Physiology Quiz Chapter 5

97 Questions | Total Attempts: 238

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Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

It’s time to learn a little bit about our bodies, wouldn’t you say? The study of physiology allows us to do just that, providing us with information regarding not only our various body parts and what their functions are, but the same for every organism we come across. Think you know about some of these functions? Take the following quiz to find out for sure! Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Sensory input:
    • A. 

      Processes and interprets the sensory input of the sensory receptors to form a decision as to the appropriate response

    • B. 

      Produces a response through the actions of muscles or glands

    • C. 

      Monitors changes that occur both inside and outside of the body through sensory receptors

  • 2. 
    The nervous system is the master control and communication system of the body which is involved in every ______________, _______________, ______________.
  • 3. 
    The Central Nervous System consists of the brain and spinal cord.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The Nervous System is divided into two parts. They are called:
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System and Sympathetic Nervous System

    • B. 

      Autonomic Nervous System and Somatic Nervous System

    • C. 

      Peripheral Nervous System and Central Nervous System

  • 5. 
    _____________ interprets sensory input and forms a response to that stimulus.
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

    • B. 

      Central Nervous System

    • C. 

      Peripheral Nervous System

    • D. 

      Somatic Nervous System

  • 6. 
    ____________ is the integration and command centers of the nervous system.
    • A. 

      Central Nervous System

    • B. 

      Peripheral Nervous System

    • C. 

      Somatic Nervous System

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

  • 7. 
    The Peripheral Nervous System is the nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    _____________ nerves carry information to and from the brain
  • 9. 
    ______________ nerves carry information to and from the spinal cord
  • 10. 
    The Peripheral Nervous System is an information channel which links the body parts with the Central Nervous System
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    There are two subdivisions of the PNS. They are called __________
    • A. 

      Sensory (afferent) division & Motor (efferent) division

    • B. 

      Somatic division & Autonomic division

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic division & Sympathetic division

  • 12. 
    ___________ are nerve fibers that conduct sensory information from peripheral sensory receptors to the CNS
    • A. 

      Motor or efferent division

    • B. 

      Somatic division

    • C. 

      Autonomic division

    • D. 

      Sensory or afferent division

  • 13. 
    ______________ nerve fibers from the skin, muscle, or joint that carry sensory information to CNS (outside body information)
    • A. 

      Visceral afferents

    • B. 

      Somatic afferents

  • 14. 
    _____________ are nerve fibers which carry information from the visceral organs to the CNS. (inside body information)
    • A. 

      Somatic afferents

    • B. 

      Visceral afferents

  • 15. 
    _____________ are nerve fibers that carry information from the CNS to efferent organs (muscles and glands). 
  • 16. 
    The two subdivisions of the motor division are ___________ & _____________
    • A. 

      Autonomic Nervous System

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

    • C. 

      Somatic Nervous System

    • D. 

      Sympathetic Nervous System

  • 17. 
    The somatic nervous system are nerve fibers that control the activity of smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and glands.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The autonomic nervous system are nerve fibers that control the activity of smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and glands.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The somatic nervous system are nerve fibers that carry impulses from the CNS to the skeletal muscles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The Autonomic Nervous system is also known as
  • 21. 
    The somatic nervous system is also known as
  • 22. 
    The sympathetic division _____________ the visceral organs
    • A. 

      Stimulates

    • B. 

      Inhibits

    • C. 

      Controls

    • D. 

      Contains

  • 23. 
    The parasympathetic division _____________ the visceral organs
    • A. 

      Stimulates

    • B. 

      Inhibits

    • C. 

      Controls

    • D. 

      Contains

  • 24. 
    Nervous tissue is made up of cells (about 80% ______ and 20% ________)
    • A. 

      Extracellular space & cells

    • B. 

      Cells & extracellular space

    • C. 

      Neurons & dendrites

    • D. 

      Dendrites & extracellular space

  • 25. 
    What are the two types of cells in nervous tissue?
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