Psych 1012 Final Exam (History Of Psychology)

48 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Psych 1012 Final Exam (History Of Psychology)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A prominent member of the cognitive revolution was 
    • A. 

      Noam Chomsky

    • B. 

      Kurt Lewins

    • C. 

      Stanley Milgram

    • D. 

      Skinner

  • 2. 
    Animal magnetism was the defining feature of _____ research 
    • A. 

      Galen

    • B. 

      Emil Kraepelin

    • C. 

      James Braid

    • D. 

      Anton Mesmer

  • 3. 
    Aristotle proposed the ideas of:
    • A. 

      Hierarchy of souls

    • B. 

      Monism

    • C. 

      Laws of Association

    • D. 

      Four elements

    • E. 

      Scala Naturae

    • F. 

      Self-reflection

  • 4. 
    Aristotle's works and ideas were predominantly rediscovered during
    • A. 

      The dark ages

    • B. 

      The renaissance

    • C. 

      The crusades

    • D. 

      The mordern era

  • 5. 
    Cartesian dualism refers to the idea that:
    • A. 

      Because we can doubt, we can be sure we are real.

    • B. 

      we have a material body and an immaterial mind.

    • C. 

      eugenics has both a positive and negative aspect

    • D. 

      we are born blank slates and nature writes on that slate through experience.

  • 6. 
    Christianity proposed the idea that 
    • A. 

      Bodily urges are greater than the soul

    • B. 

      Thoughts should be human-centered

    • C. 

      Faith is above reason

    • D. 

      Humans are not unique

  • 7. 
    Eugenics is best described by: 
    • A. 

      The study of Ancient psychology and how Aristotles works contributed to modern-day psychology

    • B. 

      Finding good humans and allowing them to reproduce and preventing those who are not-so-good from not reproducing

    • C. 

      Looking at how everything that has a function, has a purpose

    • D. 

      A view supported by the idea that humans are not unique, humans are related to many breeds of animals and have similar characteristics

  • 8. 
    Fritsch and Hitzig studied area of localization in dogs via electrical stimulations to the brain
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Hierarchy of Souls model proposed by Aristotle includes:
    • A. 

      Sensitive

    • B. 

      Anatomical

    • C. 

      Rational

    • D. 

      Deceptive

    • E. 

      Vegetative

    • F. 

      Irrational

  • 10. 
    How do we acquire knowledge: Empiricism 
    • A. 

      Predominantly began with Descortes, looked at doubt and dualistic thinking; more specifically the machine-like body

    • B. 

      Predominantly began with Locke, thought we began with a blank slate, and thoughts went from simple to complex

    • C. 

      Predominantly began with Darwin, evolution through natural selection, had functional and comparative views

    • D. 

      Predominantly began with Galton, studies fingerprints and more specifically Eugenics

  • 11. 
    How do we acquire knowledge: Rationalism 
    • A. 

      Predominantly began with Locke, thought we began with a blank slate, and thoughts went from simple to complex

    • B. 

      Predominantly began with Galton, studies fingerprints and more specifically Eugenics

    • C. 

      Predominantly began with Descortes, looked at doubt and dualistic thinking; more specifically the machine-like body

    • D. 

      Predominantly began with Darwin, evolution through natural selection, had functional and comparative views

  • 12. 
    Hypnosis was first discovered by 
    • A. 

      William Tuke

    • B. 

      James Braid

    • C. 

      Anton Mesmer

    • D. 

      Egas Moniz

  • 13. 
    Kurt lewins equation for social behaviour can best be described as:  With B = behaviour, P = Person, E = Environment 
    • A. 

      B = E - P

    • B. 

      B = P - E

    • C. 

      B = f(P, E)

    • D. 

      B = f(P - E)

  • 14. 
    Milgram's ________ research showed that _________.
    • A. 

      Conformity; some people will conform to an erroneous group's judgment even when the correct answer is obvious

    • B. 

      Obedience to authority; all subjects will keep shocking someone when told to do so by an authority figure

    • C. 

      obedience to authority; we can all be cruel and inhumane

    • D. 

      Both B and C

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 15. 
    Phrenology; studied by Gall and Spurzheim is the study of depressions and gaps in the skull to diagnose internal problems within the brain. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Plato was a large supporter of Hippocrates biological view, while Aristotle was a large supporter of empirical studies 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Pre-civilized humans thought most about 
    • A. 

      Naturalism; Physical properties can explain all life

    • B. 

      Animism; Nature is alive

    • C. 

      Humanism; Natural explanation for anything that happens

    • D. 

      Mathematics; Math and reason leads to knowledge

  • 18. 
    Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung both were great supporters of the ___________ school of psychology 
    • A. 

      Behaviourism

    • B. 

      Psychodynamics

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Psychophysics

  • 19. 
    Social psychology emerged from the _______ school and includes ________ as one of its important researchers.
    • A. 

      Humanistic; Milgram

    • B. 

      Gestalt; Asch

    • C. 

      Behaviourist; Tolman

    • D. 

      Cognitive; Bartlett

  • 20. 
    The Ancient Greeks brought us: 
    • A. 

      Biological view

    • B. 

      Faith view

    • C. 

      Naturalistic view

    • D. 

      Mathematical view

    • E. 

      Rational view

    • F. 

      Humanistic view

  • 21. 
    The idea that specific areas of the brain are responsible for specific functions 
    • A. 

      Functional theory

    • B. 

      Area of localization

    • C. 

      Flourens theory

    • D. 

      Structualism

  • 22. 
    The moral treatment of mentally-ill patients was first encouraged by ______ and their retreat in York. 
    • A. 

      Tuke

    • B. 

      Pinel

    • C. 

      Dixon

    • D. 

      Kraepelin

    • E. 

      Moniz

  • 23. 
    The phi phenomenon is hearing sounds when there is none 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The Renaissance followed the fall of Rome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The Renaissance proposed the idea of 
    • A. 

      Tabula rasa; we all begin with a blank slate

    • B. 

      The body is like a machine; minus the brain which is not of the body

    • C. 

      Faith comes before reason and the soul is above bodily urges

    • D. 

      Human-centered thoughts and art/beauty