Musculoskeletal Examination (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 2376

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Musculoskeletal Examination (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A client is 1 day postoperative after a total hip replacement. The client  should be placed in which of the following position?  
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Semi Fowler's

    • C. 

      Orthopneic

    • D. 

      Trendelenburg

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Observe the color of the fingers

    • B. 

      Palpate the radial pulse under the cast

    • C. 

      Check the cast for odor and drainage

    • D. 

      Evaluate the response to analgesics

  • 3. 
    After a computer tomography scan with intravenous contrast medium, a  client returns to the unit complaining of shortness of breath and itching. The  nurse should be prepared to treat the client for: 
    • A. 

      An anaphylactic reaction to the dye

    • B. 

      Inflammation from the extravasation of fluid during injection.

    • C. 

      Fluid overload from the volume of the infusions

    • D. 

      A normal reaction to the stress of the diagnostic procedure

  • 4. 
    Which of these nursing actions will best promote independence for the  client in skeletal traction? 
    • A. 

      Instruct the client to call for an analgesic before pain becomes severe.

    • B. 

      Provide an overhead trapeze for client use

    • C. 

      Encourage leg exercise within the limits of traction

    • D. 

      Provide skin care to prevent skin breakdown.

  • 5. 
    The nurse is caring for a client with compound fracture of the tibia and  fibula. Skeletal traction is applied. Which of these priorities should the nurse  include in the care plan? 
    • A. 

      Order a trapeze to increase the client's ambulation

    • B. 

      Maintain the client in a flat, supine position at all times.

    • C. 

      Provide pin care at least every hour

    • D. 

      Remove traction weights for 20 minutes every two hours.

  • 6. 
    To prevent foot drop in a client with Buck's traction, the nurse should: 
    • A. 

      Place pillows under the client's heels.

    • B. 

      Tuck the sheets into the foot of the bed

    • C. 

      Teach the client isometric exercises

    • D. 

      Ensure proper body positioning.

  • 7. 
    Which nursing intervention is appropriate for a client with skeletal  traction? 
    • A. 

      Pin care

    • B. 

      Prone positionin

    • C. 

      Intermittent weight

    • D. 

      5lb weight limit

  • 8. 
    In order for Buck's traction applied to the right leg to be effective, the  client should be placed in which position? 
    • A. 

      Supine

    • B. 

      Prone

    • C. 

      Sim's

    • D. 

      Lithotomy

  • 9. 
    An elderly client has sustained intertrochanteric fracture of the hip and  has just returned from surgery where a nail plate was inserted for internal  fixation. The client has been instructed that she should not flex her hip. The  best explanation of why this movement would be harmful is: 
    • A. 

      It will be very painful for the client

    • B. 

      The soft tissue around the site will be damaged

    • C. 

      Displacement can occur with flexion

    • D. 

      It will pull the hip out of alignment

  • 10. 
    When the client is lying supine, the nurse will prevent external rotation of  the lower extremity by using a: 
    • A. 

      Trochanter roll by the knee

    • B. 

      Sandbag to the lateral calf

    • C. 

      Trochanter roll to the thigh

    • D. 

      Footboard

  • 11. 
    A client has just returned from surgery after having his left leg  amputated below the knee. Physician's orders include elevation of the foot of  the bed for 24 hours. The nurse observes that the nursing assistant has  placed a pillow under the client's amputated limb. The nursing action is to: 
    • A. 

      Leave the pillow as his stump is elevated

    • B. 

      Remove the pillow and elevate the foot of the bed

    • C. 

      Leave the pillow and elevate the foot of the bed

    • D. 

      Check with the physician and clarify the orders

  • 12. 
    A client has sustained a fracture of the femur and balanced skeletal  traction with a Thomas splint has been applied. To prevent pressure points  from occurring around the top of the splint, the most important intervention is to: 
    • A. 

      Protect the skin with lotion

    • B. 

      Keep the client pulled up in bed

    • C. 

      Pad the top of the splint with washcloths

    • D. 

      Provide a footplate in the bed

  • 13. 
    The major rationale for the use of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) in the  treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is to: 
    • A. 

      Reduce fever

    • B. 

      Reduce the inflammation of the joints

    • C. 

      Assist the client's range of motion activities without pain

    • D. 

      Prevent extension of the disease process

  • 14. 
    While caring for a client with a newly applied plaster of Paris cast, the  nurse makes note of all the following conditions. Which assessment finding  requires immediate notification of the physician? 
    • A. 

      Moderate pain, as reported by the client

    • B. 

      Report, by client, the heat is being felt under the cast

    • C. 

      Presence of slight edema of the toes of the casted foot

    • D. 

      Onset of paralysis in the toes of the casted foot

  • 15. 
    A client presents in the emergency department after falling from a roof. A fracture of the femoral neck is suspected. Which of these assessments best  support this diagnosis. 
    • A. 

      The client reports pain in the affected leg

    • B. 

      A large hematoma is visible in the affected extremity

    • C. 

      The affected extremity is shortnend, adducted, and extremely rotated

    • D. 

      The affected extremity is edematous