# The Ultimate Physics Practice Test For Students! Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 448
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 448

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• 1.

### Wrapping a hot potato in aluminum foil significantly reduces the rate at which it cools by

• A.

Conduction

• B.

Condensation

• C.

Evaporation

• D.

Melting

C. Evaporation
Explanation
When a hot potato is wrapped in aluminum foil, it creates a barrier that prevents the escape of moisture from the surface of the potato. Evaporation is the process by which a liquid turns into a gas, and in this case, it refers to the moisture on the surface of the potato. By reducing the rate of evaporation, the potato retains more heat and cools down at a slower rate. Conduction, condensation, and melting do not directly relate to the cooling process in this scenario.

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• 2.

### The molecules in a room-temperature glass of water jostle around at

• A.

A great variety of speeds

• B.

Much the same rates of speed

• C.

A very small range of speeds

A. A great variety of speeds
Explanation
The molecules in a room-temperature glass of water jostle around at a great variety of speeds. This means that some molecules are moving faster while others are moving slower, resulting in a wide range of speeds. This is because the temperature of the water causes the molecules to have different amounts of kinetic energy, which determines their speed. Therefore, the molecules in the water are not all moving at the same rate but rather have a diverse range of speeds.

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• 3.

### Evaporation is a cooling process and condensation is

• A.

A warming process

• B.

A cooling process also

• C.

Neither a warming nor cooling process

A. A warming process
Explanation
Evaporation is a cooling process because it involves the conversion of liquid water into water vapor, which requires energy. This energy is obtained from the surrounding environment, resulting in a decrease in temperature. On the other hand, condensation is a warming process because it involves the conversion of water vapor into liquid water, releasing energy in the form of heat to the surrounding environment, thus increasing the temperature.

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• 4.

### Evaporation is a cooling process because

• A.

Heat is radiated during the process

• B.

Of conduction and convection

• C.

The more energetic molecules are able to escape the liquid

• D.

The temperature of the remaining liquid decreases

C. The more energetic molecules are able to escape the liquid
Explanation
Evaporation is a cooling process because the more energetic molecules in a liquid are able to escape into the surrounding environment. These molecules have higher kinetic energy and are more likely to break free from the liquid's surface. As a result, the average kinetic energy and temperature of the remaining liquid decreases, leading to a cooling effect.

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• 5.

### To say that evaporation is a cooling process is to say that the

• A.

More energetic particles escape

• B.

More energetic particles remain in the water

• C.

The less energetic particles escape

A. More energetic particles escape
Explanation
Evaporation is a cooling process because it involves the transformation of liquid particles into vapor. During evaporation, the more energetic particles on the surface of the liquid gain enough energy to overcome the intermolecular forces holding them together, allowing them to escape into the surrounding environment as vapor. This process results in the loss of the most energetic particles, which leads to a decrease in the average kinetic energy and temperature of the remaining liquid particles. Therefore, stating that more energetic particles escape during evaporation accurately describes the cooling effect of this process.

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• 6.

### A hot dog pants

• A.

To help evaporation occur in its mouth and bronchial tract

• B.

To bring more oxygen into its lungs

• C.

For no particular reason - some things just happen

• D.

To impress dogs of the opposite sex

A. To help evaporation occur in its mouth and bronchial tract
Explanation
The hot dog pants to help evaporation occur in its mouth and bronchial tract. Panting is a common behavior in dogs that helps regulate their body temperature. When a dog pants, it breathes rapidly, which causes moisture in its mouth and respiratory system to evaporate. This evaporation helps cool down the dog's body, as the heat from the body is transferred to the moisture and carried away through the breath. Therefore, panting is a natural mechanism for dogs to cool themselves down and prevent overheating.

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• 7.

### Steam burns are more damaging than burns caused by boiling water because steam

• A.

Gives up additional energy when it condenses

• B.

Has more energy per kilogram than boiling water

• C.

Choices A and B are both correct

• D.

Choices B and C are both incorrect

C. Choices A and B are both correct
Explanation
Steam burns are more damaging than burns caused by boiling water because both choices A and B are correct. When steam condenses on the skin, it gives up additional energy in the form of heat, causing further damage to the skin. Additionally, steam has more energy per kilogram compared to boiling water, which means it can transfer more heat to the skin upon contact, leading to more severe burns.

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• 8.

### We feel uncomfortably warm on a muggy day because water molecules are

• A.

Evaporating from our moist bodies

• B.

Condensing on our bodies

• C.

Evaporating and condensing on our bodies at the same rate

C. Evaporating and condensing on our bodies at the same rate
Explanation
When water molecules evaporate from our bodies, they take away heat energy from our skin, which cools us down. On a muggy day, the air is already saturated with moisture, making it difficult for the water molecules to evaporate. At the same time, the high humidity causes water molecules in the air to condense on our bodies, releasing heat energy and making us feel warm and uncomfortable. Therefore, the water molecules are both evaporating and condensing on our bodies at the same rate, leading to the sensation of being uncomfortably warm.

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• 9.

### We are warmed by condensation because water molecules in the air that strike our bodies

• A.

Transfer some of their kinetic energy to us

• B.

Gain kinetic energy as they change state

• C.

Form an insulating layer on our bodies

A. Transfer some of their kinetic energy to us
Explanation
When water molecules in the air strike our bodies, they transfer some of their kinetic energy to us. This transfer of energy leads to an increase in our body temperature, therefore warming us.

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• 10.

### When a gas is changed to a liquid state, the gas

• A.

Releases energy

• B.

Absorbs energy

• C.

Neither releases nor absorbs energy

• D.

Both releases and absorbs energy

A. Releases energy
Explanation
When a gas is changed to a liquid state, it releases energy. This is because the process of condensation, where a gas turns into a liquid, involves the gas molecules losing energy and coming together to form a liquid. This release of energy is usually observed as heat, and it is the reason why condensation often results in the temperature of the surroundings increasing.

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• 11.

### When a solid is changed to a liquid state, the solid

• A.

Releases energy

• B.

Absorbs energy

• C.

Neither releases nor absorbs energy

• D.

Both releases and absorbs energy

B. Absorbs energy
Explanation
When a solid is changed to a liquid state, it absorbs energy. This is because the process of melting requires the solid to overcome the forces of attraction between its particles and gain enough energy to break these bonds. As a result, energy is absorbed from the surroundings to provide the necessary heat for the solid to transition into a liquid state.

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• 12.

### When liquids change to a solid state, they

• A.

Absorb energy

• B.

Release energy

• C.

Neither absorb nor release energy

• D.

Both absorb and release energy

B. Release energy
Explanation
When liquids change to a solid state, they release energy because the process of solidification involves the molecules of the liquid coming together and forming a more organized and stable structure. This release of energy is known as the heat of fusion.

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• 13.

### Which could burn a boy scout the most?

• A.

100 g of water at 100 degrees C

• B.

100 g of steam at 100 degrees C

• C.

Both would be equally damaging

B. 100 g of steam at 100 degrees C
Explanation
Steam at 100 degrees Celsius would burn a boy scout the most because steam carries more heat energy compared to water at the same temperature. Steam is in its gaseous state and has a higher latent heat of vaporization, meaning it requires more energy to convert from a liquid to a gas. When steam comes into contact with the skin, it releases a large amount of heat energy, causing more severe burns compared to water at the same temperature.

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• 14.

### When heat is added to boiling water, its temperature

• A.

Increases.

• B.

Decreases.

• C.

Does not change.

C. Does not change.
Explanation
When heat is added to boiling water, its temperature does not change because the heat energy is used to convert the liquid water into water vapor. This process, known as vaporization or boiling, requires the absorption of heat energy without affecting the temperature of the water. Therefore, even though heat is being added, the temperature of the boiling water remains constant.

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• 15.

### Boiling water does not increase in temperature when additional heat is applied because

• A.

The temperature doesn't change in a change of state

• B.

Added input energy doesn't increase the water's internal energy

• C.

The increased heating produces increased boiling, and therefore increased cooling

• D.

None of these

C. The increased heating produces increased boiling, and therefore increased cooling
Explanation
When additional heat is applied to boiling water, the increased heating produces increased boiling. This means that the water is undergoing a change of state from liquid to gas at a faster rate. As the water molecules turn into steam, they take away heat energy from the surrounding water, resulting in increased cooling. Therefore, the temperature of the water does not increase because the added input energy is being used to facilitate the phase change rather than raising the temperature.

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• 16.

### For increased atmospheric pressure, the boiling temperature of a liquid

• A.

Goes down

• B.

Goes up

• C.

Remains at 100 degrees C

B. Goes up
Explanation
As atmospheric pressure increases, the boiling temperature of a liquid also increases. This is because boiling occurs when the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the atmospheric pressure. When the atmospheric pressure is higher, it takes more energy to increase the vapor pressure of the liquid to match the increased atmospheric pressure, thus raising the boiling temperature.

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• 17.

### Increased air pressure on the surface of hot water tends to

• A.

Prevent boiling

• B.

Promote boiling

• C.

Neither choice A nor choice B is true

• D.

Choice A and choice B are both true

A. Prevent boiling
Explanation
When water is heated, the molecules gain energy and move faster, causing the water to reach its boiling point. Increased air pressure on the surface of hot water can counteract the escape of water vapor molecules, making it harder for them to form bubbles and escape as steam. This increased pressure prevents the water from boiling and keeps it in its liquid state.

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• 18.

### Near the top of a mountain, water in an open pot boils at

• A.

A higher temperature than at sea level

• B.

A lower temperature than at sea level

• C.

The same temperature as at sea level

• D.

None of the above choices are true

B. A lower temperature than at sea level
Explanation
At higher altitudes, the atmospheric pressure decreases, which lowers the boiling point of water. This means that water boils at a lower temperature near the top of a mountain compared to sea level.

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• 19.

### The food in a refrigerator is cooled by

• A.

Vaporization of the refrigerating fluid

• B.

Condensation of the refrigerating fluid

• C.

The ice in your nearby freezer

A. Vaporization of the refrigerating fluid
Explanation
The food in a refrigerator is cooled by the vaporization of the refrigerating fluid. This is because the refrigerating fluid, also known as refrigerant, undergoes a phase change from a liquid to a gas when it absorbs heat from the food inside the refrigerator. This process of vaporization removes heat from the food, causing it to cool down.

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• 20.

### You can briefly touch a hot clothes iron with a bare wet finger because the wetness

• A.

Choices C and D are both true

• B.

Only Choice C is true

• C.

Absorbs energy in vaporizing

• D.

Provides an insulating layer after it changes state

A. Choices C and D are both true
Explanation
The wetness of a finger absorbs energy in vaporizing because the heat from the hot clothes iron causes the water on the finger to evaporate, which requires energy. Additionally, the water provides an insulating layer after it changes state, which helps protect the finger from direct contact with the hot surface of the iron. Therefore, both Choice C and Choice D are true.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 04, 2010
Quiz Created by
Sarringhaus

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