Plant Transport

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| By Staylor98
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Staylor98
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 12,792
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Plant Transport - Quiz

This quiz covers our lesson on plant transport of sugars and water.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Movement of water from the roots to the leaves is most affected by

    • A.

      Source-sink dynamics.

    • B.

      Osmotic potential in sieve tube members.

    • C.

      transpirational pull.

    • D.

      cell wall component tracheids.

    Correct Answer
    C. transpirational pull.
    Explanation
    The movement of water from the roots to the leaves is primarily driven by transpirational pull. Transpiration is the process by which water is evaporated from the leaves, creating a negative pressure that pulls water up through the xylem vessels. This pull is facilitated by the cohesion and adhesion properties of water molecules. Source-sink dynamics refer to the movement of sugars and nutrients from source tissues (where they are produced) to sink tissues (where they are utilized), and do not directly affect the movement of water. Osmotic potential in sieve tube members and cell wall component tracheids are not directly involved in the movement of water in plants.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following would result from placing a plant cell in a hypertonic environment?

    • A.

      The plant cell would become turgid from an influx of water.

    • B.

      Plasmolysis would occur.

    • C.

      There would be no net movement of water into or out of the plant cell.

    • D.

      The plant cell wall would burst due to the pressure of the environment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Plasmolysis would occur.
    Explanation
    Plasmolysis would occur when a plant cell is placed in a hypertonic environment. In a hypertonic solution, the concentration of solutes outside the cell is higher than inside the cell. As a result, water moves out of the cell through osmosis, causing the cell to shrink and the plasma membrane to pull away from the cell wall. This process is known as plasmolysis. Therefore, placing a plant cell in a hypertonic environment would result in plasmolysis occurring.

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  • 3. 

    The plant cells that most directly affect the rate of transpiration are

    • A.

      Sclerenchyma cells.

    • B.

      Parenchyma cells.

    • C.

      Sieve tube members.

    • D.

      Guard cells.

    Correct Answer
    D. Guard cells.
    Explanation
    Guard cells are specialized cells found in the epidermis of plant leaves. They are responsible for controlling the opening and closing of stomata, which are tiny pores on the leaf surface. When guard cells take up water, they become turgid and the stomata open, allowing for the exchange of gases and water vapor during transpiration. Conversely, when guard cells lose water, they become flaccid and the stomata close, reducing water loss. Therefore, guard cells directly affect the rate of transpiration by regulating the opening and closing of stomata.

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  • 4. 

    Water moves throughout a plant through

    • A.

      Phloem tissue.

    • B.

      Xylem tissue.

    • C.

      Cork cambium.

    • D.

      Casparian strip.

    Correct Answer
    B. Xylem tissue.
    Explanation
    Water moves throughout a plant through xylem tissue. Xylem tissue is responsible for transporting water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant. It consists of specialized cells called tracheids and vessel elements that form a network of tubes. These tubes allow water to move upwards against gravity through a process called transpiration. The cohesion and adhesion properties of water, along with the negative pressure created by transpiration, help to pull water up through the xylem tissue. The movement of water through xylem tissue is essential for the plant's survival and the distribution of nutrients.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following cells types is dead at functional maturity?

    • A.

      Sieve-tube elements

    • B.

      Vessel elements

    • C.

      Guard cells

    • D.

      Collenchyma cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Vessel elements
    Explanation
    Vessel elements are dead at functional maturity. They are part of the xylem tissue in plants and are responsible for transporting water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant. These cells undergo programmed cell death and lose their cytoplasm, leaving behind only their cell walls. This allows for efficient water movement through the plant. In contrast, sieve-tube elements, guard cells, and collenchyma cells are all alive at functional maturity and play important roles in plant growth and function.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following cell types is alive at maturity and provides sugars to a plant?

    • A.

      sieve-tube elements/members

    • B.

      Vessel elements

    • C.

      tracheids

    • D.

      Collenchyma cells

    Correct Answer
    A. sieve-tube elements/members
    Explanation
    Sieve-tube elements/members are alive at maturity and provide sugars to a plant. They are part of the phloem tissue in plants and are responsible for transporting sugars and other organic nutrients throughout the plant. These cells are specialized for efficient transport, with perforated end walls that allow for the movement of materials. The sugars produced in the leaves through photosynthesis are loaded into the sieve-tube elements and transported to other parts of the plant where they are used for energy or stored.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is involved in the control of water movement into a plant?

    • A.

      cortex

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Casparian strip

    • D.

      Apical meristem

    Correct Answer
    C. Casparian strip
    Explanation
    The Casparian strip is involved in the control of water movement into a plant. It is a band of waxy material found in the cell walls of endodermal cells in the roots. It acts as a barrier, preventing water and solutes from freely moving between cells and forcing them to pass through the plasma membrane of the endodermal cells. This selective movement helps in regulating the uptake of water and nutrients by the plant, ensuring that only necessary substances are absorbed.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these is a mutualistic association of plant roots and fungi?

    • A.

      Mushrooms

    • B.

      Mycorrhizae

    • C.

      Lichens

    • D.

      Hyphae

    • E.

      Sporangia

    Correct Answer
    B. Mycorrhizae
    Explanation
    Mycorrhizae is a mutualistic association between plant roots and fungi. In this symbiotic relationship, the fungi colonize the roots of the plant, forming a network of hyphae that extend into the soil. The fungi help the plant by increasing its ability to absorb nutrients, particularly phosphorus, from the soil. In return, the plant provides the fungi with carbohydrates produced through photosynthesis. This association is beneficial for both the plant and the fungi, making mycorrhizae the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    Sugar movement through a plant is best described as going from a _____________ to a ______________.

    • A.

      Hypotonic environment; isotonic environment

    • B.

      Source; sink

    • C.

      Sink; source

    • D.

      Isotonic environment; hypertonic environment

    Correct Answer
    B. Source; sink
    Explanation
    Sugar movement through a plant is best described as going from a source to a sink. In plants, the source refers to the site where sugars are produced, typically the leaves through photosynthesis. The sugars are then transported through the phloem to the sink, which is the site where sugars are utilized or stored, such as growing tissues, roots, or fruits. This movement is facilitated by active transport and pressure flow mechanisms. The terms "hypotonic environment," "isotonic environment," and "hypertonic environment" are not applicable in describing the movement of sugars in plants.

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  • 10. 

    The primary purpose of root hairs is to

    • A.

      Fight off infections.

    • B.

      Increase absorption of sugars.

    • C.

      Increase absorption of water.

    • D.

      Anchor the plant to the soil.

    Correct Answer
    C. Increase absorption of water.
    Explanation
    Root hairs are thin, elongated extensions of the root epidermis that greatly increase the surface area of the root for absorption. They are specialized for the absorption of water and minerals from the soil. By increasing the surface area, root hairs allow for a greater volume of water to be absorbed, ensuring the plant has an adequate water supply for growth and survival. Therefore, the primary purpose of root hairs is to increase the absorption of water.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Oct 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Staylor98
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