Product Knowledge Test Nhs January 2017

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Questions: 30 | Attempts: 135

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Product Knowledge Test Nhs January 2017 - Quiz

Another day, another product knowledge quiz! In this one, you’ll be tasked with answering a number of questions regarding Nestle Health Science – a pioneering new field where nutrition becomes therapy. What can you tell us about it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Yang termasuk zat gizi Makro, kecuali :

    • A.

      Protein

    • B.

      Karbohidrat

    • C.

      Vitamin

    • D.

      Lemak

    Correct Answer
    C. Vitamin
    Explanation
    The question asks for the nutrient that is not considered a macronutrient. Macronutrients are nutrients that are required in large amounts by the body, and they include protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Vitamins, on the other hand, are considered micronutrients because they are required in smaller amounts. Therefore, the correct answer is vitamin.

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  • 2. 

    Tahapan proses pencernaan yang benar adalah:

    • A.

      Ingestion

    • B.

      Digestion

    • C.

      Anabolisme

    • D.

      Elimination

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ingestion
    B. Digestion
    D. Elimination
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ingestion, Digestion, Elimination. Ingestion refers to the intake of food into the mouth. Digestion is the process of breaking down the food into smaller molecules through mechanical and chemical processes. Elimination is the final stage where undigested waste materials are removed from the body through the rectum and anus. Anabolism, on the other hand, is not a part of the process of digestion. It refers to the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler ones in the body.

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  • 3. 

    Zat gizi ini dalam tubuh menghasilkan energi kecuali : 

    • A.

      Karbohidrat

    • B.

      Vitamin

    • C.

      Lemak

    • D.

      Protein

    Correct Answer
    B. Vitamin
    Explanation
    Vitamins do not directly produce energy in the body. They are essential for various bodily functions, such as metabolism and growth, but they do not provide calories or fuel for energy production. On the other hand, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are macronutrients that are broken down by the body to release energy.

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  • 4. 

    Jenis karbohidrat yang terdapat pada susu disebut  : 

    • A.

      Sukrosa

    • B.

      Maltosa

    • C.

      Laktosa

    • D.

      Fruktosa

    Correct Answer
    C. Laktosa
    Explanation
    Laktosa adalah jenis karbohidrat yang terdapat pada susu. Karbohidrat ini terdiri dari dua gula sederhana, yaitu glukosa dan galaktosa, yang terikat bersama. Laktosa adalah jenis karbohidrat yang khas ditemukan dalam produk susu, seperti susu sapi, susu kambing, dan produk olahan susu lainnya.

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  • 5. 

    Zat gizi yang paling banyak menghasilkan energi per-gramnya dalam tubuh adalah :

    • A.

      Karbohidrat

    • B.

      Actigen-E

    • C.

      Lemak

    • D.

      Mineral

    Correct Answer
    C. Lemak
    Explanation
    Lemak menghasilkan energi per-gram yang lebih banyak daripada karbohidrat, protein, atau mineral dalam tubuh. Lemak adalah sumber energi yang padat, mengandung lebih dari dua kali lipat energi per-gram daripada karbohidrat dan protein. Ketika lemak dipecah menjadi asam lemak dan gliserol, mereka dapat digunakan oleh tubuh sebagai bahan bakar untuk menghasilkan energi. Oleh karena itu, lemak adalah zat gizi yang paling banyak menghasilkan energi per-gramnya dalam tubuh.

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  • 6. 

    Definisi dari Malnutrisi yang benar adalah :

    • A.

      Kondisi fisik yang disebabkan akibat kurangnya asupan energi, protein dan nutrisi lainnya

    • B.

      Penyakit yang disebabkan rusaknya saluran pencernaan

    • C.

      Kondisi tubuh yang disebabkan gagalnya metabolisme zat gizi

    • D.

      Semua benar

    Correct Answer
    A. Kondisi fisik yang disebabkan akibat kurangnya asupan energi, protein dan nutrisi lainnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kondisi fisik yang disebabkan akibat kurangnya asupan energi, protein dan nutrisi lainnya" (A physical condition caused by a lack of energy, protein, and other nutrients). This answer accurately defines malnutrition as a condition that occurs when the body does not receive enough essential nutrients, such as energy, protein, vitamins, and minerals, leading to a range of physical health problems.

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  • 7. 

    Enteral Feeding pada pasien ICU di Rumah Sakit memberikan keuntungan lebih  Parenteral Feeding antara lain :

    • A.

      Membantu pernapasan

    • B.

      Memelihara fungsi organ saluran cerna

    • C.

      Meminimalkan resiko translokasi bakteri dari sepsis usus.

    • D.

      Mendukung fungsi ginjal

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Memelihara fungsi organ saluran cerna
    C. Meminimalkan resiko translokasi bakteri dari sepsis usus.
    Explanation
    Enteral feeding pada pasien ICU di Rumah Sakit memberikan keuntungan lebih dibandingkan dengan parenteral feeding. Salah satu keuntungan tersebut adalah memelihara fungsi organ saluran cerna. Dengan memberikan makanan melalui saluran cerna, organ-organ di dalam saluran cerna tetap aktif dan berfungsi dengan baik. Selain itu, enteral feeding juga dapat meminimalkan risiko translokasi bakteri dari sepsis usus. Dengan memberikan makanan melalui saluran cerna, risiko terjadinya infeksi bakteri dari usus dapat dikurangi.

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  • 8. 

    Kebutuhan Protein untuk orang dewasa normal perhari  :

    • A.

      0.5 gr/ Kg BB.

    • B.

      0.8 gr/ Kg BB.

    • C.

      1.5 gr/ Kg BB.

    • D.

      Lebih dari 1.5 gr/Kg BB.

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.8 gr/ Kg BB.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0.8 gr/ Kg BB. This is because the recommended daily protein intake for normal adults is 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. This amount is sufficient to meet the body's protein needs and support overall health and maintenance. Consuming less than this recommended amount may result in inadequate protein intake, while consuming more than this amount may not provide any additional benefits and may even strain the kidneys.

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  • 9. 

    Whey protein ada hubungannya dengan antioksidan karena whey protein kaya akan :

    • A.

      Vitamin E

    • B.

      Glutathion

    • C.

      Selenium

    • D.

      Cysteine

    Correct Answer
    D. Cysteine
    Explanation
    Whey protein is rich in cysteine, an amino acid that plays a crucial role in the production of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant. Glutathione helps protect cells from oxidative damage and supports the immune system. Cysteine is also a precursor to the production of other antioxidants, such as selenium and vitamin E. Therefore, the presence of cysteine in whey protein makes it beneficial for increasing antioxidant levels in the body.

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  • 10. 

    Diet Peptida secara klinis telah terbukti dapat ditoleransi oleh  pasien kritis :

    • A.

      Mengurangi kejadian diare

    • B.

      Mengurangi kadar glukosa darah

    • C.

      Meningkatkan Glikemik Indeks

    • D.

      Meningkatkan pengeluaran faeces.

    Correct Answer
    A. Mengurangi kejadian diare
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mengurangi kejadian diare" because the statement mentions that clinically, Diet Peptida has been proven to be tolerated by critically ill patients and it reduces the occurrence of diarrhea.

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  • 11. 

    Perbedaan NUTREN Junior dan NUTREN Optimum adalah :

    • A.

      Kandungan Protein pada NUTREN Junior lebih rendah dibanding pada NUTREN Optimum

    • B.

      NUTREN Junior memiliki 2 macam rasa

    • C.

      Komposisi Nutrisi NUTREN Junior disesuaikan untuk usia < 10 , NUTREN Optimum untuk usia >10 th

    • D.

      Kandungan Nutrisi NUTREN Junior lebih bagus dibanding NUTREN Optimum

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Kandungan Protein pada NUTREN Junior lebih rendah dibanding pada NUTREN Optimum
    C. Komposisi Nutrisi NUTREN Junior disesuaikan untuk usia < 10 , NUTREN Optimum untuk usia >10 th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the protein content in NUTREN Junior is lower compared to NUTREN Optimum, and the nutritional composition of NUTREN Junior is specifically adjusted for children under the age of 10, while NUTREN Optimum is formulated for individuals over the age of 10. This implies that NUTREN Junior is designed to meet the specific nutritional needs of younger children, while NUTREN Optimum is formulated for older individuals.

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  • 12. 

    Perbedaan antara NUTREN Junior dan Pediasure  adalah :

    • A.

      Kandungan WHEY Nutren Junior lebih tinggi dibanding Pediasure

    • B.

      Kandungan lemak Nutren Junior lebih tinggi dibanding Pediasure

    • C.

      Kandungan MCT Nutren Junior lebih tinggi dibanding Pediasure

    • D.

      NUTREN Junior Isocaloric, Pediasure tidak

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Kandungan WHEY Nutren Junior lebih tinggi dibanding Pediasure
    C. Kandungan MCT Nutren Junior lebih tinggi dibanding Pediasure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the content of WHEY in Nutren Junior is higher than in Pediasure, and the content of MCT in Nutren Junior is higher than in Pediasure.

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  • 13. 

    Keuntungan  pemberian Nutren Optimum Prebio adalah   :

    • A.

      Mendukung masa pemulihan dan penyembuhan

    • B.

      Mendukung keseimbangan flora usus

    • C.

      Mengurangi resiko diare dan konstipasi

    • D.

      Membantu memenuhi kebutuhan gizi harian

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mendukung masa pemulihan dan penyembuhan
    B. Mendukung keseimbangan flora usus
    C. Mengurangi resiko diare dan konstipasi
    D. Membantu memenuhi kebutuhan gizi harian
    Explanation
    The given answer explains the benefits of giving Nutren Optimum Prebio. It states that Nutren Optimum Prebio supports recovery and healing, balances gut flora, reduces the risk of diarrhea and constipation, and helps meet daily nutritional needs.

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  • 14. 

    Karbohidrat Nutren Optimum memberikan 49 persen dari Total Energy Intake (TEI) berasal dari :

    • A.

      Maltodextrin, corn syrop dan Sucrose

    • B.

      Minyak Sawit

    • C.

      Potato starch

    • D.

      Lactose

    Correct Answer
    A. Maltodextrin, corn syrop dan Sucrose
    Explanation
    Karbohidrat Nutren Optimum memberikan 49 persen dari Total Energy Intake (TEI) berasal dari maltodextrin, corn syrup, dan sucrose. Maltodextrin, corn syrup, dan sucrose adalah jenis karbohidrat yang memiliki tingkat penyerapan dan penggunaan energi yang tinggi dalam tubuh. Dengan memberikan 49 persen dari TEI, karbohidrat ini dapat memberikan sumber energi yang cukup untuk tubuh. Minyak sawit, potato starch, dan lactose tidak disebutkan sebagai sumber karbohidrat dalam penjelasan, sehingga tidak termasuk dalam jawaban yang benar.

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  • 15. 

    Jenis Probiotik yang digunakan pada Nutren Optimum adalah:

    • A.

      Bifidobscterium lactus

    • B.

      Lactobacillus paracasei

    • C.

      Lactobacillus termophilus

    • D.

      Salmonella paratyphus

    Correct Answer
    B. Lactobacillus paracasei
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lactobacillus paracasei. This is the specific type of probiotic used in Nutren Optimum. Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for your health, especially your digestive system. Lactobacillus paracasei is a type of bacteria that is commonly found in dairy products and has been shown to have various health benefits, including improving digestion and boosting the immune system. It is likely used in Nutren Optimum for its positive effects on gut health.

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  • 16. 

    Osmolaritas dari NUTREN Optimum adalah :

    • A.

      250 mOsm/ L

    • B.

      290 mOsm/ L

    • C.

      300 mOsm/ L

    • D.

      330 mOsm/ L

    Correct Answer
    B. 290 mOsm/ L
    Explanation
    The osmolarity of NUTREN Optimum is 290 mOsm/L. Osmolarity refers to the concentration of osmotically active particles in a solution. In this case, NUTREN Optimum has an osmolarity of 290 mOsm/L, indicating that it has a balanced concentration of osmotically active particles. This osmolarity is important as it ensures that the solution is isotonic and compatible with the body's fluids, allowing for optimal absorption and utilization of nutrients.

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  • 17. 

    Indikasi pemberian Peptamen adalah untuk :

    • A.

      Pankreatitis

    • B.

      Gangguan absorpsi

    • C.

      Enteritis karena radiasi atau kemoterapi

    • D.

      Kombinasi dengan nutrisi parenteral.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pankreatitis
    B. Gangguan absorpsi
    C. Enteritis karena radiasi atau kemoterapi
    D. Kombinasi dengan nutrisi parenteral.
    Explanation
    Peptamen is indicated for the treatment of pancreatitis, absorption disorders, enteritis caused by radiation or chemotherapy, and as a combination therapy with parenteral nutrition.

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  • 18. 

    Berapakah nilai Glikemik Indeks (GI) Peptamen:

    • A.

      22

    • B.

      31

    • C.

      36

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    C. 36
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 36. The Glycemic Index (GI) measures how quickly carbohydrates in food raise blood sugar levels. A GI value of 36 indicates that Peptamen, a nutritional supplement, has a moderate impact on blood sugar levels. This means that it is digested and absorbed more slowly compared to foods with a higher GI, resulting in a more gradual increase in blood sugar.

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  • 19. 

    Keunggulan PEPTAMEN dibandingkan NUTREN adalah :

    • A.

      NUTREN mengandung 100 % WHEY

    • B.

      PEPTAMEN mengandung 100 % Whey

    • C.

      Kandungan serat PEPTAMEN lebih tinggi dibandingkan NUTREN

    • D.

      Jawaban benar semua

    Correct Answer
    B. PEPTAMEN mengandung 100 % Whey
    Explanation
    PEPTAMEN memiliki keunggulan dibandingkan NUTREN karena keduanya mengandung 100% Whey, namun PEPTAMEN juga memiliki kandungan serat yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan NUTREN. Dengan demikian, PEPTAMEN dapat memberikan manfaat gizi yang lebih lengkap dan seimbang dibandingkan NUTREN.

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  • 20. 

    Peptida yang terdapat pada Peptamen dihasilkan dari hidrolisa protein :

    • A.

      100 % whey

    • B.

      50% Whey + 50 % Kasein

    • C.

      100 % Kasein

    • D.

      Ketiganya salah.

    Correct Answer
    A. 100 % whey
    Explanation
    Peptamen contains peptides that are derived from the hydrolysis of protein. The correct answer is "100% whey." This means that the peptides in Peptamen are obtained solely from the hydrolysis of whey protein. Whey protein is a high-quality protein that is easily digested and absorbed by the body. It is often used in sports nutrition and dietary supplements due to its complete amino acid profile and fast absorption rate. The use of 100% whey in Peptamen ensures that the peptides are derived from a high-quality protein source.

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  • 21. 

    Lemak pada Peptamen mengkontribusi 34 persen dari total Energi dan lemaknya berupa :

    • A.

      70 % MCT

    • B.

      50 % MCT

    • C.

      25 % MCT

    • D.

      70 % LCT

    Correct Answer
    A. 70 % MCT
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 70% MCT. This means that 70% of the fat content in Peptamen is in the form of Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT). MCTs are a type of fat that is easily digested and absorbed by the body, providing a quick source of energy. MCTs are often used in medical nutrition formulas like Peptamen because they are less likely to be stored as body fat and can be beneficial for individuals with malabsorption or digestive issues.

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  • 22. 

    Osmolaritas dari PEPTAMEN adalah :

    • A.

      250 mOsm/ L

    • B.

      290 mOsm/ L

    • C.

      300 mOsm/ L

    • D.

      330 mOsm/ L

    Correct Answer
    C. 300 mOsm/ L
    Explanation
    The osmolarity of PEPTAMEN is 300 mOsm/L.

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  • 23. 

    Berapa takaran penyajian ISOCAL yang dianjurkan: 

    • A.

      100 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal

    • B.

      56 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal

    • C.

      45 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal

    • D.

      250 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal

    Correct Answer
    B. 56 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 56 gram bubuk mendapatkan 250 Kkal. This means that consuming 56 grams of the ISOCAL powder will provide 250 kilocalories.

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  • 24. 

    Kandungan protein dalam ISOCAL adalah: 

    • A.

      9 gram per saji

    • B.

      6 gram per saji

    • C.

      12 gram per 100 gram bubuk

    • D.

      16.5 gram per 100 gram bubuk

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 9 gram per saji
    D. 16.5 gram per 100 gram bubuk
    Explanation
    The protein content in ISOCAL is 9 grams per serving and 16.5 grams per 100 grams of powder.

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  • 25. 

    Keunggulan ISOCAL diabandingkan kompetitor adalah:

    • A.

      Distribusi/ketersediaan Isocal lebih merata

    • B.

      Dalam persajian Kalori Isocal lebih tinggi dibandingkan kompetitor

    • C.

      Dalam persajian Protein Isocal lebih tinggi dibanding kompetitor

    • D.

      Mengandung Omega 6 dan omega 3 yang lebih baik

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Dalam persajian Kalori Isocal lebih tinggi dibandingkan kompetitor
    C. Dalam persajian Protein Isocal lebih tinggi dibanding kompetitor
    D. Mengandung Omega 6 dan omega 3 yang lebih baik
    Explanation
    The answer states that the advantages of ISOCAL compared to its competitors are that it has higher calorie and protein content in its formulation, as well as a better balance of omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids. This suggests that ISOCAL provides a more comprehensive and balanced nutritional profile compared to its competitors, making it a superior choice for individuals looking for a high-calorie, high-protein, and well-balanced nutritional supplement.

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  • 26. 

    Yang bukan merupakan tahapan dalam PSS adalah:

    • A.

      Pembukaan

    • B.

      Penjajakan

    • C.

      Presentasi

    • D.

      Penutupan

    Correct Answer
    C. Presentasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Presentasi". The other options, "Pembukaan", "Penjajakan", and "Penutupan" are all stages in the PSS (Proses Sales Secara) process. "Pembukaan" refers to the initial stage where the salesperson establishes contact with the potential customer. "Penjajakan" involves gathering information about the customer's needs and preferences. "Penutupan" is the stage where the salesperson tries to close the deal. However, "Presentasi" is not a stage in the PSS process. It refers to the act of presenting or demonstrating a product or service to the customer, which can occur at any stage of the sales process.

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  • 27. 

    Tahapan dalam melakukan proses Pembukaan (Opening):

    • A.

      Transisi

    • B.

      Propose Agenda

    • C.

      Nyatakan nilainya

    • D.

      Cek penerimaan

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Transisi
    B. Propose Agenda
    C. Nyatakan nilainya
    D. Cek penerimaan
    Explanation
    The correct order of steps in the opening process is as follows: Transisi, Propose Agenda, Nyatakan nilainya, Cek penerimaan. The first step is to establish a transition or connection with the audience to grab their attention. Then, the speaker proposes the agenda or the main topics that will be discussed during the presentation. Next, the speaker states the values or benefits that the audience will gain from listening to the presentation. Finally, the speaker checks the acceptance or understanding of the audience to ensure effective communication.

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  • 28. 

    Bagaimana cara melakukan Pendukungan (Supporting)

    • A.

      Menghargai kebutuhan HCP

    • B.

      Jelaskan ciri dan manfaat yang sesuai

    • C.

      Tentukan kebutuhan dibalik kebutuhan (need behind the need)

    • D.

      Cek penerimaan

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Menghargai kebutuhan HCP
    B. Jelaskan ciri dan manfaat yang sesuai
    D. Cek penerimaan
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes three steps: Menghargai kebutuhan HCP (appreciating the needs of the healthcare professional), Jelaskan ciri dan manfaat yang sesuai (explaining the appropriate characteristics and benefits), and Cek penerimaan (checking for acceptance). These steps are essential in performing Pendukungan (Supporting) as they involve understanding the needs of the HCP, providing relevant information, and ensuring that the information is accepted by the HCP. By following these steps, one can effectively support the HCP in their decision-making process.

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  • 29. 

    Yang bukan merupakan tahapan dalam Penutupan (Clossing)

    • A.

      Tentukan kebutuhan dibalik kebutuhan (need behind the need)

    • B.

      Transisikan penutupan anda

    • C.

      Ajukan komitmen yang saling menguntungkan

    • D.

      Cek penerimaan

    Correct Answer
    A. Tentukan kebutuhan dibalik kebutuhan (need behind the need)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tentukan kebutuhan dibalik kebutuhan (need behind the need)". This is not a step in the Closing process. The Closing process typically involves finalizing the deal or agreement, ensuring all necessary paperwork is completed, and confirming that both parties are satisfied with the terms and conditions. Determining the need behind the need is more likely to be a step in the needs assessment or negotiation process, rather than in the closing process.

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  • 30. 

    Yang bukan merupakan jenis concern atau keberatan yang muncul dalam proses detailing adalah kecuali :

    • A.

      Ketidak acuhan (indifference)

    • B.

      Ketidak tahuan (unknown)

    • C.

      Keraguan-raguan (skeptisicm)

    • D.

      Kekurangan (drawback)

    Correct Answer
    B. Ketidak tahuan (unknown)
    Explanation
    Dalam proses detailing, concern atau keberatan yang muncul biasanya berhubungan dengan ketidakacuhan, ketidakpastian, dan kekurangan. Namun, ketidak tahuan (unknown) bukan merupakan jenis concern atau keberatan yang muncul dalam proses tersebut.

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