Human Body Quiz: The Heart And Circulation

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Human Body Quiz: The Heart And Circulation - Quiz

Be still my beating heart; it’s time for a wonderful and educational quiz on the most important organ in the human body; the heart! In this one, we’ll be testing your knowledge on just how the heart manages to pump blood around our bodies so that it gets where it needs to go, and we can keep going through our daily lives. Think you know everything you need to know? Let’s find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which chamber does oxygenated blood enter the heart first?

    • A.

      Left ventricle

    • B.

      Left atrium

    • C.

      Right atrium

    • D.

      Right ventricle

    Correct Answer
    B. Left atrium
    Explanation
    Oxygenated blood enters the heart first through the left atrium. The left atrium receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs through the pulmonary veins. From the left atrium, the blood is then pumped into the left ventricle, which in turn pumps the oxygenated blood to the rest of the body.

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  • 2. 

    Which blood vessel carries blood from the heart to the lungs to receive oxygen?

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Vena cava

    • C.

      Pulmonary artery

    • D.

      Pulmonary vein

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulmonary artery
    Explanation
    The pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to receive oxygen. Once the blood reaches the lungs, it undergoes oxygenation through the process of respiration. This oxygenated blood is then transported back to the heart through the pulmonary veins, which is not the correct answer in this case. The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, while the vena cava is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart.

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  • 3. 

    Which blood vessels have the thinnest walls?

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Capillaries

    • D.

      Venules

    Correct Answer
    C. Capillaries
    Explanation
    Capillaries have the thinnest walls among the given options. This is because they are the smallest blood vessels in the body and are responsible for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the bloodstream and the surrounding tissues. The thin walls of capillaries allow for efficient diffusion of substances through their walls, ensuring effective exchange between the blood and tissues.

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  • 4. 

    What separates the left ventricle and left atrium?

    • A.

      Septum

    • B.

      Bicuspid valve

    • C.

      Coronary artery

    • D.

      Tricuspid valve

    Correct Answer
    B. Bicuspid valve
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the bicuspid valve. The bicuspid valve, also known as the mitral valve, separates the left ventricle and left atrium in the heart. It is a one-way valve that allows blood to flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle while preventing backflow.

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  • 5. 

    The heart is made of...

    • A.

      Oxygenated blood

    • B.

      Tissue

    • C.

      Cardiac muscle

    • D.

      Organs

    Correct Answer
    C. Cardiac muscle
    Explanation
    The heart is made of cardiac muscle. Cardiac muscle is a specialized type of muscle tissue that is found only in the heart. It is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of the heart, allowing it to pump blood throughout the body. This muscle tissue is highly coordinated and has a unique structure that enables the heart to function efficiently.

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  • 6. 

    The human heart is part of a double circulatory system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The human heart is indeed part of a double circulatory system. This means that blood is pumped through two separate circuits in the body. The first circuit is the pulmonary circuit, where deoxygenated blood is pumped from the heart to the lungs to pick up oxygen and then returned to the heart. The second circuit is the systemic circuit, where oxygenated blood is pumped from the heart to the rest of the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients, and then returned to the heart. This double circulatory system allows for efficient oxygenation of the blood and distribution of nutrients throughout the body.

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  • 7. 

    Which vessels have the thickest walls?

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Capillaries

    • D.

      Venues

    • E.

      Arterioles

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteries
    Explanation
    Arteries have the thickest walls compared to veins, capillaries, venues, and arterioles. Arteries are responsible for carrying oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. Their walls are thick and strong to withstand the high pressure of blood being pumped from the heart. The walls of arteries contain three layers: the innermost layer called the endothelium, the middle layer of smooth muscle and elastic fibers, and the outermost layer of connective tissue. This structure allows arteries to maintain their shape and function effectively in transporting blood throughout the body.

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  • 8. 

    Arteries have the largest lumen?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Arteries do not have the largest lumen. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to various parts of the body. While arteries have thick and muscular walls to withstand high blood pressure, their lumen, or the inner space through which blood flows, is actually smaller compared to veins. Veins, on the other hand, have a larger lumen to facilitate the return of deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 9. 

    Red blood cells are known as ________

    Correct Answer
    erythrocytes
    Explanation
    Red blood cells are known as erythrocytes. Erythrocytes are the most common type of blood cell and their main function is to transport oxygen to various tissues and organs in the body. They contain a protein called hemoglobin, which binds to oxygen and carries it throughout the bloodstream. The shape of erythrocytes is biconcave, which allows for increased surface area and flexibility to pass through narrow blood vessels. These cells lack a nucleus and other organelles, enabling them to carry more oxygen. Overall, erythrocytes play a crucial role in maintaining oxygen balance in the body.

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  • 10. 

    Haemoglobin in red blood cells attaches to?

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      Amino acids

    • C.

      Carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    D. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Haemoglobin in red blood cells attaches to oxygen. This is because haemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues. Oxygen molecules bind to the iron atoms in the haemoglobin, forming a reversible bond. This allows oxygen to be transported efficiently throughout the body, where it is needed for cellular respiration and energy production.

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  • 11. 

    Phagocytes and lymphocytes are types of ?

    • A.

      Platelets

    • B.

      White blood cell

    • C.

      Red blood cell

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    B. White blood cell
    Explanation
    Phagocytes and lymphocytes are types of white blood cells. White blood cells play a crucial role in the immune system, defending the body against infections and diseases. Phagocytes are responsible for engulfing and destroying pathogens, while lymphocytes are involved in the production of antibodies and the coordination of immune responses.

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  • 12. 

    Cardiac output =

    • A.

      Beats per minute x litres per second

    • B.

      Heart rate/ stroke volume

    • C.

      Stroke volume x heart rate

    • D.

      Stroke volume / heart rate

    Correct Answer
    C. Stroke volume x heart rate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stroke volume x heart rate. Cardiac output is the amount of blood pumped by the heart in one minute. It is calculated by multiplying the stroke volume (the amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat) by the heart rate (the number of beats per minute). This formula takes into account both the efficiency of each heartbeat (stroke volume) and the frequency of the heartbeats (heart rate) to determine the overall cardiac output.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 08, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Griggans
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