Organic Chemistry Carbohydrates Quiz

Reviewed by Janyce Wowk
Janyce Wowk, BS, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Review Board Member
Janyce is a chemistry professional with a B.S. in Chemistry from Montclair State University. Her experience as a research assistant and lab technician in a PFAS laboratory has allowed her to develop strong laboratory, data analysis, and research skills. On our review board team, Janyce reviews chemistry quizzes, ensuring accuracy and enhancing the quality of our educational materials. Her chemistry expertise and commitment to precision make her a valuable asset in maintaining high-quality resources for learners.
, BS, Chemistry
Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Jmstyles
J
Jmstyles
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 20,893
Questions: 27 | Attempts: 6,519

SettingsSettingsSettings
Organic Chemistry Carbohydrates Quiz - Quiz

Carbohydrates have six major functions within the body; they provide energy and regulation of blood glucose. Most people think that too much carbohydrate is unhealthy. Having studies them in class you have a clear understanding of how they are beneficial. Take up the quiz to test your understanding. All the best!


Organic Chemistry Carbohydrates Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    What type of atoms do carbohydrates contain?

    • A.

      Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen

    • B.

      Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen

    • C.

      Carbon, oxygen, nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are organic compounds that consist of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms. These atoms are essential components of the basic structure of carbohydrates. Carbon provides the backbone of the molecule, while oxygen and hydrogen are present in the form of hydroxyl groups and hydrogen atoms attached to the carbon atoms. Nitrogen is not a typical component of carbohydrates, so the correct answer is carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Chemically most carbs are:

    • A.

      Polyhydroxy alderhydes and polyhydroxy thiols

    • B.

       polyhydroxy aldehydes and polyhydroxy ketones

    • C.

      Polyhydroxy keytones and polyhydroxy thiols

    Correct Answer
    B.  polyhydroxy aldehydes and polyhydroxy ketones
    Explanation
    Most carbohydrates are chemically classified as polyhydroxy aldehydes and polyhydroxy ketones. This is because carbohydrates are organic compounds that contain multiple hydroxyl (OH) groups and either an aldehyde or ketone functional group. Polyhydroxy aldehydes have an aldehyde group (-CHO) and multiple hydroxyl groups, while polyhydroxy ketones have a ketone group (-C=O) and multiple hydroxyl groups. Therefore, the correct answer is polyhydroxy aldehydes and polyhydroxy ketones.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What suffix indicates that the compound is a carbohydrate?

    • A.

      Ase

    • B.

      Rides

    • C.

      Ose

    Correct Answer
    C. Ose
    Explanation
    The suffix "ose" indicates that the compound is a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are organic compounds that consist of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are an essential source of energy for living organisms and are commonly found in foods such as sugars, starches, and fibers. The suffix "ose" is commonly used to name various types of sugars, such as glucose, fructose, and sucrose, which are all examples of carbohydrates.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is a fisher projection?

    • A.

      An open chain structure

    • B.

      A cyclic structure

    • C.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. An open chain structure
    Explanation
    A fisher projection is a way of representing the three-dimensional structure of a molecule in two dimensions. It specifically represents an open chain structure, where the molecule is depicted as a straight line with the functional groups and substituents projecting outwards. It does not represent a cyclic structure, which would have a ring shape. Therefore, the correct answer is that a fisher projection represents an open chain structure.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Fructose is a

    • A.

      Aldoses

    • B.

      Ketoses

    • C.

      Glycoses

    Correct Answer
    B. Ketoses
    Explanation
    Fructose is a type of sugar known as a ketose. In organic chemistry, sugars are classified based on the functional group present on their carbon backbone. Ketoses, including fructose, have a ketone functional group (C=O) located within the carbon chain. This distinguishes them from aldoses, which have an aldehyde functional group (CHO) at the end of the carbon chain. Glycoses is not a correct classification term in this context.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    When glucose is synthesized in green plants in a process called

    • A.

      Gycosis

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Synthesis

    • D.

      Cellular respiration

    Correct Answer
    B. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it is the process by which green plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. During photosynthesis, plants use chlorophyll in their chloroplasts to capture sunlight energy and convert it into chemical energy. This chemical energy is then used to synthesize glucose, which serves as the primary source of energy for the plant. Therefore, photosynthesis is the process in which glucose is synthesized in green plants.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What is a haworth projection?

    • A.

      A open chain structure

    • B.

      A cyclic structure

    • C.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    B. A cyclic structure
    Explanation
    A Haworth projection is a type of cyclic structure representation used to depict the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a sugar molecule. It is commonly used to represent carbohydrates, particularly monosaccharides like glucose or fructose. In a Haworth projection, the carbon atoms of the sugar molecule are represented as a polygon, with the oxygen atom of the ring being located at the top or bottom of the polygon. The projection provides a simplified way to visualize the ring structure and the positions of substituents on the sugar molecule.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Furan is a how many membered ring?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    B. 5
    Explanation
    Furan is a five-membered ring. It consists of four carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. The carbon atoms form a closed ring structure, with each carbon atom bonded to one hydrogen atom. The oxygen atom is bonded to one of the carbon atoms in the ring. This five-membered ring structure is characteristic of furan and distinguishes it from other compounds.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    An Alpha anomie is an OH on anomeric C is positioned:

    • A.

      Up

    • B.

      Down

    • C.

      Inside the ring

    • D.

      Outside the ring

    Correct Answer
    B. Down
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "down". In organic chemistry, the term "anomeric carbon" refers to a carbon atom that is bonded to both an oxygen atom and another substituent. The position of the OH group on the anomeric carbon can be either up or down. In this case, the answer indicates that the OH group is positioned down.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    A beta anomer has the OH on anomeric C positioned:

    • A.

      Up

    • B.

      Down

    • C.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. Up
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Up". In the context of carbohydrates, the term "anomer" refers to the different spatial arrangements of the hydroxyl group (OH) at the anomeric carbon, which is the carbon that becomes chiral during the process of ring formation. In the case of a beta anomer, the OH group is positioned upwards or in the same plane as the ring. This is in contrast to the alpha anomer, where the OH group is positioned downwards or in the opposite plane.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Amino sugars contain what group instead of a OH group?

    • A.

      SH2

    • B.

      NH2

    • C.

      OH2

    Correct Answer
    B. NH2
    Explanation
    Amino sugars contain an NH2 group instead of an OH group. The NH2 group is an amino group, which consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms. This group is responsible for the characteristic properties of amino sugars, such as their ability to form peptide bonds and participate in various biochemical reactions. The presence of the NH2 group distinguishes amino sugars from other types of sugars, which typically have an OH group in place of the NH2 group.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which of the following characteristics defines a disaccharide with an alpha 1-4 linkage?

    • A.

      It forms a glycosidic bond between the first carbon atom of one monosaccharide and the fourth carbon atom of another.

    • B.

      It forms a glycosidic bond between the first carbon atom of one monosaccharide and the second carbon atom of another.

    • C.

      It forms a glycosidic bond between the first carbon atom of one monosaccharide and the fifth carbon atom of another.

    • D.

      It forms a glycosidic bond between the second carbon atom of one monosaccharide and the fourth carbon atom of another.

    Correct Answer
    C. It forms a glycosidic bond between the first carbon atom of one monosaccharide and the fifth carbon atom of another.
    Explanation
    An alpha 1-4 linkage in disaccharides involves the formation of a glycosidic bond between the first carbon atom (C1) of one monosaccharide and the fourth carbon atom (C4) of another. This covalent bond is established through a condensation reaction, resulting in the elimination of a water molecule. This specific linkage configuration characterizes disaccharides like maltose, consisting of two glucose molecules joined together. The alpha 1-4 linkage imparts structural and functional properties to the carbohydrate molecule, influencing its behavior in biological contexts.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Starch is stored in the form of glucose in:

    • A.

      Animals

    • B.

      Plants

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    B. Plants
    Explanation
    Starch is the storage form of glucose in plants. Plants produce glucose through photosynthesis and convert excess glucose into starch to store it for later use. This allows plants to have a readily available source of energy when needed, such as during periods of low sunlight or when the plant is growing and developing. Animals, on the other hand, store glucose in the form of glycogen, not starch.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Starch can be seperated into:

    • A.

      Amylose and amylopectin

    • B.

      Amylopectin and glucose

    • C.

      Amylose and glucose

    Correct Answer
    A. Amylose and amylopectin
    Explanation
    Starch, a complex carbohydrate, can be separated into two components: amylose and amylopectin. Amylose is a linear polymer of glucose molecules, while amylopectin is a branched polymer of glucose molecules. Both amylose and amylopectin are forms of glucose, but they have different structures and properties.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Amylose is a

    • A.

      Straight chain

    • B.

      Branched chain

    • C.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    A. Straight chain
    Explanation
    Amylose is a type of starch molecule that consists of long chains of glucose units connected by alpha-1,4-glycosidic bonds. These chains are linear and do not have any branches or side chains attached to them. Therefore, the correct answer is "straight chain."

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Amylopectin is

    • A.

      Straight chain

    • B.

      Branched chain

    • C.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    B. Branched chain
    Explanation
    Amylopectin is a branched chain. It is a complex carbohydrate and one of the two components of starch, the other being amylose. Amylopectin has a highly branched structure, with numerous side chains attached to the main chain. This branching allows for more efficient storage and release of glucose molecules when needed. The branched structure of amylopectin also makes it more soluble in water compared to amylose, which has a straight chain structure.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What forms the fibre like structure of cell walls?

    • A.

      Starch

    • B.

      Glucose

    • C.

      Cellulose

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellulose
    Explanation
    Cellulose forms the fiber-like structure of cell walls. Cell walls provide structural support and protection to plant cells. Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate made up of glucose molecules linked together in a linear chain. Its strong and rigid nature allows it to form a network of fibers, providing strength and stability to the cell wall. Starch and glucose are also carbohydrates, but they do not have the same fibrous structure as cellulose. Therefore, cellulose is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    What is the storage form of glucose in animals?

    • A.

      Starch

    • B.

      Glycogen

    • C.

      Glucagon

    • D.

      Cellulose

    Correct Answer
    B. Glycogen
    Explanation
    Glycogen is the correct answer because it is the storage form of glucose in animals. Glucose is stored in the body as glycogen, which is a highly branched polysaccharide. It is primarily stored in the liver and muscles and serves as a readily available source of energy when needed. Starch is the storage form of glucose in plants, while glucagon is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Cellulose, on the other hand, is a structural component of plant cell walls and cannot be used as a storage form of glucose in animals.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which of them is dietary fiber?

    • A.

      Cellulose

    • B.

      Starch

    • C.

      Gycogen

    Correct Answer
    A. Cellulose
    Explanation
    Cellulose is a type of dietary fiber found in plant-based foods. It is a complex carbohydrate that cannot be broken down by the human digestive system, providing bulk to the diet and aiding in digestion. Starch and glycogen are also carbohydrates, but they are not considered dietary fiber as they can be digested and broken down into glucose for energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Which is sweeter, d-fructose or D galactose?

    • A.

      D -frutose

    • B.

      They are the same

    • C.

      D - galactose

    Correct Answer
    A. D -frutose
    Explanation
    D-fructose is sweeter than D-galactose. This is because D-fructose is a monosaccharide that is commonly found in fruits and is known for its sweet taste. On the other hand, D-galactose is also a monosaccharide but it is not as sweet as D-fructose. Therefore, when comparing the sweetness of these two sugars, D-fructose is the sweeter option.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What is Galactosemia?

    • A.

      Glucose intolerance

    • B.

      Fructose intolerance

    • C.

      Lactose intolerance

    Correct Answer
    C. Lactose intolerance
    Explanation
    Lactose intolerance is the correct answer because Galactosemia is a rare genetic disorder that affects the body's ability to metabolize galactose, a sugar found in lactose. Lactose intolerance, on the other hand, is a common digestive disorder where the body is unable to fully digest lactose due to a deficiency of the enzyme lactase. This leads to symptoms such as bloating, diarrhea, and abdominal pain when consuming dairy products. While both conditions involve intolerance to certain sugars, they are distinct in terms of their causes and effects on the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    D-galactose, D-glucose, D-fructose are the most abundant

    • A.

      Hexoses

    • B.

      Pentoses

    • C.

      Tetroses

    Correct Answer
    A. Hexoses
    Explanation
    D-galactose, D-glucose, and D-fructose are classified as hexoses because they are monosaccharides with six carbon atoms. Hexoses are the most abundant type of monosaccharides found in nature and play important roles in various biological processes. They are commonly found in sugars, such as glucose in blood and fructose in fruits, and serve as a major source of energy for living organisms.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    What is the process called that produces ATP iin the body

    • A.

      Photosynthesis

    • B.

      Glycolygsis

    • C.

      Cellular respiration

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellular respiration
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the correct answer because it is the process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide, water, and energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process occurs in the mitochondria of cells and is essential for providing energy to the body for various activities and functions. Photosynthesis, on the other hand, is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. Glycolysis is the initial step in cellular respiration, but it is not the overall process that produces ATP.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Disaccharides are 2 ______________ joined together by a glycosidic bond

    • A.

      Keytones

    • B.

      Monosaccharides

    • C.

      Aldehydes

    • D.

      Carboxylic acids

    Correct Answer
    B. Monosaccharides
    Explanation
    Disaccharides are formed by the joining of two monosaccharides through a glycosidic bond. Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates, consisting of a single sugar molecule. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that monosaccharides are the correct answer for the given question.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Maltose is

    • A.

      Raw sugar

    • B.

      White sugar

    • C.

      Malt sugar

    Correct Answer
    C. Malt sugar
    Explanation
    Maltose is a type of sugar that is formed when two glucose molecules are joined together. It is commonly found in grains, such as barley, and is often used in brewing and baking processes. Maltose is also known as malt sugar because it can be derived from malted grains, particularly malted barley. Therefore, the correct answer is "malt sugar."

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Lactose is hydrolyzed with which enzyme?

    • A.

      Amylase

    • B.

      Lactase

    • C.

      Sucrase

    • D.

      Fructase

    Correct Answer
    B. Lactase
    Explanation
    Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk and other dairy products. It needs to be broken down into its component sugars, glucose and galactose, in order to be digested. The enzyme lactase is responsible for this hydrolysis reaction, specifically breaking the bond between glucose and galactose. Amylase, sucrase, and fructase are enzymes that break down other types of carbohydrates, not lactose. Therefore, lactase is the correct enzyme for the hydrolysis of lactose.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Sucrose is made up of

    • A.

      D-glucose + D-sucrose

    • B.

      D-glucose + D-fructose

    • C.

      D-galactose + D-glucose

    Correct Answer
    B. D-glucose + D-fructose
    Explanation
    Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of two monosaccharides, specifically D-glucose and D-fructose. The two monosaccharides are joined together through a glycosidic bond. This combination of glucose and fructose molecules forms the structure of sucrose, which is a common type of sugar found in many fruits, vegetables, and sweeteners.

    Rate this question:

Janyce Wowk |BS, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Janyce is a chemistry professional with a B.S. in Chemistry from Montclair State University. Her experience as a research assistant and lab technician in a PFAS laboratory has allowed her to develop strong laboratory, data analysis, and research skills. On our review board team, Janyce reviews chemistry quizzes, ensuring accuracy and enhancing the quality of our educational materials. Her chemistry expertise and commitment to precision make her a valuable asset in maintaining high-quality resources for learners.

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 05, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Janyce Wowk
  • May 28, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jmstyles
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.