Peripheral Nervous SySTEM (Pns)

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Peripheral Nervous System (Pns) - Quiz

The human body is made up of complex systems, which help it to function well. Among them is the peripheral nervous system and which is being tested in the quiz below. It will help you revise and advance your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Consists of cranial and spinal nerves that branch out and connect all body parts to CNS; each nerve consist of a bundle of nerve fibers surrounded by connective tissues

    • A.

      CNA

    • B.

      PNS

    • C.

      CNS

    Correct Answer
    B. PNS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is PNS. The explanation is that the PNS, or Peripheral Nervous System, consists of cranial and spinal nerves that branch out and connect all body parts to the CNS, or Central Nervous System. Each nerve in the PNS is made up of a bundle of nerve fibers surrounded by connective tissues.

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  • 2. 

    Surrounds each nerve fiber

    • A.

      Endoneurium

    • B.

      Perineurium

    • C.

      Epineurium

    Correct Answer
    A. Endoneurium
    Explanation
    The endoneurium is a connective tissue layer that surrounds each individual nerve fiber. It provides support and protection to the nerve fibers, as well as helps maintain their structural integrity. The endoneurium also contains blood vessels that supply nutrients to the nerve fibers.

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  • 3. 

    Surrounds a bundle of nerve fibers

    • A.

      Endoneurium

    • B.

      Perineurium

    • C.

      Epineurium

    Correct Answer
    B. Perineurium
    Explanation
    Perineurium is the correct answer because it is the connective tissue that surrounds a bundle of nerve fibers. It acts as a protective sheath, providing support and insulation to the nerves. The perineurium also helps maintain the structural integrity of the nerve bundle and prevents the spread of electrical signals between adjacent nerve fibers.

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  • 4. 

    Surrounds the entire nerve

    • A.

      Endoneurium

    • B.

      Perineurium

    • C.

      Epineurium

    Correct Answer
    C. Epineurium
    Explanation
    The epineurium is the outermost layer of connective tissue that surrounds the entire nerve. It provides protection and support to the nerve fibers within. The endoneurium is the innermost layer of connective tissue that surrounds individual nerve fibers, while the perineurium is the middle layer that surrounds bundles of nerve fibers called fascicles. However, only the epineurium covers the entire nerve.

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  • 5. 

    How many pairs of cranial nerves are there?

    • A.

      5 pairs

    • B.

      12 pairs

    • C.

      1 pair

    Correct Answer
    B. 12 pairs
    Explanation
    There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves in the human body. These nerves emerge directly from the brain and control various functions such as vision, hearing, smell, and movement of the face and neck. Each pair of cranial nerves serves a specific purpose and plays a vital role in the overall functioning of the body.

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  • 6. 

    Most cranial nerves are ____, some are ____ and others are motor

    • A.

      Spinal, sensory

    • B.

      Mixed, sensory

    • C.

      Single, mixed

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixed, sensory
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that most cranial nerves have mixed functions, meaning they carry both sensory and motor signals. Some cranial nerves, however, are primarily sensory, meaning they mainly transmit sensory information. This indicates that these nerves are responsible for relaying information from the sensory organs to the brain. Therefore, the correct answer is "mixed, sensory."

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  • 7. 

    Some cranial nerve fibers are ____ and others are _____

    • A.

      Somatic, autonomic

    • B.

      Simple, intricut

    • C.

      Automatic, somatic

    Correct Answer
    A. Somatic, autonomic
    Explanation
    The cranial nerve fibers can be classified into two categories: somatic and autonomic. Somatic fibers are responsible for controlling voluntary movements and transmitting sensory information from the body to the brain. On the other hand, autonomic fibers regulate involuntary functions such as heart rate, digestion, and breathing. Therefore, it can be concluded that some cranial nerve fibers are somatic, involved in voluntary actions, while others are autonomic, controlling involuntary processes.

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  • 8. 

    Each spinal nerve arise from a ____ root and a ____ root

    • A.

      DORSAL, VENTRAL

    • B.

      PLEXUSES, SOMATIC

    • C.

      ANTERIOR, HORN

    Correct Answer
    A. DORSAL, VENTRAL
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DORSAL, VENTRAL. Each spinal nerve arises from a dorsal root and a ventral root. The dorsal root carries sensory information from the body to the spinal cord, while the ventral root carries motor information from the spinal cord to the muscles. These roots come together to form the spinal nerve, which then branches out to different parts of the body.

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  • 9. 

    Dorsal Root contains gangelion and sensory

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The dorsal root does indeed contain both a ganglion and sensory fibers. The ganglion, known as the dorsal root ganglion, is located just outside the spinal cord and contains the cell bodies of sensory neurons. These sensory neurons transmit information from the body's periphery to the spinal cord. Therefore, the statement "Dorsal Root contains ganglion and sensory" is true.

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  • 10. 

    Vental root is motor

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. The term "ventral root" refers to the motor or efferent root of a spinal nerve. It carries motor signals from the spinal cord to the muscles, allowing for voluntary movement.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 29, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 20, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Melparks
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