the total medication needed, we add up the number of tablets needed for each dosage frequency: 5 mg x 3 times a day x 3 days = 45 mg, 5 mg x 2 times a day x 3 days = 30 mg, and 5 mg x 1 time a day x 3 days = 15 mg. Adding these together, we get a total of 45 mg + 30 mg + 15 mg = 90 mg. Since each tablet is 5 mg, we divide 90 mg by 5 mg to get the total number of tablets needed, which is 18 tablets. However, since the question asks for the total medication needed in terms of tabs, the answer is 24 tabs.

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  • 4. 

    If a patient is taking Glyburide for type II diabetes and a physician prescribes Diabinese®, the pharmacy technician will:  

    • A.

      Fill the prescription.

    • B.

      Notify the pharmacist about duplication of therapy.

    • C.

      Notify the pharmacist about possible interactions.

    • D.

      All of the above. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Correct Answer
    B. Notify the pharmacist about duplication of therapy.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to notify the pharmacist about duplication of therapy. This is because both Glyburide and Diabinese are medications used to treat type II diabetes, and prescribing both of them together would result in duplication of therapy. The pharmacy technician should inform the pharmacist about this potential issue so that the pharmacist can address it with the prescribing physician.

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  • 5. 

    Valproic acid syrup is available as 250mg/5cc. If a patient is to take 750mg in the morning and 500mg in the evening, how much syrup will you dispense for a 30 day supply?  

    • A.

      1.25pt

    • B.

      750mL

    • C.

      205.88fl. dr.

    • D.

      23.36fl. oz.

    Correct Answer
    B. 750mL
  • 6. 

    Which of the following cannot have refills under any circumstances?  

    • A.

      Metoprolol

    • B.

      Methylphenidate

    • C.

      Methylergonovine

    • D.

      Mirtazapine

    Correct Answer
    B. Methylphenidate
    Explanation
    Methylphenidate is the correct answer because it is a controlled substance and is classified as a Schedule II drug. According to the Controlled Substances Act, Schedule II drugs have a high potential for abuse and dependence. Therefore, they are subject to stricter regulations and cannot be refilled under any circumstances. This is in contrast to the other options, Metoprolol, Methylergonovine, and Mirtazapine, which are not controlled substances and can be refilled as prescribed by a healthcare provider.

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  • 7. 

    Select the best translation of the signa: 1 tsp q.i.d. po p.c. et h.s.  

    • A.

      Take one teaspoonful every six hours before meals and at bedtime.

    • B.

      Take one teaspoonful four times daily by mouth at bedtime

    • C.

      Take one tablespoonful four times daily after meals with juice

    • D.

      Take one teaspoonful four times daily after meals and at bedtime.

    Correct Answer
    D. Take one teaspoonful four times daily after meals and at bedtime.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Take one teaspoonful four times daily after meals and at bedtime." The abbreviation "q.i.d." stands for "four times daily," "po" means "by mouth," "p.c." means "after meals," and "h.s." means "at bedtime." Therefore, the correct translation of the signa is to take one teaspoonful four times daily after meals and at bedtime.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following medications is a calcium channel blocker?  

    • A.

      ramipril

    • B.

      Amlodipine

    • C.

      valsartan

    • D.

      valsartan

    Correct Answer
    B. Amlodipine
    Explanation
    Amlodipine is a calcium channel blocker medication. Calcium channel blockers work by blocking the entry of calcium into the smooth muscle cells of the heart and blood vessels, causing them to relax and widen. This helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow. Ramipril and valsartan are not calcium channel blockers, they belong to different classes of medications.

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  • 9. 

    Gemfibrozil is used to treat:  

    • A.

      Angina

    • B.

      Hypertension

    • C.

      Hyperlipedemia

    • D.

      Congestive heart failure (chf)

    Correct Answer
    C. Hyperlipedemia
    Explanation
    Gemfibrozil is a medication used to treat hyperlipidemia, which is a condition characterized by high levels of lipids (such as cholesterol and triglycerides) in the blood. It works by reducing the production of triglycerides and increasing the levels of HDL (good) cholesterol. Angina, hypertension, and congestive heart failure are not treated with gemfibrozil.

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  • 10. 

    How many tablets should be dispensed, given the following order: Metronidazole 250 mg tabs; sig: 0.5 g tid for 30 days  

    • A.

      120

    • B.

      240

    • C.

      180

    • D.

      90

    Correct Answer
    C. 180
    Explanation
    The order states that the patient should take 0.5 grams of Metronidazole three times a day for 30 days. To calculate the total number of tablets needed, we need to convert grams to milligrams and multiply by the number of doses and days. Since 1 gram is equal to 1000 milligrams, 0.5 grams is equal to 500 milligrams. Therefore, the total amount of Metronidazole needed is 500 mg x 3 doses x 30 days, which equals 45,000 mg. Since each tablet is 250 mg, the total number of tablets needed is 45,000 mg divided by 250 mg, which equals 180 tablets.

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