Philosophy Chapter 1

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 312

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Philosophy is a study almost as old as time itself, which deals with the topics of general and fundamental problems involving existence, values, reason, mind, knowledge, language and more. What do you know on the topic?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Priori:
    • A. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • B. 

      To be, actuality

    • C. 

      The view that at leas some human acts are not completely determined

    • D. 

      Known independent of sensory experience. Necessary or universal

  • 2. 
    Posteriori is:
    • A. 

      To be, actuality

    • B. 

      Known independent of sensory experience. Necessary or universal

    • C. 

      The view that at least some human acts are not completely determined

    • D. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

  • 3. 
    Essence is:
    • A. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • B. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • C. 

      To be, actuality

    • D. 

      A property or set of properties that define what a thing is.

  • 4. 
    Existence is:
    • A. 

      A property or set of properties that define what a thing is.

    • B. 

      To be, actuality

    • C. 

      Primarily a twentieth century philosophical movement in which concerns about the nature and condition of human existence are central.

    • D. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

  • 5. 
    Free will is:
    • A. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • B. 

      A property or set of properties that define what a thing is.

    • C. 

      The view that at least some human acts are not completely determined.

    • D. 

      Generally, that which is distinctive, significant,and serves to define what it is to be human.

  • 6. 
    Human Nature is:
    • A. 

      Generally, that which is distinctive, significant,and serves to define what it is to be human.

    • B. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • C. 

      The view that at least some human acts are not completely determined.

  • 7. 
    Metaphysics are:
    • A. 

      The view that at least some human acts are not completely determined.

    • B. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • C. 

      The study of the ultimate nature of reality.

  • 8. 
    Mental:
    • A. 

      Knowledge depended upon sensory experience

    • B. 

      The view that at least some human acts are not completely determined.

    • C. 

      Used to describe the activities of the mind of cognition.

  • 9. 
    Rationality is:
    • A. 

      A distinct non-physical thing or substance that traditionally constitutes the person and is what survives the death of the body and retains the identity of the self

    • B. 

      The use of reason or the rules and principles of logical thinking.

    • C. 

      The view that the universe is permeated with purpose and is contrasted with Mechanism.

  • 10. 
    Soul is:
    • A. 

      The use of reason or the rules and principles of logical thinking.

    • B. 

      A distinct non-physical thing or substance that traditionally constitutes the person and is what survives the death of the body and retains the identity of the self.

    • C. 

      The view that the universe is permeated with purpose and is contrasted with Mechanism.

  • 11. 
    Teleology is:
    • A. 

      The view that the universe is permeated with purpose and is contrasted with Mechanism.

    • B. 

      A thing's purpose,or goal

    • C. 

      Traditionally attributed to Charles Darwin as the theory that accounts for the development and survival of living species.

  • 12. 
    Telos: (greek)
    • A. 

      Traditionally attributed to Charles Darwin as the theory that accounts for the development and survival of living species.

    • B. 

      The view that the universe is permeated with purpose and is contrasted with Mechanism.

    • C. 

      A thing's purpose,or goal.

  • 13. 
    Theory of evolution:
    • A. 

      Traditionally attributed to Charles Darwin as the theory that accounts for the development and survival of living species.

    • B. 

      For Aristotle, and excellence either in terms of rationality, the intellectual virtues like wisdom or excellence in action, the moral virtues like courage, justice, and the like.

    • C. 

      A thing's purpose,or goal.

  • 14. 
    Virtue:
    • A. 

      Traditionally attributed to Charles Darwin as the theory that accounts for the development and survival of living species.

    • B. 

      For Aristotle, and excellence either in terms of rationality, the intellectual virtues like wisdom or excellence in action, the moral virtues like courage, justice, and the like.

    • C. 

      The use of reason or the rules and principles of logical thinking.

  • 15. 
    The traditional study of human nature has been an attempt to?
    • A. 

      Account for why humans are the only animals that smile

    • B. 

      Discover if there is anything distinct and significant about humans

    • C. 

      Composed of three parts: aggression, appetite, and reason.

  • 16. 
    According to the traditional Greek view, the soul was?
    • A. 

      A chariot with a charioteer and two horses

    • B. 

      Telos

    • C. 

      Composed of three parts: aggression, appetite, and reason.

  • 17. 
    Plato compared the parts of the soul to:
    • A. 

      A chariot with a charioteer and two horses

    • B. 

      Discover if there is anything distinct and significant about humans

    • C. 

      Composed of three parts: aggression, appetite, and reason.

  • 18. 
    According to Aristotle, reality is permeated with:
    • A. 

      Agape

    • B. 

      Ideotes

    • C. 

      Telos

    • D. 

      Sin

  • 19. 
    For the Greeks, the essence of human nature was:
    • A. 

      Pleasure

    • B. 

      Emotion

    • C. 

      Reason

    • D. 

      Appetite

  • 20. 
    According to the Judaic_Christian-Islamic view of human nature, humans are:
    • A. 

      Rational animals

    • B. 

      Created in the image of God

    • C. 

      Capacity for choice

  • 21. 
    The Judaic=-Christian-Islamic view of human nature differed from the traditional Greek view in that it emphasized our:
    • A. 

      Capacity for choice

    • B. 

      Capacity for reason

    • C. 

      Need for leisure

  • 22. 
    According to the traditional Christian view, as espoused by Aquinas, it is an essential aspect of human nature to:
    • A. 

      Want to make money

    • B. 

      Want to know God.

    • C. 

      There is a difference in degree between humans and all other creatures.

  • 23. 
    The theory of natural selection claims that:
    • A. 

      Humans are self-defining creatures

    • B. 

      Has been proven by social scientists

    • C. 

      There is a difference in degree between humans and all other creatures.

  • 24. 
    For existentialists:
    • A. 

      There is a difference in degree between humans and all other creatures.

    • B. 

      Humans are self-defining creatures

    • C. 

      Has been proven by social scientists

  • 25. 
    Plato believed the self consisted of reason, appetite and desire
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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