History Of Psychology Quiz Questions And Answers

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History Of Psychology Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Why should you study the history of psychology? Take this quiz today if you wish to find out the reason behind that question! Knowing the history of something, especially psychology, is paramount because it can help us avoid making mistakes that have already been made in the past. Like any other discipline, psychology is a growing science, and we discover new things almost every day. Have fun while taking this quiz, and don't forget to share it with your friends as well! All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why study historical foundations of psychology?

    • A.

      To better understand current beliefs

    • B.

      To better understand underlying assumptions

    • C.

      To better understand current beliefs and underlying assumptions

    • D.

      To better understand ourselves

    Correct Answer
    C. To better understand current beliefs and underlying assumptions
    Explanation
    Studying the historical foundations of psychology helps us gain insights into the development of current beliefs and underlying assumptions in the field. By examining the origins and evolution of psychological theories and concepts, we can understand the context in which they were formed and how they have shaped our understanding of human behavior and mental processes. This knowledge allows us to critically evaluate and refine existing theories, as well as develop new ones that are more accurate and effective. Additionally, studying the history of psychology helps us understand ourselves better by recognizing the influences and biases that have shaped our current understanding of the human mind.

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  • 2. 

    Who conducted the first psychological experiment?

    • A.

      Socrates

    • B.

      King Psamtik of Egypt

    • C.

      Galen

    • D.

      Vesalius

    • E.

      Gall

    Correct Answer
    B. King Psamtik of Egypt
    Explanation
    King Psamtik of Egypt is believed to have conducted the first psychological experiment. In the 7th century BCE, he conducted an experiment to determine which language was the original language of humanity. He isolated two newborn babies and had them raised by a shepherd who was instructed not to speak to them. The purpose was to observe which language the babies would naturally start speaking. This experiment is considered the first recorded attempt to understand human language acquisition and has significant implications for the field of psychology.

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  • 3. 

    Trepanation was used 7000 yrs ago to:

    • A.

      Let out the demons

    • B.

      Release pressure of unbalanced bodily humours

    • C.

      Allow brain to pulsate

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Trepanation, a surgical procedure performed 7000 years ago, involved drilling a hole into the skull. This practice was believed to serve multiple purposes. Firstly, it was thought to let out demons that were believed to cause various ailments. Secondly, it was believed to release the pressure of unbalanced bodily humors, which was a common medical theory at the time. Lastly, trepanation was believed to allow the brain to pulsate freely, promoting overall health. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 4. 

    Democritus was famous for inventing 'determinism' which believes:

    • A.

      Human behaviour follows lawful patterns

    • B.

      The choices we make are beyond our control so we act in an ordained way

    • C.

      Antisocial personality disorder is as a direct result of abusive parents

    • D.

      For everything that happens, nothing else could happen, in other words any action gathers reaction

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Democritus was famous for inventing 'determinism', which is the belief that all of the statements mentioned are true. According to determinism, human behavior follows lawful patterns, the choices we make are beyond our control so we act in an ordained way, antisocial personality disorder can be a direct result of abusive parents, and for everything that happens, nothing else could happen, meaning that any action gathers a reaction. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 5. 

    Socrates was among the first to propose a scientific approach to psychology, emphasizing:

    • A.

      REASON, so, behaviour results from multiple causes

    • B.

      The socratic method "getting to the basis of truth"

    • C.

      Debates between individuals with OPPOSING views based on ASKING and ANSWERING RATIONAL questions to stimulate RATIONAL thinking and to ILLUMINATE ideas and OBJECTIVE truth

    • D.

      The unexamined life is not worth living.

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Socrates was one of the first proponents of a scientific approach to psychology, emphasizing reason as the basis for understanding behavior. He believed that behavior is influenced by multiple causes and that the Socratic method, which involves asking and answering rational questions, can help to illuminate ideas and uncover objective truth. Socrates also believed in the importance of examining one's own life and thoughts, stating that an unexamined life is not worth living. Therefore, all of the given options accurately describe Socrates' views and contributions to psychology.

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  • 6. 

    Which one of the following is FALSE?

    • A.

      Plato was a student of Socrates

    • B.

      Plate introduced the term 'psyche' or essence of who you are

    • C.

      The psyche works as a whole

    • D.

      You can only know reality by reason, therefore a RATIONALIST

    • E.

      If the psyche is imbalanced, so APPETITIVE dominates over RATIONAL, then mental disorder comes

    Correct Answer
    C. The psyche works as a whole
    Explanation
    The statement "The psyche works as a whole" is false. According to Plato's theory, the psyche is composed of three parts: the rational, the appetitive, and the spirited. These parts often conflict with each other, and the rational part should ideally be in control. Therefore, the psyche does not work as a whole, but rather as a combination of these different parts.

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  • 7. 

    Aristotle was a student of Platos who believed: 

    • A.

      Your soul is inextricably linked to your body

    • B.

      Psyche is interdependent with the body

    • C.

      You can only know reality by conducting experiments, therefore an EMPIRICIST

    • D.

      Opposed Democritus's views

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Psyche is interdependent with the body
    Explanation
    The statement "Aristotle was a student of Plato who believed" suggests that it refers to Aristotle's beliefs. Among the options provided, Aristotle believed that "Psyche is interdependent with the body." So, the correct choice would be:
    Psyche is interdependent with the body

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  • 8. 

    Cardiocentrists:

    • A.

      Like the Egyptions believed the heart was treated with reverence after death

    • B.

      Like Aristotle, thought the heart was the seat of the intellect

    • C.

      Believe we think with our hearts

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer "All of the above" is correct because it encompasses all the statements mentioned in the question. The Cardiocentrists believed that the heart was treated with reverence after death, similar to the beliefs of the Egyptians. They also shared Aristotle's belief that the heart was the seat of the intellect. Additionally, they believed that thinking occurred with the heart. Therefore, all the statements mentioned in the question are true for Cardiocentrists.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is FALSE?

    • A.

      Galen was the first to believe we think with our heads

    • B.

      Galen assigned mental function to the ventricles

    • C.

      Because he studied humans, Vesalius was the first to think the brain is responsible for thought

    • D.

      Descartes thought the pineal gland controlled all voluntary behaviour and higher cognitive function

    • E.

      Unlike Socrates and Plato, Descartes wasnt a rationalist and didn't see a problem with the mind-body dualism

    Correct Answer
    E. Unlike Socrates and Plato, Descartes wasnt a rationalist and didn't see a problem with the mind-body dualism
    Explanation
    The given answer states that Descartes wasn't a rationalist and didn't see a problem with the mind-body dualism. This statement is false because Descartes was indeed a rationalist and he believed in the mind-body dualism, which is the concept that the mind and body are separate entities. Descartes famously stated "I think, therefore I am", emphasizing the importance of rational thought and the existence of the mind.

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  • 10. 

    Which one of the follwoing doesn't belong in Descarted Rational Process:

    • A.

      Build a logical argument

    • B.

      Conduct observations to confirm

    • C.

      Begin in doubt

    • D.

      Resolve Doubt

    • E.

      The mind is separate from the body

    Correct Answer
    E. The mind is separate from the body
    Explanation
    The given answer, "The mind is separate from the body," doesn't belong in Descartes' Rational Process because Descartes believed in the concept of mind-body dualism, which suggests that the mind and body are separate entities. However, Descartes' Rational Process focuses on building logical arguments, conducting observations, beginning in doubt, and resolving doubt, which are all related to the process of critical thinking and reasoning. The concept of mind-body dualism is a philosophical belief rather than a step in Descartes' Rational Process.

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  • 11. 

    Gall was an anatomist and physiologist who:

    • A.

      Founded phrenology

    • B.

      Convinced the science community that the brain is the organ of the mind

    • C.

      Believed different parts of the brain carry out different cognitive and behavioural functions

    • D.

      Incorrectly theorized a relationship between brain anatomy and function

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Gall was an anatomist and physiologist who founded phrenology, convinced the science community that the brain is the organ of the mind, believed different parts of the brain carry out different cognitive and behavioral functions, and incorrectly theorized a relationship between brain anatomy and function.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is FALSE?

    • A.

      Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory.

    • B.

      Wundt used scientific methods to study the nature of human consciousness, using experimentation and introspection.

    • C.

      Wundt was involved in much ground breaking research on SENSATION, PERCEPTION and REACTION TIMES

    • D.

      Wundt tested REFLEX ACTIVITY in the frog, INHIBITORY ACTIVITY in the nervous system and ASSOCIATION AREAS in the brain.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The statement "All of the above" is false because it implies that all of the previous statements are false, but in fact, the first three statements are true. Wundt did found the first psychological laboratory, he did use scientific methods to study human consciousness, and he was involved in groundbreaking research on sensation, perception, and reaction times. However, the fourth statement is true, as Wundt did test reflex activity in the frog, inhibitory activity in the nervous system, and association areas in the brain. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" is false.

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  • 13. 

    Introspection was:

    • A.

      One of the key techniques developed and used by Wundt and his colleagues

    • B.

      Believed to be the process of reflecting on yourself reporting your conscious experience

    • C.

      Thinking about others predominantly

    • D.

      Trained his participants very carefully

    Correct Answer
    C. Thinking about others predominantly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Thinking about others predominantly." This is because introspection refers to the process of reflecting on oneself and reporting one's conscious experience, rather than thinking about others. It was one of the key techniques developed and used by Wundt and his colleagues, and they trained their participants carefully in this process.

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  • 14. 

    Wundts method of testing introspection was very well controlled, involving:

    • A.

      The observer must know when the exp begins and ends

    • B.

      Not necessary for the observer to maintain strained attention

    • C.

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to bear repetition

    • D.

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to be capable of variation

    Correct Answer
    A. The observer must know when the exp begins and ends
    Explanation
    Wundt's method of testing introspection required the observer to have knowledge of when the experiment starts and ends. This suggests that the timing of the experiment was crucial in order to accurately observe and report on one's own mental processes. By having a clear understanding of the beginning and ending points, the observer could focus on the specific phenomenon being studied and provide more accurate and reliable introspective reports.

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  • 15. 

    Wundt's student Titchener, further developed introspection, and liking particularly the structure of consciousness, developed a new school of thought:

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Introspection

    • C.

      Structuralism

    • D.

      Rationalsim

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Structuralism
    Explanation
    Titchener, a student of Wundt, further developed introspection and focused on the structure of consciousness. This led to the development of a new school of thought called structuralism. Structuralism aimed to understand the basic elements and organization of the mind through introspection. It emphasized the analysis of conscious experiences into their constituent parts. Therefore, the correct answer is structuralism.

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  • 16. 

    Who argues that all sciences have the same sort of subject matter:

    • A.

      Wundt

    • B.

      Titchener

    • C.

      Descartes

    • D.

      James

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Titchener
    Explanation
    Titchener argues that all sciences have the same sort of subject matter.

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  • 17. 

    Titchener believed:

    • A.

      Raw material of psychology is experience, based on the perspective of the experiencing person

    • B.

      Sensations and feelings formed the basic elements of consciousness

    • C.

      Sensations and feelings can combine to form a meaningful percept

    • D.

      More complex representations can be developed by focusing attention

    • E.

      In explaining NOT describing the basic elements of consciousness

    Correct Answer
    A. Raw material of psychology is experience, based on the perspective of the experiencing person
    Explanation
    Titchener believed that the raw material of psychology is experience, but specifically from the perspective of the experiencing person. He emphasized that sensations and feelings are the basic elements of consciousness, and that they can combine to form a meaningful percept. Titchener also believed that more complex representations can be developed by focusing attention. However, he emphasized that psychology should focus on explaining the basic elements of consciousness rather than simply describing them.

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  • 18. 

    Structuralists believe:

    • A.

      The scientific study of psychology should be like that of any other natural phenomena

    • B.

      In isolating the basic elements

    • C.

      In understanding how they are related

    • D.

      Being able to replicate their findings

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Structuralists believe that the scientific study of psychology should be approached in the same way as any other natural phenomena. They emphasize isolating the basic elements of psychological experiences and understanding how they are related to each other. Additionally, they value the ability to replicate their findings, ensuring the reliability and validity of their research. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 19. 

    Titchener's structuralism proposed that all sensations had 4 properties, of which one of the following isnt one;

    • A.

      Quality

    • B.

      Intensity

    • C.

      Clearness

    • D.

      Duration

    • E.

      Texture

    Correct Answer
    E. Texture
    Explanation
    Titchener's structuralism proposed that all sensations had four properties: quality, intensity, clearness, and duration. However, texture is not one of the properties proposed by Titchener. Texture refers to the tactile quality or feel of an object, which is not included in Titchener's framework of sensation properties.

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  • 20. 

    Which one of the following is FALSE?

    • A.

      Titchener favoured introspection as the means to which observe phenomena

    • B.

      His study is limited to the study of normal human beings

    • C.

      Titchener was interested in REASONING about other species and humans by ANALOGY

    • D.

      HE believed we must grant the highest vertebrae MINDS

    • E.

      From a structuralist perspective, consciousness CANNOT be brokem down into a series of composite elements.

    Correct Answer
    E. From a structuralist perspective, consciousness CANNOT be brokem down into a series of composite elements.
    Explanation
    Titchener favored introspection as the means to observe phenomena, which means he believed that individuals should reflect on their own thoughts and experiences to gather data. His study was limited to the study of normal human beings, meaning he did not focus on abnormal or pathological cases. Titchener was interested in reasoning about other species and humans by analogy, meaning he looked for similarities between different species and used that to understand their mental processes. He believed that the highest vertebrate minds should be granted, emphasizing the importance of studying higher-order cognitive processes. However, from a structuralist perspective, consciousness cannot be broken down into a series of composite elements, meaning it cannot be reduced to smaller parts or components.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is FALSE?

    • A.

      William James was an experimentalist.

    • B.

      James reflected upon mental life, drawing upon the experimental findings of others

    • C.

      James was one of the founders of FNCTIONALISM

    • D.

      He believed psychology could use animals and children to gain knowledge, unlike structuralism.

    • E.

      Functionalism formed as a reaction against structuralism

    Correct Answer
    A. William James was an experimentalist.
    Explanation
    The statement "William James was an experimentalist" is false because William James was not primarily known for conducting experimental research in psychology. He was more focused on philosophical and theoretical aspects of psychology, drawing upon the experimental findings of others rather than conducting his own experiments.

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  • 22. 

    Functionalism:

    • A.

      Sought to explain the mental processes in a more systematic and accurate manner than structuralism

    • B.

      Emphasizes the purpose of consciousness and behaviour, rather than focusing on the elements

    • C.

      Believes that consciousness exists to serve a function

    • D.

      Believes the job of the psychologist is to understand the function of consciousness

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Functionalism is a psychological theory that aimed to explain mental processes in a more systematic and accurate way compared to structuralism. It emphasizes the purpose of consciousness and behavior, rather than focusing on the individual elements. Functionalism believes that consciousness exists to serve a function and that the role of a psychologist is to understand the function of consciousness. Therefore, all of the statements mentioned above are correct explanations of functionalism.

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  • 23. 

    Functionalists:

    • A.

      Believe consciousness is NOT a separable thing or brain state

    • B.

      Don't believe that conscious activities result from a brain at work in a given environment

    • C.

      Care about the structure & the function of consciousness

    • D.

      Doesnt emphasize the purpose of consciousness and behaviour in helping us adapt to the environment

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Believe consciousness is NOT a separable thing or brain state
    Explanation
    Functionalists believe that consciousness is not a separable thing or brain state. This means that they do not view consciousness as a separate entity or a specific state of the brain. Instead, they focus on the structure and function of consciousness. Functionalists do not believe that conscious activities solely result from the brain working in a given environment. They do not emphasize the purpose of consciousness and behavior in helping us adapt to the environment.

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  • Mar 19, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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