History Of Psychology

23 Questions | Total Attempts: 1588

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History Of Psychology

Why study psychology? Ancient Greeks The Romans Renaissance Gall and phrenology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why study historical foundations of psychology?
    • A. 

      To better understand current beliefs

    • B. 

      To better understand underlying assumptions

    • C. 

      To better understand current beliefs and underlying assumptions

    • D. 

      To better understand ourselves

  • 2. 
    Who conducted the first psychological experiment?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      King Psamtik of Egypt

    • C. 

      Galen

    • D. 

      Vesalius

    • E. 

      Gall

  • 3. 
    Trepanation was used 7000 yrs ago to:
    • A. 

      Let out the demons

    • B. 

      Release pressure of unbalanced bodily humours

    • C. 

      Allow brain to pulsate

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Democritus was famous for inventing 'determinism' which believes:
    • A. 

      Human behaviour follows lawful patterns

    • B. 

      The choices we make are beyond our control so we act in an ordained way

    • C. 

      Antisocial personality disorder is as a direct result of abusive parents

    • D. 

      For everything that happens, nothing else could happen, in other words any action gathers reaction

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Socrates was among the first to propose a scientific approach to psychology, emphasizing:
    • A. 

      REASON, so, behaviour results from multiple causes

    • B. 

      The socratic method "getting to the basis of truth"

    • C. 

      Debates between individuals with OPPOSING views based on ASKING and ANSWERING RATIONAL questions to stimulate RATIONAL thinking and to ILLUMINATE ideas and OBJECTIVE truth

    • D. 

      The unexamined life is not worth living.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Which one of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Plato was a student of Socrates

    • B. 

      Plate introduced the term 'psyche' or essence of who you are

    • C. 

      The psyche works as a whole

    • D. 

      You can only know reality by reason, therefore a RATIONALIST

    • E. 

      If the psyche is imbalanced, so APPETITIVE dominates over RATIONAL, then mental disorder comes

  • 7. 
    Aristotle was a student of Platos who believed: 
    • A. 

      Your soul is inextricably linked to your body

    • B. 

      Psyche is interdependent with the body

    • C. 

      You can only know reality by conducting experiments, therefore an EMPIRICIST

    • D. 

      Opposed Democritus's views

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Cardiocentrists:
    • A. 

      Like the Egyptions believed the heart was treated with reverence after death

    • B. 

      Like Aristotle, thought the heart was the seat of the intellect

    • C. 

      Believe we think with our hearts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Galen was the first to believe we think with our heads

    • B. 

      Galen assigned mental function to the ventricles

    • C. 

      Because he studied humans, Vesalius was the first to think the brain is responsible for thought

    • D. 

      Descartes thought the pineal gland controlled all voluntary behaviour and higher cognitive function

    • E. 

      Unlike Socrates and Plato, Descartes wasnt a rationalist and didn't see a problem with the mind-body dualism

  • 10. 
    Which one of the follwoing doesn't belong in Descarted Rational Process:
    • A. 

      Build a logical argument

    • B. 

      Conduct observations to confirm

    • C. 

      Begin in doubt

    • D. 

      Resolve Doubt

    • E. 

      The mind is separate from the body

  • 11. 
    Gall was an anatomist and physiologist who:
    • A. 

      Founded phrenology

    • B. 

      Convinced the science community that the brain is the organ of the mind

    • C. 

      Believed different parts of the brain carry out different cognitive and behavioural functions

    • D. 

      Incorrectly theorized a relationship between brain anatomy and function

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory.

    • B. 

      Wundt used scientific methods to study the nature of human consciousness, using experimentation and introspection.

    • C. 

      Wundt was involved in much ground breaking research on SENSATION, PERCEPTION and REACTION TIMES

    • D. 

      Wundt tested REFLEX ACTIVITY in the frog, INHIBITORY ACTIVITY in the nervous system and ASSOCIATION AREAS in the brain.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 13. 
    Introspection was:
    • A. 

      One of the key techniques developed and used by Wundt and his colleagues

    • B. 

      Believed to be the process of reflecting on yourself reporting your conscious experience

    • C. 

      Thinking about others predominantly

    • D. 

      Trained his participants very carefully

  • 14. 
    Wundts method of testing introspection was very well controlled, involving:
    • A. 

      The observer must know when the exp begins and ends

    • B. 

      Not necessary for the observer to maintain strained attention

    • C. 

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to bear repetition

    • D. 

      Not necessary for the phenomenon to be capable of variation

  • 15. 
    Wundt's student Titchener, further developed introspection, and liking particularly the structure of consciousness, developed a new school of thought:
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Introspection

    • C. 

      Structuralism

    • D. 

      Rationalsim

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Who argues that all sciences have the same sort of subject matter:
    • A. 

      Wundt

    • B. 

      Titchener

    • C. 

      Descartes

    • D. 

      James

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Titchener believed:
    • A. 

      Raw material of psychology is experience, based on the perspective of the experiencing person

    • B. 

      Sensations and feelings formed the basic elements of consciousness

    • C. 

      Sensations and feelings can combine to form a meaningful percept

    • D. 

      More complex representations can be developed by focusing attention

    • E. 

      In explaining NOT describing the basic elements of consciousness

  • 18. 
    Structuralists believe:
    • A. 

      The scientific study of psychology should be like that of any other natural phenomena

    • B. 

      In isolating the basic elements

    • C. 

      In understanding how they are related

    • D. 

      Being able to replicate their findings

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Titchener's structuralism proposed that all sensations had 4 properties, of which one of the following isnt one;
    • A. 

      Quality

    • B. 

      Intensity

    • C. 

      Clearness

    • D. 

      Duration

    • E. 

      Texture

  • 20. 
    Which one of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Titchener favoured introspection as the means to which observe phenomena

    • B. 

      His study is limited to the study of normal human beings

    • C. 

      Titchener was interested in REASONING about other species and humans by ANALOGY

    • D. 

      HE believed we must grant the highest vertebrae MINDS

    • E. 

      From a structuralist perspective, consciousness CANNOT be brokem down into a series of composite elements.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is FALSE?
    • A. 

      William James was an experimentalist.

    • B. 

      James reflected upon mental life, drawing upon the experimental findings of others

    • C. 

      James was one of the founders of FNCTIONALISM

    • D. 

      He believed psychology could use animals and children to gain knowledge, unlike structuralism.

    • E. 

      Functionalism formed as a reaction against structuralism

  • 22. 
    Functionalism:
    • A. 

      Sought to explain the mental processes in a more systematic and accurate manner than structuralism

    • B. 

      Emphasizes the purpose of consciousness and behaviour, rather than focusing on the elements

    • C. 

      Believes that consciousness exists to serve a function

    • D. 

      Believes the job of the psychologist is to understand the function of consciousness

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    Functionalists:
    • A. 

      Believe consciousness is NOT a separable thing or brain state

    • B. 

      Don't believe that conscious activities result from a brain at work in a given environment

    • C. 

      Care about the structure & the function of consciousness

    • D. 

      Doesnt emphasize the purpose of consciousness and behaviour in helping us adapt to the environment

    • E. 

      None of the above