Assessment Day 1: Blood And Circulatory/Cvd

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Assessment Quizzes & Trivia

What components of blood do you know of? Can you explain the cycle of blood from the time of manufacturing to the time it gets to other organs? This quiz helps in this and more. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A thrombus is:
    • A. 

      A type of protein

    • B. 

      A heart muscle

    • C. 

      A foot ulcer

    • D. 

      A blood clot in a blood vessel

  • 2. 
    Atherosclerosis occurs in:
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Arteries and veins

  • 3. 
    In atherosclerosis, plaque forms beneath the _____________________, in the ________________layer:
    • A. 

      Endothelium; Tunica Media

    • B. 

      Endothelial Cells; Lumen

    • C. 

      Tunica Intima, Tunica Media

    • D. 

      Tunica Media; Tunica Adventitia

    • E. 

      Endothelium; Tunica Intima

  • 4. 
    The problem with a clot is that it can restrict blood flow, and almost certainly will if it dislodges and flows downstream into smaller and smaller vessels. This frequently results in deprivation of oxygen once it lodges.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The middle whitish layer in a sample blood tube as blood sits is composed of _________ and _____________, and forms about 1% of the blood.
    • A. 

      White Blood Cells, Erythrocytes

    • B. 

      Leukocytes, Platelets

    • C. 

      Plasma, Platelets

    • D. 

      Erythrocytes, Platelets

  • 6. 
    CHECK ALL THAT APPLY.  All of the cells found in the blood come from bone marrow. They begin their life as stem cells, and they mature into three main types of cells: ______________________.
    • A. 

      Plasma, Platelets and RBCs

    • B. 

      Plasma, WBCs, and RBCs

    • C. 

      RBCs, Leukocytes, and Platelets

    • D. 

      Platelets, WBCs & Erythrocytes

  • 7. 
    The primary function of Erythrocytes is:
    • A. 

      Have a role in the immune response

    • B. 

      Production of Stem Cells

    • C. 

      Deliver oxygen to the tissues and return carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs

    • D. 

      Clotting factors

  • 8. 
    Which is not a type of White Blood Cell:
    • A. 

      Macrophage

    • B. 

      Monocyte

    • C. 

      Leukocyte

    • D. 

      Erythrocyte

  • 9. 
    Unless an atherosclerotic plaque ruptures, causing a clot, atherosclerosis usually does not cause any notable symptoms from progressive stenosis until an artery is more than 70% occluded by plaque buildup.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    In atherosclerosis, plaques are formed from:
    • A. 

      High concentrations of cholesterol in the blood

    • B. 

      Variations in blood pressure

    • C. 

      Ruptures of blood vessel walls

    • D. 

      Proliferative retinopathy

  • 11. 
    Why is atherosclerosis especially dangerous when found in the coronary arteries?
    • A. 

      It can cause a heart attack.

    • B. 

      It can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle.

    • C. 

      It can cause myocardial ischemia.

    • D. 

      All of the above options are correct.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is associated with atherosclerosis?
    • A. 

      Including fruit and vegetables in every meal

    • B. 

      High cholesterol diet

    • C. 

      High-fiber diets

    • D. 

      Low-salt diets

    • E. 

      Increased exercise

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      Cigarette smoking

    • B. 

      Consumption of aspirin

    • C. 

      High blood pressure

    • D. 

      Elevated blood cholesterol

    • E. 

      Obesity

  • 14. 
    The symptoms of heart failure include __________.
    • A. 

      Fatigue

    • B. 

      Shortness of breath

    • C. 

      Weakness

    • D. 

      Fluid accumulation

    • E. 

      All of the above are symptoms of heart failure

  • 15. 
    About 600,000 people die of heart disease in the United States every year–that’s 1 in every 4 deaths.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    CVD claims more lives each year than the next 5 leading causes of death combined, which are cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases, accidents, diabetes mellitus, influenza and pneumonia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    All arteries carry blood away heart, and all veins carry blood back towards the heart.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    In _______________stroke, a blood clot forms somewhere in the body (usually the heart) and travels through the bloodstream to your brain. Once in your brain, the clot eventually travels to a blood vessel small enough to block its passage.
    • A. 

      A Hemorrhagic

    • B. 

      An Aneuritic

    • C. 

      A Thrombotic

    • D. 

      An Embolic

  • 19. 
    Living a healthier lifestyle can help prevent heart disease. Which if the is not a lifestyle change that will help prevent/treat CVD?
    • A. 

      Stop Smoking

    • B. 

      Drink in moderation

    • C. 

      Lower your Blood Pressure

    • D. 

      Reduce Stress

  • 20. 
    ________________is an enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of oxidized phospholipase on LDL. It is a specific marker for vascular inflammation and is produced in unstable atherosclerotic plaque. Elevated levels indicate a 2 fold increase risk for CVD events and ischemic stroke. In combination with HTN the risk jumps to 6 fold and with hsCRP to 11 fold.
    • A. 

      HsCRP

    • B. 

      LpPla2

    • C. 

      NTproBNP

    • D. 

      Cystatin C

  • 21. 
    Which statement(s) is not true about the Heart: (SELECT ALL THAT APPLY)
    • A. 

      Muscular, four chambered pump

    • B. 

      Contracts 100,000 times per day

    • C. 

      Two upper chambers: ventricles

    • D. 

      Two lower chambers: atria

    • E. 

      All are true of the heart

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not a form of CVD:
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Coronary heart disease (CHD)

    • C. 

      Chest pain (angina pectoris)

    • D. 

      Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)

    • E. 

      Congestive heart failure (CHF)

    • F. 

      Hypertension

    • G. 

      Stroke

  • 23. 
    __________________are formed when the body sends macrophages to the location of a fatty deposit on the blood vessel walls. The macrophage surrounds the fatty material in an attempt to destroy it. The cell becomes filled with lipids (fats). The lipids surrounded by the macrophage give it a “foamy” appearance.
    • A. 

      Fatty Streaks

    • B. 

      Ruptures

    • C. 

      Foam Cells

    • D. 

      Thrombus

  • 24. 
    The arteries on the heart that are associated with heart attack are known as___________________ arteries.
    • A. 

      Carotid

    • B. 

      Coronary

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 25. 
    About 600,000 people die of heart disease in the US every year, which equates to 1 in every 4 deaths.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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