Pharmacognosy Quiz Questions And Answers

Clinically Reviewed by Nicolette Natale
Nicolette Natale, BA |
Medical Expert
Review Board Member
Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.
, BA
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jazmine_cabais
J
Jazmine_cabais
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 16,591
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 16,600

SettingsSettingsSettings
Pharmacognosy Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz


Step into the fascinating world of pharmacognosy with this comprehensive quiz that delves into the realm of medicinal drugs and their versatile applications. Throughout history, we've harnessed the power of herbs and plants to alleviate a wide range of ailments. This quiz offers an opportunity to deepen your understanding of these natural remedies.

As you journey through the quiz, you'll uncover the hidden potential of plants that continue to astonish us with their healing properties. The world of pharmacognosy holds secrets waiting to be unraveled, and this quiz is your gateway to exploring its wonders.

Embark on this Read moreeducational adventure and test your knowledge of these valuable plant-based resources. From ancient remedies to modern discoveries, each question holds the key to expanding your pharmacognostic expertise. Share your newfound insights and challenge your peers to take the quiz as well. Good luck on your quest to unravel the mysteries of pharmacognosy!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The alkaloid found in calabar bean

    • A.

      Physostigmine

    • B.

      Cocaine

    • C.

      Colchicines

    • D.

      Emetine

    Correct Answer
    A. Physostigmine
    Explanation
    Physostigmine is the correct answer because it is the alkaloid found in calabar bean. Calabar bean is a seed from the plant Physostigma venenosum, and physostigmine is the main active compound present in this seed. It is used in medicine for its cholinergic properties, including its ability to increase levels of acetylcholine in the brain. This alkaloid has various therapeutic applications, such as treating glaucoma and reversing the effects of certain types of drug intoxication.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which of these is used as a carminative and anti-spasmodic?

    • A.

      Jalap

    • B.

      Gamboges

    • C.

      Asafoetida

    • D.

      Witch hazel

    Correct Answer
    C. Asafoetida
    Explanation
    Asafoetida is a resin obtained from the root of certain plants. It is commonly used as a carminative, which means it helps to relieve flatulence and bloating. It is also known for its anti-spasmodic properties, which means it can help to relax and soothe muscle contractions. Therefore, Asafoetida is a suitable answer for a substance that is used as a carminative and anti-spasmodic.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The following is/are the properties of non-hydrolyzable tannins except: 

    • A.

      They give a bluish to black color with ferric chloride.

    • B.

      They usually contain phloroglucinol nuclei in part.

    • C.

      They are usually precipitated by bromine water TS.

    • D.

      They yield catechol when heated.

    Correct Answer
    A. They give a bluish to black color with ferric chloride.
    Explanation
    Nonhydrolyzable tannins are a type of tannins that cannot be broken down by hydrolysis. They usually contain a phloroglucinol nucleus and are typically precipitated by bromine water TS. When heated, they yield catechol. However, they do not give a bluish to black color with ferric chloride. This property is characteristic of hydrolyzable tannins, not nonhydrolyzable tannins.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    This does not possess narcotic properties and is therefore sometimes called anarcotine.

    • A.

      Noscapine

    • B.

      Hydrocodone

    • C.

      Papaverine HCI

    • D.

      Hydromorphone

    Correct Answer
    A. Noscapine
    Explanation
    Noscapine is the correct answer because it is a non-narcotic substance that does not possess narcotic properties. It is sometimes referred to as anarcotine because of this characteristic. Hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and papaverine HCI, on the other hand, are all narcotic substances and would not fit the description provided in the question.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The hallucinogen derived from ergot:

    • A.

      THC

    • B.

      ETO

    • C.

      EDTA

    • D.

      LSD

    Correct Answer
    D. LSD
    Explanation
    LSD is the correct answer because it is a hallucinogen derived from ergot. Ergot is a fungus that grows on rye and other grains, and LSD is synthesized from ergotamine, a chemical found in ergot. LSD is known for its hallucinogenic effects, altering perceptions and causing vivid hallucinations. It is a potent psychoactive substance that affects serotonin receptors in the brain, leading to its hallucinogenic properties.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Plant sources of purine bases alkaloids:

    • A.

      Kola

    • B.

      Tea

    • C.

      Cacao

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    All of the mentioned plants, kola, tea, and cacao, are sources of purine bases alkaloids. Purine bases alkaloids are a group of organic compounds that are commonly found in plants and have various biological activities. These compounds are known for their stimulant effects and are often used in beverages and food products. Therefore, all of the mentioned plants can be considered as plant sources of purine bases alkaloids.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Class of natural products with potent and diverse biological activities involved in platelet aggregation, pain, and inflammation.

    • A.

      Enzyme

    • B.

      Hormones

    • C.

      Prostaglandins

    • D.

      Tubocurarine

    Correct Answer
    C. Prostaglandins
    Explanation
    Prostaglandins are a class of natural products that have potent and diverse biological activities involved in platelet aggregation, pain, and inflammation. They are derived from fatty acids and act as local hormones in the body. Prostaglandins play a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes, including blood clotting, vascular tone, and inflammation. They are involved in mediating pain and fever responses and are also important in reproductive processes. Therefore, prostaglandins are the correct answer as they fit the description provided in the question.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Attacks protopectin yielding soluble pectin:

    • A.

      Protopectinase

    • B.

      Pectose

    • C.

      Pectinase

    • D.

      Pectase

    Correct Answer
    A. Protopectinase
    Explanation
    Protopectase is the correct answer because it is an enzyme that attacks protopectin, breaking it down into soluble pectin. Protopectin is a complex carbohydrate found in plant cell walls that can be converted into pectin through enzymatic action. Pectinase and pectase are enzymes that also act on pectin, but they do not specifically target protopectin. Pectose, on the other hand, is a product of the breakdown of pectin, not an enzyme that breaks down protopectin.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The new name of the family Palmae:

    • A.

      Poaceae

    • B.

      Asteraceae

    • C.

      Caesalpiniaceae

    • D.

      Arecaceae

    Correct Answer
    D. Arecaceae
    Explanation
    Arecaceae is the new name for the family Palmae. This family includes plants commonly known as palms. The name change from Palmae to Arecaceae was made due to taxonomic revisions and advancements in botanical classification. Arecaceae is a widely recognized and accepted name for this family in modern botanical literature.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    A local source of cyanogenic glycosides is:

    • A.

      Cyanogen Esculenta

    • B.

      Manihot esculentum

    • C.

      Manihot cymbopogon

    • D.

      Manihot esculenta

    Correct Answer
    D. Manihot esculenta
    Explanation
    Manihot esculenta is the correct answer because it is commonly known as cassava, a tropical root vegetable that is widely cultivated for its edible starchy tuber. Cassava contains cyanogenic glycosides, which are naturally occurring compounds that can release cyanide when consumed. Therefore, Manihot esculenta is a local source of cyanogenic glycosides.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The principal cinchona alkaloid is employed therapeutically as an antiprotozoal drug.

    • A.

      Quinine

    • B.

      Chloroquine

    • C.

      Quinacrine

    • D.

      Quinidine

    • E.

      Eserine salicylate

    Correct Answer
    A. Quinine
    Explanation
    Quinine is the correct answer because it is the principal cinchona alkaloid used as an anti-protozoal drug. Cinchona alkaloids are derived from the bark of the cinchona tree and have been used for centuries to treat malaria. Quinine specifically has been proven effective in treating malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, the most deadly species of the parasite. It works by interfering with the parasite's ability to break down hemoglobin, ultimately killing the parasite. Chloroquine, quinacrine, quinidine, and eserine salicylate are also anti-protozoal drugs, but they are not the principal cinchona alkaloid used therapeutically.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The pathologic product of sperm whales is:

    • A.

      Copaiba

    • B.

      Ambergris

    • C.

      Bayberry

    • D.

      Carnauba

    • E.

      Teaberry

    Correct Answer
    B. Ambergris
    Explanation
    Ambergris is the correct answer because it is a pathologic product of sperm whales. Ambergris is a waxy substance that forms in the digestive system of sperm whales and is expelled through their feces. It is often found floating in the ocean or washed up on beaches. Ambergris has a unique and pleasant scent, which makes it valuable in the perfume industry.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    These are major carotenoids in plants, except:

    • A.

      B-carotene

    • B.

      Lycopene

    • C.

      A-carotene

    • D.

      Gossypol

    Correct Answer
    D. Gossypol
    Explanation
    The major carotenoids in plants are b-carotene, lycopene, and a-carotene. Gossypol, on the other hand, is not a major carotenoid found in plants. Therefore, the correct answer is gossypol.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Alkaloids as salts may be liberated from plant components using: 

    • A.

      Acidulated water

    • B.

      Sodium carbonate

    • C.

      Methanol

    • D.

      Ether

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium carbonate
    Explanation
    Sodium carbonate can be used to liberate alkaloids from plant components. This is because sodium carbonate is a strong base and can react with acidic components in the plant, such as phenolic acids or tannins, to form water-soluble salts. These salts can then be easily extracted using water. Methanol and ether are organic solvents that can be used for extraction, but they do not have the ability to liberate alkaloids from plant components. Acidulated water, on the other hand, would not be suitable for this purpose as it would not help in liberating alkaloids.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    This is the parent nucleus of the chlorophylls:

    • A.

      Bilan

    • B.

      Porphine

    • C.

      Tetraphenylporphyrin

    • D.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    B. Porphine
    Explanation
    Porphine is the correct answer because it is the parent nucleus of the chlorophylls. Porphine is a cyclic compound that forms the basis of the chlorophyll molecule, which is responsible for capturing light energy during photosynthesis. It consists of four pyrrole rings joined together, and it is in porphine that the magnesium ion is coordinated. Therefore, porphine plays a crucial role in the structure and function of chlorophylls.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    It is one of the ingredients of the embalming material of Egyptians:

    • A.

      Benzoin

    • B.

      Tolu balsam

    • C.

      Myrrh

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Myrrh
    Explanation
    Myrrh is an aromatic resin that was commonly used by the ancient Egyptians in the embalming process. It was one of the ingredients in their embalming material, which was used to preserve the bodies of the deceased. Myrrh has antimicrobial properties and a strong fragrance, making it an ideal ingredient for embalming. It was also used in religious rituals and as a perfume in ancient Egypt. Therefore, myrrh is the correct answer as it is directly associated with the embalming material used by the Egyptians.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The solid resin from turpentine:

    • A.

      Benzoin

    • B.

      Styrax

    • C.

      Tolu

    • D.

      Rosin

    Correct Answer
    D. Rosin
    Explanation
    Rosin is the correct answer because it is the solid resin derived from turpentine. It is commonly used in various industries such as music, sports, and manufacturing due to its adhesive properties. Rosin is obtained by distilling the liquid sap of pine trees and then solidifying it. It is used in products like violin bows, shoe soles, and printing inks.

    Rate this question:

Nicolette Natale |BA |
Medical Expert
Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.