Modern World History Final Exam Review Part I

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| By Dkawhistory
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Modern World History Final Exam Review Part I - Quiz

Take this practice test to prepare for the final exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Industrial Revolution began in _____________________.

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    B. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. England was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, which was a period of major industrialization and technological advancements that transformed the world. England had abundant natural resources, such as coal and iron, which were essential for industrial development. Additionally, England had a stable political and economic system, which supported and encouraged innovation and entrepreneurship. The development of new technologies, such as the steam engine, led to the mechanization of industries and the growth of factories. This revolution had a profound impact on society, economy, and the way people lived and worked.

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  • 2. 

    Industrial means to ____________________.

    • A.

      Eat

    • B.

      Sleep

    • C.

      Work

    Correct Answer
    C. Work
    Explanation
    The term "industrial" refers to activities or processes related to the production of goods or the provision of services in a factory or manufacturing setting. Therefore, the correct answer is "work," as it accurately captures the essence of what industrial means.

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  • 3. 

    The population of England got bigger because people ate ______________________.

    • A.

      Potatoes

    • B.

      Corn

    • C.

      Meat

    Correct Answer
    A. Potatoes
    Explanation
    The population of England got bigger because people ate potatoes. Potatoes are a highly nutritious and calorie-dense food source, providing essential nutrients and energy. When potatoes were introduced to England in the 16th century, they quickly became a staple crop due to their ability to grow in various climates and their high yield. The increased availability and consumption of potatoes contributed to improved nutrition and a decrease in famine, leading to population growth.

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  • 4. 

    What is capital?

    • A.

      Money

    • B.

      Money used to make more money

    • C.

      Debt

    Correct Answer
    B. Money used to make more money
    Explanation
    Capital refers to money that is invested or used to generate more money. It is not just the money itself, but rather the funds that are employed in business activities with the intention of earning profits or increasing wealth. By using capital to invest in assets, businesses can generate income through various means such as interest, dividends, or capital gains. This definition distinguishes capital from mere savings or personal wealth, as it highlights the productive and profit-generating nature of the money.

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  • 5. 

    Who was the dictator of China?

    • A.

      Hitler

    • B.

      Mussolini

    • C.

      Sun Yat-sen

    Correct Answer
    C. Sun Yat-sen
    Explanation
    Sun Yat-sen was not a dictator of China. He was a Chinese revolutionary and politician who played a key role in overthrowing the Qing dynasty and establishing the Republic of China. He served as the provisional President of the Republic of China and later as the first President of the Republic of China. However, he did not hold dictatorial powers and his presidency was marked by political instability and power struggles.

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  • 6. 

    This dictator's nickname was Il Duce.

    • A.

      Hitler

    • B.

      Mussolini

    • C.

      Sun Yat-sen

    Correct Answer
    B. Mussolini
    Explanation
    Mussolini was an Italian dictator who was known by the nickname "Il Duce." This nickname, which means "The Leader" in Italian, was given to him by his followers and supporters. Mussolini ruled Italy from 1922 until 1943 and was the founder of Italian Fascism. He implemented authoritarian policies and suppressed political opposition, aiming to create a totalitarian state. Mussolini allied Italy with Nazi Germany during World War II and was eventually overthrown and executed by Italian partisans in 1945.

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  • 7. 

    Britain set up _____________ colonies in America.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      13

    • C.

      15

    Correct Answer
    B. 13
    Explanation
    Britain set up 13 colonies in America. This refers to the Thirteen Colonies, which were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America that were established between the 17th and 18th centuries. These colonies eventually became the original 13 states of the United States of America.

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  • 8. 

    The colonists had to pay a tax on tea.

    • A.

      Quartering Act

    • B.

      Tea Act

    • C.

      Stamp Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Tea Act
    Explanation
    The Tea Act imposed a tax on tea, which required the colonists to pay for it. This act was passed by the British government in 1773 and was one of the factors that led to the American Revolution. The tax on tea was seen as unfair and unjust by the colonists, as they had no representation in the British government and felt that they were being unfairly burdened with taxes. This led to widespread protests and the famous Boston Tea Party, where colonists dumped tea into the Boston Harbor in protest against the Tea Act.

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  • 9. 

    Whose death started World War I?

    • A.

      Franz Ferdinand

    • B.

      Gavrilo Princip

    • C.

      Apis

    Correct Answer
    A. Franz Ferdinand
    Explanation
    Franz Ferdinand's death started World War I because he was the Archduke of Austria-Hungary and his assassination by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand secret society, in Sarajevo, Bosnia, triggered a chain of events that led to the outbreak of the war. This event caused Austria-Hungary to issue an ultimatum to Serbia, which Serbia did not fully comply with, leading to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. This declaration of war then set off a series of alliances and conflicts between various countries, ultimately escalating into a global conflict known as World War I.

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  • 10. 

    Who was the leader of the Black Hand, a group that killed Franz Ferdinand?

    • A.

      Franz Ferdinand

    • B.

      Gavrilo Princip

    • C.

      Apis

    Correct Answer
    C. Apis
    Explanation
    Apis was the leader of the Black Hand, a group responsible for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. The Black Hand was a secret society formed in Serbia with the aim of promoting Serbian nationalism and unification. Apis, also known as Dragutin Dimitrijević, was a Serbian military officer and a prominent member of the Black Hand. He orchestrated the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which eventually led to the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the man who shot and killed Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie?

    • A.

      Franz Ferdinand

    • B.

      Gavrilo Princip

    • C.

      Apis

    Correct Answer
    B. Gavrilo Princip
    Explanation
    Gavrilo Princip was the man who shot and killed Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. He was a member of the Black Hand, a Serbian nationalist group, and carried out the assassination in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. This event triggered the start of World War I.

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  • 12. 

    Who was the dictator of Germany?

    • A.

      Hitler

    • B.

      Mussolini

    • C.

      Sun Yat-sen

    Correct Answer
    A. Hitler
    Explanation
    Adolf Hitler was the dictator of Germany. He rose to power in the 1930s and implemented policies that led to the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler's leadership was characterized by his authoritarian rule, suppression of political opposition, and aggressive expansionist policies. He established a totalitarian regime, controlling all aspects of German society and promoting Nazi ideology. Hitler's dictatorship ended with his death in 1945.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the dictator of Italy?

    • A.

      Hitler

    • B.

      Mussolini

    • C.

      Sun Yat-sen

    Correct Answer
    B. Mussolini
    Explanation
    Mussolini was the dictator of Italy. He came to power in 1922 and established a fascist regime. He implemented strict control over the government, economy, and society, suppressing political opposition and promoting nationalism. Mussolini allied with Hitler's Germany during World War II and implemented policies that led to Italy's involvement in the war. His dictatorship ended in 1943 when he was overthrown and Italy switched sides in the war. Mussolini's rule had a significant impact on Italy and its history.

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  • 14. 

    The colonists had to let the British soldiers live in their homes.

    • A.

      Quartering Act

    • B.

      Tea Act

    • C.

      Stamp Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Quartering Act
    Explanation
    The Quartering Act was a law passed by the British Parliament in 1765 that required the American colonists to provide housing and supplies for British soldiers stationed in their towns. This act was seen as a violation of the colonists' rights and was one of the grievances that led to the American Revolution. It created tension and resentment between the colonists and the British soldiers, as the colonists were forced to accommodate and support the presence of the soldiers in their own homes.

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  • 15. 

    Who invented the cotton gin?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    C. Eli Whitney
    Explanation
    Eli Whitney is credited with inventing the cotton gin. The cotton gin was a machine that revolutionized the cotton industry by speeding up the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds. Before the invention of the cotton gin, this process was done by hand and was extremely labor-intensive. Whitney's invention made cotton production more efficient and profitable, leading to an increase in cotton production and the expansion of the textile industry in the United States.

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  • 16. 

    Who was the founder of the railroads?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    F. George Stephenson
    Explanation
    George Stephenson is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the founder of the railroads. He was an English engineer who played a crucial role in the development of steam-powered locomotives and the construction of the first public railway line. Stephenson's invention of the "Rocket" locomotive in 1829 marked a significant milestone in the history of rail transportation, paving the way for the expansion of railways worldwide. His contributions revolutionized transportation and laid the foundation for the modern railway system.

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  • 17. 

    Who invented the light bulb?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Edison
    Explanation
    Thomas Edison is credited with inventing the light bulb. He improved upon the previous designs and created a practical and commercially viable version of the incandescent light bulb. Edison's light bulb used a carbon filament and a vacuum inside the bulb to prevent the filament from burning out quickly. His invention revolutionized the way we light our homes and paved the way for modern lighting technology.

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  • 18. 

    Who invented the telephone?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    A. Alexander Graham Bell
    Explanation
    Alexander Graham Bell is credited with inventing the telephone. He was a Scottish-born scientist and inventor who patented his invention in 1876. Bell's telephone was a significant advancement in communication technology, allowing people to speak to each other over long distances. His invention revolutionized the way people communicate and laid the foundation for the development of modern telecommunication systems.

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  • 19. 

    Who invented the telegraph?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    E. Samuel Morse
    Explanation
    Samuel Morse is credited with inventing the telegraph. He developed the concept of using electrical signals to transmit messages over long distances, and he also created the Morse code, a system of dots and dashes used to represent letters and numbers. Morse's invention revolutionized communication, allowing messages to be sent quickly and efficiently over long distances, leading to the development of modern telecommunications.

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  • 20. 

    Who were the 1st to successfully fly an airplane?

    • A.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Eli Whitney

    • D.

      The Wright Brothers

    • E.

      Samuel Morse

    • F.

      George Stephenson

    Correct Answer
    D. The Wright Brothers
    Explanation
    The Wright Brothers were the first to successfully fly an airplane. They achieved this feat on December 17, 1903, in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Their aircraft, called the Wright Flyer, made a 12-second flight covering a distance of 120 feet. This marked a significant milestone in aviation history, as it demonstrated the possibility of controlled and sustained flight using a powered aircraft. The Wright Brothers' achievement paved the way for the development of modern aviation and revolutionized transportation.

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  • 21. 

    During the American Revolution, what were British soldiers called?

    • A.

      Black Shirts

    • B.

      Redcoats

    • C.

      Minutemen

    Correct Answer
    B. Redcoats
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, British soldiers were commonly referred to as Redcoats. This nickname was given to them because of the distinctive red uniforms they wore. The redcoats were the main military force representing the British Crown during the conflict with the American colonies seeking independence. The term "Redcoats" became synonymous with the British soldiers of that time period.

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  • 22. 

    During the American Revolution, what were the American soldiers called? 

    • A.

      Black Shirts

    • B.

      Redcoats

    • C.

      Minutemen

    Correct Answer
    C. Minutemen
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, the American soldiers were called Minutemen. This term referred to the colonial militia members who were ready to fight at a moment's notice. They were known for their ability to quickly assemble and respond to any threat or attack. The Minutemen played a crucial role in the early stages of the revolution and were instrumental in the American victory over the British.

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  • 23. 

    Who wrote most of the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      King George III

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      Thomas Jefferson

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson wrote most of the Declaration of Independence. As one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Jefferson was chosen by the Continental Congress to draft the document. He drew inspiration from various sources, including Enlightenment philosophers, to articulate the principles of individual rights and government accountability. Jefferson's eloquent writing and his contributions to the Declaration have solidified his place in history as one of the key figures in America's fight for independence.

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  • 24. 

    When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

    • A.

      December 16, 1773

    • B.

      March 5, 1770

    • C.

      July 4, 1776

    Correct Answer
    C. July 4, 1776
    Explanation
    The correct answer is July 4, 1776. This is the date when the Declaration of Independence was signed. It marks the day when the American colonies officially declared their independence from British rule. The document was adopted by the Continental Congress and signed by representatives from the thirteen colonies, solidifying their commitment to freedom and self-governance.

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  • 25. 

    When did the Boston Massacre happen?

    • A.

      December 16, 1773

    • B.

      March 5, 1770

    • C.

      July 4, 1776

    Correct Answer
    B. March 5, 1770
    Explanation
    The Boston Massacre happened on March 5, 1770. This event was a clash between British soldiers and American colonists in Boston, Massachusetts. Tensions were high between the two groups, and the soldiers opened fire on the colonists, killing five people. This event played a significant role in escalating the tensions between the American colonies and Britain, ultimately leading to the American Revolutionary War.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 09, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Dkawhistory

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