PSW Practice Test: Cj Healthcare College

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PSW Quizzes & Trivia

Hello!
This Practice Test has been created for the PSW students of CJ Healthcare College to prepare for the upcoming NACC and College Exam. Study Hard and Goodluck!
Hope this Helps,
Carlyn Tancioco RN, BScN
PSW Instructor
CJ Healthcare College


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    You attend a dinner party and have a drink of water from the host. A few days later, you as well as many of the guests get very sick with diarrhea. The transmission route for this case is:

    • A.

      Vectorborne Transmission

    • B.

      Vehicle Transmission

    • C.

      Contact Transmission

    • D.

      Droplet Transmission

    Correct Answer
    B. Vehicle Transmission
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the transmission route for the illness is likely "Vehicle Transmission." Vehicle transmission refers to the spread of disease through contaminated food, water, or other inanimate objects. Since the guests fell sick after consuming water from the host, it suggests that the water was contaminated with a pathogen, leading to the illness.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following are steps you should do when using a fire extinguisher, EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Pull the Pin Out

    • B.

      Aim the base of the fire

    • C.

      Squeeze the handle

    • D.

      Open the canister

    Correct Answer
    D. Open the canister
    Explanation
    When using a fire extinguisher, the steps you should do include pulling the pin out to unlock the extinguisher, aiming the base of the fire to effectively extinguish it, and squeezing the handle to release the extinguishing agent. However, you should not open the canister as it is not necessary and may even be dangerous. Opening the canister could potentially release the extinguishing agent prematurely or cause other malfunctions in the extinguisher.

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  • 3. 

    The term to describe "difficulty breathing" is:

    • A.

      Bradypnea

    • B.

      Dysuria

    • C.

      Orthopnea

    • D.

      Dyspnea

    Correct Answer
    D. Dyspnea
    Explanation
    Dyspnea is the correct answer because it is the medical term used to describe difficulty breathing. It is a symptom commonly associated with various respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and heart failure. Dyspnea can manifest as shortness of breath, labored breathing, or a feeling of suffocation. It is important to identify and address the underlying cause of dyspnea to ensure proper treatment and management of the condition.

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  • 4. 

    The back-lying position is called:

    • A.

      Fowler's Position

    • B.

      Supine Position

    • C.

      Lateral Position

    • D.

      Prone Position

    Correct Answer
    B. Supine Position
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Supine Position. The supine position refers to lying flat on the back with the face and torso facing upward. In this position, the body is in a straight alignment, and the arms and legs are relaxed. It is commonly used in medical settings for procedures, examinations, and surgeries, as it provides easy access to the front of the body and allows for proper breathing and circulation.

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  • 5. 

    When transferring a client to bed, a chair, or the toilet:

    • A.

      The client's strong side is moved first

    • B.

      The weak side is moved first

    • C.

      Pillows are used for support

    • D.

      The transfer belt cannot be used

    Correct Answer
    A. The client's strong side is moved first
    Explanation
    When transferring a client to bed, a chair, or the toilet, it is important to move their strong side first. This is because the strong side provides more stability and support during the transfer. By moving the strong side first, the client is able to maintain their balance and reduce the risk of falls or injuries. Additionally, moving the strong side first allows the client to actively participate in the transfer and use their stronger muscles to assist in the movement.

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  • 6. 

    Your patient is "ambulating." This means:

    • A.

      He is getting transferred to another facility via ambulance.

    • B.

      He is walking.

    • C.

      He is in a wheelchair.

    • D.

      He is sitting in a walker.

    Correct Answer
    B. He is walking.
    Explanation
    The term "ambulating" refers to the act of walking. Therefore, if the patient is described as "ambulating," it means that they are walking.

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  • 7. 

    Your client has "muscle atrophy". This means:

    • A.

      The loss of muscle strength from inactivity.

    • B.

      Moving a body part toward the midline of the body.

    • C.

      Excessive straightening of a body part.

    • D.

      A decrease in size or a wasting away of muscle.

    Correct Answer
    D. A decrease in size or a wasting away of muscle.
    Explanation
    Muscle atrophy refers to a decrease in size or wasting away of muscle. This condition occurs when muscles are not used or exercised enough, leading to a loss of muscle strength and mass. Inactivity and lack of exercise can cause muscles to weaken and shrink, resulting in muscle atrophy. This can happen due to various reasons such as immobilization, prolonged bed rest, or certain medical conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is a decrease in size or a wasting away of muscle.

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  • 8. 

    "Orthostatic hypotension" refers to:

    • A.

      A drop in blood pressure when the client stands up or sits up.

    • B.

      A raise in blood pressure when the client stands up or sits up.

    • C.

      Blood pressure dropping in the joint areas.

    • D.

      A loss of calcium in orthotics.

    Correct Answer
    A. A drop in blood pressure when the client stands up or sits up.
    Explanation
    Orthostatic hypotension refers to a drop in blood pressure when the client stands up or sits up. This condition occurs due to a sudden change in position, causing blood to pool in the lower extremities and leading to a temporary decrease in blood flow to the brain. Symptoms may include dizziness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, and fainting. It can be caused by various factors such as dehydration, medications, neurological disorders, or cardiovascular conditions. Treatment options include lifestyle modifications, medication adjustments, and wearing compression stockings to improve blood flow.

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  • 9. 

    "Trochanter rolls" are used for:

    • A.

      A special bread served to diabetic patients.

    • B.

      Preventing the abdomen and arms from turning outward.

    • C.

      Preventing the hips and legs from turning outward.

    • D.

      A special bread served to people with Congestive heart failure.

    Correct Answer
    C. Preventing the hips and legs from turning outward.
    Explanation
    Trochanter rolls are cylindrical pillows that are placed along the sides of a patient's hips and legs. They are used to prevent the hips and legs from turning outward, which can be beneficial for patients who have undergone hip surgery or have hip instability. The rolls help maintain proper alignment of the hip joint and prevent the legs from crossing over each other, reducing the risk of dislocation or strain.

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  • 10. 

    You need to do laundry, dust surfaces, and mop the floor. In which order should you do these tasks?

    • A.

      Do laundry, dust, and mop.

    • B.

      Dust, mop, do laundry.

    • C.

      Mop, do laundry, dust.

    • D.

      Do laundry, mop, dust.

    Correct Answer
    A. Do laundry, dust, and mop.
    Explanation
    The correct order to do these tasks is to first do laundry, then dust surfaces, and finally mop the floor. This order makes sense because doing laundry usually takes the longest time, so it is more efficient to start with it. Dusting should be done before mopping to avoid dust settling on the freshly mopped floor. Therefore, the correct answer is to do laundry, dust, and then mop.

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  • 11. 

    A "pathogen" :

    • A.

      Is a Disease-causing microbe.

    • B.

      Is An allergy.

    • C.

      Refers to the cell after it is swollen with water.

    • D.

      A substance that all human bodies need.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a Disease-causing microbe.
    Explanation
    A pathogen refers to a disease-causing microbe. Pathogens are microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that can cause diseases in humans, animals, or plants. They invade the body and multiply, leading to infection and illness. Understanding pathogens is crucial in preventing and treating diseases as it helps in identifying the specific microorganism responsible for the infection and developing appropriate treatments or preventive measures.

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  • 12. 

    Exploring the unconscious conflicts and underlying reasons for a client's problems refers to:

    • A.

      Recreational Therapy

    • B.

      Occupational Therapy

    • C.

      Psychoanalysis

    • D.

      Behavioural Therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychoanalysis
    Explanation
    Psychoanalysis is a therapeutic approach that aims to uncover and explore the unconscious conflicts and underlying reasons for a client's problems. It involves delving into a person's past experiences, childhood memories, and unconscious thoughts and desires to gain insight into their current difficulties. By understanding these hidden factors, psychoanalysis seeks to bring about lasting change and resolution to the client's issues. Recreational therapy focuses on using recreational activities for therapeutic purposes, occupational therapy focuses on helping individuals regain independence in daily activities, and behavioral therapy focuses on modifying behavior patterns.

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  • 13. 

    Mr. Lau has bipolar disorder. This means he:

    • A.

      Has delusions

    • B.

      Is Hostile

    • C.

      Is very suspicious

    • D.

      Has severe mood swings

    Correct Answer
    D. Has severe mood swings
    Explanation
    Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience periods of intense highs, known as manic episodes, and periods of intense lows, known as depressive episodes. These mood swings can significantly impact a person's daily life and functioning. Therefore, the correct answer is "Has severe mood swings."

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  • 14. 

    Your client in the home you work in asks for your home phone number. You should:

    • A.

      Give her your cellphone number only.

    • B.

      Give your supervisor's cellphone number so she can deal with the issue.

    • C.

      Explain that you cannot give your phone number out to clients.

    • D.

      Ignore her and ask the nurse to give her a sedative.

    Correct Answer
    C. Explain that you cannot give your phone number out to clients.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to explain that you cannot give your phone number out to clients. As a professional caregiver, it is important to maintain boundaries and protect your privacy. Sharing personal contact information with clients can blur the professional relationship and potentially lead to boundary violations. It is appropriate to politely explain to the client that you are unable to provide your phone number, but assure them that you are available during working hours to address any concerns or issues they may have.

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  • 15. 

    Mr. Baldovino has to touch the doorknob three times before actually opening it. He probably has:

    • A.

      Panic Disorder

    • B.

      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

    • C.

      Phobic Disorder

    • D.

      Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

    Correct Answer
    B. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    Explanation
    Mr. Baldovino's repetitive behavior of touching the doorknob three times before opening it suggests that he may have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD is characterized by unwanted, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors (compulsions) performed to alleviate anxiety or distress caused by these thoughts. In this case, Mr. Baldovino's compulsion of touching the doorknob three times is a ritual he feels compelled to perform to reduce his anxiety. This behavior is a common symptom of OCD, indicating that he may have this disorder.

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  • 16. 

    Agatha has major depression. You should avoid:

    • A.

      Telling her how lucky she is.

    • B.

      Encouraging periods of rest.

    • C.

      Encourage social activities.

    • D.

      Reporting to your supervisor for unusual behaviour.

    Correct Answer
    A. Telling her how lucky she is.
    Explanation
    Telling someone with major depression how lucky they are can be harmful because it minimizes their feelings and invalidates their experience. Depression is a serious mental health condition that cannot be solved by simply being grateful or lucky. It is important to offer support and understanding instead of dismissing their emotions.

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  • 17. 

    The first phase in the healing process of wounds is:

    • A.

      Inflammatory Phase

    • B.

      Proliferative Phase

    • C.

      Maturation Phase

    • D.

      Trauma Phase

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammatory Phase
    Explanation
    The first phase in the healing process of wounds is the inflammatory phase. During this phase, blood vessels constrict to minimize bleeding, and then dilate to increase blood flow to the area. This increased blood flow brings white blood cells, nutrients, and oxygen to the wound, initiating the body's immune response. The inflammatory phase is characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain around the wound as the body works to remove debris and prevent infection.

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  • 18. 

    All of the following are complications of wounds EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Shock

    • B.

      Hemorrhage

    • C.

      Dehiscence

    • D.

      Hypertension

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypertension
    Explanation
    Hypertension is not a complication of wounds. Shock, hemorrhage, and dehiscence are all potential complications that can occur after a wound. Shock refers to a condition where the body's organs and tissues do not receive enough blood flow, leading to a decrease in blood pressure. Hemorrhage is the excessive bleeding from a wound. Dehiscence is the reopening of a previously closed wound. However, hypertension is a separate medical condition characterized by high blood pressure and is not directly related to wounds.

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  • 19. 

    Mr. Heron has an abdominal binder. The binder is used to:

    • A.

      Prevent blood clots

    • B.

      Prevent wound infection

    • C.

      Provide support and hold dressings in place

    • D.

      Encourage peristalsis

    Correct Answer
    C. Provide support and hold dressings in place
    Explanation
    The abdominal binder is used to provide support and hold dressings in place. It helps to keep the dressings secure and in the correct position, preventing them from shifting or coming off. Additionally, the binder provides support to the abdominal muscles, helping to reduce pain and discomfort. It may also help to provide gentle compression, which can aid in reducing swelling and promoting healing.

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  • 20. 

    The movement of and contraction of muscles of the digestive tract refers to:

    • A.

      Indigestion

    • B.

      Atrophy

    • C.

      Edema

    • D.

      Peristalsis

    Correct Answer
    D. Peristalsis
    Explanation
    Peristalsis refers to the movement and contraction of muscles in the digestive tract. This movement helps propel food through the digestive system, allowing for the process of digestion and absorption to occur. It is responsible for pushing food from the esophagus to the stomach, and then through the intestines, ultimately leading to the elimination of waste. Therefore, peristalsis is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 21. 

    When heat is applied to the skin, the blood vessels will:

    • A.

      Vasoconstrict

    • B.

      Vasodilate

    • C.

      Hypertense

    • D.

      Hypotense

    Correct Answer
    B. Vasodilate
    Explanation
    When heat is applied to the skin, the blood vessels vasodilate. This means that the blood vessels expand or widen, allowing more blood to flow through them. Vasodilation helps to increase blood flow to the skin, which can help to dissipate heat and regulate body temperature. It also allows for increased delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues.

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  • 22. 

    The doctor rushes into your patient's room and inserts an artificial airway into the trachea. This is called:

    • A.

      Intratracheostomy

    • B.

      Intubation

    • C.

      Inner Cannula

    • D.

      Nasal Prongs

    Correct Answer
    B. Intubation
    Explanation
    Intubation refers to the process of inserting an artificial airway, such as an endotracheal tube, into the trachea to establish a clear passage for air to reach the lungs. This procedure is commonly performed in emergency situations, when a patient is unable to breathe adequately on their own or requires mechanical ventilation. It is a critical intervention that allows for the delivery of oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide from the body.

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  • 23. 

    A client has a pneumathorax. This is the collection of:

    • A.

      Air in the pleural space

    • B.

      Blood in the pleural space

    • C.

      Fluid in the pleural space

    • D.

      Respiratory secretions in the pleural space

    Correct Answer
    A. Air in the pleural space
    Explanation
    A pneumothorax is a condition characterized by the presence of air in the pleural space, which is the space between the lungs and the chest wall. When air accumulates in this space, it can cause the lung to collapse, leading to symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and decreased oxygen levels. The accumulation of blood, fluid, or respiratory secretions in the pleural space is not indicative of a pneumothorax.

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  • 24. 

    Suctioning requires:

    • A.

      Chest Tubes

    • B.

      Sterile Technique

    • C.

      An artificial airway

    • D.

      Mechanical ventilation

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterile Technique
    Explanation
    Suctioning requires sterile technique to prevent infection. When suctioning, a sterile suction catheter is inserted into the airway to remove secretions and maintain airway patency. Sterile technique involves using sterile gloves, sterile suction catheter, and maintaining a clean environment to minimize the risk of introducing pathogens into the airway. This is especially important in patients with compromised immune systems or those who are at a higher risk of infection. By using sterile technique during suctioning, healthcare providers can minimize the risk of complications and promote patient safety.

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  • 25. 

    Adults of all ages often fear:

    • A.

      Dying Alone

    • B.

      Reincarnation

    • C.

      The five stages of grief

    • D.

      Advance Directives

    Correct Answer
    A. Dying Alone
    Explanation
    Many adults of all ages often fear dying alone because it can be a deeply distressing and isolating experience. The fear stems from the idea of not having loved ones or support around during their final moments, leading to feelings of abandonment and loneliness. This fear is common as humans are social beings who crave connection and companionship, especially during vulnerable times. The fear of dying alone highlights the importance of relationships and the desire for a sense of belonging and comfort in the face of mortality.

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  • 26. 

    A partial-thickness wound caused by the scraping away or rubbing of the skin is called:

    • A.

      Abrasion

    • B.

      Laceration

    • C.

      Ulcer

    • D.

      Dehiscence

    Correct Answer
    A. Abrasion
    Explanation
    An abrasion is a partial-thickness wound caused by the scraping away or rubbing of the skin. It occurs when the top layer of skin is removed, exposing the underlying layers. This type of wound is commonly seen in cases of falls or accidents where the skin comes into contact with a rough surface. Unlike a laceration, which is a cut or tear in the skin, an abrasion is characterized by superficial damage to the skin without deep penetration. An ulcer is a different type of wound caused by tissue breakdown, and dehiscence refers to the separation of previously closed surgical incisions.

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  • 27. 

    A "contusion" is:

    • A.

      Another word for "concussion"

    • B.

      An open wound with torn tissue and jagged edges

    • C.

      A closed wound caused by a blow to the body (bruise)

    • D.

      An open wound made by a sharp object

    Correct Answer
    C. A closed wound caused by a blow to the body (bruise)
    Explanation
    A "contusion" refers to a closed wound caused by a blow to the body, commonly known as a bruise. It occurs when small blood vessels under the skin rupture, leading to discoloration, pain, and swelling in the affected area. Unlike an open wound with torn tissue and jagged edges or an open wound made by a sharp object, a contusion does not involve any tearing or cutting of the skin. Therefore, the correct answer is a closed wound caused by a blow to the body.

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  • 28. 

    A collection of blood under the skin and tissues, forms and the area appears swollen and is reddish- blue in colour is called:

    • A.

      Hematoma

    • B.

      Bruising

    • C.

      Contusion

    • D.

      Abrasion

    Correct Answer
    A. Hematoma
    Explanation
    A hematoma is a collection of blood that accumulates under the skin and surrounding tissues. This causes the affected area to appear swollen and have a reddish-blue color. Bruising refers to the discoloration of the skin caused by bleeding underneath, but it does not necessarily involve a collection of blood. Contusion is another term for a bruise, so it is not the correct answer. Abrasion refers to a superficial injury where the skin is scraped or rubbed off, which is different from a hematoma. Therefore, the correct answer is Hematoma.

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  • 29. 

    Clear, watery drainage from a wound. This drainage is called:

    • A.

      Purulent Drainage

    • B.

      Serous Drainage

    • C.

      Seropurulent drainage

    • D.

      Serosanguineous drainage

    Correct Answer
    B. Serous Drainage
    Explanation
    Serous drainage is a clear, watery fluid that is commonly seen in wounds. It is a normal part of the healing process and is composed of plasma, which is the liquid portion of blood, along with some white blood cells. This type of drainage indicates that the wound is in the early stages of healing and is not infected. It is important to monitor the drainage for any changes, as an increase in amount or a change in color may indicate an infection.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is used to hyperventilate the lungs?

    • A.

      Ambu Bag

    • B.

      Pulse Oximeter

    • C.

      Incentive Spirometer

    • D.

      Partial-rebreather mask

    Correct Answer
    A. Ambu Bag
    Explanation
    The Ambu Bag is used to hyperventilate the lungs. It is a handheld device that is manually operated to deliver breaths to a patient who is not breathing adequately or requires additional respiratory support. By squeezing the bag, it delivers a controlled amount of oxygen to the patient's lungs, increasing the oxygen levels and helping to improve ventilation.

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  • 31. 

    A blood clot, an air bubble, or a fat clot that travels through the vascular system and finally lodges in a distant blood vessel is called:

    • A.

      Thrombus

    • B.

      Embolus

    • C.

      Anesthesia

    • D.

      Enema

    Correct Answer
    B. Embolus
    Explanation
    An embolus refers to a blood clot, air bubble, or fat clot that travels through the vascular system and eventually gets lodged in a distant blood vessel. It can obstruct blood flow and cause various complications depending on the location where it gets lodged.

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  • 32. 

    All of the following are types of Anesthesia except:

    • A.

      General Anesthesia

    • B.

      Local Anesthesia

    • C.

      Regional Anesthesia

    • D.

      Dorsal Recumbant Anesthesia

    Correct Answer
    D. Dorsal Recumbant Anesthesia
    Explanation
    Dorsal Recumbant Anesthesia is not a type of anesthesia. The term "dorsal recumbant" refers to a position in which the patient lies on their back with their face up. It is not a specific type of anesthesia, but rather a position that may be used during certain procedures. General anesthesia, local anesthesia, and regional anesthesia are all legitimate types of anesthesia used to numb pain or induce unconsciousness during medical procedures.

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  • 33. 

    The two main respiratory complications that can follow after surgery are:

    • A.

      Pneumonia and Atelectasis

    • B.

      Pneumonia and Asthma

    • C.

      Bronchitis and Pneumothorax

    • D.

      Pneumonia and Bronchitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Pneumonia and Atelectasis
    Explanation
    After surgery, patients are at risk of developing respiratory complications such as pneumonia and atelectasis. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can occur due to the suppression of the immune system during surgery or the use of a ventilator. Atelectasis, on the other hand, is the collapse or partial collapse of a lung or lobe, often caused by shallow breathing or not fully expanding the lungs after surgery. Both pneumonia and atelectasis can lead to breathing difficulties, decreased oxygen levels, and prolonged hospital stays.

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  • 34. 

    Pre-operatively, your patient should be:

    • A.

      NPO

    • B.

      Allowed only water

    • C.

      Given a tube feeding

    • D.

      Given a big hearty breakfast

    Correct Answer
    A. NPO
    Explanation
    Pre-operatively, it is important for the patient to be NPO (nothing by mouth) to ensure that their stomach is empty during the surgery. This reduces the risk of aspiration, where stomach contents can enter the lungs, causing complications such as pneumonia. By not allowing the patient to eat or drink anything before the surgery, the chances of complications during anesthesia and surgery are minimized.

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  • 35. 

    Mr. Long must do coughing and deep breathing exercises after surgery to prevent:

    • A.

      Bleeding

    • B.

      A pulmonary embolus

    • C.

      Respiratory complications

    • D.

      Pain and discomfort

    Correct Answer
    C. Respiratory complications
    Explanation
    After surgery, Mr. Long must do coughing and deep breathing exercises to prevent respiratory complications. These exercises help to clear the airways, improve lung function, and prevent the buildup of mucus or fluid in the lungs. By doing these exercises, Mr. Long can reduce the risk of developing conditions such as pneumonia or atelectasis, which are common respiratory complications after surgery. Therefore, it is important for Mr. Long to perform these exercises to ensure proper respiratory function and minimize any potential complications.

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  • 36. 

    Mr. Lang is alert and oriented, but has not slept well for weeks, and has a decreased appetite. He most likely has:

    • A.

      Depression

    • B.

      Urinary Tract Infection

    • C.

      Bipolar Disorder

    • D.

      Dementia

    Correct Answer
    A. Depression
    Explanation
    Mr. Lang's symptoms of decreased appetite and lack of sleep for weeks are consistent with the common symptoms of depression. Depression often causes changes in sleep patterns and appetite, leading to decreased energy levels and feelings of sadness or hopelessness. While the other options cannot be completely ruled out without further information, depression is the most likely explanation based on the given symptoms.

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  • 37. 

    Mrs. White has bitten off her intravenous line and has fallen several times out of bed. The nurse gives her a sedative. What kind of restraint is this?

    • A.

      Environmental Restraint

    • B.

      Physical Restraint

    • C.

      Chemical Restraint

    • D.

      Medical Restraint

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical Restraint
    Explanation
    The nurse giving Mrs. White a sedative in response to her biting off her intravenous line and falling out of bed suggests that the restraint being used is a chemical restraint. Chemical restraints involve the use of medication to control a person's behavior or restrict their movement. In this case, the sedative is being used to calm Mrs. White and prevent further harm to herself.

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  • 38. 

    What is the most common accident in all settings?

    • A.

      Burns

    • B.

      Suffocation

    • C.

      Falls

    • D.

      Poisoning

    Correct Answer
    C. Falls
    Explanation
    Falls are the most common accident in all settings because they can occur in various environments such as homes, workplaces, and public spaces. Falls can happen due to hazards like slippery surfaces, uneven flooring, or lack of handrails. They can result in injuries ranging from minor cuts and bruises to more severe fractures or head trauma. Additionally, falls are particularly common among older adults, who may have reduced balance and mobility. Therefore, falls are the most frequent accident across different settings.

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  • 39. 

    AIDS stands for:

    • A.

      Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    • B.

      Animal Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    • C.

      Anginal Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    • D.

      Alientated Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    Correct Answer
    A. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    Explanation
    AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This term is used to describe a condition where the immune system of an individual is weakened and unable to effectively fight off infections and diseases. It is acquired, meaning it is not present at birth but is acquired later in life. The term "immune deficiency" refers to the weakened immune system, which makes the individual more susceptible to various infections and illnesses.

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  • 40. 

    A nonsocomial infection is:

    • A.

      An infection you get from staying in the hospital or healthcare facility

    • B.

      An infection you get from a household

    • C.

      An infection you get from insects

    • D.

      An infection you get from water

    Correct Answer
    A. An infection you get from staying in the hospital or healthcare facility
    Explanation
    A nosocomial infection is an infection that is acquired while staying in a hospital or healthcare facility. This type of infection is typically caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi that are present in the healthcare environment. It can be spread through direct contact with contaminated surfaces, equipment, or healthcare personnel. Nosocomial infections are a significant concern in healthcare settings as they can lead to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Various preventive measures, such as hand hygiene, proper disinfection, and isolation precautions, are implemented to reduce the risk of nosocomial infections.

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  • 41. 

    A bacterium that causes diarrhea and colitis is called:

    • A.

      C. Difficile

    • B.

      ESBL

    • C.

      VRE

    • D.

      Hepatitis A

    Correct Answer
    A. C. Difficile
    Explanation
    C. Difficile is the correct answer because it is a bacterium known to cause diarrhea and colitis. It is a common cause of healthcare-associated infections, especially in hospitals and long-term care facilities. C. Difficile infection can occur when the normal balance of bacteria in the intestines is disrupted, often due to the use of antibiotics. Symptoms may include watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. Treatment usually involves antibiotics targeted specifically at C. Difficile.

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  • 42. 

    How can spores be destroyed?

    • A.

      Cleaning-

    • B.

      Disinfection

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Scrubbing

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the correct answer because it is the process of completely eliminating or destroying all forms of microbial life, including spores. It involves the use of high heat, chemicals, or radiation to ensure that no microorganisms, including spores, are left alive. Cleaning and disinfection may not be sufficient to destroy spores completely, as they can be resistant to these methods. Scrubbing, on the other hand, is a physical action that can help in removing spores from surfaces, but it may not necessarily destroy them. Therefore, sterilization is the most effective method for destroying spores.

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  • 43. 

    All of the following terms mean "peeing" EXCEPT for:

    • A.

      Voiding

    • B.

      Urinating

    • C.

      Micturition

    • D.

      Impaction

    Correct Answer
    D. Impaction
    Explanation
    Impaction does not mean "peeing". It refers to a condition where there is a blockage or obstruction in the digestive system, typically in the bowels. This can result in difficulty in passing stool rather than urine. Voiding, urinating, and micturition, on the other hand, all refer to the act of releasing urine from the body.

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  • 44. 

    Your patient Mr. Jones, recently got his arm amputated. He states he feels pain in that missing body part. He has:

    • A.

      Chronic Pain

    • B.

      Acute Pain

    • C.

      Radiating Pain

    • D.

      Phantom Pain

    Correct Answer
    D. Phantom Pain
    Explanation
    Phantom pain refers to the sensation of pain in a body part that has been amputated. It is believed to occur due to the brain's inability to adjust to the loss of sensory input from the missing limb. In this case, Mr. Jones is experiencing pain in his amputated arm, which aligns with the symptoms of phantom pain. Chronic pain refers to persistent pain lasting for an extended period, acute pain is short-term and typically a response to injury, and radiating pain refers to pain that spreads from one area to another.

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  • 45. 

    Bronchitis is:

    • A.

      Inflammation of the Bronchi

    • B.

      Inflammation of the Gallbladder

    • C.

      Inflammation of the Pancreas

    • D.

      Inflammation of the Alveoli

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the Bronchi
    Explanation
    Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, which are the air passages in the lungs. This condition is characterized by coughing, difficulty breathing, and production of excessive mucus. Inflammation of the bronchi can be caused by viral or bacterial infections, smoking, or exposure to irritants. It is a common respiratory condition that can be acute or chronic.

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  • 46. 

    All of the following are from Erik Ericson's stages of psychosocial development EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt

    • B.

      Generativity versus Stagnation

    • C.

      Intimacy Versus Isolation

    • D.

      Bargaining Versus Grief

    Correct Answer
    D. Bargaining Versus Grief
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bargaining Versus Grief." This is not one of Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. Erikson's stages include Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt, Generativity versus Stagnation, and Intimacy Versus Isolation, but Bargaining Versus Grief is not one of them.

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  • 47. 

    All of the following refer to positions and locations of the body EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Proximal

    • C.

      Brachial

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    C. Brachial
    Explanation
    The term "brachial" refers to the upper arm or the arm in general. It is not a term that specifically refers to positions and locations of the body. On the other hand, "distal" refers to a position farther away from the center of the body or a specific point of reference, "proximal" refers to a position closer to the center of the body or a specific point of reference, and "dorsal" refers to the back or the posterior side of the body. Therefore, "brachial" is the only option that does not refer to positions and locations of the body.

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  • 48. 

    Phlebitis is:

    • A.

      Inflammation of the Vein

    • B.

      Inflammation of Phlegm

    • C.

      Inflammation of the Gall Bladder

    • D.

      Inflammation of the Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the Vein
    Explanation
    Phlebitis refers to the inflammation of a vein. This condition occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein, causing swelling, redness, and pain. It commonly affects the legs, but can also occur in other parts of the body. The inflammation can be caused by various factors such as injury, infection, or prolonged inactivity. Treatment for phlebitis usually involves medications to reduce inflammation and prevent blood clots, as well as lifestyle changes to promote blood flow and prevent complications.

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  • 49. 

    Who is responsible for protecting employees from injuries and accidents in the workplace?

    • A.

      Occupational Health and Safety Act

    • B.

      Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

    • C.

      Material Safety Data Sheet

    • D.

      Ontario Ministry of Health

    Correct Answer
    A. Occupational Health and Safety Act
    Explanation
    The Occupational Health and Safety Act is responsible for protecting employees from injuries and accidents in the workplace. This act sets out the rights and responsibilities of both employers and employees to ensure a safe and healthy working environment. It outlines various safety standards, procedures, and regulations that employers must follow to prevent workplace injuries and accidents. By enforcing this act, the government aims to promote the well-being and safety of workers across various industries in Ontario.

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  • 50. 

    A person who is able to transfer a pathogen to others without getting an active infection himself is:

    • A.

      A carrier

    • B.

      A sender

    • C.

      A reciever

    • D.

      A messenger

    Correct Answer
    A. A carrier
    Explanation
    A carrier is a person who can transmit a pathogen to others without showing any symptoms or getting an active infection themselves. They may unknowingly spread the pathogen through various means such as physical contact, respiratory droplets, or contaminated objects. Carriers play a significant role in the transmission of infectious diseases as they can unknowingly infect others while remaining unaffected themselves.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 04, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Annnie_lauzon
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