World Geography South Asia Unit 8: Nepal And Bhutan

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World Geography South Asia Unit 8: Nepal And Bhutan - Quiz

Answer


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Nepal and Bhutan are land____

    Explanation
    Nepal and Bhutan are landlocked, meaning they are countries that do not have direct access to the sea or any coastline. They are completely surrounded by land, with no access to any ocean or sea.

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  • 2. 

    The governments are:

    Explanation
    The governments mentioned in the question are constitutional monarchies. In this form of government, there is a monarch who serves as the head of state, but their powers are limited by a constitution. The constitution outlines the rights and responsibilities of the monarch, as well as the rights and freedoms of the citizens. This type of government combines the stability and continuity of a monarchy with the principles of a democratic system, where power is shared between the monarch and other branches of government.

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  • 3. 

    In Bhutan, the ____ is the supreme ruler.

    Explanation
    In Bhutan, the supreme ruler is the king. The term "supreme ruler" refers to the highest authority or the ultimate leader in a country. In the context of Bhutan, the king holds the highest position of power and authority, making him the supreme ruler of the country. This indicates that the king has absolute control and decision-making power over the governance and administration of Bhutan.

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  • 4. 

    In Nepal, the king shares power with an elected ____________.

    Explanation
    In Nepal, the king shares power with an elected parliament. The parliament is a legislative body consisting of representatives who are elected by the people. This system allows for a division of power between the monarchy and the elected representatives, ensuring a balance of power and democratic governance in the country. The parliament plays a crucial role in making laws, representing the interests of the people, and holding the government accountable.

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  • 5. 

    China controlled __________ briefly in the 18th century.

    Explanation
    China controlled Bhutan briefly in the 18th century.

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  • 6. 

    The main group in Bhutan is the __________.

    Explanation
    The main group in Bhutan is the "bhote".

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  • 7. 

    In Nepal, the majority of people are Indo-Nepalese _________.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hindus" because Hinduism is the dominant religion in Nepal, with around 81% of the population identifying as Hindus. This indicates that the majority of people in Nepal are Indo-Nepalese Hindus.

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  • 8. 

    These people from the high Himalayas are the traditional mountain guides of the Everest region.

    Explanation
    Sherpas are a group of people from the high Himalayas who have been traditionally serving as mountain guides in the Everest region. They possess extensive knowledge and experience in navigating the treacherous terrain, making them invaluable assets for climbers attempting to summit Mount Everest. The term "sherpa" has become synonymous with skilled mountaineers and is widely recognized in the context of Everest expeditions.

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  • 9. 

    The _________have preserved their national language and customs.

    Explanation
    The word "nepalese" in the given sentence refers to the people of Nepal. The sentence states that the Nepalese have preserved their national language and customs. This means that the people of Nepal have maintained their own language and cultural traditions over time.

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  • 10. 

    __________ is the official religion of Bhutan.

    Explanation
    Buddhism is the official religion of Bhutan. This is because Bhutan is a predominantly Buddhist country, with Buddhism being deeply ingrained in its culture and traditions. The country's constitution recognizes Buddhism as the spiritual heritage of Bhutan and promotes the values of peace, compassion, and non-violence that are central to the Buddhist teachings. The government also supports and promotes the practice of Buddhism through various initiatives, such as the construction of monasteries and the preservation of sacred sites. Overall, Buddhism plays a significant role in shaping the religious and cultural identity of Bhutan.

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  • 11. 

    __________: geometric designs that are symbols of the universe and aid in meditation.

    Explanation
    Mandalas are geometric designs that have deep spiritual and cultural significance. They are often used as symbols of the universe and are believed to aid in meditation and spiritual practices. Mandalas are created with intricate patterns and vibrant colors, representing harmony, balance, and unity. They are used in various cultures and religions as a tool for focusing the mind, promoting relaxation, and connecting with the divine. Mandalas are considered sacred and are believed to have a transformative effect on the individual, helping them to achieve a sense of inner peace and enlightenment.

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