Piaget, Vygotsky, And Gardner

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| By MelanieS.
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MelanieS.
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 2,125
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Piaget, Vygotsky, And Gardner - Quiz

This quiz was designed by the Early Childhood Studies Class of 2010


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence is characterized by:

    • A.

      Working effectively with others

    • B.

      Composition of music

    • C.

      Using the body to solve problems

    • D.

      Sensitivity to spoken/written language

    Correct Answer
    C. Using the body to solve problems
    Explanation
    Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence is a type of intelligence that involves using the body to solve problems. This means that individuals with this intelligence excel in activities that require physical coordination, such as sports, dance, or hands-on tasks. They have a heightened ability to manipulate objects and use their body to navigate and solve problems in their environment. This type of intelligence is often associated with athletes, dancers, and individuals who work in professions that require physical dexterity and problem-solving skills.

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  • 2. 

    A form of learning that occurs when students help and assist other students to learn is:

    • A.

      Constructivism

    • B.

      Scaffolding

    • C.

      Intrapsychological

    • D.

      Social development

    Correct Answer
    B. Scaffolding
    Explanation
    Scaffolding is a form of learning that occurs when students help and assist other students to learn. It involves providing temporary support and guidance to learners as they engage in tasks or activities that are just beyond their current level of understanding or ability. The goal of scaffolding is to gradually remove the support as the learner becomes more competent and independent. This approach promotes active participation, collaboration, and the development of higher-order thinking skills.

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  • 3. 

    The distance between a student's ability to perform a task with guidance/collaboration and thes student's ability to perform the task alone is called:

    • A.

      Language

    • B.

      Social interaction

    • C.

      Zone of proximal development

    • D.

      More knowledgeable other

    Correct Answer
    C. Zone of proximal development
    Explanation
    The zone of proximal development refers to the gap between a student's current ability to perform a task independently and their potential ability to perform the task with guidance or collaboration. It represents the range of skills and knowledge that a student can acquire with the help of a more knowledgeable other, such as a teacher or peer. This concept emphasizes the importance of providing appropriate support and scaffolding to facilitate a student's learning and development.

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  • 4. 

    The potential to recognize the patterns of wide spaces and more confined areas is:

    • A.

      Interpersonal intelligence

    • B.

      Linguistic intelligence

    • C.

      Musical intelligence

    • D.

      Spatial intelligence

    Correct Answer
    D. Spatial intelligence
    Explanation
    Spatial intelligence refers to the ability to recognize and understand patterns in wide spaces and more confined areas. It involves visualizing and manipulating objects in the mind and having a strong sense of direction and spatial relationships. People with spatial intelligence are often good at activities such as solving puzzles, navigating through maps, and understanding architectural designs. They have a keen awareness of their surroundings and can easily visualize and mentally manipulate objects and shapes.

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  • 5. 

    Which of Gardner's intelligences is characterized by understanding intentions, motivations, and the desires of others and allows you to work effectively with others?

    • A.

      Interpersonal intelligence

    • B.

      Intrapersonal intelligence

    • C.

      Spatial intelligence

    • D.

      Naturalist intelligence

    Correct Answer
    A. Interpersonal intelligence
    Explanation
    Interpersonal intelligence refers to the ability to understand and connect with others, including their intentions, motivations, and desires. This intelligence allows individuals to effectively work with others by being able to empathize, communicate, and collaborate effectively. It involves skills such as social awareness, empathy, and the ability to build and maintain relationships.

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  • 6. 

    In Jean Piaget's stage theory, learning to express yourself with language, recognizing symbolic gestures, and achievment of object permanence are characteristics of:

    • A.

      Formal operations stage

    • B.

      Concrete operations stage

    • C.

      Sensorimotor stage

    • D.

      Preoperational stage

    Correct Answer
    D. Preoperational stage
    Explanation
    In Jean Piaget's stage theory, the preoperational stage is characterized by the development of symbolic thinking and language skills. During this stage, children learn to express themselves through language and recognize symbolic gestures. They also begin to understand the concept of object permanence, which means they realize that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight. This stage typically occurs between the ages of 2 and 7. The formal operations stage, on the other hand, is the final stage in Piaget's theory and is characterized by abstract thinking and logical reasoning, which is not mentioned in the question. Therefore, the correct answer is the preoperational stage.

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  • 7. 

    Intrapersonal intelligence is characterized by:

    • A.

      Using the body to solve problems

    • B.

      Understanding the intentions, motivations, and desires of others

    • C.

      The capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms

    • D.

      Understanding oneself, appreciating one's feelings, fears, and motivations

    Correct Answer
    D. Understanding oneself, appreciating one's feelings, fears, and motivations
    Explanation
    Intrapersonal intelligence refers to a person's ability to understand oneself, appreciate one's own feelings, fears, and motivations. This type of intelligence involves self-reflection, introspection, and self-awareness. Individuals with intrapersonal intelligence have a deep understanding of their own thoughts, emotions, and inner experiences. They are able to identify and process their own feelings and motivations, which allows them to make better decisions and have a clearer sense of self. This type of intelligence is important for personal growth, self-improvement, and developing a strong sense of identity.

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  • 8. 

    Piaget's concrete operations stage is characterized by:

    • A.

      Logic

    • B.

      Reversibility and spatiality

    • C.

      Complete object permanence

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Piaget's concrete operations stage is characterized by logic, reversibility, and spatiality. During this stage, children develop the ability to think logically and understand cause and effect relationships. They also acquire the concept of reversibility, which means they can mentally reverse actions or operations. Additionally, they gain an understanding of space and can mentally manipulate objects in their minds. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" because all these characteristics are associated with Piaget's concrete operations stage.

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  • 9. 

    List the four main themes in Vygotsky's theory of social learning.

  • 10. 

    Name Howard Gardner's 8 Multiple Intelligences.

  • 11. 

    Briefly explain Vygotsky's ZPD and how it works.

  • 12. 

    Briefly describe Gardner's Naturalistic Intelligence and give examples of who might have a high Naturalistic Intelligence.

  • 13. 

    Howard Gardner challenged Jean Piaget's cognitive theory.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences challenged Jean Piaget's cognitive theory, which emphasized a single, general intelligence. Gardner proposed that intelligence is not a single entity, but rather a combination of different intelligences, such as linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. This challenged Piaget's view that intelligence is a fixed, universal trait that develops in stages. Gardner's theory provided a more comprehensive and diverse understanding of human intelligence, highlighting the importance of individual differences and multiple ways of being intelligent.

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  • 14. 

    Vygotsky believed that social learning occurs before development.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Vygotsky believed that social learning occurs before development. This means that according to Vygotsky's theory, children learn and develop through their interactions with others in their social environment. He emphasized the importance of social interactions and the role of more knowledgeable individuals in guiding and supporting a child's learning. Vygotsky believed that through these social interactions, children acquire new knowledge and skills that then contribute to their overall development.

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  • 15. 

    We learn symbolic gestures during Piaget's sensorimotor stage.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    During Piaget's sensorimotor stage, which occurs from birth to around 2 years old, children learn through their senses and actions. This stage is characterized by the development of object permanence and the ability to use symbols to represent objects or events. However, symbolic gestures, such as waving goodbye or blowing a kiss, typically develop during the later stages of the sensorimotor period, around 18-24 months. Therefore, the statement that we learn symbolic gestures during Piaget's sensorimotor stage is false.

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  • 16. 

    Jean Piaget believed that you can understand a child's skills and way of learning if you look at their culture and environment.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget did not believe that you can understand a child's skills and way of learning by solely looking at their culture and environment. Piaget's theory of cognitive development focused on the internal processes of the child's mind, such as their ability to think, reason, and problem-solve. He believed that children construct knowledge through their own active exploration and interaction with the world, rather than being solely influenced by their cultural and environmental factors. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 17. 

    Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences has had a profound impact on thinking and practice in education.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences proposes that there are different types of intelligence, such as linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. This theory has had a significant influence on education by challenging the traditional view that intelligence is a single, fixed trait. Instead, Gardner's theory suggests that individuals have different strengths and abilities in these various intelligences, and educators should consider and cater to these differences in their teaching practices. Therefore, it is true that Gardner's theory has had a profound impact on thinking and practice in education.

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  • 18. 

    Howard Gardner believed that intelligence could be measured with an IQ test.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Howard Gardner did not believe that intelligence could be measured with an IQ test. He proposed the theory of multiple intelligences, which suggests that there are different types of intelligence, such as linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. Gardner argued that intelligence cannot be accurately captured by a single numerical score on an IQ test, as it fails to account for the various ways in which individuals excel in different areas. Therefore, the statement that Gardner believed intelligence could be measured with an IQ test is false.

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  • 19. 

    Gardner defined intelligence as the capacity to solve problems or to fashion/create products that are valued in one or more cultural settings.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Gardner, a prominent psychologist, defined intelligence as the ability to solve problems or create products that are considered valuable in different cultural contexts. This definition expands the traditional view of intelligence beyond just academic or cognitive abilities, recognizing that intelligence can manifest in various forms and be valued differently across cultures.

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  • 20. 

    Lev Vygotsky was a stage theorist.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Lev Vygotsky was not a stage theorist. He was a Russian psychologist who focused on the sociocultural theory of development. According to Vygotsky, development occurs through social interaction and the guidance of more knowledgeable individuals. He emphasized the role of culture and social context in shaping cognitive development. Vygotsky's theory is different from stage theories, such as Piaget's, which propose that development occurs in distinct stages.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 28, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    MelanieS.
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