Basic Heart And Circulatory System

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Moncheche
M
Moncheche
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 6,289
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 6,330

SettingsSettingsSettings
Basic Heart And Circulatory System - Quiz

The heart is the most important organ in the human body as if it is unable to pump air someone’s life will either be cut short or become extremely difficult to maintain. The quiz below is on the heart and circulatory system and is set to see how well you can identify the parts of the heart.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the main artery of the body?

    • A.

      Pulmonary vein

    • B.

      Aorta

    • C.

      Vena Cava

    • D.

      Pulmonary arch

    Correct Answer
    B. Aorta
    Explanation
    The aorta is the main artery of the body. It is responsible for carrying oxygenated blood from the heart to all the organs and tissues in the body. The aorta is the largest artery and originates from the left ventricle of the heart. It then branches out into smaller arteries that supply blood to different parts of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Name the valve that lies between the Right Atrium and Right Ventricle.

    • A.

      Bicuspid valve

    • B.

      Tricuspid valve

    • C.

      Aortic Semilunar valve

    • D.

      Pulmonary Semilunar valve

    • E.

      Tubular valve

    Correct Answer
    B. Tricuspid valve
    Explanation
    The tricuspid valve is the correct answer because it is the valve that lies between the right atrium and right ventricle. It consists of three cusps or flaps that open and close to regulate the flow of blood from the atrium to the ventricle. When the atrium contracts, the tricuspid valve opens, allowing blood to flow into the ventricle. When the ventricle contracts, the valve closes to prevent blood from flowing back into the atrium. This one-way flow of blood ensures efficient circulation within the heart.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What is the name of the vein that returns deoxygenated blood to the heart?

    Correct Answer
    vena cava
    inferior vena cava
    superior vena cava
    Explanation
    The correct answer is vena cava. The vena cava is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart. There are two main branches of the vena cava: the inferior vena cava, which receives blood from the lower body, and the superior vena cava, which receives blood from the upper body.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is the myocardium?

    • A.

      Heart valves

    • B.

      Heart veins

    • C.

      Heart arteries

    • D.

      Heart muscle

    Correct Answer
    D. Heart muscle
    Explanation
    The myocardium refers to the heart muscle. It is the middle layer of the heart wall and is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. It is composed of specialized cardiac muscle cells that contract and relax rhythmically to facilitate the heartbeat. The myocardium receives oxygen and nutrients from the coronary arteries and is essential for maintaining proper heart function.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What is the name of the colorless and odorless gas that our bodies require to live?

    Correct Answer
    oxygen
    O2
    Explanation
    Oxygen is the name of the colorless and odorless gas that our bodies require to live. It is essential for the process of respiration, where it is used by our cells to produce energy. Oxygen is transported to different parts of the body through the bloodstream and is necessary for the functioning of vital organs. The symbol O2 represents a molecule of oxygen, consisting of two oxygen atoms bonded together.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The Left Ventricle pumps blood to the ......

    • A.

      Right ventricle

    • B.

      Right atrium

    • C.

      Pulmonary vein

    • D.

      Aorta

    Correct Answer
    D. Aorta
    Explanation
    The left ventricle is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries this oxygenated blood away from the heart to supply it to various organs and tissues. Therefore, the left ventricle pumps blood to the aorta.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What is the name for the tubular structures that mainly carry deoxygenated blood throughout the body?

    Correct Answer
    vein
    veins
    Explanation
    Veins are the tubular structures that mainly carry deoxygenated blood throughout the body. They transport blood from the body's tissues back to the heart. Veins have valves that prevent the backward flow of blood and rely on the contraction of surrounding muscles to assist in pushing the blood towards the heart. Overall, veins play a crucial role in the circulatory system by returning deoxygenated blood to the heart for oxygenation.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The muscular, tubular structures that carry oxygenated blood throughout the body are called?

    • A.

      Veins

    • B.

      Arteries

    • C.

      Vesicles

    • D.

      Ventricles

    Correct Answer
    B. Arteries
    Explanation
    Arteries are the correct answer because they are muscular, tubular structures that carry oxygenated blood throughout the body. Veins, on the other hand, carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Vesicles are small sacs that transport substances within cells, and ventricles are the chambers of the heart that pump blood.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    A membranous tissue that controls the direction of flow of blood in the heart is called a ___________

    Correct Answer
    valve
    valves
    Explanation
    A membranous tissue that controls the direction of flow of blood in the heart is called a valve or valves. Valves prevent the backflow of blood and ensure that it flows in the correct direction. They open and close in response to pressure changes within the heart, allowing blood to flow from one chamber to another. Valves play a crucial role in maintaining the proper functioning of the heart and ensuring efficient circulation of blood throughout the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Latin for 'lung'

    • A.

      Cardium

    • B.

      Pulmonary

    • C.

      Vesicle

    • D.

      Colon

    • E.

      Vascular

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulmonary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pulmonary. In Latin, "pulmonary" refers to the lungs.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Blood is pumped from the left atrium to the

    • A.

      Right ventricle

    • B.

      Right atrium

    • C.

      Pulmonary artery

    • D.

      Left ventricle

    Correct Answer
    D. Left ventricle
    Explanation
    The left ventricle is responsible for receiving oxygenated blood from the left atrium and pumping it out to the rest of the body through the aorta. This is the final step in the circulation of blood throughout the body, as the oxygenated blood is then distributed to the organs and tissues to provide them with the necessary oxygen and nutrients. The other options, such as the right ventricle, right atrium, and pulmonary artery, are not involved in pumping oxygenated blood to the rest of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The two main (biggest) chambers of the heart are called?

    • A.

      Atrium

    • B.

      Ventricles

    • C.

      Veins

    • D.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    B. Ventricles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ventricles. The heart has four chambers, but the two largest chambers are called ventricles. The ventricles are responsible for pumping blood out of the heart and into the arteries.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The two uppermost (and smallest) chambers of the heart are called?

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Vesicles

    • C.

      Valves

    • D.

      Atria or atrium

    Correct Answer
    D. Atria or atrium
    Explanation
    The two uppermost (and smallest) chambers of the heart are called the atria or atrium. These chambers receive blood returning to the heart from the body and lungs. They then contract to push the blood into the lower chambers of the heart, called the ventricles, which pump the blood out to the rest of the body. The atria play a crucial role in maintaining the flow of blood through the heart and ensuring efficient circulation.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    How much oxygen is in the air we breath?

    • A.

      15%

    • B.

      19%

    • C.

      20%

    • D.

      25%

    • E.

      23%

    Correct Answer
    C. 20%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 20%. The air we breathe is composed of various gases, with oxygen being the most abundant. While the exact percentage may vary slightly depending on factors such as altitude and location, on average, the oxygen concentration in the air is around 20%. Oxygen is essential for the survival of most living organisms, including humans, as it is used in the process of respiration to generate energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The ONLY veins that carry oxygenated blood are called the......

    • A.

      Superior veins

    • B.

      Blue veins

    • C.

      Red veins

    • D.

      Pulmonary veins

    • E.

      Aortic veins

    Correct Answer
    D. Pulmonary veins
    Explanation
    The pulmonary veins are the only veins in the body that carry oxygenated blood. After oxygen is exchanged in the lungs, the pulmonary veins transport the oxygen-rich blood back to the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body. This is in contrast to other veins, which typically carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Blood flows from the heart to the arteries and then from the arteries to the....

    • A.

      Venules

    • B.

      Arterioles

    • C.

      Veins

    • D.

      Capillaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Arterioles
    Explanation
    Blood flows from the heart to the arteries, which are large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart. From the arteries, the blood then flows into smaller blood vessels called arterioles. Arterioles are responsible for regulating blood flow and controlling blood pressure. They connect the arteries to the capillaries, which are the smallest blood vessels in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is arterioles.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Blood returns to the heart from the capillaries via......

    • A.

      Arterioles, veins, vena cava

    • B.

      Veins, venules, vena cava

    • C.

      Venules, veins, aorta

    • D.

      Venules, veins, vena cava

    • E.

      Arterioles, arteries, aorta

    Correct Answer
    D. Venules, veins, vena cava
    Explanation
    Blood returns to the heart from the capillaries via venules, which are small blood vessels that collect blood from the capillaries. From the venules, the blood then flows into larger veins, which further carry it towards the heart. Finally, the blood enters the vena cava, the largest vein in the body, which transports the blood back to the heart's right atrium.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    What blood cell is responsible for making blood red?

    • A.

      Red cells

    • B.

      White cells

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    A. Red cells
    Explanation
    Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, are responsible for making blood red. They contain a protein called hemoglobin, which binds with oxygen and gives blood its red color. These cells transport oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and remove carbon dioxide, playing a crucial role in oxygenation and maintaining the body's overall health.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Plasma makes up approx. how much of your blood?

    • A.

      25%

    • B.

      75%

    • C.

      65%

    • D.

      55%

    Correct Answer
    D. 55%
    Explanation
    Plasma, the liquid component of blood, makes up approximately 55% of the blood volume. It is a yellowish fluid that contains various proteins, hormones, electrolytes, and waste products. Plasma plays a crucial role in transporting nutrients, hormones, and waste materials throughout the body. It also helps maintain blood pressure and regulates body temperature.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Red blood cells are made where?

    • A.

      The spleen

    • B.

      The pancreas

    • C.

      Bone marrow

    • D.

      The liver

    Correct Answer
    C. Bone marrow
    Explanation
    Red blood cells are made in the bone marrow. This is where hematopoietic stem cells differentiate and mature into red blood cells. The bone marrow contains specialized cells called erythroblasts that undergo several stages of development to eventually become mature red blood cells. These red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. The spleen, pancreas, and liver do not play a direct role in the production of red blood cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Which blood cells fight infection?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Platelets

    Correct Answer
    B. White
    Explanation
    White blood cells, also known as leukocytes, are responsible for fighting infection in the body. They play a crucial role in the immune system by identifying and destroying pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. White blood cells are able to recognize foreign substances and produce antibodies to neutralize them. They also have the ability to engulf and digest invading microorganisms. Overall, white blood cells are essential in protecting the body against infections and maintaining overall health.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Which blood cells cause blood to clot and are considered sticky?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Platelets

    • D.

      Plasma

    Correct Answer
    C. Platelets
    Explanation
    Platelets are the blood cells responsible for blood clotting and they are considered sticky. When there is an injury or damage to a blood vessel, platelets rush to the site and stick together to form a clot, preventing excessive bleeding. This process is crucial in preventing major blood loss and promoting wound healing. Platelets release various substances that initiate the clotting process, including clotting factors and chemicals that constrict blood vessels. Their stickiness allows them to adhere to the damaged blood vessel walls and form a plug, sealing the site of injury.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Approx. how much of your plasma is water?

    • A.

      50%

    • B.

      70%

    • C.

      25%

    • D.

      92%

    Correct Answer
    D. 92%
    Explanation
    Plasma is the liquid component of blood, and it consists mostly of water. Therefore, it can be inferred that a significant portion of plasma is water. The answer 92% suggests that almost all of the plasma is composed of water, making it the most plausible explanation.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The pus that you find around some infections is made up of what?

    • A.

      Dead red blood cells

    • B.

      Live white blood cells

    • C.

      Dead white blood cells

    • D.

      Dead platelets

    • E.

      Live platelets

    Correct Answer
    C. Dead white blood cells
    Explanation
    The pus that is found around infections is composed of dead white blood cells. When the body is fighting off an infection, white blood cells are sent to the area to help combat the invading bacteria or viruses. These white blood cells release enzymes that can break down and kill the pathogens, but in the process, they themselves can die. The accumulation of these dead white blood cells, along with other debris from the infection, forms the pus.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    LAST ONE!  Oxygen and nutrients are exchanged with the bodies tissues where?

    • A.

      The arteries

    • B.

      The venules

    • C.

      The arterioles

    • D.

      The capillaries

    • E.

      The lungs

    Correct Answer
    D. The capillaries
    Explanation
    Oxygen and nutrients are exchanged with the body's tissues in the capillaries. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels that connect arteries and veins. They have thin walls which allow for the exchange of oxygen and nutrients from the blood to the surrounding tissues. This exchange occurs through the process of diffusion, where oxygen and nutrients move from an area of higher concentration in the blood to an area of lower concentration in the tissues.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement