History Of Psychology Quiz Questions And Answers

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History Of Psychology Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Why should you study the history of psychology? Take this quiz today if you wish to find out the reason behind that question! Knowing the history of something, especially psychology, is paramount because it can help us avoid making mistakes that have already been made in the past. Like any other discipline, psychology is a growing science, and we discover new things almost every day. Have fun while taking this quiz, and don't forget to share it with your friends as well! All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why study historical foundations of psychology?
    • A. 

      To better understand current beliefs

    • B. 

      To better understand underlying assumptions

    • C. 

      To better understand current beliefs and underlying assumptions

    • D. 

      To better understand ourselves

  • 2. 
    Who conducted the first psychological experiment?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      King Psamtik of Egypt

    • C. 

      Galen

    • D. 

      Vesalius

    • E. 

      Gall

  • 3. 
    Trepanation was used 7000 yrs ago to:
    • A. 

      Let out the demons

    • B. 

      Release pressure of unbalanced bodily humours

    • C. 

      Allow brain to pulsate

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Democritus was famous for inventing 'determinism' which believes:
    • A. 

      Human behaviour follows lawful patterns

    • B. 

      The choices we make are beyond our control so we act in an ordained way

    • C. 

      Antisocial personality disorder is as a direct result of abusive parents

    • D. 

      For everything that happens, nothing else could happen, in other words any action gathers reaction

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Socrates was among the first to propose a scientific approach to psychology, emphasizing:
    • A. 

      REASON, so, behaviour results from multiple causes

    • B. 

      The socratic method "getting to the basis of truth"

    • C. 

      Debates between individuals with OPPOSING views based on ASKING and ANSWERING RATIONAL questions to stimulate RATIONAL thinking and to ILLUMINATE ideas and OBJECTIVE truth

    • D. 

      The unexamined life is not worth living.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Which one of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Plato was a student of Socrates

    • B. 

      Plate introduced the term 'psyche' or essence of who you are

    • C. 

      The psyche works as a whole

    • D. 

      You can only know reality by reason, therefore a RATIONALIST

    • E. 

      If the psyche is imbalanced, so APPETITIVE dominates over RATIONAL, then mental disorder comes

  • 7. 
    Aristotle was a student of Platos who believed: 
    • A. 

      Your soul is inextricably linked to your body

    • B. 

      Psyche is interdependent with the body

    • C. 

      You can only know reality by conducting experiments, therefore an EMPIRICIST

    • D. 

      Opposed Democritus's views

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Cardiocentrists:
    • A. 

      Like the Egyptions believed the heart was treated with reverence after death

    • B. 

      Like Aristotle, thought the heart was the seat of the intellect

    • C. 

      Believe we think with our hearts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Galen was the first to believe we think with our heads

    • B. 

      Galen assigned mental function to the ventricles

    • C. 

      Because he studied humans, Vesalius was the first to think the brain is responsible for thought

    • D. 

      Descartes thought the pineal gland controlled all voluntary behaviour and higher cognitive function

    • E. 

      Unlike Socrates and Plato, Descartes wasnt a rationalist and didn't see a problem with the mind-body dualism

  • 10. 
    Which one of the follwoing doesn't belong in Descarted Rational Process:
    • A. 

      Build a logical argument

    • B. 

      Conduct observations to confirm

    • C. 

      Begin in doubt

    • D. 

      Resolve Doubt

    • E. 

      The mind is separate from the body

  • 11. 
    Gall was an anatomist and physiologist who:
    • A. 

      Founded phrenology

    • B. 

      Convinced the science community that the brain is the organ of the mind

    • C. 

      Believed different parts of the brain carry out different cognitive and behavioural functions

    • D. 

      Incorrectly theorized a relationship between brain anatomy and function

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory.

    • B. 

      Wundt used scientific methods to study the nature of human consciousness, using experimentation and introspection.

    • C. 

      Wundt was involved in much ground breaking research on SENSATION, PERCEPTION and REACTION TIMES

    • D. 

      Wundt tested REFLEX ACTIVITY in the frog, INHIBITORY ACTIVITY in the nervous system and ASSOCIATION AREAS in the brain.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 13. 
    Introspection was:
    • A. 

      One of the key techniques developed and used by Wundt and his colleagues

    • B. 

      Believed to be the process of reflecting on yourself reporting your conscious experience

    • C. 

      Thinking about others predominantly

    • D. 

      Trained his participants very carefully

  • 14. 
    Wundts method of testing introspection was very well controlled, involving:
    • A. 

      The observer must know when the exp begins and ends

    • B. 

      Not necessary for the observer to maintain strained attention

    • C. 

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to bear repetition

    • D. 

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to be capable of variation

  • 15. 
    Wundt's student Titchener, further developed introspection, and liking particularly the structure of consciousness, developed a new school of thought:
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Introspection

    • C. 

      Structuralism

    • D. 

      Rationalsim

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Who argues that all sciences have the same sort of subject matter:
    • A. 

      Wundt

    • B. 

      Titchener

    • C. 

      Descartes

    • D. 

      James

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Titchener believed:
    • A. 

      Raw material of psychology is experience, based on the perspective of the experiencing person

    • B. 

      Sensations and feelings formed the basic elements of consciousness

    • C. 

      Sensations and feelings can combine to form a meaningful percept

    • D. 

      More complex representations can be developed by focusing attention

    • E. 

      In explaining NOT describing the basic elements of consciousness

  • 18. 
    Structuralists believe:
    • A. 

      The scientific study of psychology should be like that of any other natural phenomena

    • B. 

      In isolating the basic elements

    • C. 

      In understanding how they are related

    • D. 

      Being able to replicate their findings

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Titchener's structuralism proposed that all sensations had 4 properties, of which one of the following isnt one;
    • A. 

      Quality

    • B. 

      Intensity

    • C. 

      Clearness

    • D. 

      Duration

    • E. 

      Texture

  • 20. 
    Which one of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Titchener favoured introspection as the means to which observe phenomena

    • B. 

      His study is limited to the study of normal human beings

    • C. 

      Titchener was interested in REASONING about other species and humans by ANALOGY

    • D. 

      HE believed we must grant the highest vertebrae MINDS

    • E. 

      From a structuralist perspective, consciousness CANNOT be brokem down into a series of composite elements.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      William James was an experimentalist.

    • B. 

      James reflected upon mental life, drawing upon the experimental findings of others

    • C. 

      James was one of the founders of FNCTIONALISM

    • D. 

      He believed psychology could use animals and children to gain knowledge, unlike structuralism.

    • E. 

      Functionalism formed as a reaction against structuralism

  • 22. 
    Functionalism:
    • A. 

      Sought to explain the mental processes in a more systematic and accurate manner than structuralism

    • B. 

      Emphasizes the purpose of consciousness and behaviour, rather than focusing on the elements

    • C. 

      Believes that consciousness exists to serve a function

    • D. 

      Believes the job of the psychologist is to understand the function of consciousness

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Functionalists:
    • A. 

      Believe consciousness is NOT a separable thing or brain state

    • B. 

      Don't believe that conscious activities result from a brain at work in a given environment

    • C. 

      Care about the structure & the function of consciousness

    • D. 

      Doesnt emphasize the purpose of consciousness and behaviour in helping us adapt to the environment

    • E. 

      None of the above

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