Blood, Circulatory, And Immune Practice Test

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Blood, Circulatory, And Immune Practice Test - Quiz

Have you ever wondered what makes up a circulatory system and the coordination between these organs? Circulatory system is the portion of the cardiovascular system that pumps out oxygen depleted blood from the heart and pump in oxygenated blood through the pulmonary vein. Take up the blood, circulatory, and immune practice test and understand how this process works.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the function of the SA node?

    • A.

      Spontaneously produces action potentials at regular intervals

    • B.

      Atria depolarizes first, causing atrial systole

    • C.

      "Pacemaker"

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The SA node, also known as the sinoatrial node, is responsible for initiating and regulating the electrical impulses that control the heart's rhythm. It spontaneously produces action potentials at regular intervals, causing the atria to depolarize first and leading to atrial systole. Due to its role as the primary pacemaker of the heart, it is responsible for coordinating the overall heartbeat. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 2. 

    Which is not a part of an EKG?

    • A.

      P-wave

    • B.

      ESG connector

    • C.

      QRS complex

    • D.

      T-wave

    Correct Answer
    B. ESG connector
    Explanation
    The EKG (electrocardiogram) is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart. It consists of several components, including the P-wave, QRS complex, and T-wave. The P-wave represents the depolarization of the atria, the QRS complex represents the depolarization of the ventricles, and the T-wave represents the repolarization of the ventricles. These components are all part of the electrical activity of the heart that is recorded by the EKG. The ESG connector, on the other hand, is not a part of the EKG. It is likely a distractor answer that does not relate to the topic of the question.

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  • 3. 

    We can measure the heart's electrical activity (and overall health) by taking

    • A.

      Pacemakers

    • B.

      BP

    • C.

      Electrocardiograms (ECG/EKG)

    • D.

      Heart transplants

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrocardiograms (ECG/EKG)
    Explanation
    Electrocardiograms (ECG/EKG) are used to measure the heart's electrical activity and overall health. This test involves placing electrodes on the chest, arms, and legs to record the electrical signals produced by the heart. By analyzing the patterns and intervals in the ECG/EKG, healthcare professionals can detect abnormalities such as irregular heart rhythms, heart attacks, and other cardiac conditions. Pacemakers are devices implanted in the chest to regulate the heart's electrical activity, but they are not used to measure overall heart health. Blood pressure (BP) is a measurement of the force of blood against the walls of arteries and does not directly provide information about the heart's electrical activity. Heart transplants involve replacing a diseased heart with a healthy one, but they are not a method of measuring heart health.

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  • 4. 

    What brain structure regulates heart rate?

    • A.

      Medulla oblongata

    • B.

      Brainstem

    • C.

      Midbrain

    • D.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    A. Medulla oblongata
    Explanation
    The medulla oblongata is a part of the brainstem that controls various involuntary functions, including regulating heart rate. It contains specialized nerve cells that receive signals from the body and send signals to the heart to adjust its rate. Therefore, the medulla oblongata is responsible for maintaining a steady heart rate and ensuring proper blood circulation throughout the body.

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  • 5. 

    Mark all the characteristics of arteries

    • A.

      Have thicker walls and smaller lumens

    • B.

      Have thinner walls and larger lumens

    • C.

      Tend to be rounder and deeper under the skin than veins

    • D.

      Do not contain valves

    • E.

      Skeletal muscle contraction pushes blood through veins

    • F.

      Pressure from the heart moves blood through arteries

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Have thicker walls and smaller lumens
    C. Tend to be rounder and deeper under the skin than veins
    D. Do not contain valves
    F. Pressure from the heart moves blood through arteries
    Explanation
    Arteries have thicker walls and smaller lumens compared to veins. They also tend to be rounder and deeper under the skin than veins. Unlike veins, arteries do not contain valves. Additionally, blood in arteries is moved through the vessels by the pressure generated from the heart.

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  • 6. 

    Mark all the characteristics of veins 

    • A.

      Have thinner walls and larger lumens

    • B.

      Do not contain valves

    • C.

      Tend to be flatter/oval-shaped, closer to the surface of the skin

    • D.

      Have one-way valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction

    • E.

      Skeletal muscle contraction pushes blood through veins

    • F.

      Pressure from the heart moves blood through arteries

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Have thinner walls and larger lumens
    C. Tend to be flatter/oval-shaped, closer to the surface of the skin
    D. Have one-way valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction
    E. Skeletal muscle contraction pushes blood through veins
    Explanation
    Veins have thinner walls and larger lumens, which allows them to accommodate a larger volume of blood. They tend to be flatter/oval-shaped and closer to the surface of the skin, making them more visible. Veins also have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward, ensuring that it flows in the right direction towards the heart. Skeletal muscle contraction plays a crucial role in pushing blood through the veins, aiding in the venous return of blood back to the heart.

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  • 7. 

    Veins carry blood toward the heart

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Veins carry blood toward the heart because they have valves that prevent blood from flowing backward. This allows the blood to be pumped efficiently back to the heart, where it can be oxygenated and then distributed to the rest of the body. Unlike arteries, veins have thinner walls and lower pressure, which is why they are better suited for carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

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  • 8. 

    Arteries carry blood away from the heart

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to various parts of the body. They have thick, elastic walls that help maintain blood pressure and ensure efficient blood flow. This is in contrast to veins, which carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Therefore, the statement "Arteries carry blood away from the heart" is true.

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  • 9. 

    Systolic pressure is when the heart

    • A.

      Relaxes

    • B.

      Contracts

    Correct Answer
    B. Contracts
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "contracts". Systolic pressure refers to the pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. During this phase, the heart muscle contracts, pushing blood out of the heart and into the circulatory system. This contraction causes the blood pressure to rise and is represented by the higher number in a blood pressure reading.

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  • 10. 

    Diastolic pressure is when the heart

    • A.

      Relaxes

    • B.

      Contracts

    Correct Answer
    A. Relaxes
    Explanation
    Diastolic pressure refers to the pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries when the heart is at rest and filling with blood. During this phase, the heart relaxes and allows blood to flow into the chambers, which results in lower pressure in the arteries. This is why the correct answer is "relaxes."

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  • 11. 

    Normal BP is 120/80 what is the top number called?

    • A.

      Systolic pressure

    • B.

      Diastolic pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. Systolic pressure
    Explanation
    The top number in a blood pressure reading is called systolic pressure. Systolic pressure represents the force exerted on the arterial walls when the heart contracts and pumps blood out into the arteries. A normal blood pressure reading is typically around 120/80 mmHg, with 120 being the systolic pressure. The bottom number, 80 in this case, represents the diastolic pressure, which is the force exerted on the arterial walls when the heart is at rest between beats.

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  • 12. 

    Normal BP is 120/80 what is the bottom number called?

    • A.

      Systolic pressure

    • B.

      Diastolic pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Diastolic pressure
    Explanation
    The bottom number in a blood pressure reading is called diastolic pressure. Diastolic pressure represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. In a normal blood pressure reading of 120/80, 80 is the diastolic pressure.

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  • 13. 

    Another name for RBCs are 

    • A.

      Hemocytoblasts

    • B.

      Hemoglobin

    • C.

      Erythrocytes

    • D.

      Hematocrit

    Correct Answer
    C. Erythrocytes
    Explanation
    RBCs, or erythrocytes, are the cells in our blood that are responsible for carrying oxygen to the body's tissues and removing carbon dioxide. They are disc-shaped cells that lack a nucleus and contain hemoglobin, a protein that binds to oxygen. Hemocytoblasts, on the other hand, are stem cells found in the bone marrow that give rise to all types of blood cells, including RBCs. Hemoglobin is the protein found in RBCs that allows them to carry oxygen. Hematocrit, on the other hand, refers to the percentage of RBCs in the total blood volume.

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  • 14. 

    Mark all the characteristics of erythrocytes 

    • A.

      Limited life span- cannot self-repair or undergo mitosis

    • B.

      Small, round, red, donut-shaped cells

    • C.

      They are anucleate - they don't have a nucleus

    • D.

      Help fight infection

    • E.

      Have cilia to move around

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Limited life span- cannot self-repair or undergo mitosis
    B. Small, round, red, donut-shaped cells
    C. They are anucleate - they don't have a nucleus
    Explanation
    Erythrocytes, or red blood cells, have a limited life span as they cannot self-repair or undergo mitosis. They are small, round, and have a donut shape. Additionally, they are anucleate, meaning they do not have a nucleus. However, they do not help fight infection and do not have cilia to move around.

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  • 15. 

    Percentage of blood composed of red blood cells

    • A.

      Hemocytoblasts

    • B.

      Hemocrit

    • C.

      Hemoglobin

    • D.

      Hematopoiesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hemocrit
    Explanation
    Hematocrit refers to the percentage of blood that is composed of red blood cells. It is a measure of the volume of red blood cells in relation to the total volume of blood. A higher hematocrit indicates a higher concentration of red blood cells, while a lower hematocrit indicates a lower concentration. This measurement is important in diagnosing and monitoring conditions such as anemia, polycythemia, and dehydration.

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  • 16. 

    Protein that makes up most of a RBC

    • A.

      Hemoglobin

    • B.

      Hematocrit

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Hematopoiesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Hemoglobin
    Explanation
    Hemoglobin is the protein that makes up most of a red blood cell (RBC). It is responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and also helps in transporting carbon dioxide back to the lungs. Hemoglobin is made up of four subunits, each containing a heme group that binds to oxygen. This protein is essential for the proper functioning of RBCs and is crucial for oxygen transport in the body.

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  • 17. 

    In hemoglobin each proteins contains single iron (Fe) atom

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Each hemoglobin protein contains a single iron (Fe) atom, which is crucial for its function in binding and transporting oxygen molecules. Therefore, the statement that each hemoglobin protein contains a single iron atom is true.

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  • 18. 

    (How hemogobin carries oxygen) When _____levels are high, Fe can bind to _____ molecules - lungs and most arteries - protein is bright red

    • A.

      O2

    • B.

      CO2

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      H

    Correct Answer
    A. O2
    Explanation
    Hemoglobin carries oxygen in the blood. When oxygen levels are high, the iron (Fe) component of hemoglobin can bind to oxygen molecules (O2). This binding occurs in the lungs and most arteries, causing the hemoglobin protein to appear bright red.

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  • 19. 

    (hemoglobin carries oxygen) When _________ levels are high, Fe can bind to ________ instead - tissue, capillaries, most veins - protein is dark red

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      Fe

    • C.

      CO2

    • D.

      Cl

    Correct Answer
    C. CO2
    Explanation
    When carbon dioxide (CO2) levels are high, iron (Fe) can bind to CO2 instead of hemoglobin. This binding of Fe with CO2 causes the protein to become dark red.

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  • 20. 

    Are blood stem cells in red bone marrow 

    • A.

      Hemoglobin

    • B.

      Hemocytoblasts

    • C.

      Hematopoiesis

    • D.

      Homeostasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hemocytoblasts
    Explanation
    Blood stem cells, also known as hemocytoblasts, are found in red bone marrow. These cells have the ability to differentiate into various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. They play a crucial role in the process of hematopoiesis, which is the production of new blood cells. Additionally, blood stem cells are important for maintaining homeostasis, as they continuously replenish the blood cell population in the body.

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  • 21. 

    What is the name for the process which hemocytoblasts undergo to become RBCs, platelets, and different kinds of WBCs?

    • A.

      Differentiation

    • B.

      Erythropoietin

    • C.

      Initiation

    • D.

      Mitosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Differentiation
    Explanation
    Differentiation is the process in which hemocytoblasts undergo specialization to become different types of blood cells, including red blood cells (RBCs), platelets, and various types of white blood cells (WBCs). During differentiation, the hemocytoblasts acquire specific characteristics and functions that are unique to each type of blood cell. This process is crucial for maintaining the balance and functionality of the blood system.

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  • 22. 

    Hematopoiesis is the production of new blood cells

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hematopoiesis is the process of producing new blood cells. It occurs in the bone marrow and involves the differentiation and maturation of stem cells into various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This process is essential for maintaining a healthy blood cell count and ensuring the proper functioning of the immune system. Therefore, the statement that hematopoiesis is the production of new blood cells is true.

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  • 23. 

    Hematopoiesis occurs in the

    • A.

      Red bone marrow

    • B.

      White bone marrow

    Correct Answer
    A. Red bone marrow
    Explanation
    Hematopoiesis is the process of producing new blood cells. It occurs in the bone marrow, which is the soft, spongy tissue found inside bones. Red bone marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, making it the correct answer. White bone marrow, on the other hand, consists mainly of fat cells and does not play a significant role in hematopoiesis.

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  • 24. 

    Hematopoiesis is regulated by the hormone 

    • A.

      Hemoglobin

    • B.

      Adrenalin

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Erythropoeitin

    Correct Answer
    D. Erythropoeitin
    Explanation
    Hematopoiesis is the process of producing new blood cells, and it is regulated by the hormone erythropoietin. Erythropoietin is mainly responsible for controlling the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. When the oxygen levels in the body are low, the kidneys release erythropoietin, which stimulates the production of red blood cells. This hormone helps maintain the balance of red blood cells in the body and ensures that enough oxygen is delivered to the tissues.

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  • 25. 

    On average, red blood cells live for 120 days

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Red blood cells have a lifespan of approximately 120 days in the human body. They are constantly being produced and replaced by the bone marrow to maintain a stable number. This process is crucial for delivering oxygen to tissues and removing carbon dioxide. If the statement is true, it means that red blood cells do indeed have an average lifespan of 120 days.

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  • 26. 

    The ________ and __________ destroy old and/or damaged RBCs

    • A.

      Medulla and pons

    • B.

      Liver and spleen

    • C.

      Veins and arteries

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Liver and spleen
    Explanation
    The liver and spleen are responsible for destroying old and damaged red blood cells (RBCs). The liver filters the blood and removes any damaged or worn-out RBCs, while the spleen acts as a reservoir for RBCs and removes any abnormal or old RBCs from circulation. Together, these organs play a crucial role in maintaining the quality and functionality of the body's blood supply.

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  • 27. 

    The Fe is recycled, the rest of the hemoglobin becomes 

    • A.

      Bile

    • B.

      Snot

    • C.

      Cerobrospinal fluid

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Bile
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bile because after the breakdown of hemoglobin, the iron (Fe) is recycled while the remaining components of hemoglobin are metabolized into bile. Bile is a substance produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder, which aids in the digestion and absorption of fats in the small intestine. Therefore, it is the most appropriate option among the given choices.

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  • 28. 

    Are half-protein, half-carbohydrate marker (glycoproteins) on the surface of cells, including RBCs

    • A.

      Antibodies

    • B.

      Antigens

    Correct Answer
    B. Antigens
    Explanation
    Glycoproteins are half-protein, half-carbohydrate markers found on the surface of cells, including red blood cells (RBCs). These markers are recognized by the immune system as foreign substances, leading to the production of antibodies. Therefore, the correct answer is antigens, as antigens are substances that can stimulate an immune response, including the production of antibodies.

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  • 29. 

    Which is a characteristic of antigens?

    • A.

      They can bind to specific, matching antigens on cells

    • B.

      These structures indicate to other cells if the cell with the marking is "self" or "non-self"

    • C.

      The 3 antigens that can be on RBCs are called A, B, and D

    • D.

      Anti-A, anti-B, and anti-D antibodies are in blood

    • E.

      Answers A and B are correct

    • F.

      Answers B and C are correct

    • G.

      All of the above are correct

    Correct Answer
    F. Answers B and C are correct
    Explanation
    Antigens are characterized by their ability to bind to specific, matching antigens on cells. These structures serve as markers that indicate to other cells whether the marked cell is "self" or "non-self". Additionally, the three antigens that can be found on red blood cells are A, B, and D. In the blood, there are corresponding antibodies, namely anti-A, anti-B, and anti-D antibodies. Therefore, answers B and C are correct as they accurately describe characteristics of antigens.

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  • 30. 

    Are proteins that float freely through blood plasma 

    • A.

      Antigens

    • B.

      Antibodies

    Correct Answer
    B. Antibodies
    Explanation
    Antibodies are proteins that are present in the blood plasma and float freely. They are produced by the immune system in response to the presence of antigens, which are foreign substances that can trigger an immune response. Antibodies bind to antigens and help to neutralize or eliminate them from the body. This is why antibodies are crucial for the immune system's ability to defend against infections and diseases.

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  • 31. 

    The universal donor type is 0-

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The universal donor type is 0- because individuals with this blood type can donate blood to individuals with any other blood type. This is because type O- blood lacks both A and B antigens, making it compatible with all other blood types. Additionally, type O- blood is also Rh-negative, meaning it does not have the Rh factor antigen. Therefore, it can be safely transfused to Rh-positive or Rh-negative individuals.

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  • 32. 

    The universal recipient is type AB-

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The universal recipient is type AB+

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  • 33. 

    Mark the functions of the Lymphatic System 

    • A.

      Remove interstitial fluid from tissues

    • B.

      Absorb and transport fats

    • C.

      Transport red blood cells

    • D.

      Transport white blood cells (and other immunity-related functions)

    • E.

      Filters and destroys old RBCs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Remove interstitial fluid from tissues
    B. Absorb and transport fats
    D. Transport white blood cells (and other immunity-related functions)
    Explanation
    The lymphatic system performs several important functions. One of its main functions is to remove interstitial fluid from tissues, which helps maintain fluid balance in the body. Additionally, the lymphatic system plays a role in absorbing and transporting fats from the digestive system. It also helps transport white blood cells, which are crucial for immune responses and fighting off infections. Therefore, the correct functions of the lymphatic system are to remove interstitial fluid from tissues, absorb and transport fats, and transport white blood cells (along with other immunity-related functions).

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  • 34. 

    Mark all the parts of lymph

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Steroids

    • C.

      Lymphocytes (WBCs)

    • D.

      Fat

    • E.

      Electrolytes

    • F.

      Hemoglobin

    • G.

      Platelets

    • H.

      Proteins

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Water
    C. Lymphocytes (WBCs)
    D. Fat
    E. Electrolytes
    H. Proteins
    Explanation
    Lymph is a clear fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system. It is composed of various components, including water, lymphocytes (white blood cells), fat, electrolytes, and proteins. Water forms the base of lymph and helps transport the other components. Lymphocytes are crucial for the immune response and help fight off infections. Fat is carried in lymph vessels and aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. Electrolytes maintain the balance of fluids in the body. Proteins in lymph play a role in immune function and help transport fats and other substances.

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  • 35. 

    The two types of lymphocytes are called T-cells and A-cells

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The two types of lymphocytes are called T-cells and B-cells

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  • 36. 

    Which consumes pathogens and infected cells and "wears" the antigens of the pathogen (antigen-presenting cells) 

    • A.

      B-cells

    • B.

      T-cells

    • C.

      Macrophages

    • D.

      Killer T-cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Macrophages
    Explanation
    Macrophages are antigen-presenting cells that play a crucial role in the immune response. They engulf and digest pathogens and infected cells through a process called phagocytosis. Macrophages then present the antigens from the pathogens on their cell surface, acting as "wearers" of the antigens. This presentation helps activate other immune cells, such as T-cells, to mount a specific immune response against the pathogen. B-cells and T-cells also play important roles in the immune response, but macrophages specifically have the ability to both consume pathogens and infected cells and present their antigens.

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  • 37. 

    T-cells mature in thymus and provide 

    • A.

      Cellular immunity

    • B.

      Humoral immunity

    Correct Answer
    A. Cellular immunity
    Explanation
    T-cells are a type of white blood cell that play a crucial role in the immune system. They are responsible for cellular immunity, which involves directly attacking and destroying infected or abnormal cells in the body. This is different from humoral immunity, which is mediated by antibodies produced by B-cells. T-cells mature in the thymus gland, where they undergo development and education to recognize and respond to specific antigens. Therefore, the correct answer is cellular immunity.

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  • 38. 

    B-cells mature in the bone marrow, and provide 

    • A.

      Cellular immunity

    • B.

      Humoral immunity

    Correct Answer
    B. Humoral immunity
    Explanation
    B-cells are a type of white blood cell that mature in the bone marrow. They play a crucial role in humoral immunity, which is the immune response mediated by antibodies. B-cells produce and release antibodies that can recognize and bind to specific pathogens, marking them for destruction by other immune cells. This process helps to neutralize and eliminate pathogens in the body, providing protection against infections. Therefore, the correct answer is humoral immunity.

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  • 39. 

    Active immunity has antibodies 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    active immunity has memory cells and passive immunity had antibodies

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  • 40. 

    HIV stands for

    Correct Answer
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    Explanation
    HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells. This virus weakens the immune system over time, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. It is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. HIV can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if left untreated. Effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) can help manage the virus and prevent its progression to AIDS.

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  • 41. 

    AIDS causes HIV

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    HIV infection causes AIDS

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  • 42. 

    Mark the sources of infection for HIV/AIDS

    • A.

      Urine and saliva

    • B.

      Infected blood/tissues/organs (transplants, hemophiliacs)

    • C.

      Sex (anal, vaginal, oral)

    • D.

      Any physical contact

    • E.

      Mother-->baby (birth, breastfeeding)

    • F.

      Dirty needles (drugs, steroids, accidental medical "sticks"

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Infected blood/tissues/organs (transplants, hemophiliacs)
    C. Sex (anal, vaginal, oral)
    E. Mother-->baby (birth, breastfeeding)
    F. Dirty needles (drugs, steroids, accidental medical "sticks"
    Explanation
    HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through various sources of infection. Infected blood, tissues, and organs can transmit the virus, especially through procedures like transplants or in individuals with hemophilia who require blood products. Sexual contact, whether it is anal, vaginal, or oral, can also transmit the virus. Mother-to-baby transmission can occur during birth or through breastfeeding. Additionally, the use of dirty needles for drug use, steroids, or accidental medical "sticks" can also transmit the virus. These are the potential sources of infection for HIV/AIDS.

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  • 43. 

    AIDS stands for 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    Explanation
    AIDS is an acronym that stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This condition is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. The term "acquired" refers to the fact that the condition is not inherited but acquired through exposure to the virus. "Immune Deficiency" indicates the weakened immune system, and "Syndrome" refers to the collection of symptoms and diseases that result from the immune system's impairment. Overall, AIDS is a serious medical condition that requires ongoing treatment and management.

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  • 44. 

    HIV infects ____________ slows/stops adaptive immune response

    • A.

      Killer T-cells

    • B.

      Helper b-cells

    • C.

      Helper T-cells

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Helper T-cells
    Explanation
    HIV infects helper T-cells and slows/stops the adaptive immune response. Helper T-cells play a crucial role in coordinating the immune response by activating other immune cells, such as killer T-cells and B-cells. When HIV infects helper T-cells, it impairs their function and leads to a weakened immune system. This makes it difficult for the body to effectively fight off infections and diseases, resulting in the progression of HIV to AIDS.

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  • 45. 

    Powerful "cocktail" of antiviral drugs that can slow progression of HIV infection 

    • A.

      HAART

    • B.

      MARTINI

    • C.

      HEART

    • D.

      LOVE

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. HAART
    Explanation
    HAART stands for Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, which is a combination of different antiviral drugs used to treat HIV infection. This therapy is considered powerful because it helps slow down the progression of the virus in the body, reduces the viral load, and improves the immune system. By combining multiple drugs, HAART targets the virus from different angles, making it more effective in controlling the infection. It has been a major breakthrough in the treatment of HIV and has significantly improved the quality of life for people living with the virus.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 25, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Liellenr
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