Honors Modern World History Final

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Honors Modern World History Final - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What issue lead to the first meeting of the Estates-General in 175 years?

    • A.

      Equalizing land rights

    • B.

      Food shortages and riots amongst the peasants

    • C.

      Equalizing voting rights among the three estates

    • D.

      Proposed changes to tax laws

    Correct Answer
    B. Food shortages and riots amongst the peasants
    Explanation
    The first meeting of the Estates-General in 175 years was prompted by food shortages and riots among the peasants. This suggests that the issue of scarcity and social unrest among the lower classes was significant enough to warrant the convening of the Estates-General. The meeting was likely called in order to address the grievances of the peasants and find solutions to the food shortages and social unrest that were plaguing the country at that time.

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  • 2. 

    France's government was almost bankrupt by 1789 due to all of the following reasons EXCEPT

    • A.

      Supporting the American Revoltion

    • B.

      Taxing nobles instead of peasants

    • C.

      Taxing peasants instead of nobles

    • D.

      Spending money on luxurious for the king

    Correct Answer
    B. Taxing nobles instead of peasants
    Explanation
    France's government was almost bankrupt by 1789 due to supporting the American Revolution, taxing peasants instead of nobles, and spending money on luxuries for the king. However, taxing nobles instead of peasants is not a reason for the government's near bankruptcy.

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  • 3. 

    Which group most strongly embraced the ideas and principals of the Enlightenment?

    • A.

      The nobility

    • B.

      The peasant class

    • C.

      The bourgeoisie

    • D.

      The clergy

    Correct Answer
    C. The bourgeoisie
    Explanation
    The bourgeoisie, or the middle class, most strongly embraced the ideas and principles of the Enlightenment. This is because the Enlightenment emphasized reason, individualism, and the pursuit of knowledge and progress. The bourgeoisie, who were educated and financially independent, were able to benefit from these ideals and championed them. They sought to challenge the traditional authority of the nobility and clergy and promote social and political reforms based on Enlightenment values. Through their economic and intellectual influence, the bourgeoisie played a significant role in shaping the ideas and movements of the Enlightenment.

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  • 4. 

    The Enabling Acts:

    • A.

      Promoted the policy of Appeasement in Great Britain

    • B.

      Denied German Jew German citizenship and rights

    • C.

      Denied European Jew's rights

    • D.

      Gave a legal basis for Hitler's later acts.

    Correct Answer
    D. Gave a legal basis for Hitler's later acts.
    Explanation
    The Enabling Acts provided a legal foundation for Hitler's subsequent actions. These acts granted Hitler and his government sweeping powers, effectively allowing them to bypass the German constitution and make decisions without the approval of the parliament. This enabled Hitler to consolidate his authority, suppress opposition, and implement his agenda, including the persecution and discrimination against various groups, such as German Jews and European Jews. The Enabling Acts were instrumental in establishing Hitler's dictatorial rule and laying the groundwork for the atrocities committed during the Nazi regime.

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  • 5. 

    The Battle of Leningrad, the Blitz and the fire bombing of Dresden are examples of:

    • A.

      Genoice

    • B.

      Total War

    • C.

      Blitzkrieg

    • D.

      Armistice

    Correct Answer
    B. Total War
    Explanation
    The Battle of Leningrad, the Blitz, and the fire bombing of Dresden are examples of total war. Total war refers to a conflict in which a nation mobilizes all of its resources, including civilian populations and infrastructure, to support its war effort. In these examples, the entire societies of the nations involved were affected and targeted, with civilians being directly impacted by bombings and blockades. This concept of total war emerged during World War II, as warfare became increasingly destructive and involved the entire population.

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  • 6. 

    Fascism is:

    • A.

      Pride in one's nation and feelings of shared identity

    • B.

      An economic policy where the means of production are shared equally among society.

    • C.

      A political system that stresses the importance of the state, promotes extreme nationalism and is militarism.

    • D.

      A political system that stresses the importance of the individual, promotes extreme nationalism and is anti- communism.

    Correct Answer
    C. A political system that stresses the importance of the state, promotes extreme nationalism and is militarism.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a political system that stresses the importance of the state, promotes extreme nationalism, and militarism. Fascism is characterized by a strong central government that holds absolute power and suppresses individual rights. It emphasizes the superiority of the nation or race, often leading to discrimination and exclusion of minority groups. Fascist regimes also prioritize military strength and aggression as a means to expand their influence and control.

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  • 7. 

    With the large number of causalities, constant attacks and the small territorial gains, WWI became:

    • A.

      An offensive war

    • B.

      A War of Appeasement

    • C.

      A War of Attrition

    • D.

      A War of ideologies

    Correct Answer
    C. A War of Attrition
    Explanation
    WWI became a War of Attrition because of the large number of casualties, constant attacks, and small territorial gains. In this type of war, both sides aim to wear down the enemy's resources and morale through continuous and prolonged fighting. The goal is to exhaust the opponent and force them to surrender or negotiate a peace settlement. The nature of WWI, with its trench warfare and stalemate on the Western Front, led to a war of attrition as both sides struggled to make significant advances and suffered heavy losses in the process.

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  • 8. 

    The storming of the bastille was significant for all of the reasons below EXCEPT

    • A.

      It represented an end to the old regime and feudal practices

    • B.

      It represented the extravagant wealth of the kind

    • C.

      It had gunpowder and other weapons

    • D.

      It represented the tolerance of the use of violence

    Correct Answer
    B. It represented the extravagant wealth of the kind
    Explanation
    The storming of the Bastille was significant for multiple reasons. First, it represented an end to the old regime and feudal practices, as the fortress symbolized the oppressive monarchy. Second, it had gunpowder and other weapons, which were seized by the revolutionaries and used to arm themselves. Lastly, it represented the tolerance of the use of violence, as the storming of the Bastille marked the beginning of the French Revolution and the overthrow of the monarchy. However, it did not represent the extravagant wealth of the king, as the Bastille was a symbol of tyranny rather than opulence.

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  • 9. 

    A major function of the Committee of Public Safety established in 1793 was to

    • A.

      Expose and punish opponents of the revolution

    • B.

      Sue for peace with Austria and Prussia

    • C.

      Bring an end to the reign of terror

    • D.

      Control revolutionary mobs in the streets of paris

    Correct Answer
    A. Expose and punish opponents of the revolution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "expose and punish opponents of the revolution." The Committee of Public Safety was established during the French Revolution and its main purpose was to identify and deal with individuals who were against the revolution. This committee had extensive powers and used them to suppress counter-revolutionary activities, leading to the execution of many people who were seen as enemies of the revolution. Therefore, exposing and punishing opponents of the revolution was a major function of the Committee of Public Safety.

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  • 10. 

    During the ____________  Parisian citizens took the law into their own hands when it was rumored that jailed supporters of the king would seize control of the city while the army was bust fighting a war with Austria

    • A.

      October revolution

    • B.

      Great fear

    • C.

      September massacres

    • D.

      Reign of terror

    Correct Answer
    C. September massacres
    Explanation
    During the September Massacres, Parisian citizens took the law into their own hands when it was rumored that jailed supporters of the king would seize control of the city while the army was busy fighting a war with Austria. This led to a wave of violence and mass killings, where prisoners, including nobles, clergy, and political opponents, were executed without trial. The September Massacres marked a turning point in the French Revolution, as it demonstrated the growing radicalization and willingness to resort to extreme measures in order to protect the revolution.

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  • 11. 

    He was a radical leader of the French Revolution who initiated the reign of terror

    • A.

      St. Just

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Robespierre

    • D.

      Napoleon

    Correct Answer
    C. Robespierre
    Explanation
    Robespierre was a radical leader of the French Revolution who initiated the reign of terror. During this period, he implemented severe measures to suppress counter-revolutionary activities, resulting in the execution of thousands of people. Robespierre's leadership was characterized by his uncompromising stance on revolutionary ideals and his belief in the use of violence to achieve them. His role in the reign of terror made him a controversial figure, with some considering him a hero of the revolution, while others saw him as a ruthless dictator.

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  • 12. 

    The Hundred Days ended when Napoleon's army was defeated at the battle of 

    • A.

      Trafalgar

    • B.

      Austerlitz

    • C.

      Leipzig

    • D.

      Waterloo

    Correct Answer
    D. Waterloo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Waterloo because this was the battle where Napoleon's army was finally defeated, marking the end of the Hundred Days. The battle took place on June 18, 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces were defeated by a coalition of British, Dutch, and Prussian forces led by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. This defeat ultimately led to Napoleon's abdication and his second exile to the island of Saint Helena.

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  • 13. 

    Why did the Legislative Assembly go to war with Austria in 1792?

    • A.

      As a response to a "threat" from Austria and Prussia against the harming Louis XVI

    • B.

      Because France was fighting with Prussia

    • C.

      Because Austria was hiding King Louis XVI

    • D.

      Because the National Assembly was pressuring them to fight with Austria

    Correct Answer
    A. As a response to a "threat" from Austria and Prussia against the harming Louis XVI
    Explanation
    The Legislative Assembly went to war with Austria in 1792 as a response to a "threat" from Austria and Prussia against the harming Louis XVI. This suggests that the Legislative Assembly wanted to protect and defend the French king from potential harm or interference from foreign powers.

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  • 14. 

    Which list of titles correctly gives the steps by which Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power?

    • A.

      General, emperor, first consul

    • B.

      Emperor, general, first consul

    • C.

      General, first consul, emperor

    • D.

      First consul, emperor, general

    Correct Answer
    C. General, first consul, emperor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "general, first consul, emperor." This sequence accurately represents the steps by which Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power. Initially, he gained prominence as a general through his military successes. He then became the first consul of France, consolidating his power and establishing himself as the leader of the country. Finally, he declared himself emperor, solidifying his position as the ruler of France.

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  • 15. 

    Reforms under Napoleon include all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      The establishment of lycées

    • B.

      Improved social status of women

    • C.

      Concordat with the Pope

    • D.

      Napoleonic Code

    Correct Answer
    B. Improved social status of women
    Explanation
    The reforms under Napoleon included the establishment of lycées, a concordat with the Pope, and the implementation of the Napoleonic Code. However, there is no evidence to suggest that Napoleon implemented any reforms that specifically aimed at improving the social status of women. Therefore, the correct answer is "improved social status of women."

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  • 16. 

    A coup d'état is a 

    • A.

      Military blunder

    • B.

      A sudden seizure of power

    • C.

      A government handing over control to the military

    • D.

      A massive military defeat

    Correct Answer
    B. A sudden seizure of power
    Explanation
    A coup d'état refers to a sudden seizure of power, typically carried out by a faction within a country's military or government, with the aim of overthrowing the existing leadership and taking control. It is characterized by a swift and often violent change in leadership, where the coup plotters seize control of key institutions and oust the current government. This can involve the arrest, exile, or even assassination of the previous leaders. The answer choice "a sudden seizure of power" accurately describes the nature of a coup d'état.

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  • 17. 

    The Napoleonic Code is

    • A.

      Napoleon's new military strategy

    • B.

      A uniform set of laws for France

    • C.

      An agreement between France and the Pope

    • D.

      A peace agreement between France and the rest of Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. A uniform set of laws for France
    Explanation
    The Napoleonic Code refers to a uniform set of laws that were implemented in France during the time of Napoleon Bonaparte's rule. It was a comprehensive legal system that aimed to replace the complex and inconsistent laws that existed in different regions of France. The Napoleonic Code brought about significant reforms, including the principles of equality before the law, protection of property rights, and the elimination of feudal privileges. It had a lasting impact on legal systems worldwide, as it served as a model for many countries in Europe and beyond.

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  • 18. 

    Napoleon's failed invasion of __________ led to a loss of approximately 500,000 French troops due to death, capture, or desertion

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Austria

    • C.

      Russia

    • D.

      Poland

    Correct Answer
    C. Russia
    Explanation
    Napoleon's failed invasion of Russia led to a loss of approximately 500,000 French troops due to death, capture, or desertion.

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  • 19. 

    The Continental System was primarily designed to 

    • A.

      Increase trade

    • B.

      Cripple the British economy

    • C.

      Show Napoleon's superior military abilities

    • D.

      Spread the Napoleonic Code throughout Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. Cripple the British economy
    Explanation
    The Continental System was a strategy implemented by Napoleon to isolate Britain economically and weaken its economy. It involved banning trade between continental Europe and Britain, aiming to cut off British imports and exports. By doing so, Napoleon hoped to cripple the British economy and force them into submission. This strategy was an attempt to weaken Britain's power and influence in Europe, and establish French dominance.

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  • 20. 

    The Natural Rights proposed by John Locke are

    • A.

      Life, liberty and wealth

    • B.

      Life, property and the pursuit of happiness

    • C.

      Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

    • D.

      Life, liberty and property

    Correct Answer
    D. Life, liberty and property
    Explanation
    John Locke proposed that individuals have certain natural rights that cannot be taken away from them. These rights include the right to life, liberty, and property. Locke believed that every individual has the inherent right to live, be free from oppression, and own and control their own property. These rights are fundamental and should be protected by the government.

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  • 21. 

    Rousseau believed government should be

    • A.

      Direct democracy

    • B.

      An enlightened despot

    • C.

      Representative democracy

    • D.

      A limited monarchy

    Correct Answer
    C. Representative democracy
    Explanation
    Rousseau believed that government should be a representative democracy because he argued that the power of the government should be derived from the people themselves. He believed that the people should have a direct say in the decision-making process through elected representatives who would act in the best interests of the people. This form of government would ensure that the will of the people is respected and that their rights and freedoms are protected. Rousseau's idea of a representative democracy aligns with the principles of popular sovereignty and the social contract theory.

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  • 22. 

    Catherine the Great of Russia is called "the great" because she

    • A.

      Was Russias first female leader

    • B.

      She embodied the ideas of the Enlightenment

    • C.

      Her reform of Russia's tax laws

    • D.

      Her sparkling personality! Man was she great!

    Correct Answer
    B. She embodied the ideas of the Enlightenment
    Explanation
    Catherine the Great of Russia is called "the great" because she embodied the ideas of the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that emphasized reason, science, and progress. Catherine embraced these principles and implemented various reforms that aimed to modernize Russia. She promoted education, arts, and sciences, and supported the ideas of philosophers like Voltaire and Montesquieu. Her reign was characterized by a focus on intellectual and cultural development, making her an influential figure of the Enlightenment era.

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  • 23. 

    Frederick the Great enacted all of the following Enlightenment reforms EXCEPT 

    • A.

      Religious Tolerance

    • B.

      Ended Serfdom

    • C.

      Improved Prussian Schools

    • D.

      Outlawed the practice of torture

    Correct Answer
    B. Ended Serfdom
    Explanation
    Frederick the Great enacted several Enlightenment reforms during his rule, including religious tolerance, improved Prussian schools, and outlawing the practice of torture. However, he did not end serfdom in Prussia. Serfdom was a system in which peasants were bound to the land and had limited rights and freedoms. While Frederick made some efforts to improve the conditions of the peasants, such as limiting their obligations to the land and providing some legal protections, he did not completely abolish serfdom. Therefore, the correct answer is "Ended Serfdom."

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  • 24. 

    In the first half of the 1800s, which of the following was most likely to be a political liberal?

    • A.

      A peasant

    • B.

      A revolutionary

    • C.

      A middle class merchant

    • D.

      A wealthy property owner

    Correct Answer
    C. A middle class merchant
    Explanation
    A middle class merchant is most likely to be a political liberal in the first half of the 1800s. This is because political liberalism emerged during this time as a movement that advocated for individual rights, limited government intervention, and free market capitalism. Middle class merchants, who were part of the rising bourgeoisie, often supported these principles as they sought to protect their economic interests and promote social mobility. Peasants, on the other hand, were typically more conservative and focused on traditional values and social order. Revolutionaries were radical and sought to overthrow existing political systems, while wealthy property owners often favored conservative policies that protected their own wealth and status.

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  • 25. 

    The idea of separation of power was put forth by

    • A.

      Hobbes

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Voltaire

    • D.

      Montesquieu

    • E.

      Locke

    Correct Answer
    D. Montesquieu
    Explanation
    Montesquieu is the correct answer because he was a French philosopher who proposed the concept of separation of powers in his book "The Spirit of the Laws." He argued that the powers of government should be divided into three branches - legislative, executive, and judicial - to prevent the concentration of power in one person or group. This idea greatly influenced the formation of modern democratic systems and is a fundamental principle in many constitutions around the world.

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  • 26. 

    The group known as the "Red Shirts" were

    • A.

      Greek revolutionaries

    • B.

      Italian Revolutionaries

    • C.

      Chinese Revolutionaries

    • D.

      Russian Revolutionaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Italian Revolutionaries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Italian Revolutionaries. The "Red Shirts" were a paramilitary group led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification movement in the 19th century. They played a crucial role in the unification of Italy by participating in various military campaigns and battles. The Red Shirts were known for their distinctive red uniforms, which earned them their name.

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  • 27. 

    The "bourgeois monarch" was

    • A.

      Charles X

    • B.

      Louis Napoleon

    • C.

      Charles Louise Napoleon Bonaparte

    • D.

      Louis-Philippe

    Correct Answer
    D. Louis-Philippe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Louis-Philippe. Louis-Philippe was known as the "bourgeois monarch" because he was seen as a king who represented the interests of the middle class. He came to power in France during the July Revolution of 1830 and ruled as the last King of the French until the February Revolution of 1848. Louis-Philippe implemented some liberal reforms during his reign, but his monarchy was ultimately overthrown due to growing discontent and demands for more democratic reforms.

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  • 28. 

    All of the following tend to create bonds among people that support nationalism EXCEPT

    • A.

      A common language

    • B.

      A common history

    • C.

      A common ruler

    • D.

      Common traditions

    Correct Answer
    C. A common ruler
    Explanation
    A common ruler tends to create a centralized authority and hierarchy rather than fostering bonds among people that support nationalism. Nationalism is based on a sense of shared identity and loyalty among a group of people who consider themselves a nation. While a common language, history, and traditions contribute to this sense of shared identity, a common ruler implies a top-down form of governance that may not necessarily promote a sense of unity and shared values among the people.

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  • 29. 

    Realpolitik is a policy based on

    • A.

      Ideology

    • B.

      Liberalism

    • C.

      Radicalism

    • D.

      Practical objectives

    Correct Answer
    D. Practical objectives
    Explanation
    Realpolitik is a policy based on practical objectives because it prioritizes the pursuit of national interests and the use of practical and realistic strategies to achieve those objectives. It focuses on the practicality of decision-making rather than being driven by ideology, liberalism, or radicalism. Realpolitik recognizes that in the complex world of international relations, practical goals and actions are necessary to safeguard a nation's interests, maintain stability, and achieve favorable outcomes. It involves making calculated decisions based on power dynamics, diplomacy, and strategic considerations rather than being guided solely by ideological or idealistic beliefs.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following was the first area to undergo major industrialization?

    • A.

      Banking

    • B.

      Coal mining

    • C.

      Railroads

    • D.

      Textile production

    Correct Answer
    D. Textile production
    Explanation
    Textile production was the first area to undergo major industrialization because it was one of the earliest industries to adopt mechanization and factory production methods. The invention of the spinning jenny and the power loom in the late 18th century revolutionized textile production, leading to the establishment of large-scale textile mills. This shift from hand production to machine production marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and set the stage for the subsequent industrialization of other sectors such as coal mining, railroads, and banking.

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  • 31. 

    Primary education was seen as important for during the Industrial Revolutions for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Increased literacy

    • B.

      Industrialists needed more skilled workers

    • C.

      The adaption of a single language

    • D.

      Girls and boys separated during school

    Correct Answer
    D. Girls and boys separated during school
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolutions, primary education was seen as important for several reasons. Increased literacy was necessary to ensure that workers could read and understand instructions and manuals in the growing industrial sector. Industrialists needed more skilled workers to operate complex machinery and improve productivity. The adaption of a single language was important for effective communication and standardization in a rapidly industrializing society. However, girls and boys being separated during school was not a reason for primary education being seen as important during the Industrial Revolutions.

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  • 32. 

    The Luddites were a group of British workers who took violent action to protest:

    • A.

      Harsh factory discipline

    • B.

      Unsanitary living conditions

    • C.

      Dangerous working conditions

    • D.

      The use of labor saving machines

    Correct Answer
    D. The use of labor saving machines
    Explanation
    The Luddites protested against the use of labor saving machines because they believed that these machines would replace their jobs and livelihoods. They saw the machines as a threat to their employment and the traditional way of life. By taking violent action, they aimed to resist the introduction of these machines and protect their own interests.

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  • 33. 

    Marx and Engels believed that communism would be the end result of which economic revolution? 

    • A.

      Feudalism, Socialism, Capitalism, Communism

    • B.

      Socialism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Communism

    • C.

      Capitalism, Utopian Socialism, Socialism, Communism

    • D.

      Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Communism

    Correct Answer
    D. Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Communism
    Explanation
    Marx and Engels believed that communism would be the end result of the economic revolution that started with feudalism, transitioned into capitalism, then socialism, and finally communism. This belief is based on their theory of historical materialism, which posits that societies progress through different economic systems as a result of class struggle. They argued that capitalism would eventually lead to its own downfall, paving the way for socialism and eventually communism, where class distinctions and private ownership of the means of production would be abolished.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is the result of industrialization? 

    • A.

      Urbanization

    • B.

      Religious Freedom

    • C.

      Mercantilism

    • D.

      Feudalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Urbanization
    Explanation
    Industrialization is the process of developing industries on a large scale, which leads to various changes in society. One of the significant results of industrialization is urbanization. As industries grow, more job opportunities are created, attracting people from rural areas to move to cities in search of work. This influx of people leads to the growth of urban areas, with the development of infrastructure, housing, and services to accommodate the increasing population. Therefore, urbanization is a direct outcome of industrialization.

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  • 35. 

    What is the opposite of laissez faire? 

    • A.

      Urbanization

    • B.

      Militarism

    • C.

      Communism

    • D.

      Capitalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Communism
    Explanation
    The opposite of laissez faire, which refers to a hands-off approach by the government in economic affairs, is communism. Communism advocates for collective ownership of resources and the means of production, with the government controlling and regulating all aspects of the economy. This is in stark contrast to laissez faire, which promotes minimal government intervention and emphasizes free market principles. Urbanization, militarism, and capitalism are not directly opposite to laissez faire.

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  • 36. 

    According to Adam Smith what is the key factor in determining prices?

    • A.

      Level of technology

    • B.

      Supply and demand

    • C.

      Capitalism

    • D.

      The Government

    Correct Answer
    B. Supply and demand
    Explanation
    According to Adam Smith, the key factor in determining prices is supply and demand. Smith believed that prices are determined by the interaction between the quantity of a product available in the market (supply) and the desire of consumers to buy that product (demand). When supply is high and demand is low, prices tend to decrease, and vice versa. Smith's theory emphasizes the importance of market forces and the invisible hand in setting prices, rather than external factors such as technology, capitalism, or government intervention.

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  • 37. 

    Which of  the following is an example of paternalism? 

    • A.

      The invisible hand

    • B.

      The Luddites

    • C.

      The white mans burden

    • D.

      The brown mans burden

    Correct Answer
    C. The white mans burden
    Explanation
    The white man's burden is an example of paternalism because it refers to the belief that it is the duty of the white race to civilize and educate non-white races. This concept was popularized during the era of European colonialism, where European powers justified their colonization of other countries by claiming to be helping the native populations. Paternalism, in this context, implies a sense of superiority and control over the non-white races, with the assumption that they are incapable of governing themselves.

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  • 38. 

    The Agricultural Revolution lead to and increase in:

    • A.

      Farming efficiency and a decrease in the number of farmers

    • B.

      Small independent farms

    • C.

      Religious toleration

    • D.

      The amount of common land available for grazing

    Correct Answer
    A. Farming efficiency and a decrease in the number of farmers
    Explanation
    The Agricultural Revolution led to an increase in farming efficiency by introducing new technologies and techniques such as the use of machinery, crop rotation, and selective breeding. These advancements allowed farmers to produce more food with less labor and resources. Consequently, the need for a large number of farmers decreased as fewer people were required to work the land. This shift towards more efficient farming methods resulted in a decrease in the number of farmers overall.

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  • 39. 

    What was the purpose of the Berlin conference 

    • A.

      To allow African self determination

    • B.

      To prevent conflict between European powers

    • C.

      To combat the spread of Marxism

    • D.

      To enable us involvement in Africa

    Correct Answer
    B. To prevent conflict between European powers
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Berlin Conference was to prevent conflict between European powers. During the late 19th century, European countries were competing for control over African territories, which could potentially lead to conflicts and wars among them. In order to avoid such conflicts, the Berlin Conference was held in 1884-1885, where European powers agreed to establish rules and guidelines for the colonization of Africa. This conference aimed to peacefully divide and regulate European colonization in Africa, preventing direct conflicts between the European powers involved.

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  • 40. 

    Spheres of influence is an example of:

    • A.

      Political imperialism

    • B.

      Cultural imperialism

    • C.

      Economic imperialism

    • D.

      Social imperialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Economic imperialism
    Explanation
    Spheres of influence refer to a situation where a powerful country exerts economic control and influence over a weaker country or region. This control is often achieved through economic means, such as trade agreements, investments, and economic dominance. Therefore, spheres of influence are an example of economic imperialism, as they involve the economic domination and exploitation of one country or region by another.

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  • 41. 

    Besides resources what other purpose did India serve to Great Britain

    • A.

      Transportation

    • B.

      Technological advances

    • C.

      Market

    • D.

      Religious ideas

    Correct Answer
    C. Market
    Explanation
    India served as a market for Great Britain. During the colonial period, India provided a vast consumer base for British goods and products. British companies established trade networks and monopolies in India, allowing them to exploit the Indian market and generate significant profits. The British Empire exported textiles, tea, spices, and other commodities from India to meet the growing demands of the British population. The Indian market played a crucial role in sustaining the British economy and consolidating their imperial power.

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  • 42. 

    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles believed that society is chiefly dominated by:

    • A.

      Economic forces

    • B.

      Tradition and religion

    • C.

      Idividual self interest

    • D.

      Nationalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic forces
    Explanation
    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels believed that society is chiefly dominated by economic forces. They argued that the economic system, specifically capitalism, determines the social structure, relationships, and ideologies within a society. According to Marx and Engels, the ruling class, who control the means of production, exploit the working class, leading to class struggle and social inequality. They believed that economic forces shape all aspects of society, including politics, culture, and even religion, and that the ultimate goal should be to overthrow capitalism and establish a classless society.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following are necessary for industrialization?

    • A.

      Housing

    • B.

      Labor supply

    • C.

      Inventions

    • D.

      Religious tolerance

    Correct Answer
    B. Labor supply
    Explanation
    Labor supply is necessary for industrialization because without a sufficient number of workers, industries would not be able to operate and produce goods or services. Industrialization requires a large workforce to operate machinery, work in factories, and perform various tasks. The availability of labor allows industries to increase production, expand their operations, and drive economic growth. Therefore, labor supply is a crucial factor in the process of industrialization.

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  • 44. 

    What enabled Europe to carry out their imperialistic policies in Africa?

    • A.

      Technological innovations

    • B.

      Racial superiority

    • C.

      Divine purposes

    • D.

      Superior numbers

    Correct Answer
    A. Technological innovations
    Explanation
    Technological innovations enabled Europe to carry out their imperialistic policies in Africa by providing them with superior weapons, transportation, and communication systems. With advancements in weaponry such as machine guns and artillery, European powers were able to easily overpower African armies. Additionally, inventions like steamships and railroads facilitated the transportation of troops and resources across vast distances, allowing for effective control and exploitation of African territories. Moreover, the development of telegraphs and other communication technologies enabled efficient coordination and administration of the colonial enterprise. These technological advantages played a crucial role in Europe's ability to establish and maintain their imperial dominance in Africa.

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  • 45. 

    The Nuremberg Laws

    • A.

      Promoted the policy of Appeasement in Great Britain

    • B.

      Denied German Jews Germ citizenship and rights

    • C.

      Denied European Jew's rights

    • D.

      Gave a legal basis for Hitler's later acts

    Correct Answer
    B. Denied German Jews Germ citizenship and rights
    Explanation
    The Nuremberg Laws were a set of anti-Semitic laws enacted in Nazi Germany in 1935. They denied German Jews German citizenship and stripped them of their rights, including the right to marry non-Jews and hold certain professions. These laws were a significant step in the persecution and marginalization of Jews in Germany and provided a legal basis for Hitler's later acts, such as the Holocaust.

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  • 46. 

    Appeasement is the policy

    • A.

      Based on the belief that if European states satisfied the reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers stability and peace would be achieved in Europe

    • B.

      Based on the belief that direct intervention will stop aggrieved powers

    • C.

      Prevented Hitler's expansion into Czechoslovakia

    • D.

      United the USSR and Germany against France and Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. Based on the belief that if European states satisfied the reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers stability and peace would be achieved in Europe
    Explanation
    The policy of appeasement is based on the belief that if European states satisfy the reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers, it will lead to stability and peace in Europe. This approach avoids direct intervention and aims to prevent conflicts by addressing the grievances of other nations. In the context of the given options, this policy prevented Hitler's expansion into Czechoslovakia and united the USSR and Germany against France and Great Britain.

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  • 47. 

    "Armistice" is

    • A.

      A large gun mounted on a tank

    • B.

      The French term for "shield"

    • C.

      A military trial

    • D.

      An agreement to end fighting

    Correct Answer
    D. An agreement to end fighting
    Explanation
    "Armistice" refers to an agreement to end fighting. It is a temporary cessation of hostilities between two or more parties involved in a conflict. This term is commonly used in the context of wars or armed conflicts, where both sides agree to stop fighting and negotiate terms for peace or a more permanent resolution.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following did the Schliffen Plan call for?

    • A.

      The quick defeat of Europe followed by an attack on the US

    • B.

      Germany's plan to fight a two-front war

    • C.

      France's plan to fight a two-front war

    • D.

      England's plan to fight a two-front war

    Correct Answer
    B. Germany's plan to fight a two-front war
    Explanation
    The Schliffen Plan was Germany's strategy to fight a two-front war. It aimed to quickly defeat France in the west and then turn its forces to the east to face Russia, avoiding a prolonged war on two fronts. The plan relied on a rapid and overwhelming invasion of France through Belgium, with the goal of capturing Paris and forcing a quick surrender. However, the plan ultimately failed as Germany was unable to achieve a swift victory and ended up being drawn into a long and costly war on both the Western and Eastern fronts.

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  • 49. 

    WWI was a "total war" in the sense that it

    • A.

      Brought great suffering to civilians

    • B.

      Nations from all over the world were involved

    • C.

      New technologies played a large part in the war

    • D.

      The nations involved devoted all their resources to it

    Correct Answer
    D. The nations involved devoted all their resources to it
    Explanation
    During WWI, the nations involved devoted all their resources to the war effort. This means that they mobilized their entire economies, industries, and populations to support the war. Governments implemented measures such as rationing, conscription, and war bonds to ensure maximum participation and allocation of resources. This level of commitment and dedication from the nations involved made WWI a "total war" as it impacted every aspect of society and left no resources untouched.

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  • 50. 

    The Treaty of Versailles achieved the following

    • A.

      It redrew the map of Europe

    • B.

      Permanently weekend Germany to the point it could never again threaten France

    • C.

      Created lasting peace in Europe

    • D.

      Formed an alliance between Germany and Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. It redrew the map of Europe
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles redrew the map of Europe by redrawing the borders of several countries and creating new nations. It aimed to weaken Germany to a point where it could no longer threaten France, but it did not achieve lasting peace in Europe. Additionally, the treaty did not form an alliance between Germany and Russia.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 09, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    I4elli

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