Ptap116 - Musculoskeletal Final

160 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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Ptap116 - Musculoskeletal Final

Practice for the final :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the name for the middle portion of the sternum?
    • A. 

      Body

    • B. 

      Xiphoid

    • C. 

      Manubrium

    • D. 

      Clavicle

  • 2. 
    The dens is also called the _________ process and is located on _________.
    • A. 

      Transverse, C1

    • B. 

      Odontoid, C1

    • C. 

      Spinous, C2

    • D. 

      Odontoid, C2

  • 3. 
    An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine is called:
    • A. 

      Lordosis

    • B. 

      Scoliosis

    • C. 

      Kyphosis

    • D. 

      Spondylosis

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Semispinalis

    • B. 

      Longus capitis and colli

    • C. 

      Scalenes

    • D. 

      Longissimus

  • 5. 
    Identify the structure not found on the thoracic vertebrae.
    • A. 

      Pedicle

    • B. 

      Ventral foramen

    • C. 

      Transverse foramen

    • D. 

      Lamina

  • 6. 
    The nucleus pulposis is:
    • A. 

      Hardened outer ring of the vertebral disc

    • B. 

      None of the above

    • C. 

      Core of the vertebral body

    • D. 

      Gelatinous substance in the center of the disc

  • 7. 
    What muscle is used when frowning?
    • A. 

      Zygomaticus

    • B. 

      Lateral pterygoid

    • C. 

      Depressor anguli oris

    • D. 

      Buccinator

  • 8. 
    How many bones are in the skull?
  • 9. 
    What bone of the skull is shaped like a butterfly?
  • 10. 
    What two bones surround the atlas?
    • A. 

      Occiput & C1

    • B. 

      Occipital & C2

    • C. 

      C1 & C2

    • D. 

      Axis & C1

  • 11. 
    An increased curve in the thoracic vertebrae is known as:
    • A. 

      Kyphosis

    • B. 

      Scoliosis

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      Lordosis

  • 12. 
    Which of the following muscles is innervated by the facial nerve?
    • A. 

      Frontalis

    • B. 

      Masseter

    • C. 

      Temporalis

    • D. 

      Lateral pterygoid

  • 13. 
    A Patient is referred to physicl therapy by their dentist. The patient is having difficulty chewing. Which muscle(s) is weak?
    • A. 

      Masseter

    • B. 

      Temporlis

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      Lateral pterygoid

  • 14. 
    The temporomandibular joint is a:
    • A. 

      Amphiarthrodial

    • B. 

      Hinge joint

    • C. 

      Ball-in-socket joint

    • D. 

      Saddle

  • 15. 
    Which two muscles protract the mandible?
    • A. 

      Temporalis, medial pterygoid

    • B. 

      Medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid

    • C. 

      Masseter, temporalis

    • D. 

      Lateral pterygoid, masseter

  • 16. 
    Which statements are correct?
    • A. 

      The mandibular fossa is found on the temporal bone. The mandibular condyle is found on the maxilla

    • B. 

      The mandibular fossa is found on the temporal bone. The mandibular condyle is found on the mandible.

    • C. 

      The mandibular fossa and the mandibular condyle are both found on the mandible

    • D. 

      The mandibular fossa is found on the frontal is. The mandibular condyle is found on the mandible.

  • 17. 
    Which ribs are considered floaing ribs?
    • A. 

      None of the above

    • B. 

      Ribs 8-12

    • C. 

      Ribs 11-12

    • D. 

      Ribs 1-7

  • 18. 
    The thoracic nerve innervates the:
    • A. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Internal oblique

    • C. 

      External oblique

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Which muscle originates from the posterior iliac crest and inserts on the 12th rib and the transverse processes of L1-L4?
    • A. 

      Quadratus lumborum

    • B. 

      External oblique

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      Transverse abdominis

  • 20. 
    The atlas is also known as:
    • A. 

      T1

    • B. 

      C2

    • C. 

      T2

    • D. 

      C1

  • 21. 
    What muscle(s) is(are) responsible for elevation of the mandible?
    • A. 

      Masseter

    • B. 

      Temporalis

    • C. 

      Medial pterygoid

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    Which of the following best describes the diaphragm?
    • A. 

      Increases the volume of the thoracic cavity during inhalation

    • B. 

      Relaxes during exhalation allowing the lungs to deflate

    • C. 

      Contracts during inhalation drawing down the central tendon of the diaphragm

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Which of the following muscles is innervated by the trigeminal nerve?
    • A. 

      Temporalis

    • B. 

      Frontalis

    • C. 

      Orbicularis oculi

    • D. 

      Zygomaticus major

  • 24. 
    The scalenes are found:
    • A. 

      On the sternum and clavicle

    • B. 

      Mastoid process, first rib

    • C. 

      First and second rib

    • D. 

      Second and fourth rib

  • 25. 
    What are the primary actions of the serratus posterior superior?
    • A. 

      Depresses the ribs during inhalation

    • B. 

      Depresses the ribs during exhalation

    • C. 

      Elevates the ribs during exhalation

    • D. 

      Elevates the ribs during inhalation

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