Psych 220

148 Questions | Total Attempts: 386

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Psych 220

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements about Piaget's theory is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Piaget believed that people go through four stages in understanding the world.

    • B. 

      Piaget believed that people go through six stages in understanding the world.

    • C. 

      Each of Piaget's stages represents a different way of understanding the world.

    • D. 

      Each of Piaget's stages is age-related.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements describing Skinner's theory of operant conditioning is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Rewards and punishments shape behavior

    • B. 

      A behavior followed by a rewarding stimulus is likely to be repeated.

    • C. 

      A behavior followed by a punishing stimulus is less likely to recur.

    • D. 

      A behavior that is ignored will be repeated.

  • 3. 
    Harry fights constantly with his parents. Bronfenbrenner would predict that Harry might have difficult related to his teacher because of a disruption in his. 
    • A. 

      Mesosystem

    • B. 

      Exosystem

    • C. 

      Chronosystem

    • D. 

      Macrosystem.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements about standardized tests is TRUE?
    • A. 

      They assume that a person's behavior is consistent and stable

    • B. 

      They do not provide any information about differences among people

    • C. 

      They assume that people will perform differently depending on the setting of the test

    • D. 

      They do not allow a person's performance to be compared with the performance of other people.

  • 5. 
    MRI uses -- to construct an image of the --
    • A. 

      Radioactive glucose, brain

    • B. 

      Electrical activity levels, heart

    • C. 

      X-rays, brain

    • D. 

      Radio waves, brain

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements about experimental research is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Experimental design uses experimental control groups

    • B. 

      Experimental design uses experimental groups only

    • C. 

      All experiments involve at least one independent variable and one dependent variable

    • D. 

      Experiments must demonstrate cause and effect.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a drawback to conduction observational research in a laboratory?
    • A. 

      People must be paid for their time

    • B. 

      People may be too relaxed in a laboratory setting

    • C. 

      People who are willing to come to a laboratory might not be representative of the general population

    • D. 

      People behave more naturally when they are away from the stresses of the "real world."

  • 8. 
    Denise argues that early experiences are more important; Barbara believes that both early and later experiences are important. Denise's view is consistent --, while Barbara's view would be supported by --. 
    • A. 

      Freud, Erikson

    • B. 

      Eirkson, Blos

    • C. 

      Blos, Erikson

    • D. 

      Erikson, Freud

  • 9. 
    According to Jeffery Arnett, emerging adulthood is characterized by five key factors. Which of the following is NOT one of these featured?
    • A. 

      Identity exploration

    • B. 

      Stability

    • C. 

      Self focus

    • D. 

      Feeling in-between

  • 10. 
    Paul spends much of his time working in his garden and reading books on photography. He doesn't have as much strength as he used to have, but he is enjoying his time of decreased responsibility. Developmental psychologists would say that Paul is probably in?
    • A. 

      Terminal adulthood

    • B. 

      Emerging old age

    • C. 

      Middle adulthood

    • D. 

      Late adulthood

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is associated with the developmental period of early childhood?
    • A. 

      School readiness

    • B. 

      Beginning of symbolic thought

    • C. 

      Beginning of sensorimotor skills 3

    • D. 

      Extreme dependence on adults

  • 12. 
    The idea that no age period dominates development highlights the life-span perspective that development is...
    • A. 

      Lifelong

    • B. 

      Plastic

    • C. 

      Multidimensional

    • D. 

      Contextual

  • 13. 
    Psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists, and medical researchers all share in interest in unlocking the mysteries of development through the lifespan. This bears out how development is:
    • A. 

      Multidimensional

    • B. 

      Cultural

    • C. 

      Multidirectional

    • D. 

      Multidisciplinary

  • 14. 
    Individuals are changing beings in a changing world. Which characteristic of development is reflected in this statement?
    • A. 

      Development is elastic

    • B. 

      Development is contextual

    • C. 

      Development is multidisciplinary

    • D. 

      Development is multicultural

  • 15. 
    Contextual influences include biological processes such as puberty and menopause. They also include sociocultural, environmental processes such as beginning formal education and retirement. 
    • A. 

      Nonnormative life events

    • B. 

      Normative history-graded influence

    • C. 

      Normative age-graded influences

    • D. 

      Normative life-events

  • 16. 
    By age 51, most women enter menopause. This is an example of how a biological process can exert a...
    • A. 

      Multidirectional influence

    • B. 

      Bidirectional influence

    • C. 

      Nonnormative age-graded influence

    • D. 

      Normative age-graded influence

  • 17. 
    Latinos:
    • A. 

      Are an example of a broad ethnic group in the United States

    • B. 

      Are not an ethnic group since they are too broad a category

    • C. 

      Do not form an ethnic group, because there is a lack of diversity within this group

    • D. 

      Are an example of a broad ethnic group in the United States

  • 18. 
    Laws passed to reform the welfare system, house the homeless, provide relief for catastrophes, and improve education would be examples of...
    • A. 

      Socialized equity programs

    • B. 

      Social policy

    • C. 

      Programmatic legislation

    • D. 

      Socialized equity programs

  • 19. 
    Compared with earlier decades, U.S. adults today are....
    • A. 

      Less likely to be living alone

    • B. 

      More likely to be married

    • C. 

      Less likely to be living alone

    • D. 

      More likely to be childless

  • 20. 
    The average kindergartener would be in the developmental period of:
    • A. 

      Infancy

    • B. 

      Late childhood

    • C. 

      Early childhodd

    • D. 

      Middle childhood

  • 21. 
    According to the analysis included in the text, which of the following statements about the "young-old" is true?
    • A. 

      They have little potential for physical and cognitive fitness

    • B. 

      They can develop strategies to cope with the gains and losses of aging

    • C. 

      They show considerable loss in cognitive skills

    • D. 

      They are people between 60 and 70 years of age.

  • 22. 
    Development in the young-old and old-old is characterized by considerable --, but development in the oldest-old is characterized by --. 
    • A. 

      Plasticity, frailty

    • B. 

      Plasticity, adaptability

    • C. 

      Adaptability, flexibility

    • D. 

      Adaptability, plasticity

  • 23. 
    The -- the person's -- age, the longer the person is expected to live. 
    • A. 

      Older, psychological

    • B. 

      Younger, social

    • C. 

      Older, chronological

    • D. 

      Younger, biological

  • 24. 
    In predicting an adult woman's behavior, it may be more important to know that she is the mother of a 3-year-old child than to know whether she is 20 or 30 years old. This reflects the concept of:
    • A. 

      Social age

    • B. 

      Historical age

    • C. 

      Chronological age

    • D. 

      Psychological age

  • 25. 
    The 35-year-old grandmother, the 65-year-old father of a preschooler, the 15-year-old surgeon, and the 70-year-old student all serve to illustrate that...
    • A. 

      Chronological age is becoming irrelevant in the US

    • B. 

      Developmental age is becoming more irrelevant in the US

    • C. 

      Social age is becoming irrelevant in the US

    • D. 

      Chronological age is becoming increasingly relevant in the US

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