Bentley Ch. 37 Test

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 536

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Bentley Ch. 37 Test

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by a
    • A. 

      Muslim extremist

    • B. 

      Hindu extremist

    • C. 

      British nationalist

    • D. 

      Disgruntled follower

  • 2. 
    Gandhi and Nehru opposed the partition of India because
    • A. 

      It would leave Hindu India surrounded by Muslim states.

    • B. 

      it would deprive India of some of its most valuable land.

    • C. 

      They mistrusted Muhammad Ali and the Muslim League.

    • D. 

      They believed that India could be a successful multicultural state.

  • 3. 
    Gandhi predicted that "rivers of blood" would flow in the wake of the creation of 
    • A. 

      Bangladesh

    • B. 

      Bengal

    • C. 

      Pakistan

    • D. 

      The Punjab

  • 4. 
    The nonalignment movement remained weak because
    • A. 

      Of a lack of vision or leadership among member states

    • B. 

      Too few states attended the Bandung Conference to achieve consensus.

    • C. 

      Many nonaligned states needed and accepted aid from either the United States or Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      Many new states were afraid to alienate the United States.

  • 5. 
    The Balfour Declaration of 1917 promised that Palestine would
    • A. 

      Become a homeland for immigrant Jews.

    • B. 

      Remain a British protectorate indefinitely.

    • C. 

      Be partitioned into distinct Arab and Jewish zones.

    • D. 

      Continue as a homeland to the resident Arab Muslims.

  • 6. 
    Britain withdrew from Palestine in 1947 because
    • A. 

      They could not resolve the conflict between Palestinians and Jews.

    • B. 

      Their mandate had ended

    • C. 

      The Arab states demanded that they leave

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 7. 
    Who seized power after a bloodless coup ended the monarchy of King Farouk?
    • A. 

      Sadat

    • B. 

      Nasser

    • C. 

      Jinnah

    • D. 

      Nkrumah

  • 8. 
    Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser gained great international prestige when he
    • A. 

      Negotiated a peace settlement with Israel.

    • B. 

      Succeeded in retaking the Suez Canal from the British.

    • C. 

      Aligned Egypt with the United States.

    • D. 

      Reclaimed the Sinai peninsula from Israel.

  • 9. 
    The French fought to retain Algeria because
    • A. 

      They refused to be intimidated by terrorists

    • B. 

      Algeria provided valuable mineral resources

    • C. 

      There were two million French settlers in Algeria

    • D. 

      President Charles de Gaulle had dreams of a restored French empire.

  • 10. 
    In The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon
    • A. 

      Detailed the horrible conditions in Indian cities

    • B. 

      Stated that France was meant to rule over Africa because of the civilizing role of the Europeans.

    • C. 

      Passionately defended the United States as the only country powerful enough to end world hunger.

    • D. 

      Urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors.

  • 11. 
    Conflicts between native Kikuyu and British settlers intensified in Kenya after World War II because
    • A. 

      White settlers had seized the best farmlands for years

    • B. 

      The Kikuyu had been crowded onto tribal reserves

    • C. 

      The Kikuyu had been reduced to the status of wage laborers

    • D. 

      White settlers had seized the best farmlands for years, and the Kikuyu had been crowded onto tribal reserves and reduced to the status of wage laborers.

  • 12. 
    As a result of the Cultural Revolution in China,
    • A. 

      The educated elite were persecuted, and China was deprived of their talent.

    • B. 

      Peasant farmers killed so many sparrows that the ecological balance was thrown off.

    • C. 

      Student demonstrators in Tiananmen Square were crushed by government troops

    • D. 

      The Red Guard was discredited

  • 13. 
    Deng Xiaoping
    • A. 

      Brought free market reforms to China.

    • B. 

      Fled to Taiwan after the Chinese civil war

    • C. 

      Was the leader of Taiwan who helped bring about tremendous economic expansion

    • D. 

      Masterminded the Great Leap Forward

  • 14. 
    Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated because she
    • A. 

      Permitted an attack on Sikh extremists at the sacred Golden Temple

    • B. 

      Refused to consider the partition of Kashmir.

    • C. 

      Insisted that Untouchables be fully integrated into Indian society.

    • D. 

      Suspended the constitution for two years and ruled without being elected.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is NOT a reason Arab nationalism failed to materialize?
    • A. 

      Some Arabs are Shia and some Sunni Muslims

    • B. 

      They shared a common language and culture.

    • C. 

      They did not all agree on the status of Israel

    • D. 

      Some Arab states aligned with the United States and some with the Soviet Union

  • 16. 
    The regime of the Iranian Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi was overthrown because
    • A. 

      He alienated conservative Shia Muslims with his secular reforms.

    • B. 

      His repressive policies alienated leftist politicians.

    • C. 

      He allowed U.S. corporations to heavily influence the economy

    • D. 

      He allowed heavy U.S. military and economic involvement

    • E. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 17. 
    Argentina in the late 1970s and early 1980s
    • A. 

      Moved steadily toward a multiparty system.

    • B. 

      Was ruled by military dictators who caused the "disappearance" of thousands.

    • C. 

      Experimented briefly with a communist system.

    • D. 

      Was invaded and briefly ruled by a Chilean puppet dictator.

  • 18. 
    In both Guatemala and Nicaragua in the 1950s and 1960s,
    • A. 

      The United States supported military dictatorships that were anticommunist

    • B. 

      The United States supported liberal revolutions against military dictatorships.

    • C. 

      American aid resulted in widespread popular support for the United States.

    • D. 

      The United States insisted on human rights as a precondition for aid.

  • 19. 
    Apartheid ended in South Africa because
    • A. 

      The Sharpeville massacre instituted a new era of radical activism against it

    • B. 

      The international community imposed economic sanctions against South Africa

    • C. 

      President de Klerk convinced his party to dismantle the system and hold free elections

    • D. 

      The African National Congress provided a vehicle for resistance

    • E. 

      All of these statements are correct

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