Kidney: The Renal System Quiz

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 357

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Kidney Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _________________ can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys. The damaged vessels cannot __________________from the blood as they are supposed to.
    • A. 

      High blood pressure; filter waste

    • B. 

      A heart attack; beat

    • C. 

      A Stroke; pump

    • D. 

      HTN; transfer oxygen

  • 2. 
    An enzyme mainly used as a biomarker of renal function which capable of detecting mild decreases in GFR and affected only minimally by age, muscle mass, gender and race.
    • A. 

      Creatinine

    • B. 

      BUN

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      Cystatin C

  • 3. 
    A Renal Function Panel (Kidney Function Test) is an advanced screening test used to help detect conditions affecting the kidneys. It’s is only used once kidney disease is
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The functional and structural unit of the kidneys is the ________.
    • A. 

      Nephron loop

    • B. 

      Nephron

    • C. 

      Glomerular capsule

    • D. 

      Capsular space

  • 5. 
    The National Kidney Foundation recommends three simple tests to screen for kidney disease: Which of the following is not recommended:
    • A. 

      Glucose test

    • B. 

      A blood pressure measurement

    • C. 

      Spot check for protein or albumin in the urine

    • D. 

      Calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on a serum creatinine measurement. Measuring urea nitrogen in the blood provides additional information.

    • E. 

      Both A & B

  • 6. 
    Which test(s) are not normally included in a Renal Function Panel:
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      BUN

    • C. 

      Cystatin C

    • D. 

      Creatinine

    • E. 

      BUN/Creatinine Ratio

    • F. 

      Phosphorus

    • G. 

      Microalbumin

  • 7. 
    Diabetes can be damaging to the kidneys because
    • A. 

      Excess pressure can damage the glomeruli

    • B. 

      High levels of circulating glucose can cause glomeruli damage

    • C. 

      Insulin level can cause damage to the kidneys

    • D. 

      Diabetes does not cause kidney damage, kidney damage may cause diabetes

  • 8. 
    The two most common causes of kidney disease are;
    • A. 

      Family history and Obesity

    • B. 

      High fat diet and high sugar diet

    • C. 

      High blood Pressure and Diabetes

    • D. 

      Congenital disorders and viruses

  • 9. 
    Researchers recommend that people with diabetes or reduced kidney function keep their blood pressure below:
    • A. 

      120/80

    • B. 

      135/90

    • C. 

      140/90

    • D. 

      140/80

    • E. 

      None of the above

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