Cell Division Practice Quiz

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD (Biological Sciences)
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Cell Division Practice Quiz - Quiz

Do you understand the concept of cell division? Take this cell division quiz to check your knowledge. If you have studied it well, this quiz will be a good practice test for you. While taking this test, even if you miss out on something, we will provide you with the correct answers and enhance your knowledge. All the best! Try to get a perfect score on this quiz. Do share the quiz with your friends and challenge them on the scores.


Cell Division Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    How many types of cell division are there?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    There are three types of cell division: binary fission, mitosis, and meiosis. Binary fission is a form of cell division that occurs in prokaryotic organisms, where the cell divides into two identical daughter cells. Mitosis is a type of cell division in eukaryotic organisms, where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. Meiosis is a specialized form of cell division that occurs in eukaryotic organisms, specifically in the formation of gametes (sperm and egg cells), resulting in four non-identical daughter cells.

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  • 2. 

    The phases of mitosis are:

    • A.

      Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase

    • B.

      Cytokinesis, Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase

    • C.

      Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase." These are the four phases of mitosis, which is the process of cell division. During prophase, the nuclear membrane dissolves, and the chromosomes condense. In metaphase, the chromosomes align in the middle of the cell. Anaphase is when the sister chromatids separate and move to opposite ends of the cell. Finally, in telophase, the nuclear membrane reforms, and the chromosomes decondense.

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  • 3. 

    Mitosis is a process that:

    • A.

      Makes exact copies of the original cell

    • B.

      Transports waste

    • C.

      Acts as a cell wall

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Makes exact copies of the original cell
    Explanation
    Mitosis is a process in which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. During mitosis, the genetic material of the original cell is replicated and distributed equally between the two daughter cells, ensuring that they are exact copies of the original cell. Therefore, the correct answer is "makes exact copies of the original cell."

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  • 4. 

    In meiosis, one cell becomes:

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      23

    • D.

      46

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    In meiosis, one cell undergoes two rounds of cell division, resulting in the formation of four daughter cells. Each of these daughter cells contains half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Therefore, the correct answer is 4, indicating that four cells are produced during meiosis.

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  • 5. 

    Cells use mitosis for:

    • A.

      Repair of damaged tissue

    • B.

      Reproduction of cells that die

    • C.

      Growth as an organism matures

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Cells use mitosis for repair of damaged tissue, reproduction of cells that die, and growth as an organism matures. Mitosis is a type of cell division where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. This process is essential for the growth and development of an organism, as it allows for the replacement of damaged or dead cells and contributes to tissue repair. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations for why cells use mitosis.

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  • 6. 

    During prophase I of meiosis, the following things happen:

    • A.

      Cytokinesis, Synapsis, Crossing over, DNA replication

    • B.

      DNA replication, Separation of homologous chromosomes, Synapsis, Crossing over

    • C.

      Synapsis, Tetrad formation, Chiasmata formation, Crossing over

    • D.

      Tetrad formation, Cytokinesis, Chiasmata formation, Crossing over

    Correct Answer
    C. Synapsis, Tetrad formation, Chiasmata formation, Crossing over
    Explanation
    During prophase I of meiosis, synapsis occurs, which is the pairing of homologous chromosomes. This is followed by the formation of tetrads, where each pair of homologous chromosomes aligns closely together. Chiasmata formation then takes place, which is the physical connection between non-sister chromatids of homologous chromosomes. Finally, crossing over occurs, where genetic material is exchanged between the non-sister chromatids of homologous chromosomes. This process increases genetic diversity by creating new combinations of alleles.

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  • 7. 

    Which scientist discovered cell division?

    • A.

      Walther Flemming

    • B.

      Theodore Schwann

    • C.

      Mattias Schleiden

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Walther Flemming
    Explanation
    Walther Flemming is the correct answer because he was a German biologist who made significant contributions to the field of cytology. He discovered cell division and was the first to describe the process of mitosis. Flemming's observations and research on cell division laid the foundation for our understanding of how cells reproduce and divide.

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  • 8. 

    In animals, mitotic cell division is only seen in the diploid somatic cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mitotic cell division is the process by which somatic cells divide to produce two identical daughter cells. In animals, this type of cell division is only observed in diploid somatic cells, which are the non-reproductive cells of the body. This is because somatic cells contain two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent, and mitosis ensures that each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes. In contrast, reproductive cells undergo meiotic cell division, which results in the formation of haploid cells with half the number of chromosomes. Therefore, the statement that mitotic cell division is only seen in diploid somatic cells in animals is true.

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  • 9. 

    What is divided during cell division?

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Organelles

    • C.

      Cell membrane

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    During cell division, the process of cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm, organelles, and cell membrane. This ensures that each newly formed daughter cell receives a complete set of cellular components necessary for its functioning. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 10. 

    For amoeba, the one-cell division is not equivalent to reproduction. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Amoeba reproduces through a process called binary fission, where one cell divides into two identical daughter cells. This division is a form of asexual reproduction, as the resulting cells are genetically identical to the parent cell. Therefore, the statement that one-cell division is not equivalent to reproduction in amoeba is false.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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  • Jun 10, 2024
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    Stephen Reinbold
  • Aug 22, 2014
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    Stickrathbrent
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