Ultimate Quiz On Principles And Methods Of Physical Training!

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Ultimate Quiz On Principles And Methods Of Physical Training! - Quiz

What do you know about the principles and methods of physical training? Welcome to the physical training quiz! If you are a fan of bodybuilding, there are different ways that you can use to get the body you desire, but there are some terms you should meet first, such as having a healthy diet and eating on a daily basis. Do take this quiz and see if you use the right methods and principles as a trainer. All the best! You can share the quiz with other fitness freaks, also.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many RM does muscular endurance weight training involve?

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 16
    Explanation
    The number of repetitions performed to fatigue is an important consideration in designing a strength training program. The greatest strength gains appear to result from working with 4-6RM. Increasing this to 14-20RM favors the increase in muscle endurance.

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  • 2. 

    What energy system does plyometric training uses?

    • A.

      Anaerobic

    • B.

      Aerobic

    • C.

      Lactic Acid

    • D.

      ATP/CP

    Correct Answer
    D. ATP/CP
    Explanation
    ATP/CP energy is used for short bursts of energy - it is exhausted after about 10 seconds.

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  • 3. 

    What principle of training does this define? “You should exercise the energy systems, muscles, actions, and skills that are relevant to that sport.”

    • A.

      Frequency

    • B.

      Generalization before specialization

    • C.

      Variety

    • D.

      Specificity

    • E.

      Intensity

    Correct Answer
    D. Specificity
    Explanation
    A training program should match the specific demands of the activity the person is preparing for, as the physical activity of most requirements is different.

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  • 4. 

    What aspect of fitness does the following define? “The ability to use strength quickly to produce an explosive effort.”

    • A.

      Agility

    • B.

      Muscular Endurance

    • C.

      Muscular Power

    • D.

      Stamina

    • E.

      Balance

    Correct Answer
    C. Muscular Power
    Explanation
    Muscular power is the ability to use strength quickly to produce an explosive effort. It involves the combination of strength and speed, enabling individuals to generate force rapidly. This aspect of fitness is important in activities that require quick bursts of power, such as sprinting, jumping, and throwing. Muscular power is different from muscular endurance, which refers to the ability to sustain repeated muscle contractions over a period of time.

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  • 5. 

    What principle of training does this define? “In order for gains to occur, one must exercise beyond their existing capacity.”

    Correct Answer
    progressive overload
    Explanation
    Overload occurs when an athlete exercises at a level above that which their body is accustomed to. By training in overload, an athlete's body is constantly challenged to adapt and improve its level of function in order to cope with the increasing demands of the training load. It is important there is the sufficient recovery time to ensure the body repairs itself from the training load.

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  • 6. 

    How is intensity measured during aerobic exercise?

    Correct Answer
    heart rate, heartrate
    Explanation
    Heart rate can be measured through heart rate monitors or by taking your pulse.

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  • 7. 

    What principle of training does this define? “How often should an athlete should exercise per week in order to get benefits?”

    • A.

      Frequency

    • B.

      Progressive Overload

    • C.

      Duration

    • D.

      Intensity

    Correct Answer
    A. Frequency
    Explanation
    Frequency refers to optimal training session frequency over the length of time required to achieve the performance goal.

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  • 8. 

    "A competitive athlete in any sport should develop a sound general fitness, including all fitness components, before specializing in the dominant components of a particular sport." What principle does this refer to?

    • A.

      Progressive Overload

    • B.

      Generalization before Specialization

    • C.

      Intensity

    • D.

      Duration

    Correct Answer
    B. Generalization before Specialization
    Explanation
    This principle refers to the concept of generalization before specialization. It suggests that before focusing on the specific skills and components required for a particular sport, an athlete should first develop a solid foundation of overall fitness, including all fitness components. This approach ensures that the athlete has a well-rounded fitness base, which can then be specialized and further developed for their specific sport. By prioritizing general fitness first, athletes can enhance their overall performance and reduce the risk of imbalances or injuries.

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  • 9. 

    "To avoid psychological and physical boredom change the methods of training, so a “plateau” is not reached during a training session." This refers to the principle of

    • A.

      Generalization before Specialization

    • B.

      Duration

    • C.

      Variety

    • D.

      Specificity

    Correct Answer
    C. Variety
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that in order to prevent both psychological and physical boredom during training, it is important to change the methods of training. This implies that incorporating different exercises, techniques, or activities into the training session is necessary to keep it interesting and challenging. The principle of variety aligns with this idea, as it emphasizes the importance of introducing diverse elements into training to avoid reaching a plateau and experiencing monotony.

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  • 10. 

    The most important component of fitness for a marathon runner is:

    Correct Answer
    aerobic capacity, cardiovascular endurance
    Explanation
    Marathon running requires significant cardiovascular endurance, which is the ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the muscles over an extended period. This is crucial for sustaining the effort over the long duration of a marathon. Additionally, other components of fitness such as muscular endurance, strength, and flexibility also play roles in overall performance and injury prevention, but cardiovascular endurance is often considered the cornerstone for marathon runners.

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  • 11. 

    Ability to move or change direction quickly.

    Correct Answer
    agility
    Explanation
    Agility refers to the ability to move or change direction quickly. It is a physical trait that allows individuals to react swiftly and efficiently to changes in their environment. This trait is important in various sports and activities that require quick movements, such as soccer, basketball, and martial arts. Agility involves a combination of balance, coordination, speed, and flexibility, allowing individuals to navigate through obstacles and perform rapid movements with precision. Having agility can give a competitive edge in many situations, allowing individuals to quickly adapt and respond to changing circumstances.

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  • 12. 

    Ability of a muscle (or group of muscles) to work continuously for a long period of time.

    • A.

      Muscular Endurance

    • B.

      Aerobic Capacity

    • C.

      Muscular Power

    • D.

      Muscular Strength

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscular Endurance
    Explanation
    Muscular endurance refers to the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to work continuously for a long period of time. It is the capacity of the muscles to resist fatigue and sustain repetitive contractions over an extended duration. This is different from muscular strength, which is the maximum force a muscle can generate in a single contraction. Muscular endurance is essential for activities that require prolonged muscle exertion, such as long-distance running or swimming. It is also important for maintaining proper posture and preventing injuries during everyday tasks.

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  • 13. 

    Which principle of training has been applied if training is designed for a specific person?

    • A.

      Variation

    • B.

      Specificity

    • C.

      Individual differences/needs

    • D.

      Progressive overload

    Correct Answer
    C. Individual differences/needs
    Explanation
    The principle of individual differences/needs has been applied if training is designed for a specific person. This principle recognizes that each individual has unique characteristics, abilities, and needs, and therefore requires personalized training programs to achieve optimal results. By tailoring the training to the specific person, it ensures that their individual goals, fitness level, preferences, and limitations are taken into account, leading to more effective and efficient training outcomes.

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  • 14. 

    Which method of training is used to focus on the area of fitness you want to improve?

    • A.

      Variation

    • B.

      FITT

    • C.

      Reversibility

    • D.

      Specificity

    Correct Answer
    D. Specificity
    Explanation
    Specificity is the correct answer because this method of training focuses on improving a specific area of fitness. It involves tailoring the training program to target specific muscles, movements, or energy systems that are relevant to the desired fitness improvement. By training in a specific and targeted manner, individuals can optimize their progress and achieve their fitness goals more effectively.

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  • 15. 

    How long does a session last? It refers to which of the training principles?

    • A.

      Type

    • B.

      Time

    • C.

      Intensity

    • D.

      Frequency

    Correct Answer
    B. Time
    Explanation
    The question is asking about the duration of a session, which is referring to the amount of time that a training session lasts. This is an important factor to consider when designing a training program as it helps determine the overall workload and allows for proper planning and scheduling. The correct answer is "Time" because it specifically relates to the duration of the session.

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