IAS Prelims 2014 General Studies I : Question Paper

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IAS Prelims Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until

    • A.

      The First World War when Indian troops were needed by the British and the partition was ended.

    • B.

      King George V abrogated Curzon's Act at the Royal Darbar in Delhi in 1911

    • C.

      Gandhiji launched his Civil Disobedience Movement

    • D.

      The Partition of India, in 1947 when East Bengal became East Pakistan

    Correct Answer
    B. King George V abrogated Curzon's Act at the Royal Darbar in Delhi in 1911
    Explanation
    The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until King George V abrogated Curzon's Act at the Royal Darbar in Delhi in 1911. This means that the partition was officially ended by King George V during the Royal Darbar in Delhi in 1911.

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  • 2. 

    The 1929 Session of Indian, National Congress is of significance in the history of the Freedom Movement because the

    • A.

      Attainmentof Self-Government was declared as the objective of the Congress

    • B.

      Attainment of Poorna Swaraj Was adopted as the goal of the Congress

    • C.

      Non-Cooperation Movement was launched

    • D.

      Decision to participate in the Round Table Conference in London was taken

    Correct Answer
    B. Attainment of Poorna Swaraj Was adopted as the goal of the Congress
    Explanation
    In the 1929 Session of Indian National Congress, the adoption of Poorna Swaraj as the goal of the Congress is significant in the history of the Freedom Movement. Poorna Swaraj means complete independence, indicating that the Congress aimed to achieve full self-rule and freedom from British colonial rule. This declaration marked a shift towards a more radical and assertive approach in the struggle for independence, paving the way for future movements and actions against British imperialism.

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  • 3. 

    1. Sattriya is a combination of music, dance and drama.2. It is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam.3. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir and Mirabai.Which of the statements given above is /are correct?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      1 and 2 only

    • C.

      2 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 and 2 only
    Explanation
    Sattriya is a centuries-old living tradition of Vaishnavites of Assam that combines music, dance, and drama. It is based on classical Ragas and Talas of devotional songs composed by Tulsidas, Kabir, and Mirabai. Therefore, statements 1 and 2 are correct as they accurately describe the nature and origin of Sattriya. Statement 3, however, is incorrect as Sattriya is not solely based on the compositions of Tulsidas, Kabir, and Mirabai, but rather draws from a wider range of devotional songs.

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  • 4. 

    Chaitra 1 of the national calendar based on the Saka Era corresponds to which one of the following dates of the Gregorian calendar in a normal year of 365 days?

    • A.

      22 March (or 21st March)

    • B.

      15th May (or 16th May)

    • C.

      31st March (or 30th March)

    • D.

      21st April (or 20th April

    Correct Answer
    A. 22 March (or 21st March)
    Explanation
    Chaitra 1 of the national calendar based on the Saka Era corresponds to 22 March (or 21st March) in the Gregorian calendar. This is because Chaitra is the first month of the Saka Era calendar, and it typically starts around the 21st or 22nd of March in a normal year. Therefore, the correct answer is 22 March (or 21st March).

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  • 5. 

    With reference to the Indian history of art and culture, consider the following pairs: Famous work of sculpture                                                   Site 1. A grand image of Buddha's Mahaparinirvana               : Ajantawith numerous celestial musicians above and the sorrowful figures of his followers below2. A huge image of Varaha Avatar (boar incarnation)       : Mount Abuof Vishnu, as he rescues Goddess Earth from thedeep and chaotic waters, sculpted on rock3. "Arjuna's Penance" /"Descent of Ganga"                      : Mamallapuramsculpted on the surface of huge bouldersWhich of the pairs given above is/ are correctly matched?

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 and 3 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 and 3 only. The famous work of sculpture "A grand image of Buddha's Mahaparinirvana" is indeed located in Ajanta, with celestial musicians above and sorrowful figures below. Similarly, "Arjuna's Penance" or "Descent of Ganga" is sculpted on huge boulders in Mamallapuram. However, the statement about a huge image of Varaha Avatar (boar incarnation) in Mount Abu is incorrect as it is not located there.

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  • 6. 

    The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a

    • A.

      Revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco.

    • B.

      Nationalist organization operating from Singapore

    • C.

      Militant organization with headquarters at Berlin

    • D.

      Communist movement for India's freedom with head-quarters at Tashkent

    Correct Answer
    A. Revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco.
    Explanation
    The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a revolutionary association of Indians with headquarters at San Francisco. This suggests that the organization was formed by Indians who were seeking to bring about radical change and revolution in their country. The fact that it had its headquarters in San Francisco implies that it had a significant presence and influence in the Indian diaspora community in the United States. This association likely aimed to mobilize Indians and fight for their freedom and rights through revolutionary means.

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  • 7. 

    With reference to India's culture and tradition, what is 'Kalaripayattu'?

    • A.

      It is an ancient Bhakti cult of Shaivism still prevalent in some parts of South India

    • B.

      It is an ancient style bronze and brasswork still found in southern part of Coromandel area

    • C.

      It is an ancient form of dance-drama and a living tradition in the northern part of Malabar

    • D.

      It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India

    Correct Answer
    D. It is an ancient martial art and a living tradition in some parts of South India
    Explanation
    Kalaripayattu is an ancient martial art form that originated in South India and is still practiced in some parts of the region. It is considered one of the oldest fighting systems in existence and incorporates strikes, kicks, grappling, and weaponry techniques. Kalaripayattu also includes physical conditioning exercises, meditation, and healing techniques. It has a rich cultural and traditional significance in India and is recognized as a unique form of martial art.

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  • 8. 

    Consider the following pairs :1. Garba : Gujarat2. Mohiniattam : Odisha3. Yakshagana : KarnatakaWhich of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 and 3 only
    Explanation
    Garba is a traditional folk dance form that originated in the state of Gujarat, making the first pair correctly matched. Mohiniattam, on the other hand, is a classical dance form from the state of Kerala, not Odisha, making the second pair incorrectly matched. Yakshagana is a traditional dance-drama form from the state of Karnataka, making the third pair correctly matched. Therefore, the correct answer is 1 and 3 only.

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  • 9. 

    With reference to Buddhist history, tradition and culture in India,consider the following pairs: Famous shrine                                             Location    1.  Tabo monastery and temple complex      : Spiti Valley2.  Lhotsava Lhakhang temple, Nako           : Zanskar Valley3.  Alchi temple complex                              : Ladakh    Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 and 3 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 and 3 only. Tabo monastery and temple complex is located in Spiti Valley, and Alchi temple complex is located in Ladakh. However, Lhotsava Lhakhang temple is not located in Zanskar Valley, but in Nako. Therefore, option 2 is incorrect.

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  • 10. 

    Consider the following statements: 1. 'Bijak' is a composition of the teachings of Saint Dadu Dayal.2. The Philosophy of Pushti Marg was propounded by Madhvacharya.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither 1 nor 2
    Explanation
    The given answer states that neither statement 1 nor statement 2 is correct. This means that both statements are incorrect. Therefore, 'Bijak' is not a composition of the teachings of Saint Dadu Dayal, and the Philosophy of Pushti Marg was not propounded by Madhvacharya.

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  • 11. 

    A community of people called Manganiyars is well-known for their

    • A.

      Martial arts in North-East India

    • B.

      Musical tradition in North-West India

    • C.

      Classical vocal music in South India

    • D.

      Pietra dura tradition in Central India

    Correct Answer
    B. Musical tradition in North-West India
    Explanation
    The Manganiyars are a community of people known for their musical tradition in North-West India. They are renowned for their folk music and are often invited to perform at various cultural events and festivals. Their music is characterized by traditional instruments like the sarangi, dholak, and khartal, and their performances often include singing and dancing. The Manganiyars have preserved and passed down their musical heritage through generations, making them an important part of the cultural fabric of North-West India.

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  • 12. 

    What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria's Proclamation (1858)? 1. To disclaim any intention to annex Indian States2. To place the Indian administration under the British Crown3. To regulate East India Company's trade with IndiaSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 and 2 only
    Explanation
    Queen Victoria's Proclamation of 1858 had two main objectives. Firstly, it aimed to disclaim any intention to annex Indian States, which means that the British government did not plan to take control over the princely states in India. Secondly, it sought to place the Indian administration under the British Crown, indicating that the governance of India would be directly controlled by the British government rather than the East India Company. The proclamation did not specifically address the regulation of the East India Company's trade with India, so option 3 is incorrect. Therefore, the correct answer is 1 and 2 only.

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  • 13. 

    Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was

    • A.

      The mosque for the use of Royal Family

    • B.

      Akbar's private chamber prayer

    • C.

      The hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions.

    • D.

      The room in which the nobles belonging to different religions gathered to discuss religious affairs

    Correct Answer
    C. The hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions.
    Explanation
    The Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was the hall in which Akbar held discussions with scholars of various religions. This is evident from historical records and accounts which describe how Akbar, the Mughal emperor, established the Ibadat Khana as a place for religious discourse and dialogue. Akbar was known for his interest in different religions and his efforts to promote religious tolerance and understanding. The Ibadat Khana served as a space where scholars from different faiths could come together and engage in discussions, fostering a spirit of intellectual exchange and religious harmony.

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  • 14. 

    In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the 'Seed Replacement Rates' of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider / greater implementation? 1. There is no National Seeds Policy in place.2. There is no participation of private sector seed companies in the supply of quality seeds of vegetables and planting materials of horticultural crops.3. There is a demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops.Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2

    • B.

      3 only

    • C.

      2 and 3

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. 3 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 only. The explanation for this answer is that the constraint in the wider implementation of enhancing the 'Seed Replacement Rates' is the demand-supply gap regarding quality seeds in case of low value and high volume crops. This means that there is a shortage of quality seeds for these types of crops, which hinders the achievement of food production targets. The other options, 1 and 2, do not mention constraints that would hinder the implementation of enhancing seed replacement rates.

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  • 15. 

    With reference to 'Eco-Sensitive Zones', which of the following statements is/are correct? 1. Eco-Sensitive Zones are the areas that are declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 .2. The purpose of the declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities, in those zones except agriculture. Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    D. Neither 1 nor 2
    Explanation
    Eco-Sensitive Zones are areas that are notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in consultation with the respective state governments. These zones are aimed at conserving and protecting the biodiversity and ecology of a particular area. They are not limited to areas declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Additionally, Eco-Sensitive Zones do not necessarily prohibit all human activities, but rather regulate and restrict certain activities to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources. Therefore, neither statement 1 nor statement 2 is correct.

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  • 16. 

    Consider the following statements: 1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      2 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 and 3 only
    Explanation
    The Animal Welfare Board of India is actually established under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, not the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Therefore, statement 1 is incorrect. On the other hand, the National Tiger Conservation Authority is indeed a statutory body, as it was established under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Additionally, the National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister. Therefore, statements 2 and 3 are correct.

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  • 17. 

    Consider the following pairs:     Vitamin                 Deficiency disease1. Vitamin C          Scurvy2. Vitamin D          Rickets3. Vitamin E          Night blindnessWhich of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      3 only

    • C.

      1, 2 and 3

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 and 2 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 and 2 only. Vitamin C deficiency causes scurvy, while vitamin D deficiency causes rickets. Vitamin E deficiency does not cause night blindness, but rather can lead to other health issues such as muscle weakness and nerve damage. Therefore, only the pairs 1 and 2 are correctly matched.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook'?

    • A.

      The International Monetary Fund

    • B.

      The United Nations Development Programme

    • C.

      The World Economic Forum

    • D.

      The World Bank

    Correct Answer
    A. The International Monetary Fund
    Explanation
    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook'. The IMF is an international organization that aims to promote global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world. The 'World Economic Outlook' is a report that provides an assessment of the global economic situation, including economic growth, inflation, fiscal policy, and financial stability. It is widely recognized as a reliable source of information and analysis for policymakers, economists, and researchers worldwide.

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  • 19. 

    With reference to Union Budget, which of the following, is/are covered under Non-Plan Expenditure? 1. Defence -expenditure2. Interest payments3. Salaries and pensions4. Subsidiess,Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 2, 3 and 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 2, 3, and 4. Non-Plan Expenditure refers to the government's regular expenses that are not part of any specific plan or project. Defence expenditure, interest payments, salaries and pensions, and subsidies are all examples of non-plan expenditures. This means that all of these expenses are covered under non-plan expenditure in the Union Budget.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following have coral reefs? 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2. Gulf of Kachchh3. Gulf of Mannar4. SunderbansSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1, 2 and 3 only

    • B.

      2 and 4 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 1, 2 and 3 only
    Explanation
    Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gulf of Kachchh, and Gulf of Mannar have coral reefs. Sunderbans, on the other hand, does not have coral reefs.

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  • 21. 

    In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following? 1. Terrace cultivation2. Deforestation3. Tropical climate'Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "2 only". This is because deforestation is a major cause of soil erosion in India. When trees are cut down, the protective covering of the soil is removed, leaving it exposed to the elements. Without the roots of trees to hold the soil in place, it is easily washed away by rainwater or blown away by wind, leading to erosion. Terrace cultivation and tropical climate are not directly associated with soil erosion in this context.

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  • 22. 

    The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

    • A.

      Equatorial climate

    • B.

      Mediterranean climate

    • C.

      Monsoon climate

    • D.

      All of the above climates

    Correct Answer
    C. Monsoon climate
    Explanation
    The seasonal reversal of winds is a typical characteristic of the monsoon climate. In this climate, there is a distinct change in wind direction during different seasons. During the summer, the winds blow from the sea towards the land, bringing heavy rainfall. In contrast, during the winter, the winds reverse direction and blow from the land towards the sea, resulting in dry conditions. This phenomenon is most commonly observed in regions such as South Asia, Southeast Asia, and parts of Africa, where monsoon climates prevail. Therefore, the correct answer is monsoon climate.

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  • 23. 

    With reference to the cultural history of India, the term 'Panchayatan' refers to

    • A.

      An assembly of village elders

    • B.

      A religious sect

    • C.

      A style of temple construction

    • D.

      An administrative functionary

    Correct Answer
    C. A style of temple construction
    Explanation
    The term 'Panchayatan' in the cultural history of India refers to a style of temple construction. This style involves the construction of a main temple surrounded by four subsidiary shrines, all dedicated to different deities. The main temple is usually dedicated to a major deity, while the subsidiary shrines are dedicated to lesser deities. This style of temple construction became popular during the Gupta period in ancient India and is characterized by its architectural design and layout.

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  • 24. 

    Consider the following rivers: 1. Barak2. Lohit3. SubansiriWhich of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 and 3 only
    Explanation
    The rivers Lohit and Subansiri flow through Arunachal Pradesh. Barak does not flow through Arunachal Pradesh.

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  • 25. 

    Wetlands                                                     Confluence of rivers1. Harike Wetlands                                       : Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej2. Keoladeo Ghana National Park               : Confluence of Banas and Chambal3. Kolleru Lake                                             : Confluence of Musi and KrishnaWhich of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?  

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 only. This is because Harike Wetlands is correctly matched as it is the confluence of the Beas and Satluj/Sutlej rivers. However, Keoladeo Ghana National Park and Kolleru Lake are not correctly matched as they are not the confluence of the mentioned rivers.

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  • 26. 

    Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?

    • A.

      Mimamsa and Vedanta

    • B.

      Nyaya and Vaisheshika

    • C.

      Lokayata and Kapalika

    • D.

      Sankhya and Yoga

    Correct Answer
    C. Lokayata and Kapalika
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Lokayata and Kapalika. Lokayata refers to the materialistic school of Indian philosophy, which denies the existence of soul and focuses on sensory perception as the only means of knowledge. Kapalika, on the other hand, is a sect of Shaivism that practices extreme rituals and is known for its association with skull-wearing ascetics. While the other pairs mentioned in the options, such as Mimamsa and Vedanta, Nyaya and Vaisheshika, and Sankhya and Yoga, are all recognized as distinct systems of Indian philosophy.

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  • 27. 

    Consider the following pairs :     Hills                          Region 1. Cardamom Hills         Coromandel Coast2. Kaimur Hills               Konkan Coast3. Mahadeo Hills            Central India4. Mikir Hills                   North-East IndiaWhich of the above pairs are correctly matched?

    • A.

      1 and 2

    • B.

      2 and 3

    • C.

      3 and 4

    • D.

      2 and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3 and 4
    Explanation
    The given pairs are correctly matched because Mahadeo Hills are indeed located in Central India and Mikir Hills are located in North-East India.

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  • 28. 

    Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?

    • A.

      Second Schedule

    • B.

      Fifth Schedule

    • C.

      Eighth Schedule

    • D.

      Tenth Schedule

    Correct Answer
    D. Tenth Schedule
    Explanation
    The Tenth Schedule of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection. This schedule was added to the constitution in 1985 to address the issue of political defections. It lays down the grounds on which a member of Parliament or a state legislature can be disqualified for defecting from their political party. It also provides for the procedure to be followed in such cases, including the role of the Speaker or Chairman in deciding on disqualification petitions. The Tenth Schedule aims to prevent political instability and promote party discipline by discouraging defections.

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  • 29. 

    The most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of

    • A.

      Biosphere reserves

    • B.

      Botanical gardens

    • C.

      National parks

    • D.

      Wildlife sanctuaries

    Correct Answer
    A. Biosphere reserves
    Explanation
    Biosphere reserves are the most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life. These reserves are designed to protect and conserve ecosystems, species, and genetic diversity while also promoting sustainable development and human activities. They serve as living laboratories for research, education, and monitoring. Biosphere reserves aim to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with the needs of local communities, recognizing the importance of traditional knowledge and practices in maintaining a balanced relationship between humans and nature. By establishing biosphere reserves, we can ensure the long-term protection of biodiversity while also supporting sustainable livelihoods for local communities.

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  • 30. 

    Turkey is located between

    • A.

      Black Sea and Caspian Sea

    • B.

      Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea

    • C.

      Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea

    • D.

      Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea

    Correct Answer
    B. Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
    Explanation
    Turkey is located between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. This is because Turkey is a transcontinental country, with a small part of its territory located in southeastern Europe and the majority of its land in western Asia. The Black Sea is located to the north of Turkey, while the Mediterranean Sea is located to the south. This geographical positioning gives Turkey access to both seas and allows it to serve as a bridge between Europe and Asia.

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  • 31. 

    What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?1. Bangkok2. Hanoi3. Jakarta4. SingaporeSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      4-2-1-3

    • B.

      3-2-4-1

    • C.

      3-4-1-2

    • D.

      4-3-2-1

    Correct Answer
    C. 3-4-1-2
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of occurrence of the cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north is 3-4-1-2. Jakarta is the southernmost city, followed by Singapore, Bangkok, and Hanoi, which is the northernmost city.

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  • 32. 

    The national motto of India, 'Satyameva Jayate' inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from

    • A.

      Katha Upanishad

    • B.

      Chandogya Upanishad

    • C.

      Aitareya Upanishad

    • D.

      Mundaka Upanishad

    Correct Answer
    D. Mundaka Upanishad
    Explanation
    The national motto of India, 'Satyameva Jayate' inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from the Mundaka Upanishad. The Mundaka Upanishad is one of the principal Upanishads in Hindu philosophy. It emphasizes the pursuit of truth and knowledge as the ultimate goal of life. The phrase 'Satyameva Jayate' translates to 'Truth alone triumphs' in English, reflecting the importance of truth and righteousness in Indian culture and society.

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  • 33. 

    In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the

    • A.

      Preamble to the Constitution

    • B.

      Directive Principles of State Policy

    • C.

      Fundamental Duties

    • D.

      Ninth Schedule

    Correct Answer
    B. Directive Principles of State Policy
    Explanation
    Promotion of international peace and security is included in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India. Directive Principles are guidelines or principles that the state should keep in mind while formulating policies and laws. They are not legally enforceable but are considered fundamental in the governance of the country. The inclusion of promotion of international peace and security in the Directive Principles highlights the importance given by the Indian government to maintain peaceful relations with other nations and contribute to global security.

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  • 34. 

    What are the benefits of implementing the 'Integrated Watershed Development Programme'? 1. Prevention of soil runoff2. Linking the country's perennial rivers with seasonal rivers3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table4. Regeneration of natural vegetationSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      2, 3 and 4 only

    • C.

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 3 and 4 only
    Explanation
    The Integrated Watershed Development Programme has several benefits. Firstly, it helps in the prevention of soil runoff, which reduces erosion and helps in conserving soil fertility. Secondly, it focuses on rainwater harvesting and the recharge of the groundwater table, which helps in addressing water scarcity issues. Lastly, it contributes to the regeneration of natural vegetation, which is important for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 3 and 4 only.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following are associated with 'Planning' in India? 1. The Finance Commission  2. The National Development Council3.The Union Ministry of Rural Development4.The Union Ministry of Urban Development5. The ParliamentSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1, 2 and 5 only

    • B.

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • C.

      2 and 5 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 and 5 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 5 only. The Finance Commission is not directly associated with planning in India. The National Development Council, which is responsible for formulating and reviewing policies for economic and social development, is associated with planning. The Union Ministry of Rural Development and the Union Ministry of Urban Development are also associated with planning. The Parliament plays a crucial role in the planning process by enacting laws and approving budgets. Therefore, options 1, 3, and 4 are incorrect.

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  • 36. 

    What are the benefits of implementing the 'Integrated Watershed Development Programme'? 1. Prevention of soil runoff2. Linking the country's perennial rivers with seasonal rivers3. Rainwater harvesting and recharge of groundwater table4. Regeneration of natural vegetationSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      2, 3 and 4 only

    • C.

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 3 and 4 only
    Explanation
    The Integrated Watershed Development Programme has several benefits. It helps in preventing soil runoff, which is important for soil conservation and preventing erosion. It also focuses on rainwater harvesting and recharging the groundwater table, which helps in water conservation and maintaining a sustainable water supply. Additionally, the programme aims at regenerating natural vegetation, which is crucial for biodiversity conservation and maintaining ecological balance. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 3 and 4 only.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following are associated with 'Planning' in India? 1. The Finance Commission  2. The National Development Council3. The Union Ministry of Rural Development4. The Union Ministry of Urban Development5. The ParliamentSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1, 2 and 5 only

    • B.

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • C.

      2 and 5 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 and 5 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 5 only. The Finance Commission is not directly associated with planning in India. The National Development Council (NDC) is a planning body that is responsible for formulating and implementing development plans in India. The Union Ministry of Rural Development and the Union Ministry of Urban Development are also involved in planning and implementing various development schemes and programs. The Parliament plays a crucial role in approving and allocating funds for the implementation of these plans and programs. Therefore, options 1, 3, and 4 are incorrect.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following is / are the function/functions of the Cabinet Secretariat? 1. Preparation of agenda for Cabinet Meetings2. Secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees3. Allocation of financial resources to the MinistriesSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 2 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 and 2 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 and 2 only. The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the preparation of the agenda for Cabinet Meetings and providing secretarial assistance to Cabinet Committees. It does not have the authority to allocate financial resources to the Ministries, which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following are the discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State? 1. Sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President's rule2. Appointing the Ministers3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India4. Making the rules to conduct the business of the State GovernmentSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      1 and 3 only

    • C.

      2, 3 and 4 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 and 3 only
    Explanation
    The discretionary powers given to the Governor of a State include sending a report to the President of India for imposing the President's rule and reserving certain bills passed by the State Legislature for consideration of the President of India. These powers allow the Governor to exercise independent judgment and decision-making in certain situations, ensuring checks and balances in the functioning of the state government. The Governor does not have the power to appoint ministers or make rules to conduct the business of the State Government. Therefore, the correct answer is 1 and 3 only.

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  • 40. 

    In medieval India, the designations 'Mahattara' and 'Pattakila' were used for

    • A.

      Military officers

    • B.

      Village headmen

    • C.

      Specialists in Vedic rituals

    • D.

      Chiefs of craft guilds

    Correct Answer
    B. Village headmen
    Explanation
    In medieval India, the designations 'Mahattara' and 'Pattakila' were used for village headmen. These individuals were responsible for overseeing the administration and governance of villages. They acted as intermediaries between the villagers and the ruling authorities, ensuring the smooth functioning of the village and resolving any disputes or issues that arose. Their role was crucial in maintaining law and order, collecting taxes, and implementing government policies at the local level.

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  • 41. 

    Lichens, which are capable of initiating ecological succession even on a bare rock, are actually a symbiotic association of

    • A.

      Algae and bacteria

    • B.

      Algae and fungi

    • C.

      Bacteria and fungi

    • D.

      Fungi and mosses

    Correct Answer
    B. Algae and fungi
    Explanation
    Lichens are a symbiotic association between algae and fungi. The algae provide food through photosynthesis, while the fungi provide a protective structure and absorb water and nutrients from the environment. This mutualistic relationship allows lichens to colonize and survive in harsh environments, such as bare rocks, where neither algae nor fungi could survive alone.

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  • 42. 

    If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there? 1. Oak2. Rhododendron3. Sandalwood Select the correct answer using the code given below

    • A.

      1 and 2 only

    • B.

      3 only

    • C.

      1 and 3 only

    • D.

      1, 2 and 3

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 and 2 only
    Explanation
    Oak and Rhododendron are likely to be seen naturally growing in the Himalayas.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following are some important pollutants released by steel industry in India?                                        1. Oxides of sulphur                 2. Oxides of nitrogen                 3. Carbon monoxide                 4. Carbon dioxide                Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1, 3 and 4 only

    • B.

      2 and 3 only

    • C.

      1 and 4 only

    • D.

      1, 2, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    D. 1, 2, 3 and 4
    Explanation
    The steel industry in India releases important pollutants such as oxides of sulphur, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. These pollutants are harmful to the environment and contribute to air pollution. Oxides of sulphur and nitrogen are released during the combustion of fossil fuels in the steel production process. Carbon monoxide is produced as a byproduct of incomplete combustion, while carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas emitted during the burning of fossil fuels. Therefore, options 1, 2, 3, and 4 are all correct answers as they include all the pollutants mentioned.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following Kingdoms were associated With the life of the Buddha? 1. Avanti2. Gandhara3. Kosala4. MagadhaSelect the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1, 2 and 3

    • B.

      2 and 4

    • C.

      3 and 4 only

    • D.

      1, 3 and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3 and 4 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3 and 4 only. The Buddha was associated with the kingdoms of Kosala and Magadha. Kosala was the birthplace of the Buddha and he spent a significant part of his life there. Magadha was the kingdom where the Buddha achieved enlightenment and delivered many of his teachings. Avanti and Gandhara were not directly associated with the life of the Buddha.

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  • 45. 

    Every year, a monthlong ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/ tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the following are such communities/tribes?

    • A.

      Bhutia and Lepcha

    • B.

      Gond and Korku

    • C.

      Lrula and Toda

    • D.

      Sahariya and Agariya

    Correct Answer
    B. Gond and Korku
    Explanation
    Gond and Korku are the correct answer because they are communities/tribes that participate in the monthlong ecologically important campaign/festival by planting saplings of fruit-bearing trees. The other options (Bhutia and Lepcha, lrula and Toda, Sahariya and Agariya) do not mention any involvement in such activities.

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  • 46. 

    The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a

    • A.

      Tax imposed by the Central Government

    • B.

      Tax imposed by the Central Government but collected by the State Government

    • C.

      Tax imposed by the State Government but collected by the Central Government

    • D.

      Tax imposed and collected by the State Government

    Correct Answer
    D. Tax imposed and collected by the State Government
    Explanation
    The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a tax imposed and collected by the State Government. This means that the State Government is responsible for setting the tax rate and collecting the tax revenue from the sale of toothpaste.

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  • 47. 

    What does venture capital mean?

    • A.

      A short-term capital provided to industries

    • B.

      A long-term start-up capital provided to new entrepreneurs

    • C.

      Funds provided to industries at times of incurring losses

    • D.

      Funds provided for replacement and renovation of industries

    Correct Answer
    B. A long-term start-up capital provided to new entrepreneurs
    Explanation
    Venture capital refers to the long-term start-up capital provided to new entrepreneurs. This type of funding is typically provided by venture capitalists or investment firms to support the growth and development of early-stage companies. It is different from short-term capital as it focuses on supporting innovative and high-potential business ideas rather than immediate financial needs. Venture capital plays a crucial role in fostering entrepreneurship and driving innovation in various industries.

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  • 48. 

    The main objective of the 12th Five-Year Plan is

    • A.

      Inclusive growth and poverty reductions

    • B.

      Inclusive and sustainable growth

    • C.

      Sustainable and inclusive growth to reduce unemployment

    • D.

      Faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth.

    Correct Answer
    D. Faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth.
    Explanation
    The main objective of the 12th Five-Year Plan is to achieve faster, sustainable, and more inclusive growth. This means that the plan aims to promote economic development at a faster pace, while ensuring that it is sustainable in the long term. Additionally, the plan seeks to ensure that the benefits of this growth are shared by all sections of society, thereby reducing inequality and promoting inclusivity. This objective encompasses various aspects such as reducing poverty, unemployment, and promoting overall well-being.

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  • 49. 

    With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes/constitute the Current Account? 1. Balance of trade2. Foreign assets  3. Balance of invisibles4. Special Drawing Rights Select the correct answer using the code given below.

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 and 3

    • C.

      1 and 3

    • D.

      1, 2 and 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 and 3
    Explanation
    The current account in the balance of payments includes the balance of trade (which is the difference between a country's exports and imports of goods), and the balance of invisibles (which includes services, income from investments, and unilateral transfers). Foreign assets and special drawing rights are not part of the current account. Therefore, the correct answer is 1 and 3.

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  • 50. 

    The terms 'Marginal Standing Facility Rate' and 'Net Demand and Time Liabilities', sometimes appearing in news, are used in relation to

    • A.

      Banking operations

    • B.

      Communication networking

    • C.

      Military strategies

    • D.

      Supply and demand of agricultural products

    Correct Answer
    A. Banking operations
    Explanation
    The terms 'Marginal Standing Facility Rate' and 'Net Demand and Time Liabilities' are used in relation to banking operations. The Marginal Standing Facility Rate is the rate at which banks can borrow funds overnight from the central bank, while the Net Demand and Time Liabilities refer to the difference between a bank's demand and time deposits and its advances and investments. These terms are important in understanding the liquidity management and borrowing options available to banks, and are therefore relevant to banking operations.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 27, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar

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