Psychology Chapter 1 Quiz 2

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Droicki
D
Droicki
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 2,117
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 626

SettingsSettingsSettings
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Nurture is to nature as experience is to:

    • A.

      Nativism.

    • B.

      Adaptation.

    • C.

      Behaviorism.

    • D.

      Phrenology.

    Correct Answer
    D. Phrenology.
    Explanation
    The analogy presented in the question is comparing the relationship between nurture and nature to the relationship between experience and phrenology. Nurture refers to the environmental factors that shape an individual's development, while nature refers to the genetic and innate factors. Similarly, experience refers to the personal encounters and interactions that influence an individual, while phrenology is a pseudoscience that claims to determine a person's character and abilities based on the shape and size of their skull. The analogy suggests that just as nurture and nature are contrasting concepts, experience and phrenology are also contrasting concepts.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The first laboratory devoted exclusively to psychology as an independent field of study opened in:

    • A.

      Berlin in 1879.

    • B.

      Berlin in 1889.

    • C.

      Leipzig in 1889.

    • D.

      Leipzig in 1879.

    Correct Answer
    C. Leipzig in 1889.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Leipzig in 1889. This is because the question is asking about the first laboratory devoted exclusively to psychology as an independent field of study, and this laboratory opened in Leipzig in 1889.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which school of psychology was most concerned with the adaptive importance of mental processes?

    • A.

      Structuralism

    • B.

      Behaviorism

    • C.

      Functionalism

    • D.

      Empiricism.

    Correct Answer
    B. Behaviorism
    Explanation
    Behaviorism is the correct answer because this school of psychology focused on observable behavior and rejected the study of mental processes. Behaviorists believed that it was more important to understand how behavior is influenced by external stimuli and the environment, rather than focusing on internal mental processes. Therefore, behaviorism was not concerned with the adaptive importance of mental processes, but rather emphasized the study of behavior and its relationship to the environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Edward Titchener is to Sigmund Freud as _______________ is to ______________

    • A.

      Inner sensations; the unconscious

    • B.

      Psychoanalysis; functionalism

    • C.

      Empiricism; structuralism

    • D.

      Structuralism; functionalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Empiricism; structuralism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is empiricism; structuralism. Empiricism is the belief that knowledge comes from sensory experience, and Edward Titchener was a proponent of this approach. Structuralism, on the other hand, is a psychological theory that focuses on the analysis of the basic elements of consciousness. This approach was developed by Titchener himself, making the analogy between Titchener and Freud (who was associated with psychoanalysis) fitting.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The branch of psychology that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings is called:

    • A.

      Humanistic psychology.

    • B.

      Gestalt psychology.

    • C.

      Cognitive psychology.

    • D.

      Idealistic psychology.

    Correct Answer
    D. Idealistic psychology.
  • 6. 

    Which psychologists insisted that psychology focus entirely on the study of behavior-what people do-rather than what people experience?

    • A.

      Functionalists

    • B.

      Behaviorists

    • C.

      Structuralists

    • D.

      Gestalt psychologists

    Correct Answer
    A. Functionalists
    Explanation
    Functionalists insisted that psychology should focus entirely on the study of behavior, rather than what people experience. They believed that behavior could be objectively observed and studied, and that understanding the purpose and function of behavior was more important than analyzing subjective experiences. Functionalists such as William James and John Dewey emphasized the practical applications of psychology and believed that understanding how behavior helps organisms adapt and function in their environment was crucial.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    B. F. Skinner used a "conditioning chamber" in his research with:

    • A.

      Rats.

    • B.

      Sea slugs.

    • C.

      Cats

    • D.

      Dogs

    Correct Answer
    A. Rats.
    Explanation
    B. F. Skinner used a "conditioning chamber" in his research with rats. Skinner was a behaviorist psychologist who conducted experiments on animals to study operant conditioning, a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened or weakened by the consequences that follow it. He used the conditioning chamber, also known as a Skinner box, to train rats to perform specific behaviors by reinforcing them with rewards or punishments. This allowed him to study how behavior can be shaped and controlled through conditioning techniques.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The advent of ______________ in the 1950s had an enormous conceptual impact on the development of cognitive psychology.

    • A.

      Statistical programming

    • B.

      Stimulus-response

    • C.

      Conditioning

    • D.

      Computers

    Correct Answer
    D. Computers
    Explanation
    The advent of computers in the 1950s had an enormous conceptual impact on the development of cognitive psychology. Computers revolutionized the field by providing researchers with powerful tools for modeling and simulating cognitive processes. They allowed for the development of computational models that could simulate human cognitive abilities, leading to a better understanding of how the mind works. Additionally, computers enabled researchers to collect and analyze large amounts of data, facilitating the development of statistical techniques in cognitive psychology. Overall, the introduction of computers in the 1950s had a significant impact on the advancement of cognitive psychology.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The study of the causes and consequences of interpersonal behavior is called

    • A.

      Interpersonal psychology.

    • B.

      Cause and effect.

    • C.

      Behavioral psychology.

    • D.

      Social psychology.

    Correct Answer
    C. Behavioral psychology.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is behavioral psychology because it is the branch of psychology that focuses on studying the causes and consequences of human behavior, including interpersonal behavior. It examines how people's actions are influenced by various factors and how they impact others. Interpersonal psychology, on the other hand, refers to the study of how individuals interact and communicate with each other, but it does not specifically focus on the causes and consequences of behavior. Cause and effect is a general concept that applies to various fields, not just psychology. Social psychology, although related, primarily examines how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by social situations and interactions.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Some psychologists believe that newborn babies turn away from noxious odors because this behavior increases their chance of survival. This perspective would be typical of ___________psychologists.

    • A.

      Cultural

    • B.

      Psychoanalytic

    • C.

      Evolutionary

    • D.

      Social

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural
    Explanation
    This perspective would be typical of cultural psychologists because they focus on how behavior is influenced by cultural factors, such as customs, beliefs, and values. In this case, the belief is that newborn babies turn away from noxious odors because it is a learned behavior that is influenced by the cultural environment they are born into.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.