Test Your Knowledge About Neurological And Brain Disorders!

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 1146

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

According to the University of California, San Francisco, there are more than 600 neurological disorders which affect the brain and the central and autonomic nervous systems. This quiz has been developed to make you aware and test your knowledge about neurological and brain disorders. Read the questions carefully and answer. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which part of the neuron recieves messages from other cells?
    • A. 

      Axon

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Myelin

  • 2. 
    Which one of the following is NOT a function of the myelin sheath?
    • A. 

      Insulates the axon

    • B. 

      Speeds up the neural message

    • C. 

      Protects the neural fiber from damage

    • D. 

      Aids in reuptake

  • 3. 
    When the neuron's action potential is released, _________ ions are rushing into the axon through the openings in the membrane.
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      An electrical spark that sets off the next neuron.

    • B. 

      Positively charged ions that excite the next cell.

    • C. 

      Negativly charged ions that inhibit the next cell

    • D. 

      Neurotransmiters that excite or inhibit the next cell

  • 5. 
    Receiving neurons have special __________ that fit the shape of certain molecules.
    • A. 

      Synaptic vesicles

    • B. 

      Gaps

    • C. 

      Receptor sites

    • D. 

      Branches

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is associated with sleep, mood, and appetite?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      GABA

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Endorphin

  • 7. 
    If you burn your finger, your immediate reaction will probably involve all BUT which of the following?
    • A. 

      The brain

    • B. 

      The spinal cord

    • C. 

      Afferent neurons

    • D. 

      Efforent neurons

  • 8. 
    If you are typing on the computer keyboard, the motions of your fingers on the keys are probably being controlled by ________
    • A. 

      The autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Sensory pathway neurons

    • C. 

      Motor pathway neurons

    • D. 

      Autonomic neurons

  • 9. 
    The neurons of the motor pathway control _______.
    • A. 

      Stress reactions

    • B. 

      Organs and glands

    • C. 

      Involuntary muscles

    • D. 

      Voluntary muscles

  • 10. 
    What type of cell can create the other cells of the body?
    • A. 

      Blood cells

    • B. 

      Stem cells

    • C. 

      Neurons

    • D. 

      Basal cells

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the sympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Increasing digestive activity to supply fuel for the body

    • B. 

      Dialating the pupils of the eyes

    • C. 

      Increasing the heart rate

    • D. 

      Increasing the activity of the lungs

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would be active if you were sleeping?
    • A. 

      Sympathetic division

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic division

    • C. 

      Somatic division

    • D. 

      Motor division

  • 13. 
     Which of the following techniques uses a radioactive sugar to look at the functioning of the brain?
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      CT

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      PET

  • 14. 
    Which brain structure is most responsible for our balance, posture, and muscle tone?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Recticular formation

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 15. 
    Which brain structure would most likely result in death if damaged?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Recticular formation

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 16. 
    If you were to develop a rare condition in which signals from your eyes were sent to the area of the brain that processes sound and signals from the ears were sent to the area of the brain that processes vision, which part of the brain would most likely be damaged?
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Amygdala

  • 17. 
    If you have problems storing away new memories, the damage is most likely in the _________ area of the brain.
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Amygdala

  • 18. 
    In which of the following lobes of the cortex would you find the primary auditory area?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 19. 
    The higher mental functions, such as thinking and problem solving, are found in the_______lobe.
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Parietal

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Corpus

  • 20. 
    In an old Twilight Zone episode, a man wakes up one morning to find that people around him are using words that make no sense to him, and they also don't seem to understand him. His wife tells him that their son forgot his dinosaur today, and when he looks puzzled, she holds up the son's lunchbox and repeats, "You know, his dinosaur." This man's predicament is most like which of the following disorders?
    • A. 

      Wernicke's aphasia

    • B. 

      Broca's Aphasia

    • C. 

      Apraxia

    • D. 

      Spatial neglect

  • 21. 
    When Dr. Ramachandran's spatial neglect patient was asked to reach for the pen, she ________.
    • A. 

      Reached to the wrong side of the mirror

    • B. 

      She said she could not see the pen

    • C. 

      Tried to reach through the mirror

    • D. 

      Succefully grabbed the pen

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Objects on your left visual field would be easily named.

    • B. 

      Objjects in your left visual field are invisible

    • C. 

      Objects in you right visual field would be easily named

    • D. 

      Objects in your right visual field are invisible

  • 23. 
    Andrew never grew to be very tall. the doctor told his parents that Andrew's__________ gland did not secrete enough growth hormone, causing his small stature.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 24. 
    If the pancreas secretes too little insulin, it causes________.
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Virilism

  • 25. 
    In the structure of a neuron, the____sends information to other cells
    • A. 

      Axon

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Myelin