Manual Muscle Testing Quiz

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 1364

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Muscle Quizzes & Trivia

Manual muscle testing is used in restoring and recovery of muscles and tendons. It is performed using manual strength testing and functional tests. This is a study aid design to assist in studying manual muscle testing. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    True of False MMT is appropriate for clients who are able to VOLUNTARILY contract muscles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Manual muscle testing is the application of ________ by the tester or by the _____ to the voluntary maximum _______ of the patient�s muscle
    • A. 

      Resistance, force of gravity,contraction

    • B. 

      Pressure, force of resistance, volume

    • C. 

      The force of gravity, contraction, resistance

    • D. 

      Bandages,assistant

  • 3. 
    Individual muscles may not  be isolated and tested separately
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    "Due to damage of the motor cortex, James has lost tone in the muscles of in his U.E. In order to assess how much contractability he has, the O.T must first perform an MMT.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Functional strength can only be performed in a clinical setting. The controlled environment enables the OT to properly assess the patient without distractions and ensure proper functioning when the patient performs various ADL's.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The biggest advantage of MMT is that no equipment is required
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Precautions must be taken when testing MMT with patients with _____, ______ and______.
    • A. 

      Visual, auditory and knee surgery

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular, chronic respiratory diseases, recent abdominal surgery

    • C. 

      Tumors in the synovial joints, Arthritis and osteoporosis

  • 8. 
    Possible muscle fiber tears may occur with excess application of resistance
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Each grade is determined by 3 variables:________,__________and_________
    • A. 

      Contractility, gravity and resistance

    • B. 

      Tone,endurance and strength

    • C. 

      Muscle grouping, muscle tensity and blocking

  • 10. 
    These sentences are most likely to be associated with what variable when muscle grading. - determined by palpation of the muscle - client unable to contract the muscle and no muscle tension is felt with palpation, muscle grade is 0 - palpation best performed using the middle finger -palpation will ensure no substitution of other muscles muscle that demonstrates contractions would be graded as Trace or 1/5
    • A. 

      Contractability

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Resistance

  • 11. 
    These sentences are most likely to be associated with what variable when muscle grading. -Affects muscle contraction -Volitional contraction in gravity eliminated place would receive a Poor or 2/5 muscle grade -Volitional movement against gravity would receive a Fair or 3/5 muscle grade
    • A. 

      Resistance

    • B. 

      Contractability

    • C. 

      Gravity

  • 12. 
    These sentences are most likely to be associated with what variable when muscle grading. -Differentiates the good muscle (4/5) from the normal muscle (5/5) -Application of manual resistance is a subjective variable -MMT has poor reliability and validity above the fair or 3/5 grade - One-joint muscles � external force is best applied at end of the range - Two-joint muscles - maximum resistance best applied at or near midrange
    • A. 

      Contractability

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Resistance

  • 13. 
    How is contractability determined?
    • A. 

      Flexing the muscle tested

    • B. 

      Determined by palpation of the muscle tested

    • C. 

      By placing either a hot or cold pack on the muscle tested

  • 14. 
    Why palpate?
    • A. 

      Palpation will ensure no substitution of other muscles

    • B. 

      Palapation is theraputic to the muscle fibers by building strength.

    • C. 

      Palapation is used to measure how contractability the muscle has.

  • 15. 
    Palpation best performed
    • A. 

      By placing and pushing the thumbs on the medial and lateral sides of the muscle to be tested

    • B. 

      Using the middle finger

    • C. 

      By using the index finger

    • D. 

      By allowing patient to "pump" the muscle by flexing

  • 16. 
    A muscle that demonstrates contractility would be graded as
    • A. 

      Trace (T) or 1/5

    • B. 

      Fair (F) 3/5

    • C. 

      Good (G) (4/5)

    • D. 

      Normal (N) (5/5)

  • 17. 
    Client unable to contract the muscle and no muscle tension is felt with palpation, muscle grade is 0
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Which one of these statements concerning Volitional contractions and gravity is/are true? (read these carefully)
    • A. 

      The volitional contraction in gravity eliminated place would receive a Good or 4/5 muscle grade while a volitional movement against gravity would receive a Normal or 5/5 muscle grade

    • B. 

      The volitional contraction in gravity eliminated place would receive a Poor or 2/5 muscle grade while a volitional movement against gravity would receive a Fair or 3/5 muscle grade

    • C. 

      The Volitional contraction against gravity eliminated place would receive a Good or 4/5 muscle grade while a volitional movement in gravity would receive a Normal or 5/5 muscle grade

    • D. 

      None of these statements are true

    • E. 

      The volitional contraction in gravity eliminated place would receive a Poor or "0" muscle grade while a volitional movement against gravity would receive a Fair or 4/5 muscle grade

  • 19. 
    Resistance application of manual resistance is a concrete variable
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    MMT has excellent reliability and validity above the fair or 3/5 grade
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      At end of range

    • B. 

      At or near midrange

    • C. 

      At the lateral side of the joint

    • D. 

      Medial side of the joint

  • 22. 
    When testing resistance on two-joint muscles maximum resistance best applied
    • A. 

      At the end range

    • B. 

      Lateral side of the joints

    • C. 

      At or near midrange

    • D. 

      Medial side of the joints

  • 23. 
    True or false: "Group muscle testing has increased functionality and assessment occurs throughout the entire ROM"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Testing at the end range of motion with muscle providing isometric contraction is called a
    • A. 

      Break test.

    • B. 

      Resistance check

    • C. 

      Contractability test

    • D. 

      Make test

  • 25. 
    Testing throughout the range in the direction opposite of muscle�s rotary component; muscle performs a concentric type of contraction is called a
    • A. 

      Break test.

    • B. 

      Resistance check

    • C. 

      Contractability test

    • D. 

      Make test

  • 26. 
    Validity is increased with
    • A. 

      Further testing with dynometers

    • B. 

      Muscle palpation

    • C. 

      By holding the muscle firmly

  • 27. 
    Client cooperation, is an experience of the tester, the tone of voice (or tester) ambient temperature, the temperature of the limb being tested, diminished distractions to patient and/or tester, posture, fatigue, the clear operational definition of muscle grades all increase
    • A. 

      Reliability of the MMT

    • B. 

      Objectivity of the MMT

    • C. 

      Assesment of the MMT

    • D. 

      PAtient's results of the MMT.

  • 28. 
    Matching: isometric dynamometer isotonic dynamometer isokinetic dynamometer _____________________________________________________________ A)uses constant weight or resistance with muscle contraction at accommodating speed and at accommodating resistance B)assesses limb muscle groups; measures peak and average force, reaction time, rate of motor recruitment of motor units and maximum voluntary exertion and fatigue C)strength is measured as joint moves at constant preselected speed; resistance is applied throughout the ROM
    • A. 

      1)A 2)B 3)C

    • B. 

      1)B, 2)A 3)C

    • C. 

      1)C 2)B 3) A

    • D. 

      1)A 2)C 3) B