Test Your Knowledge About Neurological And Brain Disorders!

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

According to the University of California, San Francisco, there are more than 600 neurological disorders which affect the brain and the central and autonomic nervous systems. This quiz has been developed to make you aware and test your knowledge about neurological and brain disorders. Read the questions carefully and answer. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which part of the neuron recieves messages from other cells?
    • A. 

      Axon

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Myelin

  • 2. 
    Which one of the following is NOT a function of the myelin sheath?
    • A. 

      Insulates the axon

    • B. 

      Speeds up the neural message

    • C. 

      Protects the neural fiber from damage

    • D. 

      Aids in reuptake

  • 3. 
    When the neuron's action potential is released, _________ ions are rushing into the axon through the openings in the membrane.
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      An electrical spark that sets off the next neuron.

    • B. 

      Positively charged ions that excite the next cell.

    • C. 

      Negativly charged ions that inhibit the next cell

    • D. 

      Neurotransmiters that excite or inhibit the next cell

  • 5. 
    Receiving neurons have special __________ that fit the shape of certain molecules.
    • A. 

      Synaptic vesicles

    • B. 

      Gaps

    • C. 

      Receptor sites

    • D. 

      Branches

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is associated with sleep, mood, and appetite?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      GABA

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Endorphin

  • 7. 
    If you burn your finger, your immediate reaction will probably involve all BUT which of the following?
    • A. 

      The brain

    • B. 

      The spinal cord

    • C. 

      Afferent neurons

    • D. 

      Efforent neurons

  • 8. 
    If you are typing on the computer keyboard, the motions of your fingers on the keys are probably being controlled by ________
    • A. 

      The autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Sensory pathway neurons

    • C. 

      Motor pathway neurons

    • D. 

      Autonomic neurons

  • 9. 
    The neurons of the motor pathway control _______.
    • A. 

      Stress reactions

    • B. 

      Organs and glands

    • C. 

      Involuntary muscles

    • D. 

      Voluntary muscles

  • 10. 
    What type of cell can create the other cells of the body?
    • A. 

      Blood cells

    • B. 

      Stem cells

    • C. 

      Neurons

    • D. 

      Basal cells

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the sympathetic division?
    • A. 

      Increasing digestive activity to supply fuel for the body

    • B. 

      Dialating the pupils of the eyes

    • C. 

      Increasing the heart rate

    • D. 

      Increasing the activity of the lungs

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would be active if you were sleeping?
    • A. 

      Sympathetic division

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic division

    • C. 

      Somatic division

    • D. 

      Motor division

  • 13. 
     Which of the following techniques uses a radioactive sugar to look at the functioning of the brain?
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      CT

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      PET

  • 14. 
    Which brain structure is most responsible for our balance, posture, and muscle tone?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Recticular formation

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 15. 
    Which brain structure would most likely result in death if damaged?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerebellum

    • C. 

      Recticular formation

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 16. 
    If you were to develop a rare condition in which signals from your eyes were sent to the area of the brain that processes sound and signals from the ears were sent to the area of the brain that processes vision, which part of the brain would most likely be damaged?
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Amygdala

  • 17. 
    If you have problems storing away new memories, the damage is most likely in the _________ area of the brain.
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Amygdala

  • 18. 
    In which of the following lobes of the cortex would you find the primary auditory area?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 19. 
    The higher mental functions, such as thinking and problem solving, are found in the_______lobe.
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Parietal

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Corpus

  • 20. 
    In an old Twilight Zone episode, a man wakes up one morning to find that people around him are using words that make no sense to him, and they also don't seem to understand him. His wife tells him that their son forgot his dinosaur today, and when he looks puzzled, she holds up the son's lunchbox and repeats, "You know, his dinosaur." This man's predicament is most like which of the following disorders?
    • A. 

      Wernicke's aphasia

    • B. 

      Broca's Aphasia

    • C. 

      Apraxia

    • D. 

      Spatial neglect

  • 21. 
    When Dr. Ramachandran's spatial neglect patient was asked to reach for the pen, she ________.
    • A. 

      Reached to the wrong side of the mirror

    • B. 

      She said she could not see the pen

    • C. 

      Tried to reach through the mirror

    • D. 

      Succefully grabbed the pen

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Objects on your left visual field would be easily named.

    • B. 

      Objjects in your left visual field are invisible

    • C. 

      Objects in you right visual field would be easily named

    • D. 

      Objects in your right visual field are invisible

  • 23. 
    Andrew never grew to be very tall. the doctor told his parents that Andrew's__________ gland did not secrete enough growth hormone, causing his small stature.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 24. 
    If the pancreas secretes too little insulin, it causes________.
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • D. 

      Virilism

  • 25. 
    In the structure of a neuron, the____sends information to other cells
    • A. 

      Axon

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Myelin

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Glial cells

    • B. 

      Neurons

    • C. 

      Stem cells

    • D. 

      Afferent cells

  • 27. 
    Damaged nerve fibers in the body can repair themselves because they are coated with _______ which forms a protective tunnel around the nerve fibers
    • A. 

      Glial cells

    • B. 

      Soma

    • C. 

      Myelin

    • D. 

      Neurilemma

  • 28. 
    When a neuron is in the resting positional state, where are the sodium ions?
    • A. 

      Inside the cell

    • B. 

      Outside the cell

    • C. 

      Inside the soma

    • D. 

      In the synapse

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      An electrical spark jumps over the gap between the cells.

    • B. 

      Charged particles leap from one cell to the next

    • C. 

      Chemicals in the end of one neuron float across the gap to fit into the holes on the next neuron.

    • D. 

      The end of one neuron extends to touch the other neuron.

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      GABA

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Endorphin

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Efferent neuron to interneuron toafferent neuron

    • B. 

      Efferent neuron to affernt neuron neuron to interneuron

    • C. 

      Afferent neuron to interneuron to efferent neuron

    • D. 

      Afferent neuron to efferent neuron to the brain

  • 32. 
    Voluntary muscles are controled by the________nervous system.
    • A. 

      Somatic

    • B. 

      Autonomic

    • C. 

      Sympathetic

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic

  • 33. 
    Your heart races. You begin to breath faster. Your pupils enlarge and your appitite is gone. Your _________ division has just been activated.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic

    • C. 

      Autonomic

    • D. 

      Somatic

  • 34. 
    The _________ division controls ordinary day to day bodily functions.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic

    • C. 

      Central

    • D. 

      Somatic

  • 35. 
    Which of the following techniques for imaging the brain would not be advisable for a person with a mental plate in his or her head.
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      CT

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      PET

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      EEG

    • B. 

      Deep lesioning

    • C. 

      ESB

    • D. 

      MRI

  • 37. 
    Maria suffered a stroke that damaged a part of her brain. She fell into a sleeplike coma and could not be awakened. If we know that the area of damage is somewhere in the brain stem, which structure is most likely damaged?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Reticular formation

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

  • 38. 
    Alex who is two months old, is having his picture taken. The photographer tries to sit him up, but alex keeps sinking down. Alex cannot sit upright yet because of the _______ in his brain stem is not yet fully developed.
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Recticular formation

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

  • 39. 
    Which sense is NOT sent to the cortex by the thalmus?
    • A. 

      Hearing

    • B. 

      Smell

    • C. 

      Taste

    • D. 

      Vision

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Thalamus

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Amygdala

  • 41. 
    Jeff is undergoing brain surgery to remove a tumor. The sergeon applies electrical stimulation to various areas around the tumor, causing jeff to report tingling sensations in various areas of his skin. The tumor is likely in which lobe of Jeffs brain?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Occiptal

    • D. 

      Parietal

  • 42. 
    George has a small stroke that results in partial paralysis of his left side. The damaged area is most likely in his _______lobe.
    • A. 

      Right frontal

    • B. 

      Left frontal

    • C. 

      Right parietal

    • D. 

      Left temporal

  • 43. 
    Linda is recovering from damage to her brain. Her main symptom is a speech problem, instead of saying "I am going to P.T.(physical theropy) at nine o'clock" she says"I go....PT....nono'cot" Linda's problem is _______.
    • A. 

      Spatial neglect

    • B. 

      Visual agnosia

    • C. 

      Broca's aphasia

    • D. 

      Wernickie's aphasia

  • 44. 
    Recognizing the face of someone you run into at the mall is a function of the_________ hemispere: being able to retrive that person's name from memory is a function of the____hemisphere.
    • A. 

      Left;right

    • B. 

      Right;left

    • C. 

      Right;right

    • D. 

      Left;left

  • 45. 
    Heather is beautifully perportioned, but at 18 years of age she is still no taller than an average ten year old. Heather most likely had a problem in her _______glands while she was growing up.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pineal

  • 46. 
    The action of hormones in the bloodstream is most similar to which of the following?
    • A. 

      The action of sodium ions in the action potential.

    • B. 

      The action of mylelin surrounding the axons

    • C. 

      The action of glial cells in the brain

    • D. 

      The action of neurotransmitters in the synapse

  • 47. 
    Melatonin is secreted by the _________ glands.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pineal