Philippine Agenda 21 Quiz: Ekistics

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Quizzes Created: 16 | Total Attempts: 23,956
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 376

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Philippines Quizzes & Trivia

Ekistics, Philippine Agenda 21, History


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Groups of Ekistics Logarithmic Scale (ELS) except one:

    • A.

      Minor Shells

    • B.

      Micro Settlements

    • C.

      Meso Settlements

    • D.

      Macro Settlements

    • E.

      Major Shells

    Correct Answer
    E. Major Shells
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Major Shells. The other options, Minor Shells, Micro Settlements, Meso Settlements, and Macro Settlements, all refer to different groups on the Ekistics Logarithmic Scale (ELS). However, Major Shells is not a recognized group on this scale.

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  • 2. 

    Ekistics-under Minor Shells except one:

    • A.

      Anthropos

    • B.

      Room

    • C.

      House

    • D.

      Hamlet

    • E.

      None of the Choices

    Correct Answer
    D. Hamlet
    Explanation
    Hamlet is Housegroup (40 pop.) under Micro- Settlements

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  • 3. 

    Ekistics-Under Micro Settlements except one:

    • A.

      Hamlet

    • B.

      Village

    • C.

      Neighborhood

    • D.

      Town

    • E.

      None of the Choices

    Correct Answer
    D. Town
    Explanation
    Town is Small Polis (10,000 pop.) under Meso- Settlements

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  • 4. 

    Ekistics- Under Meso Settlements except one:

    • A.

      City

    • B.

      Metropolis

    • C.

      Megalopolis

    • D.

      Eperopolis

    • E.

      Ecumenopolis

    Correct Answer
    E. Ecumenopolis
    Explanation
    Ecumenopolis (50 Trillion pop.) under Macro- Settlements

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  • 5. 

    Ekistics- Under Macro Settlements

    • A.

      City

    • B.

      Ecumenopolis

    • C.

      Eperopolis

    • D.

      Megalopolis

    • E.

      Metropolis

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecumenopolis
    Explanation
    Polis or City, Epero, Mega & Metro under Meso- Settlements

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  • 6. 

    Goal Elements of Philippine Agenda 21 except one:

    • A.

      Poverty Reduction

    • B.

      Social Integrity

    • C.

      Empowerment & Good Governance

    • D.

      Peace and Solidarity

    • E.

      Ecological Integrity

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Integrity
    Explanation
    "Social Equity" plus the other four choices.

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  • 7. 

    "The harmonious integration of a sound and viable economy, responsible governance, social cohesion/harmony and ecological integrity, to ensure that development is a life-enhancing process" as defined in PA 21(1996).

    • A.

      National Development

    • B.

      Sustainable Development

    • C.

      Green Development

    • D.

      Environmental Development

    Correct Answer
    B. Sustainable Development
    Explanation
    Sustainable development refers to the harmonious integration of a sound and viable economy, responsible governance, social cohesion/harmony, and ecological integrity to ensure that development is a life-enhancing process. This definition aligns with the concept of sustainable development as defined in PA 21(1996). It emphasizes the importance of balancing economic growth with social and environmental considerations in order to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, sustainable development is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    PA 21 Goal Elements: enabling economic environment,improve employment, productivity and income and food security...

    • A.

      Poverty Reduction

    • B.

      Social Equity

    • C.

      Empowerment and Governance

    • D.

      Peace and Solidarity

    • E.

      Ecological Integrity

    Correct Answer
    A. Poverty Reduction
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "Poverty Reduction," aligns with the goal elements mentioned in the question. The goal elements include enabling economic environment, improving employment, productivity, income, and food security, which are all essential factors in reducing poverty. Therefore, focusing on poverty reduction is crucial for achieving the desired outcomes of the goal elements mentioned.

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  • 9. 

    PA 21 Goal Elements: allocation of resources on the bases of efficiency and equity to achieve balanced development...

    • A.

      Poverty Reduction

    • B.

      Social Equity

    • C.

      Empowerment and Governance

    • D.

      Peace and Solidarity

    • E.

      Ecological Integrity

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Equity
    Explanation
    Social equity refers to the fair distribution of resources, opportunities, and privileges in society. In the context of the PA 21 Goal Elements, social equity implies that resources should be allocated in a way that ensures fairness and equality for all individuals, regardless of their social or economic status. This means that efforts should be made to reduce disparities and promote inclusivity, ensuring that everyone has access to basic needs, education, healthcare, and other essential services. By prioritizing social equity, the goal of achieving balanced development can be better realized, as it ensures that no one is left behind and that everyone has an equal chance to thrive.

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  • 10. 

    Achieving sustainable development is a formidable task. Hence, the journey towards sustainable development must be grounded on a clear understanding of the challenges, trends and opportunities that lie ahead.(Demographic,Cultural,Science & Tech, Economic, Urbanization, Human Devt,, Environmental, Institutional, Political)

    • A.

      Where are we now?

    • B.

      Where do we want to go?

    • C.

      How do we get there?

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Where are we now?
    Explanation
    The question is asking about the current state or position in relation to achieving sustainable development. It is important to assess and understand the current situation before determining the future goals and the path to achieve them. By knowing where we are now, we can identify the challenges, trends, and opportunities that need to be addressed in order to move towards sustainable development.

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  • 11. 

    Philippine Agenda 21 envisions a better quality of life for all through the development of a just, moral, creative, spiritual, economically vibrant, caring, diverse yet cohesive society characterized by appropriate productivity, participatory and democratic processes and living in harmony within the limits of the carrying capacity of nature and the integrity of creation.

    • A.

      Where are we now?

    • B.

      Where do we want to go?

    • C.

      How do we get there?

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    B. Where do we want to go?
  • 12. 

    Operational Framework, Action Agenda, and Implementation of PA21

    • A.

      Where are we now?

    • B.

      Where do we want to go?

    • C.

      How do we get there?

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. How do we get there?
    Explanation
    The given answer, "How do we get there?" is the correct choice because it aligns with the three components mentioned in the question: Operational Framework, Action Agenda, and Implementation of PA21. The question asks about the process of reaching a desired goal, which is addressed by the "How do we get there?" option. The other options, "Where are we now?" and "Where do we want to go?" focus on assessing the current situation and setting goals, respectively, but do not directly address the process of achieving those goals. The option "None of the choices" is incorrect as it does not provide a valid response to the question.

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  • 13. 

    The journey towards sustainable development involves both a transition and a paradigm shift. Philippine Agenda 21, therefore, adopts a two pronged strategy in defining and mapping out the Action Agenda:(i) creating the enabling conditions which would assist various .stakeholders to manage the transition and at the same time build their capacities towards sustainable development;(ii) direct and proactive efforts at conserving, managing, protecting and rehabilitating ecosystems through an approach that harmonizes economic, ecological and social goals.(iii) addressing critical and strategic concerns, to include: population management, human health, food security, human settlements and land use.

    • A.

      I & ii

    • B.

      Ii & iii

    • C.

      I & iii

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. I & ii
    Explanation
    http://www.psdn.org.ph/agenda21/action.htm

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  • 14. 

    PA 21 is guided by these Key Concepts of Action Agenda:(i) Integration(ii) Multistakeholdership and consensus-building(iii) Operationalization(iv) Investigation of Human Development

    • A.

      I,ii & iii

    • B.

      I,iii & iv

    • C.

      Ii, iii & iv

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. I,ii & iii
    Explanation
    http://www.psdn.org.ph/agenda21/action.htm

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  • 15. 

    PA21-Action Agenda: To facilitate Operationalization, action measures are categorized into short-term,medium term and long term.How many years will it take for each term respectively?

    • A.

      2 yrs., 7 yrs., 20 yrs.

    • B.

      3 yrs., 9 yrs., 18 yrs.

    • C.

      4 yrs., 8 yrs., 18 yrs.

    • D.

      5 yrs., 10 yrs., 20 yrs.

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 yrs., 7 yrs., 20 yrs.
    Explanation
    short-term (1996-1998), medium-term (1998-2005) and long-term (2005-2025).

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  • 16. 

    Managing the transition to SD call for interventions in the following areas:These interventions define the Philippine Agenda 21’s agenda across ecosystems.

    • A.

      Integrating SD(Sustainable Development) in governance;

    • B.

      Providing enabling economic policies;

    • C.

      Investing in human development;

    • D.

      Mapping out a legislative agenda;

    • E.

      Addressing critical and strategic concerns including population management, human health, food security, human settlements and land use.

    • F.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the choices" because managing the transition to sustainable development requires interventions in all of the mentioned areas. Integrating SD in governance ensures that sustainable practices are incorporated into decision-making processes. Providing enabling economic policies promotes sustainable economic growth. Investing in human development focuses on improving the well-being and capacity of individuals to contribute to sustainable development. Mapping out a legislative agenda helps to establish laws and regulations that support sustainable development. Addressing critical and strategic concerns such as population management, human health, food security, human settlements, and land use ensures that these issues are tackled in a sustainable manner.

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  • 17. 

    Key Actors in Sustainable Development except one:

    • A.

      Civil Society

    • B.

      Government

    • C.

      Business

    • D.

      Nature

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. Nature
    Explanation
    Business is the key actor in the realm of the economy;
    Government is the key actor in the realm of polity;
    Civil society is the key actor in realm of culture.

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  • 18. 

    Essential Societal Dimensions in Sustainable Development except one:

    • A.

      Economy

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Polity

    • D.

      Environment

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. Environment
    Explanation
    Business is the key actor in the realm of the economy;
    Government is the key actor in the realm of polity;
    Civil society is the key actor in realm of culture.

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  • 19. 

    The ultimate aim of Sustainable development is ______. Failing this, development is bound to be `jobless' and `ruthless' (economy), `rootless' (culture), `voiceless' (polity), and `futureless' (nature) as detailed in the 1996 UNDP Human Development Report.

    • A.

      Human development now and through future generations

    • B.

      Primacy of developing full human potential

    • C.

      National Sovereignty

    • D.

      Cultural, moral and spiritual sensitivity

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Human development now and through future generations
    Explanation
    The ultimate aim of sustainable development is to ensure human development not only in the present but also for future generations. This means that development should not only focus on economic growth but also on social, cultural, and environmental aspects. If sustainable development is not achieved, development will result in joblessness, ruthlessness, rootlessness, voicelessness, and futurelessness, as mentioned in the 1996 UNDP Human Development Report. Therefore, the correct answer is "Human development now and through future generations."

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  • 20. 

    Sustainable Development Principles except one:

    • A.

      Developing Full Human Potential

    • B.

      Holistic Science and Appropriate Technology

    • C.

      Cultural, Moral and Spiritual Sensitivity

    • D.

      Self-determination

    • E.

      National Sovereignty

    • F.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    F. None of the choices
    Explanation
    All are included in Sustainable Development Principles.
    "Where do we want to go?"

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  • 21. 

    Sustainable Development Principles includes:

    • A.

      Gender sensitivity

    • B.

      Peace, Order And National Unity

    • C.

      Social Justice, Inter-, Intra-Generational and Spatial Equity

    • D.

      Participatory democracy

    • E.

      Institutional viability

    • F.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the choices". This means that all of the principles mentioned in the question are included in Sustainable Development Principles. These principles include gender sensitivity, peace, order and national unity, social justice, inter-, intra-generational and spatial equity, participatory democracy, and institutional viability.

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  • 22. 

    Sustainable Development Principles also includes:

    • A.

      Viable, sound and broad-based economic development

    • B.

      Sustainable population

    • C.

      Ecological soundness

    • D.

      Biogeographical Equity and Community-Based Resource Management

    • E.

      Global Cooperation

    • F.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the choices". This means that all the principles mentioned in the question, including viable economic development, sustainable population, ecological soundness, biogeographical equity, community-based resource management, and global cooperation, are included in the concept of Sustainable Development Principles.

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  • 23. 

    How do we get there?--Development is sustainable if it is fully guided by the Parameters and Strategies in the fields listed below except one:

    • A.

      Economic

    • B.

      Political

    • C.

      Cultural

    • D.

      Science and Technology

    • E.

      Ecological

    • F.

      Social

    • G.

      Institutional

    • H.

      None of the Choices

    Correct Answer
    H. None of the Choices
    Explanation
    All are fields of Parameters and Strategies in Sustainable Development

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  • 24. 

    Major Categories of Stakeholders--These sectors are considered at the core of the socio-economic and ecological arena, and the targets of major interventions. More importantly, they play a key role in establishing the building blocks for the improvement of the quality of their lives and the protection and conservation of the environment.

    • A.

      Basic Sectors

    • B.

      Intermediaries

    • C.

      National & LGUs

    • D.

      Business & Private Sectors

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic Sectors
    Explanation
    Basic Sectors comprise the major poverty groups:
    farmers and landless rural workers,fisherfolk, indigenous peoples (IPs), urban poor, workers in the informal sector, women, children and youth, persons with disabilities, elderly, disaster victims and overseas contract workers

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  • 25. 

    Major Categories of Stakeholders-- Serve as the fulcrum upon which socio- economic, cultural and political interventions towards sustainable development depend.

    • A.

      Basic Sectors

    • B.

      Intermediaries

    • C.

      OFWs

    • D.

      Workers in the informal sector

    Correct Answer
    B. Intermediaries
    Explanation
    Intermediaries:
    These are formal institutions that include the national and local government units ( LGUs); the business and private sectors, non-government organizations (NGOs); church-based organizations, civic groups and professional associations; mass media; and the international community.

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  • 26. 

    The key roles of the major stakeholders are defined according to sectoral needs, motivation or interest and perspectives. Intermediaries can serve as any of the following except one:

    • A.

      Brokers of information and appropriate technologies

    • B.

      Mobilizers of resources

    • C.

      Net workers to strengthen institutional linkages, trainers

    • D.

      Product enhancers

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the choices
    Explanation
    All are key roles of the Intermediaries.

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  • 27. 

    The key roles of the major stakeholders are defined according to sectoral needs, motivation or interest and perspectives. Basic Sectors can serve as any of the following except one:

    • A.

      Can serve as advocates of specific issues and concerns

    • B.

      Organizers and mobilizers of community resources,

    • C.

      Culture bearers & managers and controllers of community resources

    • D.

      Innovators of indigenous approaches and systems,

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the choices
    Explanation
    All are key roles of the Basic Sectors.

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  • 28. 

    To effectively assess the implementation of Philippine Agenda 21, a comprehensive monitoring, evaluation and reporting system should be established to guide all stakeholders to meaningfully participate in the process of operationalizing sustainable development. This system may include these following elements except one. 

    • A.

      A system to coordinate and evaluate the extent to which the Philippine Agenda 21 has been adopted and implemented by all stakeholders;

    • B.

      A system to coordinate, support and enhance existing national and loca1 multisectoral as well as sectoral monitoring, evaluation and information exchange on the implementation of initiatives related to Philippine Agenda 21

    • C.

      A system for reporting, feed backing and utilizing the monitoring and evaluation results on Philippine Agenda 21 for international, national and local stakeholder communities.

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the choices
    Explanation
    Implementation of PA21- Monitoring & Assessment: All elements may be included.

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  • 29. 

    The formulation and implementation of a _________ is part of the efforts to mainstream the principles of PA 21 in the various efforts of all stakeholders.

    • A.

      Comprehensive IEC advocacy plan

    • B.

      Comprehensive land use plan

    • C.

      Comprehensive development plan

    • D.

      Comprehensive sustainable development plan

    Correct Answer
    A. Comprehensive IEC advocacy plan
    Explanation
    Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Plan for Sustainable Development (2-Year Plan)
    Source: http://www.psdn.org.ph/agenda21/implemen.htm

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  • 30. 

    Financing Means and Strategies for Implementation of PA 21(i) Market-based instruments(ii) International Financial Assistance (iii) Command-and-control measures

    • A.

      I & ii

    • B.

      Ii & iii

    • C.

      I & iii

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. I & iii
    Explanation
    Market-based instruments are incentives for companies to increase environmental investments.
    Command-and-control measures are various ways that the State forces compliance with environmental laws.(LGUs, Economic Sectors, National Government)

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  • 31. 

    Classification of human settlements by ekistics elements 

    • A.

      Nature

    • B.

      Man & society

    • C.

      Shells & networks

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The classification of human settlements by ekistics elements includes considering nature, man & society, shells, and networks. This means that all of these choices are included in the classification process. The ekistics approach recognizes the importance of understanding the natural environment, the social and cultural aspects of human settlements, as well as the physical structures and infrastructure that shape them. By considering all of these elements, a comprehensive understanding of human settlements can be achieved.

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  • 32. 

    Early Urbanization: Hydraulic Civilization Theory by Karl Wittfogel except one:

    • A.

      Large-scale Irrigation Systems

    • B.

      Strong centralized government emerged

    • C.

      Labor specialization developed

    • D.

      Model was applicable to Mesopotamia, India & Pakistan

    • E.

      Development of Writing

    Correct Answer
    E. Development of Writing
    Explanation
    The Hydraulic Civilization Theory by Karl Wittfogel suggests that early urbanization was primarily driven by the development of large-scale irrigation systems, the emergence of strong centralized governments, and the development of labor specialization. These factors were believed to be applicable to civilizations in Mesopotamia, India, and Pakistan. However, the theory does not include the development of writing as a key factor in early urbanization.

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  • 33. 

    Early Urbanization: Religious Model by Paul Wheatly(i) Religion was major factor behind urbanization(ii) Priestly class exercised political & social control(iii) Shift from elder-based kinship organization to complex political system(iv) Development of writing enabled god-kings to codify laws

    • A.

      I,ii, iii

    • B.

      I,ii, iv

    • C.

      I, iii, iv

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the choices" because all of the statements (i, ii, iii, and iv) provide explanations for the early urbanization phenomenon. Statement i suggests that religion played a major role in urbanization, statement ii states that the priestly class exercised political and social control, statement iii explains the shift from elder-based kinship organization to a complex political system, and statement iv highlights the development of writing enabling god-kings to codify laws. Therefore, all of these factors together contribute to the early urbanization process.

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  • 34. 

    Father of Town Planning in Western Civilization

    • A.

      Hippodamus

    • B.

      Hiphopodamus

    • C.

      Hippopotamus

    • D.

      Hippocrates

    Correct Answer
    A. Hippodamus
    Explanation
    Hippodamus of Miletus: Architect, Urban Planner (c.407 BC)
    Emphasized Geometric Designs, First Theoritical Framework in Planning
    Design Miletus, Rhodes and Thurii (Italy), Alexandria

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  • 35. 

    Athens (c.450 BC): Sacred sites & religious temples are physically separated from civic sphere & secular politics.What are these two distinct functional zones?

    • A.

      Acropolis & Agora

    • B.

      Forum & Basilica

    • C.

      Anthropos & Epero

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Acropolis & Agora
    Explanation
    In ancient Athens, there were two distinct functional zones: the Acropolis and the Agora. The Acropolis was a sacred site where religious temples were located. It was a place of worship and spiritual significance. On the other hand, the Agora was the civic sphere and the center of secular politics. It was a marketplace where people gathered for social, commercial, and political activities. The physical separation of these two zones reflects the division between religious and secular aspects of Athenian society.

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  • 36. 

    Rome "The Eternal City" was bisected by 2 main streets that met at the center called ___ where temples, government buildings, theater, arenas,market,warehouses,libraries, schools, venues for common assembly were located.

    • A.

      Forum

    • B.

      Agora

    • C.

      Basilica

    • D.

      Piazza

    Correct Answer
    A. Forum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Forum. In ancient Rome, the Forum was the central square or marketplace where various important buildings and activities were located. It served as a hub for political, social, and commercial activities in the city. The temples, government buildings, theaters, arenas, markets, warehouses, libraries, schools, and venues for common assembly were all situated in the Forum. It was a bustling and vibrant area that played a significant role in the daily life of the city.

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  • 37. 

    Rome -"The Imperial City" characteristics except one:

    • A.

      Preoccupied with defense,built their cities like military called "castras"

    • B.

      "Grid Iron" basic street pattern useful for military movement, city enclosed by walls

    • C.

      Chose location with good access

    • D.

      Transportation network was primary consideration

    • E.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the choices
    Explanation
    All were characteristics of Rome Imperial City Era.

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  • 38. 

    Commissioned by Emperor Napoleon III to redesign Paris,the first architect to significantly change a city. 12 grand avenues radiating from "Arc de Triomphe"

    • A.

      Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie

    • B.

      Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann

    • C.

      Pierre Charles L'Enfant

    • D.

      Leone Battista Alberti

    • E.

      Frederick Law Olmsted Sr.

    Correct Answer
    B. Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann
    Explanation
    Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann is the correct answer because he was commissioned by Emperor Napoleon III to redesign Paris. He is known for his significant changes to the city, including the creation of 12 grand avenues radiating from the "Arc de Triomphe." Haussmann's renovations, known as the Haussmannization of Paris, involved demolishing old buildings, widening streets, and creating new parks and public spaces. His work transformed Paris into a modern and organized city, greatly influencing urban planning and architecture.

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  • 39. 

    Conservation & Parks Movement- used urban parks to as aid to social reform

    • A.

      Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie

    • B.

      Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann

    • C.

      Pierre Charles L'Enfant

    • D.

      Leone Battista Alberti

    • E.

      Frederick Law Olmsted Sr.

    Correct Answer
    E. Frederick Law Olmsted Sr.
    Explanation
    Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. also Father of American Landscape Architecture

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  • 40. 

    The legitimate parents of modern planning are except one:

    • A.

      Public Health Administration

    • B.

      Sanitary Engineering

    • C.

      Public Housing

    • D.

      Baroque Urban Design

    • E.

      Social Work

    • F.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    F. None of the choices
    Explanation
    All are parents of modern planning

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  • 41. 

    Pointed to the importance of planning land use and city features beforehand, rather than organic or uncontrolled growth.He is concerned about abject living conditions and need to change the physical forms of cities.

    • A.

      Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie

    • B.

      Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann

    • C.

      Pierre Charles L'Enfant

    • D.

      Leone Battista Alberti

    • E.

      Sir Ebenezer Howard

    Correct Answer
    E. Sir Ebenezer Howard
    Explanation
    Sir Ebenezer Howard wrote Tomorrow (1898) followed by Garden Cities of Tomorrow (1902).
    Barry Parker & Frederic J. Osborn are his disciples.

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  • 42. 

    An advance concept of "Social City" is a polycentric settlement surrounded by greenbelt wherein central city of 58,000 people was to be surrounded with _______ of 30,000 people each separated by permanent green space or farmlands.

    • A.

      Radiant Cities

    • B.

      Broadacre Cities

    • C.

      Contemporary Cities

    • D.

      Garden Cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Garden Cities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Garden Cities". The concept of a "Social City" involves the creation of a polycentric settlement with a central city of 58,000 people surrounded by smaller cities of 30,000 people each. These smaller cities are separated by permanent green space or farmlands, creating a greenbelt around the central city. This concept aligns with the principles of the "Garden City" movement, which aims to create sustainable and balanced communities with a focus on incorporating nature and green spaces into urban planning.

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  • 43. 

    Garden City Movement: The only Garden City where Sir Howard's ideas were thoroughly adopted.It was designed by Hermann Muthesius and Bruno Taut.

    • A.

      Welwyn

    • B.

      Letchworth

    • C.

      Hellerau

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. Hellerau
    Explanation
    Welwyn- Louis de Soissons
    Letchworth- Sir Raymond Unwin

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  • 44. 

    Movement that emphasized aesthetics in urban design and planning.Embraced all public works designed with classical facades and built as grand portals to cities.Praised for its aesthetics but generally critized as "Utopian" 

    • A.

      City Beautiful Movement

    • B.

      City Functional Movement

    • C.

      New Towns Movement

    • D.

      Garden City Movement

    Correct Answer
    A. City Beautiful Movement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is City Beautiful Movement. This movement focused on creating visually pleasing cities through the use of grand architecture and classical facades. It aimed to enhance the aesthetics of urban areas and create a sense of grandeur. While it was praised for its beauty, it was also criticized for being too idealistic and unrealistic in its approach.

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  • 45. 

    "Every citizen should be walking distance of a park". Designed Baltimore, Buffalo, Cleveland Chicago and San Francisco.

    • A.

      Charles Edouard Jeanneret

    • B.

      Daniel Hudson Burnham

    • C.

      Lucio Costa

    • D.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • E.

      Oscar Neimeyer

    Correct Answer
    B. Daniel Hudson Burnham
    Explanation
    Daniel Hudson Burnham: Father of American City Planning and Prophet of City Beautiful Movement in America

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  • 46. 

    Use of ICT- Allow people to work in urban peripheries or home offices or "annihilation of space".

    • A.

      Post Industrial Cities

    • B.

      Fortress Cities

    • C.

      Necropolis

    • D.

      Port /Mercantile Cities

    Correct Answer
    A. Post Industrial Cities
    Explanation
    ICT- information and communication technologies

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  • 47. 

    "Everything should be done in a big scale". He is the last of the CBM (City Beautiful Movement) Planners. Focused more on architectural style than planning--shifts towards a preoccupation with visual form, symbolism, imagery and aesthetics rather than the basic problems of local population.

    • A.

      Charles Edouard Jeanneret

    • B.

      Daniel Hudson Burnham

    • C.

      Lucio Costa

    • D.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • E.

      Oscar Neimeyer

    Correct Answer
    A. Charles Edouard Jeanneret
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier - Cubist Aesthetics, wrote the book "Urbanisme".

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  • 48. 

    Approach was to formulate home building corporations, financed by companies seeking long term investments. Adopted in the Philippines as "People's Homesite and Housing Corporation" now NHA.

    • A.

      New Towns Movement

    • B.

      City Beautiful Movemement

    • C.

      City Functional Movement

    • D.

      Radiant City

    Correct Answer
    A. New Towns Movement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is New Towns Movement. The explanation for this answer is that the approach mentioned in the question of formulating home building corporations, financed by companies seeking long term investments, aligns with the principles of the New Towns Movement. This movement focused on creating planned communities or new towns that were designed to accommodate population growth and provide affordable housing options. The establishment of the "People's Homesite and Housing Corporation" in the Philippines, now known as NHA, reflects the implementation of the New Towns Movement approach in that country.

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  • 49. 

    Six (6) Principles of New Towns (1920s,USA) by Clarence S. Stein except one:

    • A.

      Plan simply but comprehensively

    • B.

      Provide ample sites in the right places for community use

    • C.

      Bring private and public land into relationship

    • D.

      Arrange for the occupancy of houses

    • E.

      Cars must be parked and stored (not in streets)

    • F.

      Put industrial buildings where they can be used without wasteful transportation of people and goods

    • G.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    G. None of the choices
    Explanation
    These are the 6 Principles of New Towns

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  • 50. 

    Major proponent of Urban Decentralization.

    • A.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • B.

      Le Corbusier

    • C.

      Clarence Perry

    • D.

      Henry Wright

    Correct Answer
    A. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Explanation
    FLW- Broadacre City
    Le Corbusier- Radiant City & Contemporary City
    Clarence Perry- Neighborhood Unit
    Henry Wright- Concept of "superblock"

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 26, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Rdakis
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