YMCA L2 Anatomy - Circulatory System

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 87

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YMCA L2 Anatomy - Circulatory System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Where is the heart located?
    • A. 

      Posterior to the sternum and just right of centre

    • B. 

      Posterior to the sternum and just left of centre

    • C. 

      Anterior to the lungs and just left of centre

    • D. 

      Anterior to the lungs and just right of centre

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a function of the heart?
    • A. 

      To produce red blood cells

    • B. 

      To produce white blood cells

    • C. 

      To pump blood around the body

    • D. 

      To pump nutrients around the body

  • 3. 
    Which of the following supplies the heart muscle with oxygenated blood?
    • A. 

      Coronary arteries

    • B. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Vena cava

  • 4. 
    Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygenated blood to the rest of the body?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 5. 
    De-oxygenated blood is collected in which chamber?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right ventricle

  • 6. 
    How many atria does the heart have?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      8

  • 7. 
    Through which major blood vessel does the left ventricle pump blood?
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Vena cava

    • C. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery

  • 8. 
    Through which major blood vessel does the right ventricle pump blood?
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Vena cava

    • C. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • D. 

      Pulmonary artery

  • 9. 
    The role of the heart valves is to control the
    • A. 

      Two-way flow of blood through the heart

    • B. 

      Electrical conductivity of the heart

    • C. 

      Amount of oxygen in the heart

    • D. 

      One-way flow of blood through the heart

  • 10. 
    What is meant by stroke volume?
    • A. 

      Amount of times the heart beats per minute

    • B. 

      Amount of blood pumped by a ventricle

    • C. 

      Amount of blood pumped out by the ventricle in one minute

    • D. 

      Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs

  • 11. 
    How do you calculate cardiac output?
    • A. 

      Heart rate + stroke volume

    • B. 

      Heart rate - stroke volume

    • C. 

      Stoke volume/heart rate

    • D. 

      Heart rate x stroke volume

  • 12. 
    What is meant by cardiac output?
    • A. 

      Amount of times the heart beats per minute

    • B. 

      Amount of blood pumped by a ventricle

    • C. 

      Amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in one minute

    • D. 

      Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs

  • 13. 
    During pulmonary circulation the 
    • A. 

      Left ventricle pumps de-oxygenated blood via an artery to the lungs

    • B. 

      Left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood via an artery to the lungs

    • C. 

      Right ventricle pumps de-oxygenated blood via an artery to the lungs

    • D. 

      Right ventricle pumps oxygenated blood via an artery to the lungs

  • 14. 
    During systemic circulation the
    • A. 

      Left ventricle pumps de-oxygenated blood via an artery to the body

    • B. 

      Left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood via an artery to the body

    • C. 

      Right ventricle pumps de-oxygenated blood via an artery to the body

    • D. 

      Right ventricle pumps oxygenated blood via an artery to the body

  • 15. 
    Which two chambers of the heart are involved in systemic circulation?
    • A. 

      Left ventricle/right ventricle

    • B. 

      Left atrium/right atrium

    • C. 

      Left atrium/left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right atrium/right ventricle

  • 16. 
    Which two chambers of the heart are involved in pulmonary circulation?
    • A. 

      Left ventricle/right ventricle

    • B. 

      Left atrium/right atrium

    • C. 

      Left atrium/left ventricle

    • D. 

      Right atrium/right ventricle

  • 17. 
    Which of the following type of circulation is best described as the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and then back to the heart:
    • A. 

      Aortic circulation

    • B. 

      Pulmonary circulation

    • C. 

      Systemic circulation

    • D. 

      Ventricular circulation

  • 18. 
    Why do veins contain valves?
    • A. 

      Assist blood flow back to the heart

    • B. 

      To allow for gaseous exchange

    • C. 

      To deal with blood under high pressure

    • D. 

      Create plasma

  • 19. 
    Red blood cells transport
    • A. 

      Hormones

    • B. 

      Medicine

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Nutrients

  • 20. 
    Which of the following carry blood away from the heart?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Venules

  • 21. 
    Which of the following have a thicker and more muscular wall?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Venules

  • 22. 
    Which of the following have a thin muscular wall?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Arterioles

  • 23. 
    Which of the following carry blood back to the heart?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Arterioles

  • 24. 
    Which of the following allow for gaseous exchange?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Venules

  • 25. 
    What is blood pressure?
    • A. 

      The pressure within arteries

    • B. 

      Where the heart relaxes

    • C. 

      Flow of blood though the heart

    • D. 

      Exchange of gases in the blood

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