Problem that has the top priority
Is able to see the good in others
Has the ability to problem-solve
Has an external locus of control
Establish a formal or informal contract that addresses the patient's problems
Implement nursing interventions that are designed to achieve expected patient outcomes
Develop rapport and trust so the patient feels protected and an initial plan can be identified
Clearly identify the role of the nurse and establish parameters of the professional relationship
"You sound scared."
"You think you will die."
"Surgery can be frightening."
"Everything will be alright."
"I'm sure your wife will be willing to make that sacrifice in exchange for your well-being."
"The doctors are getting great results with nerve-repairing surgery today."
"Your wife may not put as much emphasis on sex as you think."
"Let's talk about how you feel about this surgery."
Look for similarity in meaning between the patient's verbal and nonverbal behavior
Ask family members to help interpret the patient's behavior
Validate inferences by asking the patient direct questions
Recognize that what a patient says is most important
"What brought you to the hospital?"
"Would it help to discuss your feelings?"
"Do you want to talk about your concerns?"
"Would you like to talk about why you are here?"
"It's natural to be worried about your job."
"Your job must be very important to you."
"Calm down so that I can understand what you are saying."
"I'm not quite sure I heard what you were saying about your job."
Diminish feelings of anger
Refocus the patient's attention
Maintain a balanced perspective
Delay dealing with the inevitable
"How do you feel about your wife's diagnosis?"
"This is a difficult topic. However, let's talk about it."
"Do you think you could be as supportive as you possibly can be?"
"Men don't always understand what women are going through. Ask her how she feels."
Related risk factors
Influence on other family members
Impact on functional health patterns
Pattern of vitals
Range of motion
Cells of the skin are constantly being replaced, thereby eliminating external pathogens
Epithelial cells are loosely compacted on skin, providing a barrier against pathogens
Moisture on the skin surface prevents colonization of pathogens
Alkalinity of the skin limits the growth of pathogens
Mucous membranes of the respiratory tract
Urinary tract environment
The high pH of the skin
Cilia in the respiratory tract
The alkaline environment of the vagina